One tool for pandemic planning is analysis of responses to past pandemics that provide insight into productive ways forward.This book investigates past influenza pandemics in light of today's, so as to afford critical insights into possible ...
Author: Jennifer Lee Gunn
Major influenza pandemics pose a constant threat. As evidenced by recent H5N1 avian flu and novel H1N1, influenza outbreaks can come in close succession, yet differ in their transmission and impact. With accelerated levels of commercial and population mobility, new forms of flu virus can also spread across the globe with unprecedented speed. Responding quickly and adequately to each outbreak becomes imperative on the part of governments and global public health organizations, but the difficulties of doing so are legion. One tool for pandemic planning is analysis of responses to past pandemics that provide insight into productive ways forward.This book investigates past influenza pandemics in light of today's, so as to afford critical insights into possible transmission patterns, experiences, mistakes, and interventions. It explores several pandemics over the past century, from the infamous 1918 Spanish Influenza, the avian flu epidemic of 2003, and the novel H1N1 pandemic of 2009, to lesser-known outbreaks such as the 1889-90 influenza pandemic and the Hong Kong Flu of 1968. Contributors to the volume examine cases from a wide range of disciplines, including history, sociology, epidemiology, virology, geography, and public health, identifying patterns that cut across pandemics in order to guide contemporary responses to infectious outbreaks.
Author: R. William JohnstonePublish On: 2008-09-30
Response, before U.S. Senate Subcommittee on Bioterrorism and Public Health
Preparedness (Baltimore, MD, April 5, 2006), pp. 3–4. 79. Trust for America's
Health, “Ready or Not? Protecting the Public's Health from Diseases, Disasters,
Author: R. William Johnstone
This book uses the 2001 anthrax attacks as its point of departure for an analysis of the past, present, and future of America's preparedness to deal with major challenges to public health, including bioterrorism and pandemic flu. The study identified the strength and weaknesses of the system while making recommendations for improvements. This allows the U.S. to be better prepared if faced with a larger or different biological threat. This book looks for linkages not only between bioterrorists and pandemic defenses, but also between public health security and the wider field of homeland security. Johnstone highlights some key foundation plans and strategies that are to serve as a basis for public health security. Failure to address these crucial issues not only creates unfounded mandates but also inhibits priority setting, leadership, and accountablity. Bioterror: Anthrax, Influenza, and the Future of Public Health Security utilizes a large number of sources from within both the public health and public policy communities to document how each sector responded to the anthrax attacks and re-emergent infectious diseases, and how those responses have evolved to the present day, As with other areas of homeland security, sustained progress in public health security is not likely until basic questions about funding priorities and leadership are successfully addressed. In the response to the only mass casualty event in the United States since 2001, Hurricane Katrina, and in various emergency simulation exercises such as TOPOFF series, major performance deficiencies have been observed. This book brings together a variety of sources, the best available evidence on the status of the public health security system at three distinct points: before 2001; during and immediately after the anthrax attacks; and in the period from 2004 to the present.
Influenza, referred to as the flu, is a highly infectious respiratory disease caused
by the influenza virus. ... Even though they are very similar, the “low path” North
American strain is not a human health concern, while the “high path” Asian strain
Author: Bruce W. Clements
Category: Business & Economics
From the San Diego wildfires to multi-drug-resistant strains of bacteria, communities are facing an ever-growing list of potential disasters. Some events, like pandemic flu or anthrax attacks, are public health emergencies first and foremost. Hurricane Katrina taught us, however, that lack of planning for the frail, elderly, and impoverished population can turn a natural disaster into a healthcare nightmare and lead to needless death and suffering. Emergency managers and public health professionals must integrate their prevention and response efforts to serve their communities most effectively. The structure of each chapter offers an innovative approach to organizing key information: 1. Case Study or Historical Example 2. Disaster-specific Terms Defined 3. Disaster Description 4. Health Threat (Morbidity and Mortality) 5. Prevention 6. Immediate Actions 7. Recovery or Managing the Aftermath 8. Summary Disasters and Public Health is a crucial tool in planning for and responding to the health impact of any crisis situation. Bruce Clements served over 20 years in the U.S. Air Force and Air National Guard as a Public Health Officer and a Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Warfare Defense Instructor, a Hazardous Materials Specialist with an Urban Search and Rescue Team, and as a Safety Officer with a Disaster Medical Assistance Team. He also served as the Public Health Preparedness Director of Missouri in 2006, when the state experienced a record number of disaster declarations. Throughout his years of experience, he frequently needed to track down a variety of references to quickly understand what was needed for an effective public health response in various situations. He has researched and compiled this information on the health impact of a wide range of disasters into one quick reference. Emergency managers can also no longer afford to be surprised by the next crisis that erupts. This book guides planners in both disciplines in preventing tragedies by most effectively preparing and responding when disaster strikes. * Prevent or respond to disasters from terrorism to pandemic flu * Examine the critical intersection of emergency management and public health * Benefit from the author's years of experience in emergency response
Author: Mark Osborne HumphriesPublish On: 2013-01-01
In The Last Plague, Mark Osborne Humphries examines how federal epidemic disease management strategies developed before the First World War, arguing that the deadliest epidemic in Canadian history ultimately challenged traditional ideas ...
Author: Mark Osborne Humphries
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
The 'Spanish' influenza of 1918 was the deadliest pandemic in history, killing as many as 50 million people worldwide. Canadian federal public health officials tried to prevent the disease from entering the country by implementing a maritime quarantine, as had been their standard practice since the cholera epidemics of 1832. But the 1918 flu was a different type of disease. In spite of the best efforts of both federal and local officials, up to fifty thousand Canadians died. In The Last Plague, Mark Osborne Humphries examines how federal epidemic disease management strategies developed before the First World War, arguing that the deadliest epidemic in Canadian history ultimately challenged traditional ideas about disease and public health governance. Using federal, provincial, and municipal archival sources, newspapers, and newly discovered military records – as well as original epidemiological studies – Humphries' sweeping national study situates the flu within a larger social, political, and military context for the first time. His provocative conclusion is that the 1918 flu crisis had important long-term consequences at the national level, ushering in the 'modern' era of public health in Canada.
After high-priority groups have been vaccinated, public health officials will initiate
vaccinations of the general population and provide updated information as the
pandemic evolves. Pandemic Influenza Control Measures Control measures that
Author: Girish Bobby Kapur
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
As large-scale emergencies continue to pose a threat to U.S. populations at the local, state, and national levels, the public and private sectors are demanding improved public health preparedness, response, and cooperation for such events. Emergency Public Health provides readers with important information and analysis of key public health crises threatening our local, state, and national jurisdictions. As the first text of its kind in the emerging field of emergency public health, it provides a framework for public health professionals, policy makers, first responders, and emergency healthcare providers to plan and implement effective measures to protect the public health of civilian populations during times of emergencies. Written by experts with both emergency healthcare and public health backgrounds, the case-based chapters provide valuable information on the preparedness, response, and mitigation of emergency public health topics. In addition, Emergency Public Health contains timely information of key areas such as public health law and the interactions among government jurisdictions. Each chapter also includes online resources for the reader to pursue additional web-based resources. Important features: - Chapters written by emergency physicians with public health degrees - Case-based chapters - Web resources provided - Covers large-scale issues such as public health law, government jurisdictions, NGO’s, - Chapter devoted to specific needs of children - Chapter on mental health issues in times of public health emergencies - Specific chapters on public health tools such as surveillance and rapid needs assessment - Each chapter follows a consistent structure to maintain clarity and continuity throughout the text: A. Introduction B. Historical perspectives C. Preparedness D. Response E. Case study F. On-line resources Competitive features: - Covers natural emergencies - Covers key topics in terrorism - Covers primary topics for disaster medicine Questions for instructors - What are the key topics in your course? - How do you like to prepare your students for public health emergencies? - What management principles are addressed in your course? - Do you teach special issues such as children and mental health issues during emergencies?
Morens DM, Taubenberger JK, Folkers GK, and Fauci AS (2009b) An historical
antecedent of modern guidelines for community pandemic influenza mitigation. Public Health Reports 124: 22–25. Mullooly JP and Barker WH (1982) Impact of ...
Author: Jeffrey Griffiths
Emerging infectious diseases may be defined as diseases being caused by pathogens only recently recognized to exist. This group of diseases is important globally, and the experience of the last 30 years suggests that new emerging diseases are likely to bedevil us. As the global climate changes, so changes the environment, which can support not only the pathogens, but also their vectors of transmission. This expands the exposure and effects of infectious disease and, therefore, the importance of widespread understanding of the relationship between public health and infectious disease. This work brings together chapters that explain reasons for the emergence of these infectious diseases. These include the ecological context of human interactions with other humans, with animals that may host human pathogens, and with a changing agricultural and industrial environment, increasing resistance to antimicrobials, the ubiquity of global travel, and international commerce. * Features the latest discoveries related to influenza with a newly published article by Davidson Hamer and Jean van Seventer * Provides a listing of rare diseases that have become resurgent or spread their geographic distribution and are re-emergent * Highlights dengue and malaria, as well as agents such as West Nile and other arboviruses that have spread to new continents causing widespread concerns * Includes discussions of climate influencing the spread of infectious disease and political and societal aspects
There have been some human cases of avian influenza in humans who have
close contact with birds, but luckily, this form of human bird flu is not easily
passed on to others. The main concern with avian influenza is that if a person
Author: Bonnie Fournier
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Work more effectively with a complete understanding of Canadian public health! Shah’s Public Health and Preventive Health Care in Canada, Sixth Edition examines health care policy in Canada and the issues and trends faced by today’s health care professionals. It puts health promotion and prevention models into a historical perspective, with discussions including the evolution of national health insurance, determinants of health and disease, and approaches to achieving health for all. Written by educators Bonnie Fournier and Fareen Karachiwalla, and based on the work of noted author Dr. Chandrakant Shah, this text provides an excellent foundation in Canadian public health for nurses and other health care professionals. Quintessentially Canadian content is designed especially for Canadian nursing and health care professionals. Comprehensive coverage includes in-depth, current information on public health and preventive care topics. End-of-chapter summaries reinforce your understanding of key health care concepts. End-of-chapter references provide recommendations for further reading and research. NEW! Full-colour design enhances illustrations and improves readability to better illustrate complex concepts. NEW! Indigenous Health chapter. NEW! Groups Experiencing Health Inequities chapter. NEW! Pan-Canadian focus uses a community health perspective, discussing the social determinants of health, health equity, and health promotion in each chapter. NEW! Learning tools include chapter outlines and learning objectives, key terms, practical exercises, critical thinking questions, and summary boxes such as Case Study, Research Perspective, In the News, Interprofessional Practice, Clinical Example, Real World Example, and Evidence-Informed Practice, plus key websites. NEW! Evolve companion website.
The threat of pandemic influenza has attracted significant international attention.
A pandemic occurs when a new influenza strain emerges and spreads rapidly
because people have no natural resistance to it (Department of Health, 2007).
Author: Peter Bennett
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Bringing together a wide variety of perspectives on risk communication, this up-to-date review of a high profile and topical area includes practical examples and lessons
The evidence afforded by the bubo - plague is to The former view has little to
support it ; it has the same effect ; it has occurred so frequently withapparently
been stated rather as an impression , out being associated with influenza , that
Category: Public health
Includes the transactions of the Society of Medical Officers of Health.
2007. Ethical considerations in developing a public health response to pandemic influenza. Geneva: World Health Organization. Cribb, A. 2010. Translational
ethics? The theory–practice gap in medical ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 36(4
Author: Daniel Strech
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Ethical issues associated with public health and health policy--related, for example, to pandemic plans and vaccination policies (c.f. SARS or pandemic influenza), preventive measures like screening (e.g. for breast cancer or dementia) or health information campaigns, social inequalities or health care rationing--are increasing in worldwide importance. Evidence-based information for valid benefit-harm assessment is often rare and hard to get for participants in public health interventions. Program implementation often disregards requirements of fair decision-making processes (like public participation, transparency, etc.). Originating from an international conference (based on a call for abstracts and external review), this volume contains contributions from a group of experts from multiple disciplines and countries. It covers (i) conceptual foundations of public health ethics, (ii) methodological approaches and (iii) normative analyses of specific issues and cases. Bridging theoretical foundations with practical applications, this volume provides a valuable resource for researchers, practitioners and students concerned with public health practice and policy.
These clinical signs can develop with various infectious diseases including avian influenza and Newcastle disease. (From United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (USDAAPHIS) Biosecurity Guide ...
Author: Marcy J. Souza
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
A comprehensive review of zoonoses and public health for the exotic animal practitioner! The issue will cover: zoonoses and preventive medicine practices, rabies, followed by specific, individual chapters on zoonoses associated with invertebrates, fish, reptiles and amphibians, common pet birds, backyard flocks, wild birds, rabbits and rodents, pocket pets, felids & procyonids, and primates and monkeys.
Pandemic Influenza Beginning in 2005, in response to growing concern about an
emerging H5N1 avian influenza (“bird flu”) ... 93 CRS Report RS22576,
Pandemic Influenza: Appropriationsfor Public Health Preparedness and
Author: Sarah A. Lister
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Key recent events ¿ the 2001 terrorist attacks, Hurricane Katrina, and the H1N1 influenza (¿flu¿) pandemic, among others ¿ sharpened congressional interest in the nation¿s ability to respond to health threats. For the response to health emergencies, most authority resides with state and local governments, and most capacity resides in the private sector. The federal government plays a key role, however, providing numerous forms of assistance for planning and preparedness, as well as for response and recovery. This report summarizes key issues in domestic public health and medical preparedness and response, and discusses selected federal programs. It discusses issues regarding government leadership, organization, and capacity; health system preparedness and response; the development, procurement, and use of countermeasures; and the defense against specific threats, including foodborne outbreaks and bioterrorism, among others. Figures. This is a print on demand report.
Dogs and cats apparently suffer from influenza , and horses are liable to a severe
and often fatal disease ( termed “ pink - eye ” from one of its prominent symptoms
) , which has ... The onset is sudden , 334 HYGIENE AND PUBLIC HEALTH .
One could then compare the effectiveness of different approaches to reducing the
problem or to improving health. Johns et al (2010) investigated whether prior
seasonal influenza vaccination was effective against the pandemic strain of ...
Author: Marcia Stanhope
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Now in its 8th edition, the "gold standard" in community health nursing provides comprehensive and up-to-date content to keep you at the forefront of the ever-changing community health climate and prepare you for an effective nursing career. In addition to a solid foundation in concepts and interventions for individuals, families, and communities, you will find real-life applications of the public nurse's role, Healthy People 2020 initiatives, new chapters on forensics and genomics, plus timely coverage of disaster management and important client populations such as pregnant teens, the homeless, immigrants, and more. Evidence-Based Practice boxes illustrate how the latest research findings apply to public/community health nursing. Separate chapters on disease outbreak investigation and disaster management describe the nurse's role in surveilling public health and managing these types of threats to public health. Separate unit on the public/community health nurse's role describes the different roles and functions of the public/community health nurse within the community. Levels of Prevention boxes show how community/public health nurses deliver health care interventions at the primary, secondary, and tertiary levels of prevention. What Do You Think?, Did You Know?, and How To? boxes use practical examples and critical thinking exercises to illustrate chapter content. The Cutting Edge highlights significant issues and new approaches to community-oriented nursing practice. Practice Application provides case studies with critical thinking questions. Separate chapters on community health initiatives thoroughly describe different approaches to promoting health among populations. Appendixes offer additional resources and key information, such as screening and assessment tools and clinical practice guidelines. Linking Content to Practice boxes provide real-life applications for chapter content. NEW! Healthy People 2020 feature boxes highlight the goals and objectives for promoting health and wellness over the next decade. NEW! The Nurse in Forensics chapter focuses on the unique role of forensic nurses in public health and safety, interpersonal violence, mass violence, and disasters. NEW! Genomics in Public Health Nursing chapter includes a history of genetics and genomics and their impact on public/community health nursing care.
5 T. Ulrichs, 'Airborne Transmission: Influenza and Tuberculosis' in A. Krämer, M.
Kretzschmar, and K. Krickeberg (eds), Modern Infectious Diesease Epidemiology
: Concepts, Methods, Mathematical Models, and Public Health (Dordrecht: ...
Author: Michael Freeman
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Category: Political Science
Current Legal Issues, like its sister volume Current Legal Problems (now available in journal format), is based upon an annual colloquium held at University College London. Each year leading scholars from around the world gather to discuss the relationship between law and another discipline of thought. Each colloquium examines how the external discipline is conceived in legal thought and argument, how the law is pictured in that discipline, and analyses points of controversy in the use, and abuse, of extra-legal arguments within legal theory and practice. Law and Global Health, the sixteenth volume in the Current Legal Issues series, offers an insight into the scholarship examining the relationship between global health and the law. Covering a wide range of areas from all over the world, articles in the volume look at areas of human rights, vulnerable populations, ethical issues, legal responses and governance.
In the context of seasonal and pandemic influenza, public health
countermeasures can be defined as group actions taken that are intended to
reduce human-to-human transmission of influenza and by that way mitigate the
adverse effects of ...
Author: Jonathan Van-Tam
Category: Electronic books
This book aims to assist 'non-expert' public health professionals and the well-qualified lay-person to gain a rapid overview of pandemic influenza. It comprises 16 chapters written by experts with real-life experience of their subjects. It provides a comprehensive overview of pandemic influenza with strong emphasis on practical topics related to preparedness, including pharmaceutical and public health countermeasures, policy issues, infection control, communication, ethics and modern bio-mathematical modelling. It is highly relevant to public health professionals and local authority officials involved in pandemic preparedness in both developing and developed nations, and will also be valuable to students of public health-related subjects.
Affected Areas with Confirmed Cases of H5N1 Avian Influenza Since 2003.
Content removed due to ... The two central concepts that underlie the potential for influenza to impact public health are antigenic drift and antigenic shift. Antigenic
Author: Constance U. Battle
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
Important Notice: the digital edition of this book is missing some of the images or content found in the physical edition.
Author: Institute of MedicinePublish On: 2011-05-26
Personal Protective Equipment for Healthcare Personnel: Update 2010 Institute
of Medicine, Board on Health Sciences ... University School of Nursing, and
professor of epidemiology, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health.
Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
In 2009, the H1N1 influenza pandemic brought to the forefront the many unknowns about the virulence, spread, and nature of the virus, as well as questions regarding personal protective equipment (PPE) for healthcare personnel. In this book, the Institute of Medicine assesses the progress of PPE research and identifies future directions for PPE for healthcare personnel.
Influenza in its epidemic form is an infectious disease , and should be classed
with specific fevers . The contagium appears to be chiefly air - borne , but there is
at least a strong probability that there are other ways by which it can travel .