Inequalities and Disparities in Health Care and Health

Concerns of Patients, Providers and Insurers

Author: Jennie J. Kronenfeld

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0762314745

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 3352

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This volume deals with the topic of health inequalities and health disparities. The volume is divided into five sections. The first section includes an introductory look at the issue of health care inequalities and disparities and also an introduction to the volume. One of the backdrops to this topic in the United States was The National Healthcare Disparities Report and its focus on the ability of Americans to access health care and variation in the quality of care. Disparities related to socioeconomic status were included, as were disparities linked to race and ethnicity and the report also tried to explore the relationship between race/ethnicity and socioeconomic position, as explained in more detail in the first article in the book.The second article discusses a newer overall approach to issues related to health inequalities and health disparities. The remaining four sections of the book address more specific topics relating to inequalities and disparities. The second section examines racial and ethnic inequalities and disparities.The third section includes articles that address the issue from the perspective of research about health care providers and health care facilities. The last two sections of the book focus on consumers and topics of health care disparities, with Section 4 focused on issues related to substance abuse, mental health and related concerns. Section 5 includes articles looking at issues of vulnerable women, women with breast cancer and people with colorectal cancer."Inequalities and Disparities in Health Care and Health" is important reading for medical sociologists and people working in other social science disciplines studying health-related issues. The volume also provides
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Impact of Demographics on Health and Healthcare

Race, Ethnicity and Other Social Factors

Author: Jennie Jacobs Kronenfeld

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1849507155

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 1982

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Focuses on differences in health and health care as linked to important social factors. This title includes six articles looking at racial disparities on a variety of topics such as: knowledge of hepatitis C Virus; health services received and patients' experiences in seeking health care; use of CAM services; and, more.
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Care for Major Health Problems and Population Health Concerns

Impacts on Patients, Providers and Policy

Author: Jennie Jacobs Kronenfeld

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1848551606

Category: Medical

Page: 200

View: 1377

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Deals with macro-level system issues and micro-level issues involving provision of health care as related to major health problems. This work examines social, demographic and structural problems, and a variety of health problems including chronic illnesses, mental illness, serious acute health problems, and disabilities that require health care.
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Social Sources of Disparities in Health and Health Care and Linkages to Policy, Population Concerns and Providers of Care

Author: Jennie Jacobs Kronenfeld

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 184855835X

Category: Medical

Page: 336

View: 5247

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Deals with Social Sources of Disparities in Health and Health Care. This title reviews basic material on the topic. It includes five articles, three focused on racial and ethnic factors in disparities and two on those factors and other social factors such as SES.
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The Sociology and Politics of Health

A Reader

Author: David Banks,Michael Purdy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134569971

Category: Medical

Page: 288

View: 1464

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Health care systems, the role of health professionals and the experience of health and illness are all undergoing change and development as we enter the twenty-first century. The Sociology and Politics of Health is a collection of key readings through which to explore the sociological and political dimensions of health, illness and health care. Combining classic pieces with more up-to-date contributions, it includes examples taken from current domestic and international initiatives and draws on humanist, materialist, feminist and constructionalist perspectives. The Sociology and Politics of Health covers: * ideology and policy * social stratification * professionalisation * the experience of health and illness. * This reader offers health studies students, nurses and other health professionals an invaluable introduction to an increasingly important field of social inquiry.
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Advancing the Human Right to Health

Author: José M. Zuniga,Stephen P. Marks,Lawrence O. Gostin

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191637645

Category: Medical

Page: 480

View: 7312

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Advancing the Human Right to Health offers a prospective on the global response to one of the greatest moral, legal, and public health challenges of the 21st century - achieving the human right to health as enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and other legal instruments. Featuring writings by global thought-leaders in the world of health human rights, the book brings clarity to many of the complex clinical, ethical, economic, legal, and socio-cultural questions raised by injury, disease, and deeper determinants of health, such as poverty. Much more than a primer on the right to health, this book features an examination of profound inequalities in health, which have resulted in millions of people condemned to unnecessary suffering and hastened deaths. In so doing, it provides a thoughtful account of the right to health's parameters, strategies on ways in which to achieve it, and discussion of why it is so essential in a 21st century context. Country-specific case studies provide context for analysing the right to health and assessing whether, and to what extent, this right has influenced critical decision-making that makes a difference in people's lives. Thematic chapters also look at the specific challenges involved in translating the right to health into action. Advancing the Human Right to Health highlights the urgency to build upon the progress made in securing the right to health for all, offering a timely reminder that all stakeholders must redouble their efforts to advance the human right to health.
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Social Determinants, Health Disparities and Linkages to Health and Health Care

Author: Jennie Jacobs Kronenfeld

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1781905886

Category: Medical

Page: 425

View: 5329

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This volume looks at the key links between social determinants, health disparities and health and health care. There is a particular focus on macro-level systems and micro-level issues, including the examination of issues for patients, carers and providers of care.
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Crash Course Medical Ethics and Sociology - E-Book

Author: Andrew Papanikitas

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0723437866

Category: Medical

Page: 192

View: 4358

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Medical ethics, sociology and epidemiology rarely arouse one's passion and can, as minor subjects within a busy curriculum, find themselves ignored by vast swathes of students. However, recent times have seen not only a greater general understanding of these subjects but also a greater appreciation of their role within modern medical practice. In addition, these subjects are increasingly appearing in exams and, more importantly, they will crop up in every field and at every level of future working lives. In writing this book, the authors hope to provide a springboard from which students can develop a reasoned ethical approach to dilemmas as and when they present, both within their practice of medicine and in the exam situation. The sociology and public health sections aim to provide key information on the theories and studies that have helped to shape the practice of these disciplines - topics that are all too often unacknowledged by medical students and doctors alike. In doing so, the authors hope to provide the essential facts on these subjects without leaving readers to wade through irrelevant material. It is hoped that all students might begin to enjoy evidence (as well as experience)-based medicine and appreciate its importance regardless of the medical or surgical careers that they pursue. More than 80 line artworks, tables and boxes present clinical, diagnostic and practical information in an easy-to-follow manner Friendly and accessible approach to the subject makes learning especially easy Written by junior doctors for students - authors who understand exam pressures Contains ‘Hints and Tips’ boxes, and other useful aide-mémoires Succinct coverage of the subject enables ‘sharp focus’ and efficient use of time during exam preparation Contains a fully updated self-assessment section - ideal for honing exam skills and self-testing Self-assessment section fully updated to reflect current exam requirements Contains ‘common exam pitfalls’ as advised by faculty Crash Courses also available electronically! Online self-assessment bank also available - content edited by Dan Horton-Szar!
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Inequality in quality

toward a better understanding of micro-mechanisms underlying racial/ethnic disparities in American health care

Author: Irena Stepanikova,Stanford University. Dept. of Sociology

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 394

View: 3667

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Just Medicine

A Cure for Racial Inequality in American Health Care

Author: Dayna Bowen Matthew

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 147989673X

Category: Law

Page: 271

View: 7956

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Just Medicine offers us a new, effective, and innovative plan to regulate implicit biases and eliminate the inequalities they cause, and to save the lives they endanger. Over 84,000 black and brown lives are needlessly lost each year due to health disparities, the unfair, unjust, and avoidable differences between the quality and quantity of health care provided to Americans who are members of racial and ethnic minorities and care provided to whites. Health disparities have remained stubbornly entrenched in the American health care system—and in Just Medicine Dayna Bowen Matthew finds that they principally arise from unconscious racial and ethnic biases held by physicians, institutional providers, and their patients. Implicit bias is the single most important determinant of health and health care disparities. Because we have missed this fact, the money we spend on training providers to become culturally competent, expanding wellness education programs and community health centers, and even expanding access to health insurance will have only a modest effect on reducing health disparities. We will continue to utterly fail in the effort to eradicate health disparities unless we enact strong, evidence-based legal remedies that accurately address implicit and unintentional forms of discrimination, to replace the weak, tepid, and largely irrelevant legal remedies currently available. Our continued failure to fashion an effective response that purges the effects of implicit bias from American health care, Matthew argues, is unjust and morally untenable. In this book, she unites medical, neuroscience, psychology, and sociology research on implicit bias and health disparities with her own expertise in civil rights and constitutional law.
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