This volume throws light on the history of Indian cinema and the circumstances that saw the birth of one of the world's great countercultures.
Author: Ashish Rajadhyaksha
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Motion pictures
One film out of every five made anywhere on earth comes from India. From its beginnings under colonial rule through to the heights of Bollywood, Indian Cinema has challenged social injustices such as caste, the oppression of Indian women, religious intolerance, rural poverty, and the pressures of life in the burgeoning cities. And yet, the Indian movie industry makes only about five percent of Hollywood's annual revenue. In this Very Short Introduction, Ashish Rajadhyaksha delves into the political, social, and economic factors which, over time, have shaped Indian Cinema into a fascinating counterculture. Covering everything from silent cinema through to the digital era, Rajadhyaksha examines how the industry reflects the complexity and variety of Indian society through the dramatic changes of the 20th century, and into the beginnings of the 21st. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
If 'India' was already, by the time the movies arrived, an omnibus term including
numerous nationalities and several claims for autonomy, the arrival of
Independence, far from providing any settled definition to the term 'Indian cinema'
, would ...
Author: Ashish Rajadhyaksha
Publisher: Oxford University Press
One film out of every five made anywhere on earth comes from India. From its beginnings under colonial rule through to the heights of Bollywood , Indian Cinema has challenged social injustices such as caste, the oppression of Indian women, religious intolerance, rural poverty, and the pressures of life in the burgeoning cities. And yet, the Indian movie industry makes only about five percent of Hollywood's annual revenue. In this Very Short Introduction Ashish Rajadhyaksha delves into the political, social, and economic factors which, over time, have shaped Indian Cinema into a fascinating counterculture. Covering everything from silent cinema through to the digital era, Rajadhyaksha examines how the industry reflects the complexity and variety of Indian society through the dramatic changes of the 20th century, and into the beginnings of the 21st. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable
This book illuminates the many ways it accomplishes those tasks and will have its readers thinking a bit more deeply and critically the next time they sit in a darkened movie theater and music suddenly swells as the action unfolds onscreen.
Author: Kathryn Kalinak
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Performing Arts
Film music is as old as cinema itself. Years before synchronized sound became the norm, projected moving images were shown to musical accompaniment, whether performed by a lone piano player or a hundred-piece orchestra. Today film music has become its own industry, indispensable to the marketability of movies around the world. Film Music: A Very Short Introduction is a compact, lucid, and thoroughly engaging overview written by one of the leading authorities on the subject. After opening with a fascinating analysis of the music from a key sequence in Quentin Tarantino's Reservoir Dogs, Kathryn Kalinak introduces readers not only to important composers and musical styles but also to modern theoretical concepts about how and why film music works. Throughout the book she embraces a global perspective, examining film music in Asia and the Middle East as well as in Europe and the United States. Key collaborations between directors and composers--Alfred Hitchcock and Bernard Herrmann, Akira Kurosawa and Fumio Hayasaka, Federico Fellini and Nino Rota, to name only a few--come under scrutiny, as do the oft-neglected practices of the silent film era. She also explores differences between original film scores and compilation soundtracks that cull music from pre-existing sources. As Kalinak points out, film music can do many things, from establishing mood and setting to clarifying plot points and creating emotions that are only dimly realized in the images. This book illuminates the many ways it accomplishes those tasks and will have its readers thinking a bit more deeply and critically the next time they sit in a darkened movie theater and music suddenly swells as the action unfolds onscreen. About the Series: Combining authority with wit, accessibility, and style, Very Short Introductions offer an introduction to some of life's most interesting topics. Written by experts for the newcomer, they demonstrate the finest contemporary thinking about the central problems and issues in hundreds of key topics, from philosophy to Freud, quantum theory to Islam.
Today it is usually not long before a problem gets expressed as a human rights issue. Indeed, human rights law continues to gain increasing attention internationally, and must move quickly in order to keep up with a social world that changes so rapidly. This Very Short Introduction, in its second edition, brings the issue of human rights up to date, considering the current controversies surrounding the movement. Discussing torture and arbitrary detention in the context of counter terrorism, Andrew Clapham also considers new challenges to human rights in the context of privacy, equality and the right to health. Looking at the philosophical justification for rights, the historical origins of human rights and how they are formed in law, Clapham explains what our human rights actually are, what they might be, and where the human rights movement is heading. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
The tempo has been maintained thereafter and as of now we have 99 titles in
feature films and 61 in short films , many of which are animations . Introduction
and spread of Television in India had an adverse impact on cinema . N'CYP too ...
Category: Motion picture industry
Vols. for 1984- deal with Indian films entered in the 10th- International Film Festival of India.
The majority of his films are based on Bengali short stories and novels , including
his most recent , Ghare Baire , based on a ... Montage ) Present day Indian
filmmakers , taking off from some of the perspectives established by Ray — that a
' different cinema ... His re - introduction , through this documentary , is a fitting
Kopf , David ( 1979 ) , The Brahmo Samaj and the Shaping of the Modern Indian
Mind . Princeton . Loomba , Ania ( 1998 ) , Colonialism / Postcolonialism .
London . Mishra , Vijay ( 2002 ) , Bollywood Cinema . ... A Very Short Introduction
Author: Dominique Schirmer
Publisher: Lit Verlag
Until now, debates on hybridization have been rather theoretical. This volume takes an empirical look at everyday cultures and lifestyles, religion, medicine and scientific cultures, and the directions of influences. The findings suggest that hybridity and hybridizing have to be conceptualized as processes of constructing identities that are positively denoted. Such processes display multidirectionality and multidimensionality. In our globalized world such a mixture is frequent and inescapable. Dominique Schirmer and Gernot Saalmann are research fellows at the Institute of Sociology at the University of Freiburg (Germany). Christl Kessler is a research fellow at the Institute of Political Science at the University of Freiburg.
But the western also had a resounding international impact, from Europe to Asia, and this volume distinguishes itself by its careful consideration of music in non-Hollywood westerns, such as Ravenous and The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly and ...
Author: Kathryn Kalinak
Music in the Western: Notes from the Frontier presents essays from both film studies scholars and musicologists on core issues in western film scores: their history, their generic conventions, their operation as part of a narrative system, their functioning within individual filmic texts and their ideological import, especially in terms of the western’s construction of gender, sexuality, race and ethnicity. The Hollywood western is marked as uniquely American by its geographic setting, prototypical male protagonist and core American values. Music in the Western examines these conventions and the scores that have shaped them. But the western also had a resounding international impact, from Europe to Asia, and this volume distinguishes itself by its careful consideration of music in non-Hollywood westerns, such as Ravenous and The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly and in the “easterns” which influenced them, such as Yojimbo. Other films discussed include Wagon Master, High Noon, Calamity Jane, The Big Country, The Unforgiven, Dead Man, Wild Bill, There Will Be Blood and No Country for Old Men. Contributors Ross Care Corey K. Creekmur Yuna de Lannoy K. J. Donnelly Caryl Flinn Claudia Gorbman Kathryn Kalinak Charles Leinberger Matthew McDonald Peter Stanfield Mariana Whitmer Ben Winters The Routledge Music and Screen Media Series offers edited collections of original essays on music in particular genres of cinema, television, video games and new media. These edited essay collections are written for an interdisciplinary audience of students and scholars of music and film and media studies.
Author: India. Ministry of Information and BroadcastingPublish On: 2010
Expansion of Community Radio Services in India Advent of HD Technology
Television is undoubtedly one of the most important sources ... It has undergone
revolutionary changes in terms of technology in a very short span of time . Today ,
it is defined by the introduction of High - Definition TV ( HDTV ) which allows
unmatched superior quality pictures and video . ... The FM Phase Films Division
is setting up a National Museum of Indian Cinema ( NMIC ) at the Films Division
Author: India. Ministry of Information and Broadcasting
The introduction of the spoken word , songs and music attracted larger audiences
to the cinemas . ... the late Barua , Nitin Bose and Mehboob , created some of the most memorable films in the history of the Indian cinema and stars like the late ...
The Films Division is one of the largest short film producing organizations in the ...
The next step in this branch of science was that of the moving pictures , or cinema
. And this was followed , in a short while , by the introduction of sound to these
moving pictures . ... I often notice that the pace of Indian films is very slow .
Author: Mrinal Sen
Category: Motion picture producers and directors
Veteran filmmaker Mrinal Sen has always seen his life and work as part of the social and political fabric of his time. As he has continued to experiment with cinema over the decades, evolving his own quest in response to the changing times, he has also maintained an acute social critique which shows in his films, writings and interviews. The enfant terrible of Indian cinema in the 1960s and 70s, he is now known for his subtle nuanced films which capture a moment of crisis, a moment of truth, in the ordinary lives of ordinary people. This collection encapsulates close to half a century of filmmaking. It includes original writings, memoirs, letters, musings on politics, literature, theatre and cinema; critiques of Satyajit Ray, Ritwik Ghatak, Chaplin and a host of other international filmmakers especially those from Latin-America; and intensive interviews with scholars, critics and filmmakers such as Samik Bandyopadhyay, Swapan Mullick and Reinhard Hauff. In juxtaposition with intimate photographs of the artist at work and stills from his movies, these form a rare montage of the filmmaker and the man, mapping an unusual creative landscape which offers valuable insights into his films. There is also a complete filmography encompassing his features, telefilms and documentaries
Author: Orientální ústav (Akademie věd České republiky)Publish On: 2007
( literally , spice ) , bambaiya ( literally , The Hindi language plays a significant
from Bombay ) , Bollywood , and even the role . ... This latter - based on
Premchand ' s Hindi short story genre constitutes “ parallel ” cinema , Qafan ( The
Shroud ) – and a total of ... We should remember that the it first appeared , as
samanantar sinema most successful Hindi films are dubbed ... Firstly , base their
films on works of literature . he married for love , having met Jennifer Following
the introduction of ...
Author: Orientální ústav (Akademie věd České republiky)
CHAPTER 1 Introduction The growth of cinema as the most popular medium of
entertainment is one of the significant ... No medium has acquired so much
universal acceptability and attraction as cinema within a short period of its
Images of a historical character : Mirza Ghalib Alain Désoulières Introduction :
Urdu literature and cinema This paper presents an ... 1796-1869 ) as found in two
plays and a short story by Sadat Hasan Manto ( c.1940-1950 ) , Sorab Modi's
famous film Mirzā gālib ... Urdu films showing Muslim historicals or Muslim or
Persian mythologicals have played a very significant part in building Indian cinema .
Author: Th Damsteegt
Publisher: Leiden University Press
Category: Characters and characteristics in literature
An analysis of the role of the protagonist is central to text interpretation. Providing examples of such analyses, the fourteen articles in this volume deal with the protagonist in mainly 20th century North Indian films and literary texts. Basically, they aim to answer two questions: what techniques have been used by the author (or director) to present a specific protagonist, and what ideas or even ideology may have inspired the author to create that character. The latter question, concerning the view of life or society that has consciously or unconsciously influenced the creator of a South Asian text or film, has occasionally been investigated in the past, too, but here answers are argued on the basis of an analysis of narrative techniques rather than an intuitive approach. Besides a historical survey of protagonists in 20th century Hindi literature, this volume offers detailed discussions of a wide variety of 'heroes' - among them children, aged men, courtesans, women fighting for Independence, and Urdu poets. The literary texts analysed here belong to various genres (novel, short story, drama, poetry), and the papers demonstrate several analytical methods, such as narratology, film analysis, feminist literary analysis, and postcolonial studies.
Author: India. Working Group on National Film PolicyPublish On: 1980
Thus Indian audiences had their introduction to projected motion pictures in the
same year as British , Russian and ... By producing 714 feature and 635 short films in 1979 , excluding trailors and advertisements films , India has emerged as
the biggest producer of films in the world . ... No wonder that film plays a very
important role in the country and has an exceptionally powerful hold on the Indian public ...
Author: India. Working Group on National Film Policy
The introduction , in short , suggests that , just as popular Indian films rewrite
certain dominant genre principles , film theory , too , needs to undergo revisions
in order to read adequately the different structuring of anticipation and pleasure
Author: Lalitha Gopalan
Publisher: British Film Inst
A framework for understanding the distinctiveness of Indian cinema as a national cinema within a global context dominated by Hollywood is proposed by this book. With its sudden explosions into song-and-dance sequences, half-time intermissions and heavy traces of censorship, Indian cinema can be identified as a "Cinema of Interruptions". To the uninitiated viewer, brought up on the seamless linear plotting of Hollywood narrative, this unfamiliar tendency towards digression may appear random and superfluous, yet this book argues that such devices assist in the construction of a distinct visual and narrative time-space. In the hands of imaginative directors, the conventions of Indian cinema become opportunities for narrative play and personal expression in such films as "Sholay" (1975), "Nayakan" (1987), "Parinda" (1989), "Hathyar" (1981) and "Hey Ram!" (1999). "Cinema of Interruptions" places commercial Indian film within a global system of popular cinemas, but also points out its engagement with the dominant genre principles implemented by Western film. By focusing on the action-genre work of leading contemporary directors J.P. Dutta, Mani Rutnam, and Vidhu Vinod Chopra, brazen national style is shown to interact with international genre films to produce a hybrid form that reworks the gangster film, the western and the avenging woman genre. Central to this study is the relationship Indian cinema shares with its audience, and an understanding of the pleasures it offers the cinephile. In articulating this bond the book presents not only a fresh framework for understanding popular Indian cinema but also a contribution to film genre studies.
Four Masterworks of American Indian Literature : Quetzalcoatl , The Ritual of
Condolence , Cuceb , The Night Chant . Tuscan ... Bohlman , Philip V. World
Music : A Very Short Introduction . Oxford : Oxford ... Traditions in World Cinema .
Author: Thomas L. Cooksey
Category: Literary Criticism
While American and European writers are still central to the high school curriculum, more and more students and teachers are discovering the great literary works outside the Western tradition. This book provides critical essays on 10 masterpieces of non-Western literature, including Gilgamesh, The Tale of Genji, and Quetzalcoatl. Each essay explains the work's historical and cultural contexts, plot, major characters, central themes, and lasting influence. Chapters cite works for further reading, and the book closes with a bibliography.
INDIA : Indian theatre has a very long history and in his short introduction to The Indian theatre ( Chester Springs ( Pa ) , Dufour ; Dobson , 1950 ) Mulk Raj Anand
can only indicate how the principal forms of Indian classical theatre have fared ...
Devī : Goddesses of India . Berkeley : University of California ... Hinduism : A Very Short Introduction . Oxford : Oxford University ... The Secret Politics of Our Desires
: Innocence , Culpability , and Indian Popular Cinema . New York : Palgrave ...
Author: Debra N. Mancoff
Category: Social Science
From images of Eve to Cindy Sherman's self-portraits, from Cleopatra to Madonna, from ancient goddesses to modern celebrities, this work offers an overview of the most revered icons of female beauty in world art from pre-history to the present. What gives beauty such fascinating power? Why is beauty so easy to recognize but so hard to define? Across cultures and continents and over the centuries the standards of beauty have changed but the desire to portray beauty, to praise beauty, and to possess beauty has never diminished. This set offers insight as to how we can use perceptions of beauty to learn about world cultures, both past and present. Each chapter looks at an individual work of art to pose a question about the power of beauty. What makes beauty modern? What is the influence of celebrities? How do women portray their own beauty in a different manner than men? In-depth profiles of the icons reveal how specific ideas about beauty were developed and expressed, offering a full analysis of their history, cultural significance, and lasting influence. In addition to renowned works of art, it also looks at icons in literature, film, politics, and contemporary entertainment. Interdisciplinary and multicultural in its approach, chapters inside this set also feature sidebars on provocative topics and issues, such as foot binding and body adornment; myths and practices; opinions and interpretations; and even related films, songs, and even comic book characters.
When I am making my films , I am very busy , and when I am not making my films ,
I am also very busy with my advertising work . ... As a result , jobs are pouring in ,
and I don't have much time to watch films or read stuff - other than haikus , which
are very short ( laughs ) . ... doors , and other elements that kind of “ frame ” the
action , etc. Can you say something about that ? Intro : 1 . F ir 2 . А ad M ... crazy
mixture of Indian , Chinese , Arab , Indonesian , Portuguese , and English
Author: Tilman Baumgärtel
The rise of independent cinema in Southeast Asia and the emergence of a new generation of filmmakers in the region are among the most significant recent developments in global cinema. A new micro-cinema has allowed small production teams working with small budgets to produce innovative films that have been shown at festivals around the world, where they have garnered positive reviews and won awards. This type of film - whether radical experimental works, gay love films or digital art-house movies that address the ills of contemporary society - did not exist in region at the start of the 21st century. The privilege of producing films was limited to commercial studios that were often subsidiaries of powerful television stations and produced films in safe genres such as melodrama or comedy, and a small group of independent outfits that made low-grade films in genres such as soft sex, action and horror. The appearance of fresh, sharply alternative, and often very personal perspectives has had a major impact on local film production throughout the region. The fact that digital video has not had a similar impact in other parts of the world gives added importance to the innovations taking place in Southeast Asia. In Southeast Asian Independent Cinema, the authors document these developments, arguing that they are a genuine outcome of the democratization and liberalization of film production. Contributions from respected scholars, interviews with filmakers, personal accounts and primary sources by important directors and screenwriters collectively provide readers with a lively account of dynamic film developments in Southeast Asian. Interviewees include Lav Diaz, Amir Muhammad, Apichatpong Weerasethakul, Eric Khoo, Garin Nugroho, Nia Dinata and others.