Hypogene Karst Regions and Caves of the World

Author: Alexander Klimchouk,Arthur N. Palmer,Jo De Waele,Augusto S. Auler,Philippe Audra

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319533487

Category: Science

Page: 911

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This book illustrates the diversity of hypogene speleogenetic processes and void-conduit patterns depending on variations of the geological environments by presenting regional and cave-specific case studies. The cases include both well-known and newly recognized hypogene karst regions and caves of the world. They all focus on geological, hydrogeological, geodynamical and evolutionary contexts of hypogene speleogenesis. The last decade has witnessed the boost in recognition of the possibility, global occurrence, and practical importance of hypogene karstification (speleogenesis), i.e. the development of solutional porosity and permeability by upwelling flow, independent of recharge from the overlying or immediately adjacent surface. Hypogene karst has been identified and documented in many regions where it was previously overlooked or misinterpreted. The book enriches the basis for generalization and categorization of hypogene karst and thus improves our ability to adequately model hypogene karstification and predict related porosity and permeability. It is a book which benefits every researcher, student, and practitioner dealing with karst.
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The Spanish Coastal Systems

Dynamic Processes, Sediments and Management

Author: Juan A. Morales

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319931695

Category: Science

Page: 823

View: 3176

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This monograph presents the state of art of the geologic knowledge about the Spanish coast obtained through scientific research in the last 30 years.From a general point of view, coasts are the most quickly changing systems of the Earth. This is critical, since many human resources, such as the main part of economic and social activities, are located in the coastal areas. Especially in the case of Spain these coasts include cities, wide industrial areas (including harbor complexes), important ecologic systems, and our main economic resource: tourism. Understanding the dynamic functioning of each element of this coast is vital for correct future coastal management, so as to solve problems derived from bad plans developed in the last decades of the twentieth century. This is a valuable text for advanced graduate students and coastal researchers, which connects the specific dynamic functioning of the main Spanish coastal environments and their relationships with human activities.
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Dams and Reservoirs in Evaporites

Author: Petar Milanović,Nikolay Maksimovich,Olga Meshcheriakova

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3030185214

Category: Science

Page: 157

View: 9839

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This book shares essential insights on evaporites and their effects on dams and reservoirs. The intensity of the solution and suffusion process in evaporites (gypsum and salt) is much greater than the solution of carbonates, and evaporites are particularly vulnerable at dam and reservoir sites. Moreover, the presence of evaporites in the vicinity of dams or reservoirs often leads to serious problems: numerous dams in countries around the world (e.g. China, Germany, Iran, Iraq, Peru, Russia, Spain, the Unites States, and Venezuela) have been affected by evaporite dissolution problems. Several of these dams were seriously endangered or ultimately abandoned, even though the best available engineering prevention and remediation practices were applied. Conventional geotechnical methods based on treating the underground (e.g. grout curtains) or surface (e.g. protective blankets) were not successful. This book presents and analyzes revealing case studies in this regard. To improve geotechnical remediation in connection with preventing seepage from reservoirs situated in evaporites, particularly in gypsum, it puts forward a new chemical solution that, after painstaking laboratory testing, was successfully applied in the field.
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The Karst Systems of Florida

Understanding Karst in a Geologically Young Terrain

Author: Sam Upchurch,Thomas M. Scott,MICHAEL ALFIERI,Beth Fratesi,Thomas L. Dobecki

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319696351

Category: Science

Page: 450

View: 1146

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This book discusses the geology, hydrogeology, and water quality/geochemistry of karst systems in geologically young terrain, using the state of Florida as an example. Also discussed are sinkhole-development models; sinkhole risk; eogenetic karst features developed in rocks as young as 125,000 years and as old as 65 million years; and karst landscapes of Florida, including regional geology and geomorphology with important examples of karst features, such as springs, sinkholes, caves, and other karst landforms. The eogenetic karst of Florida is largely covered and this book extensively discusses the interactions of karst processes with sand- and clay-rich cover materials.
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Cave and Karst Systems of Romania

Author: Gheorghe M. L. Ponta,Bogdan P. Onac

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319907476

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 5059

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This book focuses on Romania’s more than 12,000 caves, which developed in limestone (including thermal water caves), salt, gypsum, and occasionally in sandstone. It examines these caves and related topics in a format suitable for cavers, while also addressing a broad range of aspects useful for students and researchers. Since the Institute of Speleology was first established by Emil Racovita in 1920, a great deal of research has been conducted on all cave and karst types. As such, the book examines a variety of scientific fields, including karst geology, hydrogeology, biospeleology, paleoclimatology, mineralogy and archaeology.
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Landscapes and Landforms of Hungary

Author: Dénes Lóczy

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319089978

Category: Science

Page: 294

View: 6138

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This volume is the first comprehensive description of the most spectacular landforms of Hungary. It is a richly illustrated book which presents a collection of significant sites, capturing the geodiversity of Hungarian landscapes. The Landscapes and Landforms of Hungary discusses the effects of geomorphological features to the landscape, such as volcanism, weathering, fluvial or aeolian erosion, karst formation, gravitational movements, and others. The importance of the conservation of geomorphological heritage is underlined, as well as the importance of geomorphological heritage and conservation. This book can be used for undergraduate and graduate courses in geomorphology, physical geography, hydrogeography, and nature conservation. It will be of benefit to environmental scientists, geomorphologists, conservationists, among others.
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Practical Hydrogeology: Principles and Field Applications, Third Edition

Author: Willis D. Weight

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 1260116905

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 640

View: 9920

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Master the latest advances in hydrogeology using this fully updated resource This thoroughly revised guide clearly explains cutting-edge hydrogeology techniques that can be applied in the field. Featuring contributions from leading experts, Practical Hydrogeology: Principles and Field Applications, Third Edition, shows how to plan and conduct site investigations, avoid pitfalls in the field, interpret a wide array of data types gathered, and prepare water-quality reports. You will get complete coverage of key procedures, including aquifer testing, groundwater sampling, water-quality assessment, aquifer characterization, and tracer tests. This third edition has been reorganized and expanded with up-to-date information, a new chapter, review questions, and real-world examples. Coverage includes:•Field hydrogeology•The geology of hydrogeology•Aquifer properties•Groundwater flow•Pumping tests•Slug testing•Aquifer hydraulics•Water chemistry sampling•Groundwater/surface-water interaction•Vadose-zone analysis•Karst hydrogeology and tracer tests•Drilling and well completion
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