Electric and Hybrid Vehicles

Electric and Hybrid Vehicles

As this text illustrates, the electric vehicle is an excellent example of electro-mechanical and electro-chemical systems, one that is technically challenging as well as highly motivating to engineering students.

Author: Iqbal Husain

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203009390

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 288

View: 721

With advances driven by pressure from governments, environmental activists, and its associated industries, the subject of electric and hybrid vehicles is becoming increasingly important. Trends clearly suggest that we must educate the engineers of today and tomorrow in the technical details of these vehicles. While there are many books that provide narrative descriptions of electric and hybrid vehicle components, none cover the technical aspects from a mathematically derived, design point of view, and none serve well as a textbook. Electric and Hybrid Vehicles: Design Fundamentals presents a comprehensive, systems-level perspective of these vehicles that strikes an outstanding balance between technical details, design equations, numerical examples, and case studies. Starting with some historic background, the author describes the system components, the laws of physics governing vehicle motion, the mathematical relationships within and between the components, energy sources, and designing components to meet the complete vehicle specifications. As this text illustrates, the electric vehicle is an excellent example of electro-mechanical and electro-chemical systems, one that is technically challenging as well as highly motivating to engineering students. The material presented is designed to be covered comfortably in a one-semester course. Its multidisciplinary nature and systems approach makes Electric and Hybrid Vehicles ideal for teaching electrical, mechanical, and chemical engineers all in one course.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Hybrid Electric Vehicle System Modeling and Control

Hybrid Electric Vehicle System Modeling and Control

This new edition includes approximately 30% new materials covering the following information that has been added to this important work: extends the contents on Li-ion batteries detailing the positive and negative electrodes and ...

Author: Wei Liu

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119279327

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 584

View: 674

This new edition includes approximately 30% new materials covering the following information that has been added to this important work: extends the contents on Li-ion batteries detailing the positive and negative electrodes and characteristics and other components including binder, electrolyte, separator and foils, and the structure of Li-ion battery cell. Nickel-cadmium batteries are deleted. adds a new section presenting the modelling of multi-mode electrically variable transmission, which gradually became the main structure of the hybrid power-train during the last 5 years. newly added chapter on noise and vibration of hybrid vehicles introduces the basics of vibration and noise issues associated with power-train, driveline and vehicle vibrations, and addresses control solutions to reduce the noise and vibration levels. Chapter 10 (chapter 9 of the first edition) is extended by presenting EPA and UN newly required test drive schedules and test procedures for hybrid electric mileage calculation for window sticker considerations. In addition to the above major changes in this second edition, adaptive charging sustaining point determination method is presented to have a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle with optimum performance.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Hybrid Electric and Fuel Cell Vehicles

Hybrid  Electric  and Fuel Cell Vehicles

Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Author: Jack Erjavec

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781285415055

Category: Education

Page: 400

View: 356

HYBRID, ELECTRIC AND FUEL-CELL VEHICLES, Second Edition, covers the cutting-edge technology and technology that are revolutionizing today's automotive industry. Author Jack Erjavec combines in-depth industry expertise with an engaging, reader-friendly style, providing extensive detail on new and upcoming electric vehicles, including hybrids in production today and the fuel cell vehicles of tomorrow. Expansive coverage ranges from basic theory related to vehicle construction, electricity, batteries, and motors, to the political and social impact of these high-profile vehicles. In addition to up-to-date, highly accurate technical information on vehicles available today—including service procedures and safe shop practices—the text provides an informed look into the future with material on vehicles currently under development. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Categories: Education

Fundamentals of Automotive and Engine Technology

Fundamentals of Automotive and Engine Technology

- Control of Diesel engines.- Lighting technology.- Electronic stability program.- Adaptive cruise control.- Occupant-protection systems.- Hybrid drives.- Operation of hybrid vehicles.- Regenerative braking system.- Service technology.

Author: Konrad Reif

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783658039721

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 277

View: 862

Hybrid drives and the operation of hybrid vehicles are characteristic of contemporary automotive technology. Together with the electronic driver assistant systems, hybrid technology is of the greatest importance and both cannot be ignored by today’s car drivers. This technical reference book provides the reader with a firsthand comprehensive description of significant components of automotive technology. All texts are complemented by numerous detailed illustrations.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Hybrid Electric Vehicles: •introduces methods for modeling energy flow in hybrid electric vehicles; •presents a standard mathematical formulation of the optimal control problem; •discusses different optimization and control strategies ...

Author: Simona Onori

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781447167815

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 112

View: 903

This SpringerBrief deals with the control and optimization problem in hybrid electric vehicles. Given that there are two (or more) energy sources (i.e., battery and fuel) in hybrid vehicles, it shows the reader how to implement an energy-management strategy that decides how much of the vehicle’s power is provided by each source instant by instant. Hybrid Electric Vehicles: •introduces methods for modeling energy flow in hybrid electric vehicles; •presents a standard mathematical formulation of the optimal control problem; •discusses different optimization and control strategies for energy management, integrating the most recent research results; and •carries out an overall comparison of the different control strategies presented. Chapter by chapter, a case study is thoroughly developed, providing illustrative numerical examples that show the basic principles applied to real-world situations. The brief is intended as a straightforward tool for learning quickly about state-of-the-art energy-management strategies. It is particularly well-suited to the needs of graduate students and engineers already familiar with the basics of hybrid vehicles but who wish to learn more about their control strategies.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Hybrid Electric Vehicles

... Hybridization of the Automobile 2.1 Vehicle Basics 2.2 Basics of the EV 2.3
Basics of the HEV 2.4 Basics of Plug‐In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) 2.5
Basics of Fuel Cell Vehicles (FCVs) Reference 3 HEV Fundamentals 3.1
Introduction 3.2 ...

Author: Chris Mi

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118970546

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 600

View: 314

The latest developments in the field of hybrid electric vehicles Hybrid Electric Vehicles provides an introduction to hybrid vehicles, which include purely electric, hybrid electric, hybrid hydraulic, fuel cell vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric, and off-road hybrid vehicular systems. It focuses on the power and propulsion systems for these vehicles, including issues related to power and energy management. Other topics covered include hybrid vs. pure electric, HEV system architecture (including plug-in & charging control and hydraulic), off-road and other industrial utility vehicles, safety and EMC, storage technologies, vehicular power and energy management, diagnostics and prognostics, and electromechanical vibration issues. Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Second Edition is a comprehensively updated new edition with four new chapters covering recent advances in hybrid vehicle technology. New areas covered include battery modelling, charger design, and wireless charging. Substantial details have also been included on the architecture of hybrid excavators in the chapter related to special hybrid vehicles. Also included is a chapter providing an overview of hybrid vehicle technology, which offers a perspective on the current debate on sustainability and the environmental impact of hybrid and electric vehicle technology. Completely updated with new chapters Covers recent developments, breakthroughs, and technologies, including new drive topologies Explains HEV fundamentals and applications Offers a holistic perspective on vehicle electrification Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Principles and Applications with Practical Perspectives, Second Edition is a great resource for researchers and practitioners in the automotive industry, as well as for graduate students in automotive engineering.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Electric Powertrain

Electric Powertrain

Co-authored by two electric vehicle (EV) engineers with decades of experience designing and putting into production all of the powertrain technologies presented, this book provides readers with the hands-on knowledge, skills and expertise ...

Author: John G. Hayes

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119063643

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 560

View: 431

The why, what and how of the electric vehicle powertrain Empowers engineering professionals and students with the knowledge and skills required to engineer electric vehicle powertrain architectures, energy storage systems, power electronics converters and electric drives. The modern electric powertrain is relatively new for the automotive industry, and engineers are challenged with designing affordable, efficient and high-performance electric powertrains as the industry undergoes a technological evolution. Co-authored by two electric vehicle (EV) engineers with decades of experience designing and putting into production all of the powertrain technologies presented, this book provides readers with the hands-on knowledge, skills and expertise they need to rise to that challenge. This four-part practical guide provides a comprehensive review of battery, hybrid and fuel cell EV systems and the associated energy sources, power electronics, machines, and drives. The first part of the book begins with a historical overview of electromobility and the related environmental impacts motivating the development of the electric powertrain. Vehicular requirements for electromechanical propulsion are then presented. Battery electric vehicles (BEV), fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV), and conventional and hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) are then described, contrasted and compared for vehicle propulsion. The second part of the book features in-depth analysis of the electric powertrain traction machines, with a particular focus on the induction machine and the surface- and interior-permanent magnet ac machines. The brushed dc machine is also considered due to its ease of operation and understanding, and its historical place, especially as the traction machine on NASA’s Mars rovers. The third part of the book features the theory and applications for the propulsion, charging, accessory, and auxiliary power electronics converters. Chapters are presented on isolated and non-isolated dc-dc converters, traction inverters, and battery charging. The fourth part presents the introductory and applied electromagnetism required as a foundation throughout the book. • Introduces and holistically integrates the key EV powertrain technologies. • Provides a comprehensive overview of existing and emerging automotive solutions. • Provides experience-based expertise for vehicular and powertrain system and sub-system level study, design, and optimization. • Presents many examples of powertrain technologies from leading manufacturers. • Discusses the dc traction machines of the Mars rovers, the ultimate EVs from NASA. • Investigates the environmental motivating factors and impacts of electromobility. • Presents a structured university teaching stream from introductory undergraduate to postgraduate. • Includes real-world problems and assignments of use to design engineers, researchers, and students alike. • Features a companion website with numerous references, problems, solutions, and practical assignments. • Includes introductory material throughout the book for the general scientific reader. • Contains essential reading for government regulators and policy makers. Electric Powertrain: Energy Systems, Power Electronics and Drives for Hybrid, Electric and Fuel Cell Vehicles is an important professional resource for practitioners and researchers in the battery, hybrid, and fuel cell EV transportation industry. The book is a structured holistic textbook for the teaching of the fundamental theories and applications of energy sources, power electronics, and electric machines and drives to engineering undergraduate and postgraduate students. Textbook Structure and Suggested Teaching Curriculum This is primarily an engineering textbook covering the automotive powertrain, energy storage and energy conversion, power electronics, and electrical machines. A significant additional focus is placed on the engineering design, the energy for transportation, and the related environmental impacts. This textbook is an educational tool for practicing engineers and others, such as transportation policy planners and regulators. The modern automobile is used as the vehicle upon which to base the theory and applications, which makes the book a useful educational reference for our industry colleagues, from chemists to engineers. This material is also written to be of interest to the general reader, who may have little or no interest in the power electronics and machines. Introductory science, mathematics, and an inquiring mind suffice for some chapters. The general reader can read the introduction to each of the chapters and move to the next as soon as the material gets too advanced for him or her. Part I Vehicles and Energy Sources Chapter 1 Electromobility and the Environment Chapter 2 Vehicle Dynamics Chapter 3 Batteries Chapter 4 Fuel Cells Chapter 5 Conventional and Hybrid Powertrains Part II Electrical Machines Chapter 6 Introduction to Traction Machines Chapter 7 The Brushed DC Machine Chapter 8 Induction Machines Chapter 9 Surface-permanent-magnet AC Machines Chapter 10: Interior-permanent-magnet AC Machines Part III Power Electronics Chapter 11 DC-DC Converters Chapter 12 Isolated DC-DC Converters Chapter 13 Traction Drives and Three-phase Inverters Chapter 14 Battery Charging Chapter 15 Control of the Electric Drive Part IV Basics Chapter 16 Introduction to Electromagnetism, Ferromagnetism, and Electromechanical Energy Conversion The first third of the book (Chapters 1 to 6), plus parts of Chapters 14 and 16, can be taught to the general science or engineering student in the second or third year. It covers the introductory automotive material using basic concepts from mechanical, electrical, environmental, and electrochemical engineering. Chapter 14 on electrical charging and Chapter 16 on electromagnetism can also be used as a general introduction to electrical engineering. The basics of electromagnetism, ferromagnetism and electromechanical energy conversion (Chapter 16) and dc machines (Chapter 7) can be taught to second year (sophomore) engineering students who have completed introductory electrical circuits and physics. The third year (junior) students typically have covered ac circuit analysis, and so they can cover ac machines, such as the induction machine (Chapter 8) and the surface permanent-magnet ac machine (Chapter 9). As the students typically have studied control theory, they can investigate the control of the speed and torque loops of the motor drive (Chapter 15). Power electronics, featuring non-isolated buck and boost converters (Chapter 11), can also be introduced in the third year. The final-year (senior) students can then go on to cover the more advanced technologies of the interior-permanent-magnet ac machine (Chapter 10). Isolated power converters (Chapter 12), such as the full-bridge and resonant converters, inverters (Chapter 13), and power-factor-corrected battery chargers (Chapter 14), are covered in the power electronics section. This material can also be covered at the introductory postgraduate level. Various homework, simulation, and research exercises are presented throughout the textbook. The reader is encouraged to attempt these exercises as part of the learning experience. Instructors are encouraged to contact the author, John Hayes, direct to discuss course content or structure.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Artificial Intelligent Techniques for Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Artificial Intelligent Techniques for Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicles

The performance along with cost reduction are two tradeoffs which need to be researched to arrive at an optimal solution. This book focuses on the convergence of various technologies involved in EV/HEV.

Author: Chitra A.

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119681908

Category: Computers

Page: 288

View: 629

Electric vehicles/hybrid electric vehicles (EV/HEV) commercialization is still a challenge in industries in terms of performance and cost. The performance along with cost reduction are two tradeoffs which need to be researched to arrive at an optimal solution. This book focuses on the convergence of various technologies involved in EV/HEV. The book brings together the research that is being carried out in the field of EV/HEV whose leading role is by optimization techniques with artificial intelligence (AI). Other featured research includes green drive schemes which involve the possible renewable energy sources integration to develop eco-friendly green vehicles, as well as Internet of Things (IoT)-based techniques for EV/HEVs. Electric vehicle research involves multi-disciplinary expertise from electrical, electronics, mechanical engineering and computer science. Consequently, this book serves as a point of convergence wherein all these domains are addressed and merged and will serve as a potential resource for industrialists and researchers working in the domain of electric vehicles.
Categories: Computers

Basics of Mechanical Engineering

Basics of Mechanical Engineering

2.14 Hybrid engines A hybrid vehicle is a vehicle that uses two or more distinct
power sources to move the vehicle. eg. a conventional internal combustion
engine and also a high voltage electric motor. Hybrid vehicle attempts to reduce
the ...

Author: Rajesh Kumar R

Publisher: Jyothis Publishers

ISBN: 9789352548835

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 248

View: 185

Categories: Technology & Engineering

Basics of Civil and Mechanical Engineering

Basics of Civil and Mechanical Engineering

4.33 Hybrid engines A hybrid vehicle is a vehicle that uses two or more distinct
power sources to move the vehicle. eg. a conventional internal combustion
engine and also a high voltage electric motor. Hybrid vehicle attempts to reduce
the ...

Author: Rajesh Kumar R

Publisher: Jyothis Publishers

ISBN: 9789353822026

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 300

View: 912

This book addresses various aspects of civil and mechanical engineering field. We have included numerous neatly drawn figures and problems with solutions for the better understanding of the subject. The book is organized in six modules as per the syllabus of the first/second semester B.Tech. course under APJ Abdul Kalam Technological University, Kerala.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

AC Motor Control and Electrical Vehicle Applications

AC Motor Control and Electrical Vehicle Applications

A powerful compendium of practical information, this book serves as an overall useful tool for the design and control of high-efficiency motors.

Author: Kwang Hee Nam

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439819647

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 449

View: 106

Motor control technology continues to play a vital role in the initiative to eliminate or at least decrease petroleum dependency and greenhouse gas emissions around the world. Increased motor efficiency is a crucial aspect of this science in the global transition to clean power use in areas such as industrial applications and home appliances—but particularly in the design of vehicles. Summarizes the evolution of motor driving units toward high efficiency, low cost, high power density, and flexible interface with other components AC Motor Control and Electric Vehicle Applications addresses the topics mentioned in its title but also elaborates on motor design perspective, such as back EMF harmonics, loss, flux saturation, and reluctance torque, etc. Maintaining theoretical integrity in AC motor modeling and control throughout, the author focuses on the benefits and simplicity of the rotor field-oriented control, describing the basics of PWM, inverter, and sensors. He also clarifies the fundamentals of electric vehicles and their associated dynamics, motor issues, and battery limits. A powerful compendium of practical information, this book serves as an overall useful tool for the design and control of high-efficiency motors.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Advanced Hybrid Automotive Systems

Advanced Hybrid Automotive Systems

Advanced HYBRID Vehicle Systems (vol 1), Including Toyota & Honda models By Mandy Concepcion Table of Contents CHAPTER 1 (Hybrid Basics and Safety Procedures) The Need for Hybrid Systems Hybrid Do's and Dont's Here are some definite do's ...

Author: Mandy Concepcion

Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub

ISBN: 1463552076

Category: Transportation

Page: 62

View: 499

The role of the modern automotive technician has changed drastically in the past decade. The job of today's vehicle specialist involves a deep knowledge of a wide variety of technical disciplines. Few professions encompass such a diverse understanding of technology. The automotive technician is now expected to know about chemistry, electronics, mechanics, optics, as well as posses a deep analytical mind. The last only comes with time and experience. Advanced HYBRID Vehicle Systems (vol 1), Including Toyota & Honda models By Mandy Concepcion Table of Contents CHAPTER 1 (Hybrid Basics and Safety Procedures) The Need for Hybrid Systems Hybrid Do's and Dont's Here are some definite do's Hybrid basics and safety procedures Hybrid power down procedure and deactivation High voltage measurement and equipment Humidity and high-voltage CHAPTER 2 (Hybrid Aerodynamics and Low Friction Tires) Low friction components and non-belt driven coolant pump, and air conditioning compressor The AC system EPS system, or electric power steering Replacement of the actual electric motor Performing a zero rest procedure CHAPTER 3 (Advanced Electronics for Hybrids) The dangers of amperage and High Current Circuits Current measurements using an electromagnetic probe (clamp on) Voltage measurement on hybrid vehicles (advanced concepts) Measure the high voltage circuit at the orange cables after a power down procedure The Dropping Resistors CHAPTER 4 (Basic Electric Motor and Power Generation) Principle of Induction Electric Motors and Electric Alternating Current The DC Electric Motor The AC Electric Motor Important facts about electric hybrid motor generator units Typical hybrid motor generator Dangers of Inverter Internal Capacitors Motor Commutation Plates Hybrid Motor Position Sensor Motor control techniques Difference between a hybrid vehicle electrical motor and a regular AC motor The TRIAC and IGBT (Isolated Gate Bipolar Transistor) Hybrid Regenerative Breaking CHAPTER 5 (AC and DC Power Units of Measurements) Frequency measurements Phase Measurement Voltage Measurements Using a Clamp-On AMP Probe The 3 Phases of a HYBRID Motor (U, V, W) The Inverter Unit on the Prius DC Brushless Motors CHAPTER 6 (basic battery technology) The nickel metal hydride battery The lithium ion battery Toyota Prius high Voltage battery Ultra-Capacitors V R L A or variable regulation lead acid battery CHAPTER 7 (The 6 Hybrid Modes of Operation) HYBRID Computer System Control Light Acceleration Mode Regenerative Breaking Mode Deceleration Mode Normal Driving Mode STOP Mode M1's Biggest Contribution to the HYBRID Unit CHAPTER 8 (Parallel and Series Hybrid Systems) Series hybrid system Series, parallel, and series/parallel hybrid Inverter Power Management Parallel hybrid system Parallel/Series hybrid system Toyota motor Co. and AISIN CHAPTER 9 (The Prius CVT or continuously variable transmission) THS or hybrid synergy Drive Transmission Planetary Gears Key point to understanding the way this transmission works HONDA CVT Transmission Honda's Cylinder Deactivation Honda's Electric Balancing CHAPTER 10 (Toyota specific hybrid system) Specific concepts on the Toyota hybrid Problems with the Coolant Pump Gas Tank Rubber Bladder Car Off AC System The Scanner and the HYBRID System High Voltage Battery MG1 and MG2 Power Output The Toyota auxiliary 12 V battery How to Jump Start a HYBRID A Word About Toyota's Keyless Entry Dangers of Electric Mode Driving CHAPTER 11 (Honda specific hybrid system) The Honda hybrid system is vastly different than that of Toyota HONDA Hybrid is a Simple Design IMA or integrated motor assist The Motor Generator Unit The 12 volt Starter Honda Electronic Balancing The 1.3L Engine Soft iridium spark plugs Honda Civic Complete Cylinder Deactivation
Categories: Transportation

Energy Management in Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Energy Management in Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Energy Management in Hybrid Electric Vehicles provides the basics of energy management, powertrain configuration, and optimization in hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), beginning with an introduction to industry challenges and the state-of ...

Author: Siba Prasada Panigrahi

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0128011793

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 544

View: 426

Energy Management in Hybrid Electric Vehicles provides the basics of energy management, powertrain configuration, and optimization in hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), beginning with an introduction to industry challenges and the state-of-the-art in electric, hybrid, and fuel cell vehicles. It then considers, in detail, critical topics such as HEV architecture, battery technology, and regenerative braking, also providing guidance on different control and simulation models alongside the latest advances in rule-based and optimization-based approaches to energy management. Users will find a rare, practical overview of the knowledge needed to work in this fast-moving area. Provides an overview of the theory and practical examples needed for engineers to confidently analyze hybrid configurations and control strategies Ideal reference for those interested in energy management, hybrid electric vehicles, powertrain configuration, fuel cell vehicles, HEV architecture, battery technology, and regenerative braking Brings together, in a single resource, cutting-edge knowledge from the different fields involved in the development of hybrid electric vehicle technology Offers guidance on different control, simulation, and optimization approaches, enabling the selection of appropriate energy management solutions for particular applications
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Green Transportation Basics

Green Transportation Basics

This handy guide also explores the most promising new green carsand trucks, including electric vehicles, hybrids, plug-in hybrids, and natural-gas cars.

Author: Dan Chiras

Publisher: New Society Publishers

ISBN: 9781550924602

Category: Transportation

Page: 192

View: 195

Our automobile culture is devastating for the environment, but private passenger vehicles are unlikely to disappear from our roads anytime soon. Greener cars and fuels will be a necessity for many years to come. Green Transportation Basics is a guide to greening your personal driving habits by dramatically improving the efficiency of an existing vehicle using simple measures such as trip planning and regular maintenance to improve fuel economy. This handy guide also explores the most promising new green cars and trucks, including electric vehicles, hybrids, plug-in hybrids, and natural-gas cars. And it critically examines sustainable fuels including ethanol, biodiesel, straight vegetable oil, hydrogen, and biomethane, evaluating each according to a set of established criteria. Each green fuel source must: Be socially, economically, and environmentally sustainable Have a high net energy yield Be clean, abundant, renewable, and affordable Don't let your dream of greening your transportation idle—Green Transportation Basics will guide you through the myths and misconceptions and provide clear options for the road to a more sustainable future. Dan Chiras is a respected educator and author who has published nearly thirty books on renewable energy and sustainable living, including Power from the Sun and Power from the Wind. He is the director of the Evergreen Institute, where he teaches workshops on green transportation, including green fuels and vehicles and electric car conversion.
Categories: Transportation

Delphi VI Forecast and Analysis of the U S Automotive Industry Technology

Delphi VI Forecast and Analysis of the U S  Automotive Industry  Technology

Five minutes of rational thought will reveal that the basics make an electric
vehicle a failure . " Based on the declining forecast and perceptions derived from
that representative comment and others , a survey of electric and electric / hybrid
 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015026872559

Category: Automobile industry and trade

Page:

View: 409

Categories: Automobile industry and trade

Delphi VI Forecast and analysis of the U S Automotive industry

Delphi VI Forecast and analysis of the U S  Automotive industry

Five minutes of rational thought will reveal that the basics make an electric
vehicle a failure." Based on the declining forecast and perceptions derived from
that representative comment and others, a survey of electric and electric/hybrid
vehicle ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOMDLP:82382:0001.001

Category:

Page:

View: 785

Categories:

Implementation of an ideal operating line control strategy for hybrid electric vehicles

Implementation of an ideal operating line control strategy for hybrid electric vehicles

... 2.2.5 Engine Turn - On Strategy Chapter 3 Continuously Variable Transmission
3.1 CVT Basics ........ 3.2 CVT Dynamic Equations ..... 3.3 CVT Ideal Operating
Line Control Strategies ........ 3.3.1 Conventional Vehicle . 3.3.2 Hybrid Vehicle .

Author: Avernethy Bellaflor Francisco

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:X66113

Category:

Page: 202

View: 554

Categories:

Basics of Space Flight

Basics of Space Flight

Clearly , and as one would expect and like , the speed v of the vehicle decreases
as its altitude y decreases . ... Note that if the incoming trajectory of an
interplanetary vehicle is chosen with even more care than usual , a hybrid form of
braking ...

Author: Ludwik Marian Celnikier

Publisher: Frontières

ISBN: 2863321315

Category: Space flight

Page: 356

View: 957

Categories: Space flight

Automotive Engineering International

Automotive Engineering International

Advanced Hybrid Vehicle Powertrains 2005 (SP-1973) Papers from the session,
P21 Applications of Fuel Cells in ... of Automotive Fuel Delivery Systems
Fundamentals of Modern Vehicle Transmissions The Basics of Internal
Combustion ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015064353132

Category: Automobiles

Page:

View: 516

Categories: Automobiles

A Collection of Technical Papers

A Collection of Technical Papers

BASIC AEROSTATICS A Tutorial Donald M . Layton * Naval Postgraduate School
Monterey , California does the ... will apply only to the Static Lift of Lighter -
ThanAir craft , the principles will apply to the Static Lift portions of hybrid vehicles
.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: CORNELL:31924050942774

Category: Aerodynamics

Page: 160

View: 656

Categories: Aerodynamics