Humanitarianism War and Politics

Humanitarianism  War  and Politics

What is humanitarianism? This authoritative book provides a comprehensive analysis of the original idea and its evolution, exploring its triangulation with war and politics.

Author: Peter J. Hoffman

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781442266148

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 293

What is humanitarianism? This authoritative book provides a comprehensive analysis of the original idea and its evolution, exploring its triangulation with war and politics. Peter J. Hoffman and Thomas G. Weiss trace the origins of humanitarianism, its social movement, and the institutions (international humanitarian law) and organizations (providers of assistance and protection) that comprise it. They consider the international humanitarian system’s ability to regulate the conduct of war, to improve the wellbeing of its victims, and to prosecute war criminals. Probing the profound changes in the culture and capacities that underpin the sector and alter the meaning of humanitarianism, they assess the reinventions that constitute “revolutions in humanitarian affairs.” The book begins with traditions and perspectives—ranging from classic international relations approaches to “Critical Humanitarian Studies” —and reviews seminal wartime emergencies and the creation and development of humanitarian agencies in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The authors then examine the rise of “new humanitarianisms” after the Cold War’s end and contemporary cases after 9/11. The authors continue by unpacking the most recent “revolutions”—the International Criminal Court and the “Responsibility to Protect”—as well as such core challenges as displacement camps, infectious diseases, eco-refugees, and marketization. They conclude by evaluating the contemporary system and the prospects for further transformations, identifying scholarly puzzles and the acute operational problems faced by practitioners.
Categories: Political Science

Humanitarianism in Question

Humanitarianism in Question

Saying "No" to Wal-Mart? Money and Morality in Professional Humanitarianism - STEPHEN HOPGOOD 5. Humanitarian Organizations: Accountable-Why, to Whom, for What, and How? - JANICE GROSS STEIN 6.

Author: Michael Barnett

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801473012

Category: Political Science

Page: 303

View: 122

Table of Contents List of Abbreviations 1. Humanitarianism: A Brief History of the Present - MICHAEL BARNETT AND THOMAS G. WEISS 2. The Rise of Emergency Relief Aid - JAMES D. FEARON 3. The Imperative to Reduce Suffering: Charity, Progress, and Emergencies in the Field of Humanitarian Action - CRAIG CALHOUN 4. Saying "No" to Wal-Mart? Money and Morality in Professional Humanitarianism - STEPHEN HOPGOOD 5. Humanitarian Organizations: Accountable-Why, to Whom, for What, and How? - JANICE GROSS STEIN 6. The Grand Strategies of Humanitarianism - MICHAEL BARNLTT AND JACK SNYDER 7. The Power of Holding Humanitarianism in Hostage and the Myth of Protective Principles - LAURA HAMMOND 8. Sacrifice, Triage, and Global Humanitarianism - PETER REDFIELD 9. The Distributive Commitments of International NGOs - JENNIFER C. RUBENSTEIN 10. Humanitarianism as a Scholarly Vocation - MICHAEL BARNETT 11. Humanitarianism and Practitioners: Social Science Matters - PETER J. HOFFMAN AND THOMAS G. WEISS Contributors Index.
Categories: Political Science

Political Gain and Civilian Pain

Political Gain and Civilian Pain

Together with an analytical framework and policy conclusions, this important book seeks to clarify the range of options and strategies to policymakers who impose sanctions and to humanitarian officials who operate in sanctioned environments

Author: Thomas George Weiss

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0847687031

Category: Political Science

Page: 277

View: 246

The use of sanctions is increasing in the post-Cold War world. Along with this increase, the international community must ask itself whether sanctions 'work,' in the sense that they incite citizens to change or overthrow an offending government, and whether sanctions are really less damaging than the alternative of war. Here for the first time, sanctions and humanitarian aid experts converge on these questions and consider the humanitarian impacts of sanctions along with their potential political benefits. The results show that often the most vulnerable members of targeted societies pay the price of sanctions, and that in addition, the international system is called upon to compensate the victims for the undeniable pain they have suffered. Well-chosen case studies of South Africa, Iraq, the former Yugoslavia, and Haiti illustrate how much pain the community of states is willing to inflict upon civilians in the quest for political gains. Together with an analytical framework and policy conclusions, this important book seeks to clarify the range of options and strategies to policymakers who impose sanctions and to humanitarian officials who operate in sanctioned environments.
Categories: Political Science

Biopolitics Governmentality and Humanitarianism

Biopolitics  Governmentality and Humanitarianism

The contours of new humanitarianism: war and peacebuilding in Sierra Leone. ...
Humanitarian action and the 'global war on terror': a review of trends and issues.
... Moments of closure in the knowledge politics of digital humanitarianism.

Author: Volha Piotukh

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134514946

Category: Political Science

Page: 166

View: 917

This book critically analyses the changing role and nature of post-Cold War humanitarianism, using Foucault's theories of biopolitics and governmentality. It offers a compelling and insightful interpretation of the policies and practices associated with ‘new humanitarianism in general, as well as of the dynamics of two specific international assistance efforts: the post-2001 conflict-related assistance effort in Afghanistan and the post-2000 Chernobyl-related assistance effort in Belarus. The central argument of the book is that ‘new’ humanitarianism represents a dominant regime of humanitarian governing informed by globalising neoliberalism and is reliant on a complex set of biopolitical, disciplinary and sovereign technologies. It demonstrates that, while the purposes of humanitarian governing are specific to particular contexts, its promise of care is more often than not accompanied by sovereign and/or biopolitical violences. Making an important contribution to existing scholarship on humanitarian emergencies and humanitarian action, on biopolitics and governmentality, this book will be of much interest to students and scholars of humanitarianism, critical security studies, governmentality and International Relations generally.
Categories: Political Science

Sword Salve

Sword   Salve

In the first book to systematically explore the linkages between war and emergency response, Hoffman and Weiss focus on the profound impact of new wars with non-state actors.

Author: Peter J. Hoffman

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 9781461642756

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 935

In the first book to systematically explore the linkages between war and emergency response, Hoffman and Weiss focus on the profound impact of new wars with non-state actors. The authors trace the evolution of the international humanitarian system from its inception in the 1860s through the current challenges cast by recent U.S. military action in Afghanistan and Iraq. By bringing historical perspective to bear on the mechanics of war and humanitarian action, Sword & Salve provides an essential analytical framework for grasping the nature of crises and how aid agencies can respond strategically rather than reactively to change. Students will find it a powerful tool for understanding the roles of state and non-state actors in international relations, as well as the panopoly of means and ends encompassed by contemporary humanitarianisms.
Categories: Political Science

Humanitarian Economics

Humanitarian Economics

"Introduces and explains the economics behind the multi-billion dollar humanitarian marketplace and how it came about .

Author: Gilles Carbonnier

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190491543

Category: Disaster relief

Page: 224

View: 917

While the booming humanitarian sector faces daunting challenges, humanitarian economics emerges as a new field of study and practice--one that encompasses the economics and political economy of war, disaster, terrorism and humanitarianism. Carbonnier's book is the first to present humanitarian economics to a wide readership, defining its parameters, explaining its utility and convincing us why it matters. Among the issues he discusses are: how are emotions and altruism incorporated within a rational-choice framework? How do the economics of war and terrorism inform humanitarians' negotiations with combatants, and shed light on the role of aid in conflict? What do catastrophe bonds and risk-linked securities hold for disaster response? As more actors enter the humanitarian marketplace (including private firms), Carbonnier's revealing portrayal is especially timely, as is his critique of the transformative power of crises.
Categories: Disaster relief

The Biafran War and Postcolonial Humanitarianism

The Biafran War and Postcolonial Humanitarianism

Like other governments, it provided funds that were channeled through
humanitarian organizations, in particular the German Red Cross and church ...
Baron von Wrangel, the head of the sub-committee, admitted that the civil war's
political and.

Author: Lasse Heerten

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108509138

Category: History

Page:

View: 300

In the summer of 1968, audiences around the globe were shocked when newspapers and television stations confronted them with photographs of starving children in the secessionist Republic of Biafra. This global concern fundamentally changed how the Nigerian Civil War was perceived: an African civil war that had been fought for one year without fostering any substantial interest from international publics became 'Biafra' - the epitome of humanitarian crisis. Based on archival research from North America, Western Europe and Sub-Saharan Africa, this book is the first comprehensive study of the global history of the conflict. A major addition to the flourishing history of human rights and humanitarianism, it argues that the global moment 'Biafra' is closely linked to the ascendance of human rights, humanitarianism, and Holocaust memory in a postcolonial world. The conflict was a key episode for the re-structuring of the relations between the West and the Third World.
Categories: History

Forces of Compassion

Forces of Compassion

Humanitarianism directly addresses physical and psychological suffering. The contributors to Forces of Compassion examine this sector through the lens of anthropology, looking at dominant practices, tensions, and beliefs.

Author: Erica Bornstein

Publisher: School for Advanced Research on the

ISBN: 1934691402

Category: Political Science

Page: 300

View: 732

The surrealism of imagining contemporary humanitarian techniques applied to historical events indicates more than dramatic technological transformation; it also suggests limits to contemporary assumptions about common human feeling and associated action.
Categories: Political Science

Humanitarianism Contested

Humanitarianism Contested

This book provides a succinct but sophisticated understanding of humanitarianism and insight into the on-going dilemmas and tensions that have accompanied it since its origins in the early nineteenth century.

Author: Michael Barnett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136814396

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 149

This book provides a succinct but sophisticated understanding of humanitarianism and insight into the on-going dilemmas and tensions that have accompanied it since its origins in the early nineteenth century. Combining theoretical and historical exposition with a broad range of contemporary case studies, the book: provides a brief survey of the history of humanitarianism, beginning with the anti-slavery movement in the early nineteenth century and continuing to today’s challenge of post-conflict reconstruction and saving failed states explains the evolution of humanitarianism. Not only has it evolved over the decades, but since the end of the Cold War, humanitarianism has exploded in scope, scale, and significance presents an overview of the contemporary humanitarian sector, including briefly who the key actors are, how they are funded and what they do with their money analyses the ethical dilemmas confronted by humanitarian organization, not only in the abstract but also, and most importantly, in real situations and when lives are at stake examines how humanitarianism poses fundamental ethical questions regarding the kind of world we want to live in, what kind of world is possible, and how we might get there. An accessible and engaging work by two of the leading scholars in the field, Humanitarianism Contested is essential reading for all those concerned with the future of human rights and international relations.
Categories: Political Science

The Humanitarian Enterprise

The Humanitarian Enterprise

Larry Minear uncovers what international humanitarians--including the UN, national governments, the Red Cross, and many private relief and development agencies--have learned about performing humanitarian work well, and the arguments that ...

Author: Larry Minear

Publisher: Kumarian Press

ISBN: 9781565491496

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 376

* Epilogue discussing the international response to the terrorist attacks of 2001 and the war in Afghanistan * A fundamental text about the future of humanitarianism in the twenty-first century International humanitarian activities have grown enormously in scale over the past decade, and the complex links between humanitarian work and the worlds of politics and military engagement have become increasingly contested. Larry Minear uncovers what international humanitarians--including the UN, national governments, the Red Cross, and many private relief and development agencies--have learned about performing humanitarian work well, and the arguments that remain unresolved.
Categories: Political Science

Humanitarian Business

Humanitarian Business

In his customarily hard-hitting analysis, Thomas G. Weiss offers penetrating insights into the complexities and challenges of the contemporary humanitarian marketplace.

Author: Thomas G. Weiss

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780745665221

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 586

With some 50 million people living under duress and threatened by wars and disasters in 2012, the demand for relief worldwide has reached unprecedented levels. Humanitarianism is now a multi-billion dollar enterprise, and aid agencies are obliged to respond to a range of economic forces in order to 'stay in business'. In his customarily hard-hitting analysis, Thomas G. Weiss offers penetrating insights into the complexities and challenges of the contemporary humanitarian marketplace. In addition to changing political and military conditions that generate demand for aid, private suppliers have changed too. Today’s political economy places aid agencies side-by-side with for-profit businesses, including private military and security companies, in a marketplace that also is linked to global trade networks in illicit arms, natural resources, and drugs. This witch’s brew is simmering in the cauldron of wars that are often protracted and always costly to civilians who are the very targets of violence. While belligerents put a price-tag on access to victims, aid agencies pursue branding in a competition for 'scarce' resources relative to the staggering needs. As marketization encroaches on traditional humanitarianism, it seems everything may have a priceÑfrom access and principles, to moral authority and lives.
Categories: Political Science

The Thin Blue Line

The Thin Blue Line

In this groundbreaking new book, Foley explores how the doctrine of humanitarian intervention has been used to allow states to invade other nations in the name of human rights.

Author: Conor Foley

Publisher: Verso Trade

ISBN: 1844676285

Category: Political Science

Page: 274

View: 676

Explores the humanitarianism's emergence as a multibillion-dollar industry that has played a role in defining international crises, and shaping the foreign policy of Western governments and the United Nations. This title shows how the influence of international law has been used to override the sovereignty of the poorest countries in the world.
Categories: Political Science

Media Wars and Politics

Media  Wars and Politics

What is of more relevance here are the actual features of the contemporary wars
and there seems to be little doubt in their accuracy the way they are ... What
appears to be happening is a transformation of humanitarianism - on the basis ...

Author: Ms Ekaterina Balabanova

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9781409498292

Category: Political Science

Page: 190

View: 418

The interaction between media and foreign policy is a critical dimension of the so-called age of 'new military humanitarianism'. The media is now more effective in gathering and distributing information all over the world and media coverage of humanitarian wars allows for information and images to reach a wide audience with great immediacy and realism. For policy making, the 24/7 news cycle means high levels of exposure to fast-breaking international stories receiving global attention and producing a powerful 'do something!' effect. This topical book widens the debate beyond US media and policy making by considering the case of Western and Eastern European media and policy processes. It tests the wider application of existing theoretical approaches and provides useful comparisons, allowing the reader to draw conclusions on the media–policy relationship. It is an excellent resource for all those interested in political communication, European politics and media studies.
Categories: Political Science

Experiencing War

Experiencing War

And in the implications that, from a feminist perspective, follow from challenging
those assumptions, for humanitarianism in general and humanitarian war
specifically. Of all of the developments in international politics in the past twenty
years it ...

Author: Christine Sylvester

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136888526

Category: History

Page: 152

View: 454

This edited collection explores aspects of contemporary war that affect average people –physically, emotionally, and ethically through activities ranging from combat to television viewing. The aim of this work is to supplement the usual emphasis on strategic and national issues of war in the interest of theorizing aspects of war from the point of view of individual experience, be the individual a combatant, a casualty, a supporter, opponent, recorder, veteran, distant viewer, an international lawyer, an ethicist or other intellectual. This volume presents essays that push the boundaries of war studies and war thinking, without promoting one kind of theory or methodology for studying war as experiential politics, but with an eye to exploring the possibilities and encouraging others to take up the new agenda. It includes new and challenging thinking on humanitarianism and war, new wars in the Third World, gender and war thinking, and the sense of the body within war that inspires recent UN resolutions. It also gives examples that can change our understanding of who is located where doing what with respect to war –women warriors in Sierra Leone, war survivors living with their memories, and even an artist drawing something seemingly intangible about war –the arms trade. The unique aspect of this book is its purposive pulling together of foci and theoretical and methodological perspectives from a number of disciplines on a variety of contemporary wars. Arguably, war is an activity that engages the attention, the politics, and the lives of many people. To theorize it with those lives and perspectives in mind, recognizing the political contexts of war, is long overdue. This inter-disciplinary book will be of much interest to students of war studies, critical security studies, gender studies, sociology and IR in general.
Categories: History

The Great War and the Origins of Humanitarianism 1918 1924

The Great War and the Origins of Humanitarianism  1918   1924

2 Justice and peace: Albert Thomas, the International Labor Organization, and
the dream of a transnational politics of social rights “During the French
Revolution, the noble principles that constituted the Rights of Man and the Citizen
were ...

Author: Bruno Cabanes

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139867511

Category: History

Page:

View: 557

The aftermath of the Great War brought the most troubled peacetime the world had ever seen. Survivors of the war were not only the soldiers who fought, the wounded in mind and body. They were also the stateless, the children who suffered war's consequences, and later the victims of the great Russian famine of 1921 to 1923. Before the phrases 'universal human rights' and 'non-governmental organization' even existed, five remarkable men and women - René Cassin and Albert Thomas from France, Fridtjof Nansen from Norway, Herbert Hoover from the US and Eglantyne Jebb from Britain - understood that a new type of transnational organization was needed to face problems that respected no national boundaries or rivalries. Bruno Cabanes, a pioneer in the study of the aftermath of war, shows, through his vivid and revelatory history of individuals, organizations, and nations in crisis, how and when the right to human dignity first became inalienable.
Categories: History

The Politics of Humanitarianism

The Politics of Humanitarianism

In The Politics of Humanitarianism authors from a variety of disciplines provide a comprehensive critique of the humanitarian enterprise.

Author: Antonio De Lauri

Publisher: I. B. Tauris

ISBN: 1780768303

Category: Economic assistance

Page: 240

View: 285

Humanitarian intervention has increasingly become the prevalent means of providing protection and aid at a global level. Yet alongside its success concerns have been raised that humanitarianism has increasingly become an economic enterprise and a political tool for controlling territories and governing international relations. In The Politics of Humanitarianism authors from a variety of disciplines provide a comprehensive critique of the humanitarian enterprise. How are those on the end of humanitarian action influenced by different epistemologies and applications of international law? What is the complex relationship between values what humanitarian action is intended to be and practice what happens on the ground? Combining international case studies with critical theoretical evaluations, and including chapters on international aid, refugees, childhood and women s rights, The Politics of Humanitarianism offers a timely and critical analysis of the contemporary humanitarian system."
Categories: Economic assistance

Masters of the Universe

Masters of the Universe

6 IN PLACE OF POLITICS : HUMANITARIANISM AND WAR Robert Redeker
Each day the NATO - Serbian conflict has taken on slightly more of the aspect of
a new type of war , presaging a twenty - first century that seems more likely to ...

Author: Tariq Ali

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 1859847528

Category: History

Page: 429

View: 466

A number of distinguished dissidents voice their opinions on the intervention by NATO in the former Yugoslavia. The collection also provides background historical information on the conflict in the Balkans.
Categories: History

A Companion to Moral Anthropology

A Companion to Moral Anthropology

McFalls, Lawrence (2010) Benevolent Dictatorship: The Formal Logic of
Humanitarian Government. In Fassin ... Nordstrom, Carolyn (2004) Shadows of
War: Violence, Power, and International Profiteering in the Twenty-First Century.
Berkeley: ...

Author: Didier Fassin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118290583

Category: Social Science

Page: 664

View: 467

A Companion to Moral Anthropology is the first collective consideration of the anthropological dimensions of morals, morality, and ethics. Original essays by international experts explore the various currents, approaches, and issues in this important new discipline, examining topics such as the ethnography of moralities, the study of moral subjectivities, and the exploration of moral economies. Investigates the central legacies of moral anthropology, the formation of moral facts and values, the context of local moralities, and the frontiers between moralities, politics, humanitarianism Features contributions from pioneers in the field of moral anthropology, as well as international experts in related fields such as moral philosophy, moral psychology, evolutionary biology and neuroethics
Categories: Social Science

Protestant Missionaries and Humanitarianism in the the Politics of Aid in Cold War Africa

Protestant Missionaries and Humanitarianism in the   the Politics of Aid in Cold War Africa

A significant contribution to the history of humanitarianism, Christianity and the politics of aid in Africa.

Author: Jeremy Rich

Publisher: James Currey

ISBN: 1847012582

Category: Political Science

Page: 252

View: 321

A significant contribution to the history of humanitarianism, Christianity and the politics of aid in Africa.
Categories: Political Science