The Archaeology of Human Bones

The Archaeology of Human Bones

The Archaeology of Human Bones provides an up-to-date account of the
scientific analysis of human skeletal remains from archaeological sites. This
completely revised edition reflects the latest developments in scientific
techniques for ...

Author: Simon Mays

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136971785

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 465

The Archaeology of Human Bones provides an up to date account of the scientific analysis of human skeletal remains from archaeological sites. This completely revised edition reflects the latest developments in scientific techniques for studying human skeletons and the latest applications of those techniques in archaeology. In particular, the sections on ancient DNA and bone stable isotopes have been comprehensively updated, and two completely new chapters have been introduced, covering metric study of the postcranial skeleton and ethical dimensions of the study of human remains. The Archaeology of Human Bones introduces students to the anatomy of bones and teeth, utilising a large number of images. It analyzes the biasing effects of decay and incomplete recovery on burial data from archaeological sites, and discusses what we may learn about burial rites from human remains. Subsequent chapters focus on demographic analysis of earlier populations, normal skeletal variation, disease and injury, isotopic and DNA analysis of bone, the study of cremated bone and ethical aspects of working with ancient human remains. Current scientific methods are explained, alongside a critical discussion of their strengths and weaknesses. The ways in which scientific analyses of human skeletal remains can contribute to tackling major archaeological or historical issues is illustrated by means of examples drawn from studies from around the world. Technical jargon is kept to a minimum, and each chapter contains a summary of the main points that a student should grasp and a list of further reading targeted to enable students to follow up major issues covered in the book. Featuring case studies from around the world and with copious illustrations, The Archaeology of Human Bones continues to be a crucial work for students of archaeology.
Categories: Science

The Routledge Handbook of Archaeological Human Remains and Legislation

The Routledge Handbook of Archaeological Human Remains and Legislation

An international guide to laws and practice in the excavation and treatment of
archaeological human remains Nicholas Marquez-Grant, Linda Fibiger. a
scientific point of view, was explored to the maximum possible extent. Although
the site ...

Author: Nicholas Marquez-Grant

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136879555

Category: Social Science

Page: 800

View: 377

Methodologies and legislative frameworks regarding the archaeological excavation, retrieval, analysis, curation and potential reburial of human skeletal remains differ throughout the world. As work forces have become increasingly mobile and international research collaborations are steadily increasing, the need for a more comprehensive understanding of different national research traditions, methodologies and legislative structures within the academic and commercial sector of physical anthropology has arisen. The Routledge Handbook of Archaeological Human Remains and Legislation provides comprehensive information on the excavation of archaeological human remains and the law through 62 individual country contributions from Europe, Asia, Africa, North America, South America and Australasia. More specifically, the volume discusses the following: What is the current situation (including a brief history) of physical anthropology in the country? What happens on discovering human remains (who is notified, etc.)? What is the current legislation regarding the excavation of archaeological human skeletal remains? Is a license needed to excavate human remains? Is there any specific legislation regarding excavation in churchyards? Any specific legislation regarding war graves? Are physical anthropologists involved in the excavation process? Where is the cut-off point between forensic and archaeological human remains (e.g. 100 years, 50 years, 25 years...)? Can human remains be transported abroad for research purposes? What methods of anthropological analysis are mostly used in the country? Are there any methods created in that country which are population-specific? Are there particular ethical issues that need to be considered when excavating human remains, such as religious groups or tribal groups? In addition, an overview of landmark anthropological studies and important collections are provided where appropriate. The entries are contained by an introductory chapter by the editors which establish the objectives and structure of the book, setting it within a wider archaeological framework, and a conclusion which explores the current European and world-wide trends and perspectives in the study of archaeological human remains. The Routledge Handbook of Archaeological Human Remains and Legislation makes a timely, much-needed contribution to the field of physical anthropology and is unique as it combines information on the excavation of human remains and the legislation that guides it, alongside information on the current state of physical anthropology across several continents. It is an indispensible tool for archaeologists involved in the excavation of human remains around the world.
Categories: Social Science

Archaeological Human Remains

Archaeological Human Remains

... however, that the study of human skeletal remains from archaeological sites
truly began a sustained scholarly journey to its modern emphasis on biological
distance analysis, palaeodemography, palaeopathology, palaeodietary studies,
and ...

Author: Barra O’Donnabhain

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319063706

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

View: 981

This volume addresses the directions that studies of archaeological human remains have taken in a number of different countries, where attitudes range from widespread support to prohibition. Overlooked in many previous publications, this diversity in attitudes is examined through a variety of lenses, including academic origins, national identities, supporting institutions, archaeological context and globalization. The volume situates this diversity of attitudes by examining past and current tendencies in studies of archaeologically-retrieved human remains across a range of geopolitical settings. In a context where methodological approaches have been increasingly standardized in recent decades, the volume poses the question if this standardization has led to a convergence in approaches to archaeological human remains or if significant differences remain between practitioners in different countries. The volume also explores the future trajectories of the study of skeletal remains in the different jurisdictions under scrutiny.
Categories: Social Science

Human Remains Museum Practice

Human Remains   Museum Practice

5 At national level , the United States has three laws that affect the treatment of
human remains from archaeological contexts . In Canada , a national law
providing uniform regulation of archaeological resources is being drafted ,
however ...

Author: Unesco. General Conference

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9231040219

Category: Art

Page: 136

View: 185

Human Remains and Museum Practice reflects the discussions held at the Museum of London as part of an international symposium on the political and ethical dimensions of the collection and display of human remains in museums. It explores fundamental issues of collecting and displaying human remains, including ethics, interpretation and repatriation as they apply in different parts of the world. The first section looks at the overriding issues, whilst the second part describes the practices in different parts of the world.
Categories: Art

Curating Human Remains

Curating Human Remains

Human. Remains. at. St. Peter's. Church,. Barton-upon-Humber,. England.
SIMON. MAYS. INTRODUCTION his chapter outlines why long-term archiving of
archaeological human remains for research purposes is important. It then
discusses a ...

Author: Myra Giesen

Publisher: Boydell Press

ISBN: 9781843838067

Category: Social Science

Page: 197

View: 136

The difficult and sensitive issue of how museums and other repositories should treat human remains in their possession is here addressed through a number of important case studies.
Categories: Social Science

Human Remains in Archaeology

Human Remains in Archaeology

"First published in 2009 for the Council for British Archaeology"--Title page verso.

Author: Charlotte A. Roberts

Publisher: CBA Practical Handbooks

ISBN: 1909990035

Category: Archaeology

Page: 336

View: 784

This revised and updated 2nd edition of Professor Charlotte Robert's best-selling Practical Handbook provides the very latest guidance on all aspects of the recovery, handling and study of human remains. Professon Roberts is one of the UK's leading experts in bioarchaeology, and is internationally renowned in the field. It begins by asking why we should study human remains, and the ethical issues surrounding their recovery, analysis, curation and display, along with consideration of the current legal requirements for the excavation of such remains in the UK. How people were laid to rest at death is considered, as well as the effect of various factors on their preservation, including the environment. Further chapters give practical advice on the excavation, processing and conservation of human remains, and the recording of data such as age at death, sex, height, and pathological lesions. The author then discusses recent technological advances in the study of human remains, such as stable isotope and ancient DNA analyses. This book, with its extensive bibliography, is essential and fascinating reading for all practictioners and students of bioarchaeology and burial archaeology and is accessible for anyone with an interest in the study of human remains.
Categories: Archaeology

Forensic Recovery of Human Remains

Forensic Recovery of Human Remains

Archaeological Approaches Tosha L. Dupras, John J. Schultz, Sandra M.
Wheeler, Lana J Williams. Preface. Crime scenes involving human skeletal
remains can be very complex scenes to process. Unfortunately, standard training
for many ...

Author: Tosha L. Dupras

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420037944

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 875

An essential reference for both forensic experts and non-experts alike, Forensic Recovery of Human Remains: Archaeological Approaches is a comprehensive guide that focuses on the practical aspects of excavating and recovering human remains, along with any associated evidence, from crime scenes. It highlights the protocols and techniques that ar
Categories: Law

Human Remains

Human Remains

HUMAN REMAINS HAVE HAD AN ENDURING FASCINATION FOR
ARCHAEOLOGISTS AND MUSEUM curators for centuries. Generations of
researchers have excavated cemeteries and individual skeletons, writing learned
reports on their ...

Author: Vicki Cassman

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 0759109540

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 310

View: 442

Presents a collection of information concerning the care and conservation of human remains in museums and academic institutions.
Categories: Business & Economics

Human Osteology

Human Osteology

While paleontologists search Afar outcrops for osteological clues about
prehistoric human form, archaeologists uncover the osteological remains of the
inhabitants of Herculaneum who perished as Mount Vesuvius erupted, burying
them with ...

Author: Tim D. White

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080920853

Category: Medical

Page: 688

View: 337

A classic in its field, Human Osteology has been used by students and professionals through nearly two decades. Now revised and updated for a third edition, the book continues to build on its foundation of detailed photographs and practical real-world application of science. New information, expanded coverage of existing chapters, and additional supportive photographs keep this book current and valuable for both classroom and field work. Osteologists, archaeologists, anatomists, forensic scientists and paleontologists will all find practical information on accurately identifying, recovering, and analyzing and reporting on human skeletal remains and on making correct deductions from those remains. From the world renowned and bestselling team of osteologist Tim D. White, Michael T. Black and photographer Pieter A. Folkens Includes hundreds of exceptional photographs in exquisite detail showing the maximum amount of anatomical information Features updated and expanded coverage including forensic damage to bone and updated case study examples Presents life sized images of skeletal parts for ease of study and reference
Categories: Medical

Commingled Human Remains

Commingled Human Remains

... of gross analyses of commingled cremated human remains from a
bioarchaeology perspective integrating the use of a geographic information
system database. The experience of bioarchaeologists with archaeological
cremations in various ...

Author: Bradley Adams

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780124059184

Category: Social Science

Page: 544

View: 304

Commingled human remains are encountered in situations ranging from prehistoric ossuaries to recent mass fatality incidents. Commingled Human Remains: Methods in Recovery, Analysis, and Identification brings together tools from diverse sources within the forensic science community to offer a set of comprehensive approaches to resolving issues associated with commingled remains. This edition focuses on forensic situations, although some examples from prehistoric contexts are also addressed. Commingling of bones and other body parts is a major obstacle to individual identification that must be addressed before other forensic determinations or research can proceed. Regardless of the cause for the commingling (transportation disaster, terrorist attack, natural disaster, genocide, etc.) it is critical that the proper experts are involved and that the proper techniques are employed to achieve the greatest success in making identifications. Resolution of commingling nearly always requires consideration of multiple lines of evidence that cross the disciplinary lines of modern forensic science. The use of archaeology, DNA, and forensic anthropology are several areas that are critical in this process and these are core topics presented in this book. Even a relatively “simple mass fatality event can become very complicated once body fragmentation and commingling occur. Expectations associated with all phases of the process from recovery of remains to their final identification and release to next of kin must be managed appropriately. A powerful resource for those working in the forensic sciences who need to plan for and/or address the complex challenges associated with commingled and fragmentary human remains. Written by an international group of the foremost forensic scientists presenting their research and candid experiences of dealing with commingled human remains, offering recommendations and providing "lessons learned" which can be invaluable to others who find themselves facing similar challenges Contains chapters on remains recovery, laboratory analysis, case studies, and broader topics such as mass fatality management and ethical considerations.
Categories: Social Science

The Analysis of Burned Human Remains

The Analysis of Burned Human Remains

From many parts of the world and for many periods of human history from as
early as the Upper Palaeolithic (e.g., Bowler et al., 1970) to recent centuries,
archaeologists have uncovered and investigated material evidence for the use of
fire as ...

Author: Christopher W. Schmidt

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080559285

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 290

This unique reference provides a primary source for osteologists and the medical/legal community for the understanding of burned bone remains in forensic or archaeological contexts. It describes in detail the changes in human bone and soft tissues as a body burns at both the chemical and gross levels and provides an overview of the current procedures in burned bone study. Case studies in forensic and archaeological settings aid those interested in the analysis of burned human bodies, from death scene investigators, to biological anthropologists looking at the recent or ancient dead. Includes the diagnostic patterning of color changes that give insight to the severity of burning, the positioning of the body, and presence (or absence) of soft tissues during the burning event Chapters on bones and teeth give step-by-step recommendations for how to study and recognize burned hard tissues
Categories: Social Science

Case Studies in Environmental Archaeology

Case Studies in Environmental Archaeology

... aspects of human behavior from the perspective of human osteology (Larsen
1987). Bioarchaeology grows out of traditional anthropological interests in
human skeletal remains from archaeological contexts. With increased awareness
of the ...

Author: Elizabeth Jean Reitz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306452529

Category: Social Science

Page: 399

View: 290

This volume contains case studies in environmental archaeology that apply data obtained from various disciplines-including zooarchaeology, archaeobotany, human biology, and geoarchaeology-to explore important anthropological issues. Studies include geological and biological data from sites located in North America, the Caribbean basin, and South America. Rather than critiquing or advocating specific environmental techniques, each study demonstrates how and why the information obtained from their use is important to anthropologists and archaeologists.
Categories: Social Science

Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory

Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory

Additionally, the term stress is used throughout as a backdrop to the overall
discussion of how human remains reflect specific environmental situations. It is
important for the reader to keep in mind that this term is used in a variety of
contexts, ...

Author:

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781483294285

Category: Social Science

Page: 455

View: 518

Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory
Categories: Social Science

Forensic Archaeology and Human Rights Violations

Forensic Archaeology and Human Rights Violations

Forensic anthropology, as a sister discipline, focuses on the analysis of human
remains using biological anthropology. Human remains can be buried or hidden
in a variety of circumstances, and forensic archaeologists and anthropologists
are ...

Author: Roxana Ferllini

Publisher: Charles C Thomas Publisher

ISBN: 9780398085193

Category: Crime scenes

Page: 320

View: 514

Forensic archaeology has become a paramount tool with regard to the investigation of human rights abuses in recent times, by utilizing field techniques that provide a scientific means of searching, locating and recovering the victims of human rights abuses. By applying such techniques, human remains may be positively identified, thereby assisting survivors who are then able to lay their dead to rest and begin a process of closure after such tragic events have occurred. Additionally, the circumstances of the victim's demise will be accurately recorded, and in course this information will be duly presented in scientific terms to legal enforcing bodies, such as international criminal tribunals and domestic criminal courts. This book is unique in that it offers the reader a variety of topics and perspectives within one volume from contributors from across the globe, coming from a variety of diverse disciplines and experiences covering a broad spectrum that encompasses human rights investigations. It will also serve as a reference source for governmental agencies that are involved in conducting human rights investigations at various levels, including the provision of effective military assistance to those working in the field. Non-governmental organizations involved in human rights investigations will also find it to be an excellent reference that may be utilized in order for them to more effectively provide assistance in the areas of psychological, social, health, and humanitarian assistance in zones where civilians have been killed on a large scale. The book will be of interest to professionals in the fields of forensic pathology, international law, sociology, cultural anthropology, political science and biological sciences.
Categories: Crime scenes

Archaeology in the Lowland American Tropics

Archaeology in the Lowland American Tropics

D O U G L AS H. UB E L A K E R Although publications with biological
information gleaned from archaeologically recovered human remains in Ecuador
appeared sporadically during the early twentieth century (for example, Duckworth
1951; ...

Author: James A. Zeidler

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521444861

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 723

"Collection of 11 papers about analytical methods and their recent applications. Methods include survey techniques, community organization, landscapes, environmental stress, paleoethnobotany, plant microfossils, zooarchaeology, human osteology, stable isotope analysis, pottery analysis, and historical evidence. Regional coverage includes Puerto Rico, Panama, Ecuador, Colombia, Bolivia, and Peru"--Handbook of Latin American Studies, v. 57.
Categories: History

Bioarchaeology

Bioarchaeology

Human skeletal remains from archaeological contexts provide a rich and diverse
record of past behavior, reflecting the wide array of circumstances – ecological,
cultural, social, economic, and political – that put a society and its members at ...

Author: Clark Spencer Larsen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521838696

Category: History

Page: 656

View: 177

A synthetic treatment of the study of human remains from archaeological contexts for current and future generations of bioarchaeologists.
Categories: History

Biological Affinity in Forensic Identification of Human Skeletal Remains

Biological Affinity in Forensic Identification of Human Skeletal Remains

He has more than 19 years of field experience in archaeology and physical
anthropology and has presented or published ... His recent research has
concentrated on ancestry and sex determination, trauma analysis, aging
techniques, human identification and ... cranial nonmetric traits in Southeast
Asian skeletal collections, and identifying cranial trauma in remains of Khmer
Rouge victims in Cambodia.

Author: Gregory E. Berg

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439815779

Category: Law

Page: 334

View: 778

Ancestry determination in the identification of unknown remains can be a challenge for forensic scientists and anthropologists, especially when the remains available for testing are limited. There are various techniques for the assessment of ancestry, ranging from traditional to new microbiological and computer-assisted methods. Biological Affinity
Categories: Law

The World of Pompeii

The World of Pompeii

61; Bisel, “Human skeletons”, p. 2; Lazer, Human Skeletal Remains, 15 pp.110–
19; Petrone et al., “Populazione di Ercolano”, pp. 67–73. ... 205–22; S. Mays, The
Archaeology of Human Bones, London, 16 1998, p. 15. D. H. Ubelaker, Human ...

Author: Pedar Foss

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134689743

Category: History

Page: 704

View: 99

This all embracing survey of Pompeii provides the most comprehensive survey of the region available. With contributions by well-known experts in the field, this book studies not only Pompeii, but also – for the first time – the buried surrounding cities of Campania. The World of Pompeii includes the latest understanding of the region, based on the up-to-date findings of recent archaeological work. Accompanied by a CD with the most detailed map of Pompeii so far, this book is instrumental in studying the city in the ancient world and is an excellent source book for students of this fascinating and tragic geographic region.
Categories: History

The Routledge Handbook of the Bioarchaeology of Human Conflict

The Routledge Handbook of the Bioarchaeology of Human Conflict

He has published extensively in the fields of forensic anthropology and human
skeletal biology on topics relating to methodology, case applications and
interpretation of human remains from archaeological contexts. Katrien Van de
Vijver is a ...

Author: Christopher Knüsel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134678044

Category: Social Science

Page: 706

View: 926

If human burials were our only window onto the past, what story would they tell? Skeletal injuries constitute the most direct and unambiguous evidence for violence in the past. Whereas weapons or defenses may simply be statements of prestige or status and written sources are characteristically biased and incomplete, human remains offer clear and unequivocal evidence of physical aggression reaching as far back as we have burials to examine. Warfare is often described as ‘senseless’ and as having no place in society. Consequently, its place in social relations and societal change remains obscure. The studies in The Routledge Handbook of the Bioarchaeology of Human Conflict present an overview of the nature and development of human conflict from prehistory to recent times as evidenced by the remains of past people themselves in order to explore the social contexts in which such injuries were inflicted. A broadly chronological approach is taken from prehistory through to recent conflicts, however this book is not simply a catalogue of injuries illustrating weapon development or a narrative detailing ‘progress’ in warfare but rather provides a framework in which to explore both continuity and change based on a range of important themes which hold continuing relevance throughout human development.
Categories: Social Science

Social Bioarchaeology

Social Bioarchaeology

Dufour, D. L. 2006 Biocultural Approaches in Human Biology. American Journal
of Human Biology 18(1):1-9. Elliott-Smith, G., and F. Wood Jones 1910 Reports of
the Human Remains, the Archaeological Series of Nubia, Report for 1907-1908 ...

Author: Sabrina C. Agarwal

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 144439052X

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 883

Illustrates new methodological directions in analyzing human social and biological variation Offers a wide array of research on past populations around the globe Explains the central features of bioarchaeological research by key researchers and established experts around the world
Categories: Social Science