The Ekistics of Animal and Human Conflict

The Ekistics of Animal and Human Conflict

It is thus critical to understand these four niches independent of those around which human settlements are independently formed. My theory that the animal–human conflict in urban area is a natural phenomenon, which is created due to ...

Author: Rishi Dev

Publisher: Copal Publishing Group

ISBN: 9789383419074

Category: Nature

Page: 618

View: 923

Urban wildlife management is a town planning subject. It is logical and important to relate the animal and human conflict seen all over the world, as a phenomenon which is applicable to all types of human settlements, despite the diversities and complexities of cultures, societal structures, laws, value systems, religions and so on. A universal principle or theory governs and applies to all cities which define these conditions and phenomena creating the conflict or coexistence. This book investigates the niches of one of the key urban animals from a syntactic, semantic and pragmatic perspective and explores how these niches are naturally synonymous to similar patterns, structures and compositions within human settlements. It explores and defines the demographic patterns, thresholds and phenomenon, which leads to formation of the different levels and extremes of interaction between the species. This forms a paradigm which classifies this conflict within the various disciplines and frameworks of urban ecology. The focus is primarily on urban dogs, it being a keystone species, but is later related with other urban animals as well. The premise for this approach is that history has shown how certain species have persuasively coexisted with humans for so many millennia, yet a conflict happens between animals and humans and within humans over animals. It is thus logical to believe that the forces which create this conflict cannot solely be natural to the species in question and have to come from outside – from the settlement patterns of both species and the “net resultant force and dynamics”. The book looks at these dichotomies in four distinct but interrelated ways. It delves deep inside four niches which form the dynamics of any settlement – spatial, cultural, ecological and economic and explores all scales at which the “succession” and evolution of animals take place in highly urbanized settlements.
Categories: Nature

The Routledge Handbook of the Bioarchaeology of Human Conflict

The Routledge Handbook of the Bioarchaeology of Human Conflict

HUMAN. CONFLICT. If human burials were our only window onto the past, what story would they tell? Skeletal injuries constitute the most direct and unambiguous evidence for violence in the past. Whereas weapons or defences may simply be ...

Author: Christopher Knüsel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134678044

Category: Social Science

Page: 1135

View: 484

If human burials were our only window onto the past, what story would they tell? Skeletal injuries constitute the most direct and unambiguous evidence for violence in the past. Whereas weapons or defenses may simply be statements of prestige or status and written sources are characteristically biased and incomplete, human remains offer clear and unequivocal evidence of physical aggression reaching as far back as we have burials to examine. Warfare is often described as ‘senseless’ and as having no place in society. Consequently, its place in social relations and societal change remains obscure. The studies in The Routledge Handbook of the Bioarchaeology of Human Conflict present an overview of the nature and development of human conflict from prehistory to recent times as evidenced by the remains of past people themselves in order to explore the social contexts in which such injuries were inflicted. A broadly chronological approach is taken from prehistory through to recent conflicts, however this book is not simply a catalogue of injuries illustrating weapon development or a narrative detailing ‘progress’ in warfare but rather provides a framework in which to explore both continuity and change based on a range of important themes which hold continuing relevance throughout human development.
Categories: Social Science

Human Conflict from Neanderthals to the Samburu Structure and Agency in Webs of Violence

Human Conflict from Neanderthals to the Samburu  Structure and Agency in Webs of Violence

This study corrects some of the misguided understandings of human conflict, particularly those that assume intrinsically aggressive traits in those engaged in forms of human conflict. As a collection, these essays provide numerous ...

Author: William P. Kiblinger

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030468248

Category: History

Page: 204

View: 827

This book examines human conflict throughout history, the reasons behind the struggles, and why it persists. The volume delves into the causes of human conflict and what can be done about them. Based on detailed descriptions that support insightful interpretations, the book explores significant historical events in the course of human history. By pursuing a “web of violence” approach, it raises and answers questions about the sources of conflict and how it may or may not be resolved through investigations into human agency and practice. It evaluates lessons learned concerning human conflict, violence, and warfare. To illustrate these lessons, the book presents a broad geographical and temporal set of data, including research on the time of Neanderthals in Europe (20-30 thousand years ago); the Late Neolithic civilization on the Mediterranean (6-8 thousand years ago); medieval Ireland; contemporary history of the Western Dani peoples of West Papua; and, finally, recent issues in Brazil, Congo, and Kenya.
Categories: History

Conflict Resolution and Human Needs

Conflict Resolution and Human Needs

Basic human needs do not, by themselves, explain the great variability in the patterns of the many different kinds of human conflict. Framing a conflict largely in terms of the satisfaction of basic human needs, nevertheless, ...

Author: Kevin Avruch

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136226021

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 270

This edited volume examines Basic Human Needs theory and interactive problem solving, looking at recent developments in thinking about both and how these might affect peacebuilding in contemporary conflicts of the twenty-first century. The era in the immediate aftermath of World War II was, paradoxically, a time of great optimism in parts of academia. There was, especially in the United States and much of Europe, a widespread belief in the social sciences that systematic scholarly analysis would enable humanity to understand and do something about the most complex of social processes, and thus about solving persistent human problems: unemployment, delinquency, racism, under-development, and even issues of conflict, war and peace. This book examines the evolution of the Basic Human Needs theory and is divided into two key parts: Basic Human Needs in Theory and Basic Human Needs in Practice. Exploring this theory through a wide range of different lenses, including gender, ethics and power, the volume brings together some of the leading scholars in the field of peace and conflict studies and draws upon research both past and present to forecast where the movement is headed in the future. This book will be of much interest to students of peace and conflict studies, conflict resolution, psychology, security studies and IR.
Categories: Political Science

Human Wildlife Conflict Management

Human Wildlife Conflict Management

“Global Late Quaternary Megafauna Extinctions Linked to Humans, Not Climate Change. ... In Human Conflicts with Wildlife: Economic Considerations: Proceedings of the Third NWRC Special Symposium, August 1–3, 2000, Fort Collins, CO, ...


Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9781421445250

Category: Nature

Page: 267

View: 382

The book covers important human-wildlife topics such as: individual-, population-, and ecosystem-level effects; survey techniques; management methods; human dimensions; economic issues; legal and political aspects; damage management strategiesFeaturing explanations of important terminology and pertinent biological and ecological concepts, Reidinger shares the latest research, provides a plethora of real-world examples, and includes suggestions for additional resources.
Categories: Nature

Human wildlife Conflict

Human wildlife Conflict

monk seals in close contact with humans whose parents and grandparents never saw seals and who do not have a depth ... a Native Hawaiian activist and consultant, deftly summarized the Hawaiian monkseal conflict: much of the conflict is ...

Author: Megan M. Draheim

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199687145

Category: Nature

Page: 219

View: 990

Human-wildlife conflict (HWC) has classically been defined as a situation where wildlife impacts humans negatively (physically, economically, or psychologically), and where humans likewise negatively impact wildlife. However, there is growing consensus that the conflict between people about wildlife is as important as the conflict between people and wildlife. HWC not only affects the conservation of one species in a particular geographic area, but also impacts the willingness of an individual, a community, and wider society to support conservation programs in general. This book explores the complexity inherent in these situations, covering the theory, principles, and practical applications of HWC work, making it accessible and usable for conservation practitioners, as well as of interest to researchers more concerned with a theoretical approach to the subject. Through a series of case studies, the book's authors and editors tackle a wide variety of subjects relating to conflict, from the challenges of wicked problems and common pool resources, to the roles that storytelling and religion can play in conflict. Throughout the book, the authors work with a Conservation Conflict Transformation (CCT) approach, adapted from the peacebuilding field to address the reality of conservation today. The authors utilise one of CCT's key analytic components, the Levels of Conflict model, as a tool to provide insight into their case studies. Although the examples discussed are from the world of marine conservation, the lessons they provide are applicable to a wide variety of global conservation issues, including those in the terrestrial realm. Human-Wildlife Conflict will be essential reading for graduate students and established researchers in the field of marine conservation biology. It will also be a valuable reference for a global audience of conservation practitioners, wildlife managers, and other conservation professionals.
Categories: Nature

Human Rights in Armed Conflict

Human Rights in Armed Conflict

23 Given the lack of any substantial reference to international human rights law in the text it was suggested that the resolution should more appropriately have been named “humanitarian principles in armed conflicts.

Author: Gerd Oberleitner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107087545

Category: Law

Page: 433

View: 489

A comprehensive analysis of the legal challenges and practical consequences of applying international human rights law in armed conflict situations.
Categories: Law

Conflict and Human Security in Africa

Conflict and Human Security in Africa

Conflictshave their originin human insecurity, whichislinked toexclusion andlack ofaccessto resources and power (International IDEA,2006). Conflicts and displacement inKenya havean historical context.Colonialists forcefully evicted ...

Author: A. Kumssa

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230119260

Category: Political Science

Page: 209

View: 458

This edited volume looks at human security and conflict in northern Kenya and nearby areas within Sudan, Somalia, Ethiopia, and Uganda. It spells out the precise meaning and nuances of human security in today's global economy and examines the causes and effects of conflict in the region within the context of human security.
Categories: Political Science

Best Practice Guidelines for the Prevention and Mitigation of Conflict Between Humans and Great Apes

Best Practice Guidelines for the Prevention and Mitigation of Conflict Between Humans and Great Apes

It is important not to assume that conflict always results when great apes and humans compete for resources (Siex and ... It is necessary to determine whether human-wildlife relationships actually lead to conflict before making negative ...

Author: Kimberley Hockings

Publisher: IUCN

ISBN: 9782831711331

Category: Animals and civilization

Page: 48

View: 899

Executive summary: One of the challenges facing great ape conservation is the rising level of interaction between humans and great apes, and the resulting conflicts that emerge. As human populations continue to grow and human development makes deeper incursions into forest habitats, such conflicts will become more widespread and prevalent in the natural ranges of great apes, especially considering that the majority of great apes live outside protected areas. It is essential that we develop a comprehensive understanding of existing and potential conflict situations, and their current or future impacts on both great apes and humans. This will require the integration of quantitative and qualitative data on multiple aspects of human and great ape behaviour and ecology, along with a good understanding of local people's perceptions of the situation. Such knowledge can then be used to develop effective, locally-adapted, management strategies to prevent or mitigate human-great ape conflicts, whilst respecting both conservation objectives and socio-cultural-economic contexts. These guidelines outline a sequence of logical steps that should be considered prior to any form of human-great ape conflict intervention, and propose possible counter-measures to be used in the management of human-great ape conflicts.
Categories: Animals and civilization



I believe that something of the sort applies to inquiries about human conflict. In other words, I believe it makes no sense to ask 'What is the true nature (or genesis) of human conflicts ?' Note that more is involved than the fact that ...

Author: Mental Health Research Institute


ISBN: UOM:39015085472697



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