operational and human capital strategies that they thought would work well for
the U.S. Coast Guard in each independent scenario. After September 11, 2001,
agency officials reviewed the scenarios to determine whether additional
Author: United States. General Accounting OfficePublish On: 2002
Existing human capital approaches have yet to be assessed in light of current
and emerging agency needs . The agency changes or adopts human capital
approaches without considering how well they support organizational goals and
Author: United States. General Accounting OfficePublish On: 2002
Human Capital Management relate directly to the challenges at HUD that this
report examines . These cornerstones are as follows : leadership commitment to human capital management and recognition that people are important enablers
Author: United States. General Accounting Office
Category: Executive departments
Human capital management issues at the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) are an immediate concern. Looming retirements in the next 5 years suggested by current demographics have brought the need for workforce planning to the forefront. By workforce planning we mean the strategy used to identify current and future human capital needs-including size and deployment of the workforce and the knowledge, skills, and abilities needed to pursue the HUD mission. This includes recruiting and hiring the workforce of the future. By August 2003, HUD estimates that about half of its professional workforce will be eligible to retire. According to its Human Resources officials, HUD is faced with a need for a large-scale recruiting and hiring effort due to the above retirement statistics and the fact that HUD has done little outside hiring in the past 10 or more years.
39 Becker defined human capital as a product of market investment , whereby
individuals make rational investment decisions about how much education or
training to buy , or for governments , how much they should invest in human capital to ...
Author: Phillip Brown
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
"Human capital theory, or the notion that there is a direct relationship between educational investment and prosperity, has governed Western approaches to education and labor for the past fifty years. However, many degree recipients have experienced the opposite. This book demonstrates that the human capital story is one of a failed revolution that requires an alternative approach to education, jobs, and income inequalities. Rather than abandoning human capital theory, the book calls for a broader view of education not merely as schooling, but as the process of acquiring the skills necessary to take on a flexible range of jobs and roles. In a rapidly changing job market, workers will need to capitalize on the skills, talents, and personality traits that they have honed through a lifetime of learning, rather than their academic credentials. A controversial challenge to the reigning ideology on economics and education, this text provides important insights into the current plight of the overqualified, underemployed labor market"--
In this study, the authors develop an indicator of the value of human capital stock held by the nation's working-age populaiton.
Author: Robert Haveman
Publisher: W.E. Upjohn Institute
Category: Business & Economics
In this study, the authors develop an indicator of the value of human capital stock held by the nation's working-age populaiton. They then use that indicator to assess the utilization of the nation's human capital stock overall and by a number of demographic subgroups. This serves to complement the many existing indicators that measure the U.S. economy's capital utilization.
Hispanics are the fastest-growing segment of the civilian labor force, which is defined as those 16 and older who are employed or looking for work and are not in the mil. or institutionalized.
Author: George H. Stalcup
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Hispanics are the fastest-growing segment of the civilian labor force, which is defined as those 16 and older who are employed or looking for work and are not in the mil. or institutionalized. In 2006, a report was issued on factors affecting Hispanic representation in the fed. workforce and efforts being taken by gov¿t. agencies, incl. the Small Bus. Admin. (SBA) -- that aids, counsels and assists the interests of small bus. In 2007, a report was issued that contained data on Hispanic representation in the fed. gov¿t. through FY 2006. This report provides updated info. on minorities and Hispanics in the fed. workforce, incl. demographic data -- with an emphasis on Hispanic representation -- related to the fed. gov¿t. as a whole and SBA¿s workforce. Tables.
Diploma Thesis from the year 2003 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: Sehr Gut, University of Applied Sciences Kufstein Tirol (International Business Studies), language: English, abstract: ...
Author: Roland Spitzlinger
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
Diploma Thesis from the year 2003 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: Sehr Gut, University of Applied Sciences Kufstein Tirol (International Business Studies), language: English, abstract: On the turn from an industrial to a knowledge based economy the rules of economic geography have changed significantly. Human capital and a high quality of life which attracts it have become the most important factors for urban economic growth. The goal of the study was to find out whether there is evidence for the hypothesis that European cities with a high quality of life are more innovative. The reasoning is that a nice living environment attracts educated people, which in the next step lures knowledge-based companies and stirs innovative activity. The results of the statistical analysis carried out by the author prove the hypothesis that quality of life and innovativeness are connected. Specifically a good environmental quality directly supports the production of scientific articles. Together with a high-educated labor force it also attracts innovative high-tech companies, which increase the production of patents. An overall high quality of life and a high income level attract educated people and increase the knowledge base of a city. However, a city does not necessarily have to be rich in monetary resources to achieve a good innovative performance. In fact, the quality of life predicts the innovativeness of European cities better than the income level. Despite these findings the author also found evidence that a good environmental condition as well as learning effects through industry agglomeration increase the efficiency of knowledge workers. Cities that are home to a big number of high-tech companies and offer a nice environment produce considerably more patents per invested R&D money than other cities. The results of the study suggest that city officials should turn away from attracting high-tech companies by moneta
A firm's absorptive capacity, human capital and linkages with knowledge institutions have been shown to increase the firm's probability of innovating in OECD economies. Despite its importance for national- and firm-level competitiveness, few papers examine the impact of the same variables for firms innovation in Latin America. This paper investigates the link between firm innovation and its absorption capacity as proxied by the presence of a R&D department, the firm's human capital, and its interaction with research centers and universities. We analyze the case of Chilean and Colombian manufacturing firms using data from innovation surveys. A probit regression model is applied to identify the determinants of innovation activity. We find that collaboration with university and research institutions is associated with an increase in the probability of introducing a new product in Chilean and Colombian firms of 29 and 44 percent, respectively, and it can increase up to 58 percent in the case of Colombian firms interacting with research centers. Moreover, firms whose employees have a higher level of education, or whose managers/supervisors have a higher (perceived) level of knowledge, are more likely to innovate. Although the estimates could be affected by biases and suffer from shortcomings in data, the findings suggest that policies and incentives to increase firm-level human capital and industry-university linkages are important to increase innovation in Latin America.