Hong Kong English

Hong Kong English

This book offers original insights into the grammatical and pragmatic/discoursal features of Hong Kong English and will therefore be of interest to those working in fields such as World Englishes and corpus linguistics.

Author: May Wong

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137519641

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 213

View: 155

This book systematically examines the linguistic features and socio-cultural issues of ‘Hong Kong English’. The author focuses on authentic data taken from the International Corpus of English (the Hong Kong component) and the Corpus of Global Web-based English to track the ways in which the English language in Hong Kong has been adapted by its users. She also analyses the emergence of new forms and structures in its grammar and discourse. While the phonetic and phonological aspects of this variety of English have been well documented, its grammatical peculiarities and social language use have been hitherto neglected. This book offers original insights into the grammatical and pragmatic/discoursal features of Hong Kong English and will therefore be of interest to those working in fields such as World Englishes and corpus linguistics.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Hong Kong English

Hong Kong English

The contributions to this book challenge that view in a number of ways.

Author: Kingsley Bolton

Publisher: Hong Kong University Press

ISBN: 9622095534

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 332

View: 802

The dominant view of many linguists and educators has been that Hong Kong English is a variety of the language that is derived from, and dependent on, the metropolitan norm of British English. It has been argued that English in Hong Kong was never 'nativized' as in other Asian societies, and that it has not deserved the recognition accorded to other varieties of Asian English. The contributions to this book challenge that view in a number of ways. In addressing sociolinguistic, structural, and literary issues, they provide an up-to-date survey of current use of Hong Kong English, and redress the question of its autonomy in terms of both distinctive linguistic features and the growing literary creativity of the variety. An original and highly informed discussion on the futures for Hong Kong English, and chapters providing additional resources for the study of the variety, are also included.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Hong Kong English

Hong Kong English

This volume provides an overview of all aspects of Hong Kong English in a style designed for undergraduates and general readers.

Author: Jane Setter

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 9780748635979

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 192

View: 277

This volume provides an overview of all aspects of Hong Kong English in a style designed for undergraduates and general readers. As a former British colony, Hong Kong used English as the language of government, law and education in the early days of colonial rule. Since the Handover from British to Chinese rule in 1997, it is no longer used as the primary language of government. However, the status of English has survived the decline of colonial rule, as English has become an international language which is indispensable for a service-oriented economy such as present-day Hong Kong. Its use is still widespread in legal contexts, and English is the medium of instruction in at least a quarter of secondary schools. Outwith the realm of education, English is important as a means of international communication in the fields of banking and finance, business, and in the tourism and hospitality industry. English is therefore integrated into Hong Kong life in various ways and this has resulted in a thriving and developing variety of English. This book describes English in Hong Kong as a linguistic phenomenon from the point of view of language structure, but also takes into account historical, socio-cultural and socio-political developments.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

A Dictionary of Hong Kong English

A Dictionary of Hong Kong English

This book is the first dictionary of Hong Kong English.

Author: Patrick J. Cummings

Publisher: Hong Kong University Press

ISBN: 9789888083305

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 300

View: 553

This book is the first dictionary of Hong Kong English. It includes only words and word senses that are particular to Hong Kong English, legitimizing it as a variety in its own right. While the main focus is on contemporary language use from all domains of Hong Kong life, historical terms and references are covered as well. Entries are designed according to state of the art lexicography and show pronunciation, source language, frequency, authentic usage, and cultural conceptualizations. The dictionary also provides a brief history of Hong Kong English, a list of acronyms and abbreviations, historical place names and their current equivalents, words of Hong Kong origin now in international use, as well as further reference material. Patrick J. Cummingshas taught English and science in Hong Kong for more than a decade.Hans-Georg Wolfis chair professor for development and variation of the English language at Potsdam University, Germany.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

English and Globalization

English and Globalization

This book offers a groundbreaking perspective on the political, cultural and pedagogical issues of English in the age of globalization.

Author: Kwok-kan Tam

Publisher: Chinese University Press

ISBN: 9629961849

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 276

View: 363

This book offers a groundbreaking perspective on the political, cultural and pedagogical issues of English in the age of globalization. Additionaly it addresses theoretical concepts as they relate to language and globalization while simulataneously creating new perspectives on the issues. The fifteen papers that make up this collection present valuable information about the English language in Hong Kong and China. Including pioneering works that examine how language functions as a mediating agent in the global cultural formation, and vice versa.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Hong Kong English

Hong Kong English

This dissertation, ""Hong Kong English" a Source of Pride or a Disgrace?" by Ming-yin, Erika, Ng, 吳名賢, was obtained from The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong) and is being sold pursuant to Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 ...

Author: Ming-Yin Erika Ng

Publisher:

ISBN: 1361210974

Category:

Page:

View: 203

This dissertation, ""Hong Kong English" a Source of Pride or a Disgrace?" by Ming-yin, Erika, Ng, 吳名賢, was obtained from The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong) and is being sold pursuant to Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License. The content of this dissertation has not been altered in any way. We have altered the formatting in order to facilitate the ease of printing and reading of the dissertation. All rights not granted by the above license are retained by the author. Abstract: ABSTRACT of thesis entitled "Hong Kong English" a source of pride or a disgrace? Submitted by Ng Ming Yin, Erika For the degree of Master of Arts in Applied Linguistics At the University of Hong Kong August 2005 This paper presents the results of a qualitative study on the attitudes and beliefs of eight Hong Kongers regarding the English spoken in Hong Kong and the English they speak. Data were collected using in-depth interviews. The participants in the interviews were eight working adults who had received their education in Hong Kong. This study addresses four questions: 1. What are Hong Kong people's attitudes towards "Hong Kong English"? Do they regard it as an emerging new variety? Or do they consider it a sub-standard or deficient variety? 2. How do they feel about the English they speak? Are they proud of the English they speak or do they feel ashamed of it? 3. Which variety of English would Hong Kong people prefer speaking? A variety from the inner circle or the local variety? 4. What implications do these findings have for the future of "Hong Kong English" if there is one? Interview data revealed that all the respondents agreed that there exists a variety of English called "Hong Kong English," which is spoken by the majority of people in Hong Kong. Almost all the respondents admitted that they speak "Hong Kong English" though with different degrees of P. 5 foreign influence and fluency. Although none of them find "Hong Kong English" a source of pride to them, none of them regard it as a disgrace either. They all consider the identifiable features of "Hong Kong English" its distinctive characteristics rather than errors. Interestingly, almost all the respondents looked upon British English as their most preferred variety but at the same time they confessed that they could not quite distinguish between British English and American English. As for the future of "Hong Kong English," they all seem skeptical and pessimistic about it. From the interview data, it is also found that technological development in Hong Kong can both expedite and hinder the future development of "Hong Kong English." P. 6 DOI: 10.5353/th_b3167701 Subjects: English language - Spoken English - China - Hong Kong
Categories:

The Politics of English in Hong Kong

The Politics of English in Hong Kong

The focus of this book is on the impact of politics on language and identity in Hong Kong. The book is the first study to track real time language attitude changes against a divisive political landscape.

Author: Jette G. Hansen Edwards

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351713689

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 230

View: 247

The focus of this book is on the impact of politics on language and identity in Hong Kong. The book is the first study to track real time language attitude changes against a divisive political landscape. It is also the most comprehensive study of language attitudes in Hong Kong to date, taking place over four years with over 1600 participants. Through both survey and interview data, a multifaceted portrait of language change in progress is presented, providing a more nuanced and complex view of language and identity than has previously been presented. The book examines the status of Hong Kong English in the light of attitudes towards Cantonese, English, and Putonghua, providing a deeper analysis of the linguistic complexity of Hong Kong; it can be argued that one cannot understand attitudes towards Hong Kong English without fully understanding the status and use of English in Hong Kong today. The book also presents a complex examination of language attitudes in Hong Kong by focusing not only on the what of language attitudes, but also the question of for whom, through an analysis of language attitudes by gender, age, identity, and speaking HKE.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Language in Hong Kong at Century s End

Language in Hong Kong at Century s End

This volume offers a view of the linguistic situation in Hong Kong in the final years of the twentieth century, as it enters the post-colonial era.

Author: Martha C. Pennington

Publisher: Hong Kong University Press

ISBN: 9789622094185

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 468

View: 968

This volume offers a view of the linguistic situation in Hong Kong in the final years of the twentieth century, as it enters the post-colonial era. In the chapters of this book, scholars from Hong Kong and around the world present a contemporary profile of Chinese, English, and other languages in dynamic interaction in this major international economic centre. Authors survey usage of different languages and attitudes towards them among students, teachers, and the general population based on census data, newpapers, language diaries, interviews, and questionnaires. They address issues of code-mixing, the shift from English-medium to Chinese-medium education, the place of Putonghua in the local language mix, and the language of minority groups such as Hong Kong Indians.This wide-ranging group of original studies provides a social and historical perspective from which to consider developments in language among the past, present, and future populations of Hong Kong.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Investigating Hong Kong English

Investigating Hong Kong English

This detailed case study investigates the attitudes of Hong Kong university students to eight varieties of English speech.

Author: Qi Zhang

Publisher: Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag Der Wissenschaften

ISBN: 3034309589

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 275

View: 451

The status of Hong Kong English has been an increasing concern among the local population. Despite prolific research into attitudes towards language variation within the field of sociolinguistics in general, very few studies have focused on the Hong Kong context. Previous research has demonstrated that native English speakers tend to evaluate Standard English varieties highly as far as status is concerned, while non-standard varieties are evaluated highly in terms of solidarity. There is still, however, a noticeable lack of information about the attitudes of Hong Kong Chinese people to different English varieties and, particularly, about their attitudes to the local non-standard variety.<BR> This richly detailed case study sets out to investigate the attitudes of Hong Kong university students to eight varieties of English speech. It employs a range of direct and indirect techniques of attitude measurement in order to obtain in-depth information about the students' perceptions. The book also discusses the important pedagogical implications of the choice of linguistic model in English language teaching, both within the Hong Kong population and among other Chinese communities.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The English Language in Hong Kong

The English Language in Hong Kong

This book presents an empirically-grounded sociolinguistic history of the English language in Hong Kong in the past 170 years.

Author: Stephen Evans

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137506245

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 136

View: 679

This book presents an empirically-grounded sociolinguistic history of the English language in Hong Kong in the past 170 years. Using substantial sets of diachronic and synchronic data, it traces the changing status and functions of English in relation to spoken Cantonese, Mandarin and written Chinese in the key domains of government, education and business. The author tracks the rise of English-knowing bilingualism in the city’s Chinese community and explores the evolutionary dynamics of Hong Kong English. He also speculates on the future of English in the territory, particularly after 2047 when the ‘one country, two systems’ framework established by the Sino-British Joint Declaration is dismantled. Researchers and students working in the fields of sociolinguistics, English as a global language, world Englishes, applied linguistics and English-language education will find this book provides valuable information and insights about the uses and users of English in colonial and post-colonial Hong Kong. More generally, it makes a unique contribution to the literature on the diffusion and diversification of English worldwide.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

City Voices

City Voices

Together with work from established authors, both bilingual writers who choose to write in English and expatriate authors who have made Hong Kong their home, a section of 'New Voices' introduces the work of unknown and young writers who are ...

Author: Michael Ingham

Publisher: Hong Kong University Press

ISBN: 9789622096042

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 420

View: 715

City Voices is the first showcase of postwar Hong Kong literature originating in English. Fiction, poetry, essays and memoirs from more than 70 authors are featured to demonstrate 'the rich variety and vitality of the city's literary production'. Together with work from established authors, both bilingual writers who choose to write in English and expatriate authors who have made Hong Kong their home, a section of 'New Voices' introduces the work of unknown and young writers who are part of today's surge of new creativity.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Anglo China

Anglo China

A study of the first three decades of British rule in Hong Kong, focusing on the troubled and controversial process of establishing a British colony at Hong Kong and on the reception of British rule by people in the region.

Author: Christopher Munn

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136838453

Category: Social Science

Page: 460

View: 676

A study of the first three decades of British rule in Hong Kong, focusing on the troubled and controversial process of establishing a British colony at Hong Kong and on the reception of British rule by people in the region.
Categories: Social Science

Edge of Empires

Edge of Empires

In Edge of Empires, Carroll situates Hong Kong squarely within the framework of both Chinese and British colonial history, while exploring larger questions about the meaning and implications of colonialism in modern history.

Author: John M. CARROLL

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674029231

Category: History

Page: 274

View: 689

In Edge of Empires, Carroll situates Hong Kong squarely within the framework of both Chinese and British colonial history, while exploring larger questions about the meaning and implications of colonialism in modern history.
Categories: History

The Linguistic Norms of Hong Kong English in Computer mediated Communication

The Linguistic Norms of Hong Kong English in Computer mediated Communication

Hong Kong is widely known as a bilingual city.

Author: Wing Kin Vinton Poon

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:818423561

Category:

Page: 303

View: 414

Hong Kong is widely known as a bilingual city. In addition to the locally spoken Cantonese, the vast majority of Hong Kong Chinese people are also able to speak English, the ex-colonial and the international language which has played an important role in the community since the colony was founded. This linguistic situation has given rise to a local variety of English. Recognising the distinct form and function of this variety, scholars (e.g. Bolton 2002, Joseph 2004: 132-161) have argued that the linguistic features in the English spoken by Hong Kong people should be identified as Hong Kong English (HKE). Observing that certain Hong Kong English features specific to computer-mediated communication (CMC) have been developed through communication among bilingual Hong Kong Chinese on the internet, I believe that Hong Kong English in CMC should be seen as a distinct variety. To support my argument, I have, in this thesis, re-examined the notion of linguistic variety. This in turn has required an investigation into the nature of the linguistic norms that define a 'systematically different' form of language. I begin my study by looking at the sociolinguistics of Hong Kong. The distribution of the three main languages - Cantonese, English, and Putonghua - is examined, and Cantonese-English code-mixing is discussed. The focus then turns to the notion of Hong Kong English, and its linguistic features are analysed. Then, the nature of computer-mediated communication is explored. I look at how this context has affected the use of language in general, and HKE specifically. The distinctive HKE features that can only be seen in CMC are examined. I show that Hong Kong English in computer-mediated communication (CHKE) is formally different from HKE in other written contexts. In order to argue that CHKE is a variety of its own, I look at how various scholars define 'variety' and similar notions such as 'language', 'dialect', 'sociolect', and 'register'. Seeing that the concept of norms is essential in determining whether a variety is 'systematically different', I explore the nature of social norms and linguistic norms. A model of norms is proposed, identifying three kinds of linguistic norms: formal norms, contextual norms and identity norms. I present the results of a survey I conducted that aims to elicit Hong Kong people's attitudes towards CHKE. Analysis of the data obtained from the survey shows that linguistic norms of CHKE have emerged. Not only is CHKE recognised by its users as a distinct variety, this variety also has an identity marking function that is not seen in other forms of written HKE.
Categories:

Hong Kong s Colonial Legacy

Hong Kong s Colonial Legacy

Questions this book tackles include: (1) What is the attitude of Hong Kong Chinese towards British rule and the resumption of Chinese sovereignty? (2) Why have most of them failed to master English despite a century and a half of colonial ...

Author: Chi Kuen Lau

Publisher: Chinese University Press

ISBN: 9622017932

Category: History

Page: 200

View: 418

After ruling Hong Kong for 155 years, what did the British leave behind when they withdrew at midnight on 30 June 1997? C. K. Lau answers this question for the lay reader. Whether you are a long-time resident or merely a newcomer to the territory, Hong Kong's Colonial Legacy promises to deepen your understanding of this Pearl of the Orient. Questions this book tackles include: (1) What is the attitude of Hong Kong Chinese towards British rule and the resumption of Chinese sovereignty? (2) Why have most of them failed to master English despite a century and a half of colonial rule? (3) What is the future of the common law after 1997? (4) What do Hong Kong's leaders mean by executive-led government? (5) What is Hong Kong's recipe for economic success? (6) What is the future of press freedom in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region?
Categories: History

City Stage

City Stage

All the texts in this collection were written as English-language versions for performance rather than literary translations, although for some a Chinese-language text was also written.

Author: Mike Ingham

Publisher:

ISBN: 9622097480

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 274

View: 992

City Stage is an anthology of recent Hong Kong English-language drama written for Hong Kong performers and audiences. All the plays were written in the last ten years and so capture and reflect the fast-developing multiculturalism of the Hong Kong scene - a somewhat paradoxical phenomenon in view of the 1997 return to China Mainland sovereignty. The richness and diversity of the subject-matter, the wide range of theatre styles from the naturalistic to the highly stylized and quite simply the engaging quality of the dramatic writing, all make this anthology both an essential adjunct to the 2001 prose fiction and poetry collection City Voices and at the same time a ground-breaking, independent record of an incredibly fertile period in Hong Kong's recent creative life history. Thematically speaking, whilst all plays have their unique voice and subject-matter, it is accurate to say that the quest for personal and communal identity is a theme that goes to the heart of all present selections. The anthology is important in that it epitomizes the increasing interconnectedness of previously segregated facets of Hong Kong culture, indicating the very welcome tendency towards more open dialogue between Chinese and non-Chinese practitioners and audiences. The anthology contains the complete texts of the shorter plays and strategically selected excerpts from the longer plays. All the texts in this collection were written as English-language versions for performance rather than literary translations, although for some a Chinese-language text was also written.
Categories: Performing Arts