Homework Learning and Academic Success The Role of Family and Contextual Variables

Homework  Learning and Academic Success  The Role of Family and Contextual Variables

This work was developed with the financing of the research projects EDU2013-44062-P (MINECO), EDU2017-82984-P (MEIC).

Author: Antonio Valle

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889634927

Category:

Page:

View: 523

The main purpose of this Research Topic is to analyze and identify the main family and contextual variables that are involved in the process of carrying out homework. This will require studying the role played by teachers, students, and families in order to ensure that schoolwork is a useful learning tool. Although the role of the student is, obviously, crucial in homework, research has focused on the cumulative time spent by the student carrying out homework. However, the time spent on homework is not in itself evidence of the student’s involvement nor is time spent indicative of quality time. Indeed, an excess of time can sometimes denote low competence in a field of knowledge, while spending less time on homework could be indicative of high competence. It is more likely that a high dedication of time spent on homework reflects high motivation, or comprehension deficits, rather than commitment to learning or academic motivation. In tandem with the role of the student, teachers, as responsible for prescribing homework assignments for students, also become central players in the process of completing homework assignments. The decisions that teachers make about homework prescriptions, and the amount and type of tasks they set, will determine, to a large extent, the quality of the homework process including the student’s motivation and the student’s level of engagement with homework. Furthermore, the fact that homework is useful, interesting and motivating for students, will depend on how the teacher prescribes those tasks and the connection established with classroom learning. Teacher feedback also acquires particular relevance for this point by helping the students to accurately estimate the quality of their progress and overcome the difficulties they may have encountered in carrying out their homework. Lastly, the effectiveness of teacher feedback depends on its contribution to the student’s educational progress and how that student will perform in the future. In addition to the student who performs the task and the teacher who prescribes and corrects it, we must not lose sight of parents’ role. Although there are discrepancies regarding the role that parents play in relation to homework, it is evident that their implication has important consequences not only on the final result of those tasks but also on the very process of carrying them out. Everything seems to indicate that the family environment and, more specifically, the support and feedback provided by parents is a factor that can determine the involvement of students in school duties. In this way, providing emotional support encouraging children to get involved can contribute positively to improving their motivation and interest in the performance of homework. The objective of this Research Topic is to provide researchers and professionals in psychology and education settings with some of the most recent empirical evidence regarding the homework process, its prescription and correction. Overall, we aim to cease making homework a source of conflict and controversy at the socio-educational level in order to provide useful instruments for improving the quality of student learning. This work was developed with the financing of the research projects EDU2013-44062-P (MINECO), EDU2017-82984-P (MEIC).
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Handbook of Student Engagement Interventions

Handbook of Student Engagement Interventions

This chapter described family contextual variables that are related to students' engagement at school and with learning and their achievement.

Author: Jennifer A. Fredricks

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128134146

Category: Psychology

Page: 410

View: 772

Handbook of Student Engagement Interventions: Working with Disengaged Students provides an understanding of the factors that contribute to student disengagement, methods for identifying students at risk, and intervention strategies to increase student engagement. With a focus on translating research into best practice, the book pulls together the current research on engagement in schools and empowers readers to craft and implement interventions. Users will find reviews on evidence-based academic, behavioral, social, mental health, and community-based interventions that will help increase all types of engagement. The book looks at ways of reducing suspensions through alternative disciplinary practices, the role resiliency can play in student engagement, strategies for community and school collaborations in addressing barriers to engagement, and what can be learned from students who struggled in school, but succeeded later in life. It is a hands-on resource for educators, school psychologists, researchers, and students looking to gain insight into the research on this topic and the strategies that can be deployed to promote student engagement. Presents practical strategies for engagement intervention and assessment Covers early warning signs of disengagement and how to use these signs to promote engagement Reviews contextual factors (families, peers, teachers) related to engagement Focuses on increasing engagement and school completion for all students Emphasizes multidimensional approaches to disengagement
Categories: Psychology

International Perspectives on Student Outcomes and Homework

International Perspectives on Student Outcomes and Homework

Level 4 Student proximal learning attributes conducive to achievement, ... of Life context variables contextual invitations to involvement Parental role- ...

Author: Rollande Deslandes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134019786

Category: Education

Page: 192

View: 952

This synthesis of the latest knowledge on homework presents unique findings by researchers from various countries and diverse professional backgrounds. It approaches the topic of homework from several perspectives, including its political and cultural contexts aspects of parental involvement and parent-child relationships school contexts and practices observable impacts It highlights homework-specific concerns and considers two principal solutions. Firstly, support initiatives from schools and communities. Secondly, improved homework design, aimed at attracting greater student interest and promoting communication within families. Recommendations for practice and future research are also discussed. A political analysis shows that current confusion about homework might stem from a tension between two prevailing ideologies, one stressing students’ improved achievement in competing economies, and the other privileging collaboration between the school, family and community. This book considers how both teachers and parents can ensure a balance between the child’s school life and his or her overall development. Certain community resources are available to parents and students, but these in no way absolve parents of the responsibility to maintain an interest in their child’s school activities. International Perspectives on Student Outcomes and Homework proposes ideas and actions of relevance to everyone interested in the issue: school administrations, teachers in training and in practice, parents, and researchers eager to contribute to the advancement of knowledge in the field. It is a perfect companion to International Perspectives on Contexts, Communities and Evaluated Innovative Practices, also edited by Rollande Deslandes, and published simultaneously by Routledge.
Categories: Education

Students at Risk of School Failure

Students at Risk of School Failure

Does parental homework involvement mediate the relationship between family background and educational outcomes? Contemp. Educ. Psychol.

Author: José Jesús Gázquez

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889455911

Category:

Page: 594

View: 516

The main objective of this Research Topic is to determine the conditions that place students at risk of school failure, identifying student and context variables. In spite of the fact that there is currently little doubt about how one learns and how to teach, in some countries of the “developed world,” there is still there is a high rate of school failure. Although the term “school failure” is a very complex construct, insofar as its causes, consequences, and development, from the field of educational psychology, the construct “student engagement” has recently gained special interest in an attempt to deal with the serious problem of school failure. School engagement builds on the anatomy of the students’ involvement in school and describes their feelings, behaviors, and thoughts about their school experiences. So, engagement is an important component of students’ school experience, with a close relationship to achievement and school failure. Children who self-set academic goals, attend school regularly and on time, behave well in class, complete their homework, and study at home are likely to interact adequately with the school social and physical environments and perform well in school. In contrast, children who miss school are more likely to display disruptive behaviors in class, miss homework frequently, exhibit violent behaviors on the playground, fail subjects, be retained and, if the behaviors persist, quit school. Moreover, engagement should also be considered as an important school outcome, eliciting more or less supportive reactions from educators. For example, children who display school-engaged behaviors are likely to receive motivational and instructional support from their teachers. The opposite may also be true. But what makes student engage more or less? The relevant literature indicates that personal variables (e.g., sensory, motor, neurodevelopmental, cognitive, motivational, emotional, behavior problems, learning difficulties, addictions), social and/or cultural variables (e.g., negative family conditions, child abuse, cultural deprivation, ethnic conditions, immigration), or school variables (e.g., coexistence at school, bullying, cyberbullying) may concurrently hinder engagement, preventing the student from acquiring the learnings in the same conditions as the rest of the classmates.
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Fostering Independent Learning

Fostering Independent Learning

Practical Strategies to Promote Student Success Virginia Smith Harvey, ... Family context variables and the development of self-regulation in college ...

Author: Virginia Smith Harvey

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 9781593854515

Category: Education

Page: 256

View: 402

Accessible, practical, and empowering, this book gives school professionals the tools to put students in charge of their own learning. Going beyond traditional "study skills" guides that focus on the mechanics of homework completion and test taking, the authors address the underlying psychological factors that influence academic success and lifelong learning. They provide step-by-step guidance and data-based interventions for helping each student develop a repertoire of problem-solving strategies in the areas of motivation, emotional responses to learning, behavior, time management, organization, memory, reading, writing, math, and more. In a large-size format with lay-flat binding to facilitate photocopying, the volume includes dozens of reproducible handouts and forms. This book is in The Guilford Practical Intervention in the Schools Series.
Categories: Education

Research on Sociocultural Influences on Motivation and Learning 1st Volume

Research on Sociocultural Influences on Motivation and Learning   1st Volume

The family context was represented by two variables: parents educational level ... time spent on homework the better achievement will be (e.g., Abu-Hilal, ...

Author: Dennis M. McInerney

Publisher: IAP

ISBN: 9781607529514

Category: Education

Page: 413

View: 858

The aim of this book series is to provide a much needed outlet for the wealth of cross-cultural research that has not impacted upon mainstream education. This particular volume is divided into four parts: the motivation context; the learning context; the family context; and the curriculum context.
Categories: Education

The Wiley Handbook of Family School and Community Relationships in Education

The Wiley Handbook of Family  School  and Community Relationships in Education

Homework help, quizzing, and other traditional forms of involvement that help ... families are often limited by life context variables when it comes to ...

Author: Steve Sheldon

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9781119082552

Category: Education

Page: 664

View: 131

A comprehensive collection of essays from leading experts on family and community engagement The Wiley Handbook of Family, School, and Community Relationships in Educationbrings together in one comprehensive volume a collection of writings from leading scholars on family and community engagement to provide an authoritative overview of the field. The expert contributors identify the contemporary and future issues related to the intersection of students’ families, schools, and their communities. The Handbook’s chapters are organized to cover the topic from a wide-range of perspectives and vantage points including families, practitioners, policymakers, advocates, as well as researchers. In addition, the Handbook contains writings from several international researchers acknowledging that school, family, and community partnerships is a vital topic for researchers and policymakers worldwide. The contributors explore the essential issues related to the policies and sociopolitical concerns, curriculum and practice, leadership, and the role of families and advocates. This vital resource: Contains a diverse range of topics related to the field Includes information on current research as well as the historical origins Projects the breadth and depth of the field into the future Fills a void in the current literature Offers contributions from leading scholars on family and community engagement Written for faculty and graduate students in education, psychology, and sociology, The Wiley Handbook of Family, School, and Community Relationships in Educationis a comprehensive and authoritative guide to family and community engagement with schools.
Categories: Education

Resources in Education

Resources in Education

The social and academic growth of the children was increased with the parent training ... Family contextual variables included family structure , employment ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:30000007201365

Category: Education

Page:

View: 159

Categories: Education

Handbook of School Family Partnerships

Handbook of School Family Partnerships

Studentinvitations mayalso emerge asafunctionof teacher planning,prompting,or ... parents' familylife context variables generally lie outside the bounds of ...

Author: Sandra L. Christenson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135892586

Category: Education

Page: 544

View: 579

Family-school partnerships are increasingly touted as a means of improving both student and school improvement. This recognition has led to an increase in policies and initiatives that offer the following benefits: improved communication between parents and educators; home and school goals that are mutually supportive and shared; better understanding of the complexities impinging on children’s development; and pooling of family and school resources to find and implement solutions to shared goals. This is the first comprehensive review of what is known about the effects of home-school partnerships on student and school achievement. It provides a brief history of home-school partnerships, presents evidence-based practices for working with families across developmental stages, and provides an agenda for future research and policy. Key features include: provides comprehensive, cross-disciplinary coverage of theoretical issues and research concerning family-school partnerships. describes those aspects of school-family partnerships that have been adequately researched and promotes their implementation as evidence-based interventions. charts cutting-edge research agendas & methods for exploring school-family partnerships. charts the implications such research has for training, policy and practice especially regarding educational disparities. This book is appropriate for researchers, instructors, and graduate students in the following areas: school counseling, school psychology, educational psychology, school leadership, special education, and school social work. It is also appropriate for the academic libraries serving these audiences.
Categories: Education

Transitions Across Schools and Cultures

Transitions Across Schools and Cultures

the Latino families had 20 or more children's books in the house (49%), ... for the important role of family context in explaining academic achievement in ...

Author: Stuart A. Karabenick

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 9781781902912

Category: Psychology

Page: 284

View: 941

This volume focuses on the Transitions that take place at major points of potential discontinuity in students' developmental trajectories and across contexts at a given time point. The development literature, for example, has examined how children's motivation and achievement are affected by the shift from pre-school to school. And a topic that has received considerable attention in the achievement motivation literature is the transition from elementary to middle school. There is less information about the middle to high school transition. The transition from high school to college or school to work represents another important inflection point. Other transitions concern switching from one culture to another over time (e.g., immigration and acculturation), or at a given time point, such as when students shuttle between a dominant school culture and a minority home culture, or foreign students at colleges and universities who may study and socialize with other students from their home culture as well as those from the host culture.
Categories: Psychology

Emerging Trends in Digital Era Through Educational Technology

Emerging Trends in Digital Era Through Educational Technology

Quantity of Learning Time and Academic Performance Students' time ... performance, especially in the context of face-to-face education homework assignments.

Author: Dr. Manichander T.

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 9781365182600

Category:

Page:

View: 617

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PISA Data Analysis Manual SAS Second Edition

PISA Data Analysis Manual  SAS  Second Edition

What is the relationship between performance and time spent on homework? Is this relationship consistent across educational systems or does it vary from one ...

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9789264056251

Category:

Page: 467

View: 489

This publication includes detailed information on how to analyse the PISA data, enabling researchers to both reproduce the initial results and to undertake further analyses.
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Handbook of Research on Student Engagement

Handbook of Research on Student Engagement

... expectations and achievement) Family process Those with parental involvement and monitoring less likely to drop out Student involvement with education ...

Author: Sandra L. Christenson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461420187

Category: Psychology

Page: 840

View: 371

For more than two decades, the concept of student engagement has grown from simple attention in class to a construct comprised of cognitive, emotional, and behavioral components that embody and further develop motivation for learning. Similarly, the goals of student engagement have evolved from dropout prevention to improved outcomes for lifelong learning. This robust expansion has led to numerous lines of research across disciplines and are brought together clearly and comprehensively in the Handbook of Research on Student Engagement. The Handbook guides readers through the field’s rich history, sorts out its component constructs, and identifies knowledge gaps to be filled by future research. Grounding data in real-world learning situations, contributors analyze indicators and facilitators of student engagement, link engagement to motivation, and gauge the impact of family, peers, and teachers on engagement in elementary and secondary grades. Findings on the effectiveness of classroom interventions are discussed in detail. And because assessing engagement is still a relatively new endeavor, chapters on measurement methods and issues round out this important resource. Topical areas addressed in the Handbook include: Engagement across developmental stages. Self-efficacy in the engaged learner. Parental and social influences on engagement and achievement motivation. The engaging nature of teaching for competency development. The relationship between engagement and high-risk behavior in adolescents. Comparing methods for measuring student engagement. An essential guide to the expanding knowledge base, the Handbook of Research on Student Engagement serves as a valuable resource for researchers, scientist-practitioners, and graduate students in such varied fields as clinical child and school psychology, educational psychology, public health, teaching and teacher education, social work, and educational policy.
Categories: Psychology

Graduation for All

Graduation for All

Parent support for learning has been linked with academic performance and ... to communicate the message to parents about the important role they play in ...

Author: Camilla A. Lehr

Publisher: Corwin Press

ISBN: 9781483363431

Category: Education

Page: 248

View: 360

Effective dropout prevention strategies for educators! This resource offers guidelines for implementing dropout prevention strategies in the classroom and throughout the school system. The impact of increased graduation rates reaches farther than statistics-more graduates mean more individuals who are better prepared to meet the challenges of life after school, and better outcomes for youth, schools, and society in general. With the goal of producing an educated citizenry, the authors present tools and a plan for: Increasing graduation rates Meeting the standards set by the No Child Left Behind Act Pinpointing the most critical years for establishing a solid educational foundation
Categories: Education

School Achievement and Failure in Portuguese and Spanish Speaking Countries

School Achievement and Failure in Portuguese and Spanish Speaking Countries

Consequently, academic success has been studied not only from the point of view of ... but also as a function of environmental variables, according to the ...

Author: Edgar Galindo

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889455522

Category:

Page:

View: 973

This book is devoted to an increasingly important educational problem in the modern societies: school achievement and failure. School failure is presently a problem in developed as well as in developing countries. In the Spanish and Portuguese speaking countries in Europe and Latin America, school achievement and failure is consequently an important topic of political, social and scientific discussion. The following papers revise the latest research in the field, from the perspective of Psychology.
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Constructing Educational Achievement

Constructing Educational Achievement

The secondposition of parentalexpectations is asamediator of children andfamily variables that result in academic achievement (Phillipson & Phillipson,2012; ...

Author: Sivanes Phillipson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136764233

Category: Education

Page: 274

View: 411

International interest focuses on why pupils from East-Asia tend to outperform pupils from the West and scholars have proposed a number of possible explanations to account for these international trends. Using Vygotsky's theory (1978) as a conceptual framework to "construct" school achievement, this book puts forward culturally relevant context for understanding developmental aspects of children’s school achievement and their implication to classroom practice and education progress. Converging the two important lines of inquiry – the child factor and the sociocultural factor – this book showcases evidence-based scholarly works from across the globe that shed light on causes of academic achievement in different contexts. The book brings together eminent scholars from early childhood, primary education, secondary and vocational education who expertly capture the vitality of development and processes of specific child factors and their interaction with their environment that explain their school achievement. Foregrounded in the five planes of cultural historical, institutional, social, personal and mental, the research explain how children think, learn and form the will to perform amidst the changing social and family environment, and challenging school and educational environment.
Categories: Education

Adjustment and Academic Achievement in Adolescents

Adjustment and Academic Achievement in Adolescents

Appropriate monitoring of television viewing and homework completion (Clark, ... with family background and social context variables such as ethnicity, ...

Author: Dr. Vishranti J. Eton

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 9781493143047

Category: Education

Page: 198

View: 875

A historical perspective of adjustment problems of adolescents helps to place todays adolescents in proper focus as records concerning the status of adolescents and education across the countries have been pieced together. Since prehistoric days the status of an adolescent in society has been varied with the cultural concept of how a young person should be prepared to assume adult responsibilities though he has been formally studied for a brief span only since the beginning of the present century.
Categories: Education

Educational Research

Educational Research

... and homework completion , participation in joint learning activities at ... that interact with family background and social context variables such as ...

Author: R. C. Mishra

Publisher: APH Publishing

ISBN: 8176488593

Category: Education

Page: 300

View: 352

Categories: Education

Learning Disabilities

Learning Disabilities

Promoting family and school success for children with adhd: strengthening ... Examining the importance of social relationship and social context in the ...

Author: Phakkharawat Sittiprapaporn

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9789535102694

Category: Education

Page: 376

View: 512

Learning disability is a classification that includes several disorders in which a person has difficulty learning in a typical manner. Depending on the type and severity of the disability, interventions may be used to help the individual learn strategies that will foster future success. Some interventions can be quite simplistic, while others are intricate and complex. This book deserves a wide audience; it will be beneficial not only for teachers and parents struggling with attachment or behavior issues, but it will also benefit health care professionals and therapists working directly with special needs such as sensory integration dysfunction.
Categories: Education