Author: Hans-Joachim BungartzPublish On: 2012-12-06
Preface Since the creation of the term “Scientific Computing” and of its German counterpart “Wissenschaftliches ... like “High Performance” or “Engineering” try to make things clearer – usually with very modest success, however.
Author: Hans-Joachim Bungartz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Since the creation of the term "Scientific Computing" and of its German counterpart "Wissenschaftliches Rechnen" (whoever has to be blamed for that), scientists from outside the field have been confused about the some what strange distinction between scientific and non-scientific computations. And the insiders, i. e. those who are, at least, convinced of always comput ing in a very scientific way, are far from being happy with this summary of their daily work, even if further characterizations like "High Performance" or "Engineering" try to make things clearer - usually with very modest suc cess, however. Moreover, to increase the unfortunate confusion of terms, who knows the differences between "Computational Science and Engineering" , as indicated in the title of the series these proceedings were given the honour to be published in, and "Scientific and Engineering Computing", as chosen for the title of our book? Actually, though the protagonists of scientific com puting persist in its independence as a scientific discipline (and rightly so, of course), the ideas behind the term diverge wildly. Consequently, the variety of answers one can get to the question "What is scientific computing?" is really impressive and ranges from the (serious) "nothing else but numerical analysis" up to the more mocking "consuming as much CPU-time as possible on the most powerful number crunchers accessible" .
... to scientists and engineers are typically much simpler and consequently the answers are more reasonable. Furthermore, because human beings are too impatient and not ready to wait for such a long period, high-performance computing ...
Author: Michael Breuer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
In Douglas Adams' book 'Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy', hyper-intelligent beings reached a point in their existence where they wanted to understand the purpose of their own existence and the universe. They built a supercomputer, called Deep Thought, and upon completion, they asked it for the answer to the ultimate question of life, the universe and everything else. The computer worked for several millennia on the answers to all these questions. When the day arrived for hyper-intelligent beings the to receive the answer, they were stunned, shocked and disappointed to hear that the answer was simply 42. The still open questions to scientists and engineers are typically much sim pler and consequently the answers are more reasonable. Furthermore, because human beings are too impatient and not ready to wait for such a long pe riod, high-performance computing techniques have been developed, leading to much faster answers. Based on these developments in the last two decades, scientific and engineering computing has evolved to a key technology which plays an important role in determining, or at least shaping, future research and development activities in many branches of industry. Development work has been going on all over the world resulting in numerical methods that are now available for simulations that were not foreseeable some years ago. However, these days the availability of supercomputers with Teraflop perfor mance supports extensive computations with technical relevance. A new age of engineering has started.
Author: Laurence Tianruo YangPublish On: 2013-04-17
“ScaLAPACK A Portable Linear Algebra Library for Distributed Memory Computers – Design Issues and Performance”, LAPACK Working Notes 95.  Cuppen, J.J.M. (1981). “A Divide and Conquer Method for the Symmetric Tri-diagonal ...
Author: Laurence Tianruo Yang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
High Performance Scientific And Engineering Computing: Hardware/Software Support contains selected chapters on hardware/software support for high performance scientific and engineering computing from prestigious workshops in the fields such as PACT-SHPSEC, IPDPS-PDSECA and ICPP-HPSECA. This edited volume is basically divided into six main sections which include invited material from prominent researchers around the world. We believe all of these contributed chapters and topics not only provide novel ideas, new results and state-of-the-art techniques in this field, but also stimulate the future research activities in the area of high performance computing for science and engineering applications. High Performance Scientific And Engineering Computing: Hardware/Software Support is designed for a professional audience, composed of researchers and practitioners in industry. This book is also suitable as a secondary text for graduate-level students in computer science and engineering.
This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the Second International Conference on High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering, HPCSE 2015, held in Soláň, Czech Republic, in May 2015.
Author: Tomáš Kozubek
This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the Second International Conference on High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering, HPCSE 2015, held in Soláň, Czech Republic, in May 2015. The 14 papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 21 submissions. The conference provides an international forum for exchanging ideas among researchers involved in scientific and parallel computing, including theory and applications, as well as applied and computational mathematics. The focus of HPCSE 2015 was on models, algorithms, and software tools which facilitate efficient and convenient utilization of modern parallel and distributed computing architectures, as well as on large-scale applications.
This text evolved from a new curriculum in scientific computing that was developed to teach undergraduate science and engineering majors how to use high-performance computing systems (supercomputers) in scientific and engineering ...
Author: Lloyd Dudley Fosdick
Publisher: MIT Press
Designed for undergraduates, An Introduction to High-Performance Scientific Computing assumes a basic knowledge of numerical computation and proficiency in Fortran or C programming and can be used in any science, computer science, applied mathematics, or engineering department or by practicing scientists and engineers, especially those associated with one of the national laboratories or supercomputer centers. This text evolved from a new curriculum in scientific computing that was developed to teach undergraduate science and engineering majors how to use high-performance computing systems (supercomputers) in scientific and engineering applications. Designed for undergraduates, An Introduction to High-Performance Scientific Computing assumes a basic knowledge of numerical computation and proficiency in Fortran or C programming and can be used in any science, computer science, applied mathematics, or engineering department or by practicing scientists and engineers, especially those associated with one of the national laboratories or supercomputer centers. The authors begin with a survey of scientific computing and then provide a review of background (numerical analysis, IEEE arithmetic, Unix, Fortran) and tools (elements of MATLAB, IDL, AVS). Next, full coverage is given to scientific visualization and to the architectures (scientific workstations and vector and parallel supercomputers) and performance evaluation needed to solve large-scale problems. The concluding section on applications includes three problems (molecular dynamics, advection, and computerized tomography) that illustrate the challenge of solving problems on a variety of computer architectures as well as the suitability of a particular architecture to solving a particular problem. Finally, since this can only be a hands-on course with extensive programming and experimentation with a variety of architectures and programming paradigms, the authors have provided a laboratory manual and supporting software via anonymous ftp. Scientific and Engineering Computation series
Presenting findings of one of Europe's leading systems, this volume covers a wide variety of applications that deliver a high level of sustained performance. The book covers the main methods in high-performance computing.
Suitable for scientists, engineers, and students, this book presents a practical introduction to high performance computing (HPC).
Author: Georg Hager
Publisher: CRC Press
Written by high performance computing (HPC) experts, Introduction to High Performance Computing for Scientists and Engineers provides a solid introduction to current mainstream computer architecture, dominant parallel programming models, and useful optimization strategies for scientific HPC. From working in a scientific computing center, the authors gained a unique perspective on the requirements and attitudes of users as well as manufacturers of parallel computers. The text first introduces the architecture of modern cache-based microprocessors and discusses their inherent performance limitations, before describing general optimization strategies for serial code on cache-based architectures. It next covers shared- and distributed-memory parallel computer architectures and the most relevant network topologies. After discussing parallel computing on a theoretical level, the authors show how to avoid or ameliorate typical performance problems connected with OpenMP. They then present cache-coherent non-uniform memory access (ccNUMA) optimization techniques, examine distributed-memory parallel programming with message passing interface (MPI), and explain how to write efficient MPI code. The final chapter focuses on hybrid programming with MPI and OpenMP. Users of high performance computers often have no idea what factors limit time to solution and whether it makes sense to think about optimization at all. This book facilitates an intuitive understanding of performance limitations without relying on heavy computer science knowledge. It also prepares readers for studying more advanced literature. Read about the authors' recent honor: Informatics Europe Curriculum Best Practices Award for Parallelism and Concurrency.
Most of the papers in this volume were presented at the NATO Advanced Research Workshop High Performance Computing: Technology and Application, held in Cetraro, Italy from 24 to 26 of June, 1996.
Author: Lucio Grandinetti
Most of the papers in this volume were presented at the NATO Advanced Research Workshop High Performance Computing: Technology and Application, held in Cetraro, Italy from 24 to 26 of June, 1996. The main purpose of the Workshop was to discuss some key scientific and technological developments in high performance computing, identify significant trends and defme desirable research objectives. The volume structure corresponds, in general, to the outline of the workshop technical agenda: general concepts and emerging systems, software technology, algorithms and applications. One of the Workshop innovations was an effort to extend slightly the scope of the meeting from scientific/engineering computing to enterprise-wide computing. The papers on performance and scalability of database servers, and Oracle DBMS reflect this attempt We hope that after reading this collection of papers the readers will have a good idea about some important research and technological issues in high performance computing. We wish to give our thanks to the NATO Scientific and Environmental Affairs Division for being the principal sponsor for the Workshop. Also we are pleased to acknowledge other institutions and companies that supported the Workshop: European Union: European Commission DGIII-Industry, CNR: National Research Council of Italy, University of Calabria, Alenia Spazio, Centro Italiano Ricerche Aerospaziali, ENEA: Italian National Agency for New Technology, Energy and the Environment, Fujitsu, Hewlett Packard-Convex, Hitachi, NEC, Oracle, and Silicon Graphics-Cray Research. Editors January 1997 vii LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS Ecole Nonnale Su¢rieure de Lyon, 69364 Abarbanel. Robert M.
... area have served as one of the bases for a large class of simulations on current high performance computing platforms. ... The October 1993 issue of the IEEE Computer Magazine was devoted to Computational Science and Engineering, ...
Author: Michael W. Berry
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book presents the state of the art in parallel numerical algorithms, applications, architectures, and system software. The book examines various solutions for issues of concurrency, scale, energy efficiency, and programmability, which are discussed in the context of a diverse range of applications. Features: includes contributions from an international selection of world-class authorities; examines parallel algorithm-architecture interaction through issues of computational capacity-based codesign and automatic restructuring of programs using compilation techniques; reviews emerging applications of numerical methods in information retrieval and data mining; discusses the latest issues in dense and sparse matrix computations for modern high-performance systems, multicores, manycores and GPUs, and several perspectives on the Spike family of algorithms for solving linear systems; presents outstanding challenges and developing technologies, and puts these in their historical context.