High Performance CMOS Range Imaging

High Performance CMOS Range Imaging

This work is dedicated to CMOS based imaging with the emphasis on the noise modeling, characterization and optimization in order to contribute to the design of high performance imagers in general and range imagers in particular.

Author: Andreas Süss

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781315643885

Category: Computers

Page: 262

View: 816

This work is dedicated to CMOS based imaging with the emphasis on the noise modeling, characterization and optimization in order to contribute to the design of high performance imagers in general and range imagers in particular. CMOS is known to be superior to CCD due to its flexibility in terms of integration capabilities, but typically has to be
Categories: Computers

High Performance Silicon Imaging

High Performance Silicon Imaging

This book is an excellent resource for both academics and engineers working in the optics, photonics, semiconductor and electronics industries.

Author: Daniel Durini

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 9780081024355

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 522

View: 942

High Performance Silicon Imaging: Fundamentals and Applications of CMOS and CCD Sensors, Second Edition, covers the fundamentals of silicon image sensors, addressing existing performance issues and current and emerging solutions. Silicon imaging is a fast growing area of the semiconductor industry. Its use in cell phone cameras is already well established, with emerging applications including web, security, automotive and digital cinema cameras. The book has been revised to reflect the latest state-of-the art developments in the field, including 3D imaging, advances in achieving lower signal noise, and new applications for consumer markets. The fundamentals section has also been expanded to include a chapter on the characterization and testing of CMOS and CCD sensors that is crucial to the success of new applications. This book is an excellent resource for both academics and engineers working in the optics, photonics, semiconductor and electronics industries. Covers the fundamentals of silicon-based image sensors and technical advances, focusing on performance issues Looks at image sensors in applications, such as mobile phones, scientific imaging, and TV broadcasting, and in automotive, consumer and biomedical applications Addresses the theory behind 3D imaging and 3D sensor development, including challenges and opportunities
Categories: Technology & Engineering

High Performance Silicon Imaging

High Performance Silicon Imaging

Fundamentals and Applications of CMOS and CCD sensors Daniel Durini ... One way to limit the need of a high performance ADC is to map the input intensity on to the frequency domain where a large dynamic range can be easily recorded and ...

Author: Daniel Durini

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780857097521

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 476

View: 928

High Performance Silicon Imaging covers the fundamentals of silicon image sensors, with a focus on existing performance issues and potential solutions. The book considers several applications for the technology as well. Silicon imaging is a fast growing area of the semiconductor industry. Its use in cell phone cameras is already well established, and emerging applications include web, security, automotive, and digital cinema cameras. Part one begins with a review of the fundamental principles of photosensing and the operational principles of silicon image sensors. It then focuses in on charged coupled device (CCD) image sensors and complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) image sensors. The performance issues considered include image quality, sensitivity, data transfer rate, system level integration, rate of power consumption, and the potential for 3D imaging. Part two then discusses how CMOS technology can be used in a range of areas, including in mobile devices, image sensors for automotive applications, sensors for several forms of scientific imaging, and sensors for medical applications. High Performance Silicon Imaging is an excellent resource for both academics and engineers working in the optics, photonics, semiconductor, and electronics industries. Covers the fundamentals of silicon-based image sensors and technical advances, focusing on performance issues Looks at image sensors in applications such as mobile phones, scientific imaging, TV broadcasting, automotive, and biomedical applications
Categories: Technology & Engineering

X Ray Diffraction Imaging

X Ray Diffraction Imaging

... Choi High-Speed Photonics Interconnects Lukas Chrostowski and Krzysztof Iniewski High Frequency Communication and Sensing: Traveling-Wave Techniques Ahmet Tekin and Ahmed Emira High Performance CMOS Range Imaging: Device Technology ...

Author: Joel Greenberg

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780429591808

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 256

View: 896

This book explores novel methods for implementing X-ray diffraction technology as an imaging modality, which have been made possible through recent breakthroughs in detector technology, computational power, and data processing algorithms. The ability to perform fast, spatially-resolved X-ray diffraction throughout the volume of a sample opens up entirely new possibilities in areas such as material analysis, cancer diagnosis, and explosive detection, thus offering the potential to revolutionize the fields of medical, security, and industrial imaging and detection. Featuring chapters written by an international selection of authors from both academia and industry, the book provides a comprehensive discussion of the underlying physics, architectures, and applications of X-ray diffraction imaging that is accessible and relevant to neophytes and experts alike. Teaches novel methods for X-ray diffraction imaging Comprehensive and self-contained discussion of the relevant physics, imaging techniques, system components, and data processing algorithms Features state-of-the-art work of international authors from both academia and industry. Includes practical applications in the medical, industrial, and security sectors
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Advances in Imaging and Sensing

Advances in Imaging and Sensing

... Jung Han Choi High-Speed Photonics Interconnects Lukas Chrostowski and Krzysztof Iniewski High Frequency Communication and Sensing: Traveling-Wave Techniques Ahmet Tekin and Ahmed Emira High Performance CMOS Range Imaging: Device ...

Author: Shuo Tang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781498714761

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 283

View: 291

This introductory, yet in-depth, book explains the physical principles of electronic imaging and sensing and provides the reader with the information necessary to understand the design, operation, and practical applications of contemporary electronic imaging and sensing systems. The text has strong practical focus and contains examples of biomedical applications of optical electronic imaging and sensing. Each chapter draws upon the authors’ extensive research, teaching, and industrial experience and provides a useful resource for undergraduate and graduate students, as well as a convenient reference for scientists and engineers working in the field of electronic imaging and sensing.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Flexible Wearable and Stretchable Electronics

Flexible  Wearable  and Stretchable Electronics

... Hernandez-Silveira High Performance CMOS Range Imaging Device Technology and Systems Considerations Andreas Süss Analog Electronics for Radiation Detection Renato Turchetta Power Management Integrated Circuits and Technologies Mona ...

Author: Katsuyuki Sakuma

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780429554506

Category: Computers

Page: 350

View: 539

Remarkable progress has been achieved within recent years in developing flexible, wearable, and stretchable (FWS) electronics. These electronics will play an increasingly significant role in the future of electronics and will open new product paradigms that conventional semiconductors are not capable of. This is because flexible electronics will allow us to build flexible circuits and devices on a substrate that can be bent, stretched, or folded without losing functionality. This revolutionary change will impact how we interact with the world around us. Future electronic devices will use flexible electronics as part of ambient intelligence and ubiquitous computing for many different applications such as consumer electronics, medical, healthcare, and security devices. Thus, these devices have the potential to create a huge market all over the world. Flexible, Wearable, and Stretchable Electronics, provide a comprehensive technological review of the state-of-the-art developments in FWS electronics. This book offers the reader a taste of what is possible with FWS electronics and describes how these electronics can provide unique solutions for a wide variety of applications. Furthermore, the book introduces and explains new applications of flexible technology that has opened up the future of FWS electronics.
Categories: Computers

Multisensor Attitude Estimation

Multisensor Attitude Estimation

... Telecommunication Networks Eugenio Iannone Testing for Small-Delay Defects in Nanoscale CMOS Integrated Circuits ... in Imaging and Sensing Shuo Tang and Daryoosh Saeedkia High Performance CMOS Range Imaging: Device Technology and ...

Author: Hassen Fourati

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781315351759

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 580

View: 871

There has been an increasing interest in multi-disciplinary research on multisensor attitude estimation technology driven by its versatility and diverse areas of application, such as sensor networks, robotics, navigation, video, biomedicine, etc. Attitude estimation consists of the determination of rigid bodies’ orientation in 3D space. This research area is a multilevel, multifaceted process handling the automatic association, correlation, estimation, and combination of data and information from several sources. Data fusion for attitude estimation is motivated by several issues and problems, such as data imperfection, data multi-modality, data dimensionality, processing framework, etc. While many of these problems have been identified and heavily investigated, no single data fusion algorithm is capable of addressing all the aforementioned challenges. The variety of methods in the literature focus on a subset of these issues to solve, which would be determined based on the application in hand. Historically, the problem of attitude estimation has been introduced by Grace Wahba in 1965 within the estimate of satellite attitude and aerospace applications. This book intends to provide the reader with both a generic and comprehensive view of contemporary data fusion methodologies for attitude estimation, as well as the most recent researches and novel advances on multisensor attitude estimation task. It explores the design of algorithms and architectures, benefits, and challenging aspects, as well as a broad array of disciplines, including: navigation, robotics, biomedicine, motion analysis, etc. A number of issues that make data fusion for attitude estimation a challenging task, and which will be discussed through the different chapters of the book, are related to: 1) The nature of sensors and information sources (accelerometer, gyroscope, magnetometer, GPS, inclinometer, etc.); 2) The computational ability at the sensors; 3) The theoretical developments and convergence proofs; 4) The system architecture, computational resources, fusion level.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Structural Health Monitoring of Composite Structures Using Fiber Optic Methods

Structural Health Monitoring of Composite Structures Using Fiber Optic Methods

... Telecommunication Networks Eugenio Iannone Testing for Small-Delay Defects in Nanoscale CMOS Integrated Circuits ... in Imaging and Sensing Shuo Tang and Daryoosh Saeedkia High Performance CMOS Range Imaging: Device Technology and ...

Author: Ginu Rajan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781498733205

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 491

View: 430

This highly comprehensive, introductory book explains the basics of structural health monitoring aspects of composite structures. This book serve as an all-in-one reference book in which the reader can receive a basic understanding of composite materials, manufacturing methods, the latest types of optical fiber sensors used for structural health monitoring of composite structures, and demonstrated applications of the use of fiber sensors in a variety of composite material structures. The content draws upon the authors’ and distinguished contributors’ extensive research/teaching and industrial experience to fully cover the structural health monitoring of composite materials using fiber optic sensing methods.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Radiation Detection Systems

Radiation Detection Systems

Wireless Medical Systems and Algorithms Design and Applications Pietro Salvo and Miguel Hernandez-Silveira High Performance CMOS Range Imaging Device Technology and Systems Considerations Andreas Süss Analog Electronics for Radiation ...

Author: Jan Iwanczyk

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000462227

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 310

View: 759

The advances in semiconductor detectors, scintillators, photodetectors such as silicon photomultipliers (SiPM), and readout electronics have experienced tremendous growth in recent years in terms of basic technologies and a variety of applications. The second edition of Radiation Detection Systems presents variety of radiation detection systems, giving readers a broad view of the state-of-the-art in the design of detectors, front-end electronics, and systems offering optimized choices of the detection tools for a particular application. The new edition has been divided into two volumes. This volume on Medical Imaging, Industrial Testing, and Security Applications presents specific applications of the detection systems in medical imaging, industrial testing, and security applications. These newely developed technologies play a vital role in the detection, diagnosis, and treatment of major human diseases. Featuring contributions from leading experts and pioneers in their respective fields, this book: Describes new advances in development of detection systems based on CdZnTe (CZT) and CdTe detectors utilizing a direct conversion of radiation to electric signals Reports a recent progress in technologies and performance of SiPM used for reading the light from scintillators Explores exciting new application opportunities created by development of the cutting-edge detection technologies in X-ray spectroscopy, computed tomography (CT), bone dosimetry, and nuclear medicine (PET, SPECT) Considers the future use of photon-counting detectors in clinical CT scanners providing K-edge imaging to reduce the amount of contrast agents and ultimately offering both an anatomical and a functional information Describes, uses of radiation detection systems in security applications such as luggage scanning, dirty bomb detection, and border control With its combined coverage of new materials and innovative new system approaches, as well as a succinct overview of recent developments, this book is an invaluable tool for any engineer, professional, or student working in electronics or an associated field. Readers can refer to the other volume, Sensor Materials, Systems, Technology, and Characterization Measurements, which puts emphasis on sensor materials, detector structures, front electronics technology, and their designs and system optimization for different applications.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Power Management Integrated Circuits

Power Management Integrated Circuits

... Jung Han Choi High-Speed Photonics Interconnects Lukas Chrostowski and Krzysztof Iniewski High Frequency Communication and Sensing: Traveling-Wave Techniques Ahmet Tekin and Ahmed Emira High Performance CMOS Range Imaging: Device ...

Author: Mona M. Hella

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781482228946

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 329

View: 763

Power Management Integrated Circuits and Technologies delivers a modern treatise on mixed-signal integrated circuit design for power management. Comprised of chapters authored by leading researchers from industry and academia, this definitive text: Describes circuit- and architectural-level innovations that meet advanced power and speed capabilities Explores hybrid inductive-capacitive converters for wide-range dynamic voltage scaling Presents innovative control techniques for single inductor dual output (SIDO) and single inductor multiple output (SIMO) converters Discusses cutting-edge design techniques including switching converters for analog/RF loads Compares the use of GaAs pHEMTs to CMOS devices for efficient high-frequency switching converters Thus, Power Management Integrated Circuits and Technologies provides comprehensive, state-of-the-art coverage of this exciting and emerging field of engineering.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Diagnostic Devices with Microfluidics

Diagnostic Devices with Microfluidics

... Jung Han Choi High-Speed Photonics Interconnects Lukas Chrostowski and Krzysztof Iniewski High Frequency Communication and Sensing: Traveling-Wave Techniques Ahmet Tekin and Ahmed Emira High Performance CMOS Range Imaging: Device ...

Author: Francesco Piraino

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781498772945

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 257

View: 556

This book provides a current view of the research and commercial landscape of diagnostics devices, particularly those that utilize microscale technologies, intended for both patient and laboratory use. Common diagnostic devices that are based on microfluidic principles include glucose sensors for diabetic patients and over-the-counter pregnancy tests. Other diagnostic devices are being developed to quickly test a patient for bacterial and viral infections, and other diseases. The chapters, written by experts from around the world, discuss how to fabricate, apply, and market microfluidic diagnostic chips – for lab and at-home use. Most importantly, the book also contains a discussion of topics relevant to the private sector, including patient-focused, market-oriented development of diagnostics devices. Chapter 9 of this book is freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF under a CC-BY 3.0 license. https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/tandfbis/rt-files/docs/Open+Access+Chapters/9781498772938_oachapter9.pdf
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Semiconductor Devices in Harsh Conditions

Semiconductor Devices in Harsh Conditions

... Jung Han Choi High-Speed Photonics Interconnects Lukas Chrostowski and Krzysztof Iniewski High Frequency Communication and Sensing: Traveling-Wave Techniques Ahmet Tekin and Ahmed Emira High Performance CMOS Range Imaging: Device ...

Author: Kirsten Weide-Zaage

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781498743822

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 234

View: 113

This book introduces the reader to a number of challenges for the operation of electronic devices in various harsh environmental conditions. While some chapters focus on measuring and understanding the effects of these environments on electronic components, many also propose design solutions, whether in choice of material, innovative structures, or strategies for amelioration and repair. Many applications need electronics designed to operate in harsh environments. Readers will find, in this collection of topics, tools and ideas useful in their own pursuits and of interest to their intellectual curiosity. With a focus on radiation, operating conditions, sensor systems, package, and system design, the book is divided into three parts. The first part deals with sensing devices designed for operating in the presence of radiation, commercials of the shelf (COTS) products for space computing, and influences of single event upset. The second covers system and package design for harsh operating conditions. The third presents devices for biomedical applications under moisture and temperature loads in the frame of sensor systems and operating conditions.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Introduction to Smart eHealth and eCare Technologies

Introduction to Smart eHealth and eCare Technologies

... Jung Han Choi High-Speed Photonics Interconnects Lukas Chrostowski and Krzysztof Iniewski High Frequency Communication and Sensing: Traveling-Wave Techniques Ahmet Tekin and Ahmed Emira High Performance CMOS Range Imaging: Device ...

Author: Sari Merilampi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781498745666

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 276

View: 469

Both the demographics and lack of resources in the health and well-being industry are increasingly forcing us to find alternative solutions for individualized health and social care. In an effort to address this issue, smart technologies present enormous potential in solving this challenge. This book strives to enhance communication and collaboration between technology and health and social care sectors. The reader will receive an extensive overview of the possibilities of various technologies in care sectors (including ICT, electronics, automation, and sensor technology) written by experts from various countries. It will prove extremely useful for engineers developing well-being related systems, software, or other devices that can be used by professionals working with people with specialist needs, well-being and health service providers, educators teaching related courses, and upper level undergraduate students and graduate student studying related topics. The technology focus of the book is widespread and addresses elderly care and hospitals, in addition to solutions for various user groups, devices, and technologies. Beyond serving as a resource for nurses and people working in care sector, the book is also meant to give guidelines for engineers developing person-centered systems by exploring the integration of these technologies into service systems.
Categories: Business & Economics

Radiation Detection Systems

Radiation Detection Systems

Physical Design for 3D Integrated Circuits Aida Todri-Sanial and Chuan Seng Tan Wireless Medical Systems and Algorithms Design and Applications Pietro Salvo and Miguel Hernandez-Silveira High Performance CMOS Range Imaging Device ...

Author: Krzysztof Iniewski

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000462210

Category: Medical

Page: 343

View: 508

The advances in semiconductor detectors, scintillators, photodetectors such as silicon photomultipliers (SiPM), and reaodut electronics have experienced tremendous growth in recent years in terms of basic technologies and variety of applications.The second edition of the book Radiation Detection Systems presents variety of radiation detection systems giving readers a broad view of the state-of–the-art in the design of detectors, front-end electronics and systems offering optimized choices of the detection tools for a particular application. The new edition has been divided into two volumes. This first volume, on Sensor Materials, Systems, Technology and Characterization Measurements puts emphasis on sensor materials, detector structures, front electronics technology and their designs as well as system optimization for different applications. Also, the book include characterization measurements of the developed detection systems. Featuring contributions from leading experts and pioneers in their respective fields, this book • describes progress in growth technologies of cadmium zinc telluride (CdZnTe) and cadmium telluride (CdTe) materials • shows variety of specific detector structure designs and their integration with front-end amplification/processing electronics • presents detection systems based on CdZnTe and CdTe detector technologies that are optimized for specific applications. The designed systems are characterized in terms of their spectral responses, spatial and timing resolutions • addresses incomplete charge collection, pulse pileup, charge sharing between neighboring detector pixels and other phenomena that can degrade the spectral response of photon-counting detectors • reports new developments of silicon photomultipliers used for reading the light from scintillators that starting to make a big impact particularly in the design concepts of novel medical instrumentation With its combined coverage of new materials and innovative new system approaches, as well as a succinct overview of recent developments, this book is an invaluable tool for any engineer, professional, or student working in electronics or an associated field. Readers can refer to the second book to get a detailed understanding of more specific applications of the detection systems in medical imaging, industrial testing and security applications.
Categories: Medical

Energy Efficient Computing Electronics

Energy Efficient Computing   Electronics

... Choi High-Speed Photonics Interconnects Lukas Chrostowski and Krzysztof Iniewski High Frequency Communication and Sensing: Traveling-Wave Techniques Ahmet Tekin and Ahmed Emira High Performance CMOS Range Imaging: Device Technology ...

Author: Santosh K. Kurinec

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351779852

Category: Computers

Page: 452

View: 241

In our abundant computing infrastructure, performance improvements across most all application spaces are now severely limited by the energy dissipation involved in processing, storing, and moving data. The exponential increase in the volume of data to be handled by our computational infrastructure is driven in large part by unstructured data from countless sources. This book explores revolutionary device concepts, associated circuits, and architectures that will greatly extend the practical engineering limits of energy-efficient computation from device to circuit to system level. With chapters written by international experts in their corresponding field, the text investigates new approaches to lower energy requirements in computing. Features • Has a comprehensive coverage of various technologies • Written by international experts in their corresponding field • Covers revolutionary concepts at the device, circuit, and system levels
Categories: Computers

Low Power Circuits for Emerging Applications in Communications Computing and Sensing

Low Power Circuits for Emerging Applications in Communications  Computing  and Sensing

... Jung Han Choi High-Speed Photonics Interconnects Lukas Chrostowski and Krzysztof Iniewski High Frequency Communication and Sensing Traveling-Wave Techniques Ahmet Tekin and Ahmed Emira High Performance CMOS Range Imaging Device ...

Author: Fei Yuan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780429017698

Category: Computers

Page: 154

View: 173

The book addresses the need to investigate new approaches to lower energy requirement in multiple application areas and serves as a guide into emerging circuit technologies. It explores revolutionary device concepts, sensors, and associated circuits and architectures that will greatly extend the practical engineering limits of energy-efficient computation. The book responds to the need to develop disruptive new system architecutres, circuit microarchitectures, and attendant device and interconnect technology aimed at achieving the highest level of computational energy efficiency for general purpose computing systems. Features Discusses unique technologies and material only available in specialized journal and conferences Covers emerging applications areas, such as ultra low power communications, emerging bio-electronics, and operation in extreme environments Explores broad circuit operation, ex. analog, RF, memory, and digital circuits Contains practical applications in the engineering field, as well as graduate studies Written by international experts from both academia and industry
Categories: Computers

Compressed Sensing for Engineers

Compressed Sensing for Engineers

... Choi High-Speed Photonics Interconnects Lukas Chrostowski and Krzysztof Iniewski High Frequency Communication and Sensing: Traveling-Wave Techniques Ahmet Tekin and Ahmed Emira High Performance CMOS Range Imaging: Device Technology ...

Author: Angshul Majumdar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351261357

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 268

View: 178

Compressed Sensing (CS) in theory deals with the problem of recovering a sparse signal from an under-determined system of linear equations. The topic is of immense practical significance since all naturally occurring signals can be sparsely represented in some domain. In recent years, CS has helped reduce scan time in Magnetic Resonance Imaging (making scans more feasible for pediatric and geriatric subjects) and has also helped reduce the health hazard in X-Ray Computed CT. This book is a valuable resource suitable for an engineering student in signal processing and requires a basic understanding of signal processing and linear algebra. Covers fundamental concepts of compressed sensing Makes subject matter accessible for engineers of various levels Focuses on algorithms including group-sparsity and row-sparsity, as well as applications to computational imaging, medical imaging, biomedical signal processing, and machine learning Includes MATLAB examples for further development
Categories: Technology & Engineering