The theory of hereditary genius , though usually scouted , has been advocated by a few writers in past as well as in modern times . But I may claim to be the first to treat the subject in a statistical manner , to arrive at numerical ...
The theory of hereditary genius , though usually scouted , has been advocated by a few writers in past as well as in ... at numerical results , and to introduce the " law of deviation from an average ” into discussions on heredity .
The theory of hereditary genius, though usually scouted, has been advocated by a few writers in past as well as in modern ... at numerical results, and to introduce the “law of deviation from an average” into discussions on heredity.
1; Galton, Hereditary Genius; Galton, English Men of Science. 4. Galton, Memories of My Life, pp. 287–88. . Galton, Hereditary Genius, p. 1; Galton, “Hereditary Talent,” pt. I, p. 158. . Forrest, Francis Galton, pp. 84–85.
Author: Richard A. Soloway
Publisher: UNC Press Books
Richard Soloway offers a compelling and authoritative study of the relationship of the eugenics movement to the dramatic decline in the birthrate and family size in twentieth-century Britain. Working in a tradition of hereditarian determinism which held fast to the premise that "like tends to beget like," eugenicists developed and promoted a theory of biosocial engineering through selective reproduction. Soloway shows that the appeal of eugenics to the middle and upper classes of British society was closely linked to recurring concerns about the relentless drop in fertility and the rapid spread of birth control practices from the 1870s to World War II. Demography and Degeneration considers how differing scientific and pseudoscientific theories of biological inheritance became popularized and enmeshed in the prolonged, often contentious national debate about "race suicide" and "the dwindling family." Demographic statistics demonstrated that birthrates were declining among the better-educated, most successful classes while they remained high for the poorest, least-educated portion of the population. For many people steeped in the ideas of social Darwinism, eugenicist theories made this decline all the more alarming: they feared that falling birthrates among the "better" classes signfied a racial decline and degeneration that might prevent Britain from successfully negotiating the myriad competive challenges facing the nation in the twentieth century. Although the organized eugenics movement remained small and elitist throughout most of its history, this study demonstrates how pervasive eugenic assumptions were in the middle and upper reaches of British society, at least until World War II. It also traces the important role of eugenics in the emergence of the modern family planning movement and the formulation of population policies in the interwar years.
George Harris , “ Hereditary Genius , " Journal of Anthropology 1 ( July 1870 ) : 56-65 , expressed a generally skeptical sense of Galton's claims and achievement in the book , but recognized the importance of the study of heredity as a ...
Hereditary Genius : an Inquiry into its Laws and Consequences . By FRANCIS GALTON , F.R.S. , & c . 8vo . London : 1869 . 6 ' WE 6 6 " E often hear of hereditary talents , hereditary vices , and hereditary virtues ; but whoever will ...
32 33 34 35 37 50 52 53 54 56 57 Galton, Hereditary Genius, pp. 325 and329: “There is a common opinion that great men have remarkable mothers. No doubt they are largely indebted to maternal influences, but the popular belief ascribes an ...
Author: Peter J. Hutchings
Category: Social Science
This book analyses the legal and aesthetic discourses that combine to shape the image of the criminal, and that image's contemporary endurance. The author traces the roots of contemporary ideas about criminality back to legal, philosophical and aesthetic concepts originating in the nineteenth century. Building on the ideas of Foucault and Walter Benjamin, Hutchings argues that the criminal, as constructed in places such as popular crime stories or the law of insanity, became an obsession which haunted nineteenth century thought.
Bulletins de la Société d'anthropologie de Paris, series 1, vol. 2 (1861): 139. 159. Galton, Hereditary Genius, vi. 160. Hereditary Genius, vi. 161. Hereditary Genius, 1. 162. Hereditary Genius, 29–30. 163. Hereditary Genius, 31–32.
Author: Peter Cryle
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
The concept of normal is so familiar that it can be hard to imagine contemporary life without it. Yet the term entered everyday speech only in the mid-twentieth century. Before that, it was solely a scientific term used primarily in medicine to refer to a general state of health and the orderly function of organs. But beginning in the middle of the twentieth century, normal broke out of scientific usage, becoming less precise and coming to mean a balanced condition to be maintained and an ideal to be achieved. In Normality, Peter Cryle and Elizabeth Stephens offer an intellectual and cultural history of what it means to be normal. They explore the history of how communities settle on any one definition of the norm, along the way analyzing a fascinating series of case studies in fields as remote as anatomy, statistics, criminal anthropology, sociology, and eugenics. Cryle and Stephens argue that since the idea of normality is so central to contemporary disability, gender, race, and sexuality studies, scholars in these fields must first have a better understanding of the context for normality. This pioneering book moves beyond binaries to explore for the first time what it does—and doesn’t—mean to be normal.
Though Galton includes as geniuses many varieties of eminent persons who would not generally be considered either geniuses or creative persons , a long series of studies on genius and heredity and on creativity and heredity have ...
Author: N. Durham
Publisher: Duke University Press
Albert Rothenberg, a psychiatrist, and Carl R. Hausman, a philosopher, have prepared a truly comprehensive interdisciplinary book of readings on creativity. This group of selections from the works of writers in psychiatry, philosophy, psychology, psychoanalysis, and education brings together, for the first time, major theoretical works, outstanding empirical findings, and discussions of the definition and nature of creativity. The organization of The Creativity Question is unique: it illustrates the various approaches and basic assumptions underlying studies of creativity throughout the course of history up to the present time. The main body of selections appears under the categories of descriptions, attempts at explanation, and alternate approaches. As specific orientations to creativity can be traced to particular initiating thinkers and investigators, there is a special chapter on seminal accounts containing selections from the works of Plato, Aristotle, Kant, Galton, and Freud. Another chapter includes recent illustrations of special types of exploratory trends: creativity of women, brain research, synectics, extrasensory perception, behaviorism, and creativity computer programming. This organization highlights the tension between strictly scientific accounts and alternative approaches offering new ways of understanding. The editors have provided for the books as a whole and for each chapter explanation and discussion of the basic issues raised by the various approaches to creativity.