This book focuses on Herder's idea of culture, seeking to situate his social and political theses within the context of his anthropology, metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, theory of language and philosophy of history.
Author: Sonia Sikka
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Herder is often criticized for having embraced cultural relativism, but there has been little philosophical discussion of what he actually wrote about the nature of the human species and its differentiation through culture. This book focuses on Herder's idea of culture, seeking to situate his social and political theses within the context of his anthropology, metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, theory of language and philosophy of history. It argues for a view of Herder as a qualified relativist, who combined the conception of a common human nature with a belief in the importance of culture in developing and shaping that nature. Especially highlighted are Herder's understanding of the relativity of virtue and happiness, and his belief in the impossibility of constructing a single best society. The book will appeal to a wide range of readers interested both in Herder and in Enlightenment culture more generally.
However , while such sentiments are clearly apparent in Herder , especially in his
view of different countries contributing in ... The original cultural differences of humanity were described by Herder through the conceptions of Völker and Volk .
It is a mistake to suppose that Smith was blind to cultural difference. ... Human
nature is a “flexible clay,” says Herder, “forming itself differently” in different
situations, such that “even the image of happiness changes with each condition
Author: Samuel Fleischacker
Modern notions of empathy often celebrate its ability to bridge divides, to unite humankind. But how do we square this with the popular view that we can never truly comprehend the experience of being someone else? In this book, Samuel Fleischacker delves into the work of Adam Smith to draw out an understanding of empathy that respects both personal difference and shared humanity. After laying out a range of meanings for the concept of empathy, Fleischacker proposes that what Smith called "sympathy" is very much what we today consider empathy. Smith's version has remarkable value, as his empathy calls for entering into the perspective of another--a uniquely human feat that connects people while still allowing them to define their own distinctive standpoints. After discussing Smith's views in relation to more recent empirical and philosophical studies, Fleischacker shows how turning back to Smith promises to enrich, clarify, and advance our current debates about the meaning and uses of empathy.
The theory of cultural geography attempts to account for the differences in human
life at different places and times. Culture theory has its roots in the late 18th
century when J .G. Herder took issue with the rationalist approach to human
... or receiving music) became separate activities.19 Herder in particular is
credited with proposing a new view of language and cultural difference that made
possible whole swaths of today's “human sciences,” especially the new
disciplines of ...
Author: Thomas Irvine
Publisher: New Material Histories of Music
"Listening to China is our first important foray in the field of global music history, which is rapidly establishing itself as the main area of growth in music studies. Compellingly and expertly written by a seasoned scholar, it tells the story of how Westerners experienced China with their ears at the time of the Sino-Western encounter of ca. 1800, and what this meant for their own construction of musical knowledge. It explores two kinds of Western practices of listening in and to China: ear-witness accounts by travelers to China, including diplomats, trade officials, and missionaries; and writings about Chinese music by European writers, philosophers, and music historians who constructed China's sound in their imaginations. The book's primary objective is a better understanding of how Westerners gained/gathered sonic knowledge of China and to investigate the aural dimensions of the Sino-Western encounter At the same time, the book reconsiders the idea of a specifically Western music history by showing how it was precisely the comparison with a great "other"--China--that helped the idea itself to emerge. Ultimately, the book draws attention to the importance of China for the construction of (musical) knowledge during and following the European Enlightenment."--
The idea of psychological unity of humanity that the Enlightenment perspective
promoted , rendering cultural differences secondary in importance , did not go
unchallenged , however . For Herder , true progress or advance ( Fortgang ) was
Author: Martin Wälde
Category: Community development
Is Culture Still Important In The Twenty-First CenturyWorld-Society That Is In The Making? Are Terms Like 'Progress' And 'Development' Transcultural And UniversallyApplicable, Or Do They Have Unique And Distinct Echoes In Every Culture?These Fundamental Questions Were At The Heart Of A Three-Day Conference,Organized By The Goethe-Institut/ Max Mueller Bhawan, Calcutta And TheGerman Agency For Technical Cooperation (Gtz), Featuring DistinguishedPanelists From India And Germany Who Took A Searching Look At 'Development'In Its Indian Application As Well As At The Possibilities For Indo-GermanCooperation In Development.This Volume Contains The Most Important Contributions To The Conference AndSeveral Articles That Have Been Written Exclusively For This Publication.Tracing The Contours Of Many Views Around The Idea Of Progress,Modernization And Development, Coming At Them From The Perspective OfDiverse Disciplinary Specialisms And Activisms, This Collection Helps UsComprehend In Practical Terms Various Oft-Used Words Such As 'Progress','Development', 'Dynamics', 'Change', Or 'Modernization'.
Herder had come to this conclusion a quarter century earlier with his subtle
attempt to highlight the local color in the canvas of universal society . Culture for Herder embodied human difference ( 160 ) . Nature , he argued , placed in our
In the final part of my analysis, I address the practical and political side of Herder's views on human variety, asking whether ... any idea of race, and that he
attributes the differences between human types entirely to what we now term » culture.
individual cultures or cultural individuals , each constituting a specific human
community , or Volk , in which an aspect of general ... 33 At first sight , Herder
may be perceived not only as a critic of the modern universalist rationalism and of
the one - dimensional belief in ... identity in the age of universalist individualism
totally despising all the cultural differences and civilizational diversity of humanity
nor as ...
To Herder the need to belong to a community is a basic human need , like the
need for food or sleep . ... Herder invented the word “ nationalism " and was
fascinated by the Jews , who have kept alive a quasitribal culture for many
centuries . ... ROTC militarists , devotees of fraternities and sororities , and hard -
core quantitative scientists all fight to be recognized as special communities with different ...
Author: Marvin W. Peterson
Publisher: Pearson Learning Solutions
This reader is designed for higher education programs and for institutions with planning and/or institutional research offices or staff that have a need for professional training and development. The articles in the reader were selected from a diverse range of sources that represent a wealth of well-know and respected scholars and practitioners in the field. Most of the selections were chosen for their significance as research based, conceptual or synthesis literature. The reader's editors have provided a well-rounded coverage which reflects the broad current models and approaches to planning and the roles of institutional research. In addition, an extensive and up-to-date Other Resources section includes "Related Higher Education Reference Books and Related Publication," as well as descriptions of relevant "Data Base Resources," "Periodic Data Reports," and "Related Professional Associations." Features include: Offers comprehensive coverage in the field of planning and institutional research Addresses significant and substantive issues Presents a well-focused overview on planning and instructional research in the introduction Contains useful selections for in-service and professional development Selections were chosen through an extensive literature search and review - primarily from higher education literature Provides extensive information on other related resources Includes a special section on "Using the Internet"
Although Herder's ideas were “ inflated into extravagant metaphysical shapes ”
by some later German thinkers , says ... the diversity of human race , he “
supposed that different cultures could and should flourish fruitfully side by side
like so ...
24 However , while Vico was concerned only with European history , Herder
wrote on the history of humanity , and provided an alternative view of nature . To
defend human diversity , Herder appropriated the term " culture , " and used the ...
This difference is best illustrated by the views of each of the approaches to the
question about the origins of food production . ... Expounding on these differences , Rindos ( 1984 : 61 ) adds : . . . the fact that human cultural behaviors
are not the ...
Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited
Category: Social Science
Using evidence from the site of Gogo Falls in the Lake Victoria basin, Karega-Munene is able to reach more general conclusions about the nature of subsistence activities in East Africa as a whole between the Neolithic and Iron Age. This report discusses artefactual and faunal evidence from the site, its geographical, enviromental and climatic setting, and patterns of land use, human settlement and the exploitation of animal and plant resources.
... dehumanised site of cultural difference , the concept of historical and cultural difference is itself humanised because ... conceptions of history , Hamilton
comments that for the philosophers Giambattista Vico and J . G . Herder , history '
had to ...
Author: Andy Mousley
Category: Literary Criticism
Re-Humanising Shakespeare argues that although Shakespeare himself contributed to the uncertainties of modern living, his work can still serve as a source of existential wisdom and guidance.
... Johann Gottfried Herder's lead , asserted cultural difference over reason as the
embodiment of humanity . Herder , who argued , in Ideas for the Philosophy of
the History of Mankind ( 1791 ) , that unique cultural characteristics reflect human
Author: Annemarie de Waal MalefijtPublish On: 1974
( Quoted by Slotkin 1965 : 289 ) These statements belie the idea that Herder
believed human nature to be fixed and ... Like Herder , they tended to give
natural explanations for cultural differences , sometimes using the biological
analogy and ...
Continuities and Change in Theories of Human Nature Gustav Jahoda ... 150 )
nes use two different ver and to see a man uch nature - languages of prime did
not share the Herder believed that the languages of primitive peoples contain ...
Author: Gustav Jahoda
The relationship between "mind" and "culture" has become a prominent--and fashionable--issue in psychology during the last quarter of the twentieth century. The conflict is between those who see the human mind as being generated from--and an intimate part of--culture and those, usually termed cognitivists, who view the mind as essentially separate from the environment. Gustav Jahoda traces the historical origins of this conflict to demonstrate that thinkers' preoccupation with the relationship between mind and culture is not new. The salient issues began to crystallize three centuries ago in Europe in the form of two distinct traditions whose contrasting conceptions of human nature and the human mind still remain the focus of current debates. The dominant tradition was produced by the scientific approach that had proved so successful in the physical realm. This view, associated with the Enlightenment, holds that mind is an essential part of nature and subject to its fixed laws. As a result of the influence of external factors such as climate and ecology, mind creates culture but remains essentially unchanged. The opposite view, which dates back to Vico and was espoused by anti-Enlightenment thinkers, is that the mind is separate from nature, an entity that both creates and is extensively modified by culture in a constant cycle of mutual determination. The growing prestige of experimental psychology has led to a heated debate between supporters of the rival traditions: is psychology a science or a cultural discipline? Jahoda identifies the current form of this debate as but a phase in psychology's long fascination with the role that culture plays in the formation of the mind, which has led to the recent emergence of cultural psychology. Crossroads between Culture and Mind is a formidable achievement by one of Europe's most distinguished and erudite psychologists.
An Orange on a Pine Tree ' : French Thought in Herder ' s Linguistic Theory . ...
Basedow ' s philanthropy as follows : " The individual human being meant
nothing to him . . . but he was able to embrace with love the whole of humanity —
for it his heart ... Herder saw cultural differences not just as inevitable , but as
valuable in ...
Author: Laurie Lanzen Harris
Category: Literature, Modern
Excerpts from criticism of the works of novelists, poets, playwrights, short story writers and other creative writers who lived between 1800 and 1900, from the first published critical appraisals to current evaluations.
An understanding of diverse cultural peculiarities would lead to genuine
cognizance of the human condition because ... national characters , Humboldt ,
like Herder , attempted to investigate the cultural diversity that expressed humanity as a ...
Ethnology became cultural human diversity had come before the tribunal of
anthropology and the general concept of man universal values ; with Herder the
eternal values from the Enlightenment made way for a non - hiwere condemned
Author: Jean-Paul Bronckart
Publisher: Hogrefe & Huber Pub
...this book offers theoretical & empirical insights into the study of time-related perception, memory, identity, learning, & reasoning