This book examines the current development of high tech industrial hemp applications by investigating rich historical precedent.
Author: Nadra O. Hashim
Publisher: Lexington Books
Category: Political Science
This book examines the current development of high tech industrial hemp applications by investigating rich historical precedent. In antiquity, hemp production influenced economic growth and cultural norms, including the evolution and decline of feudalism and slavery. Today, hemp manufacturing shapes global labor, innovation, and trade practices.
“ World Market , State , and Family Farm : Social Bases of Household ... Hemp and the Global Economy : The Rise of Labor , Innovation , and Trade .
Author: Dominic Corva
Category: Social Science
The place of cannabis in global drug prohibition is in crisis, opening up new directions for socially engaged cannabis research. The Routledge Handbook of Post-Prohibition Cannabis Research invites readers to explore new landscapes of cannabis research under conditions of legalization with, not after, prohibition: "post-prohibition." The chapters are organized into five multidisciplinary sections: Governance, Public Health, Markets and Society, Ecology and the Environment, and Culture and Social Change. Case studies from the United States, Uruguay, Morocco, and the United Kingdom show readers alternative ways of thinking about human–cannabis relationships that move beyond questions of legality and illegality. Representing a cross-section of cannabis scholarship, the contributors provide readers with critical perspectives on legalization that are not based upon orthodoxies of prohibition. While legalization signals a global shift in the legitimacy of cannabis research, this collection identifies openings for academics, policy makers, and the public interested in ending the drug war, as well as a way to address broader social problems evident in the age of neoliberal governance within which prohibition has been entangled.
Author: Bradley J. BorougerdiPublish On: 2018-11-19
A Cultural History of a Complex Plant in the Atlantic World Bradley J. Borougerdi ... Nadra O. Hashim, Hemp and the Global Economy: The Rise of Labor, ...
Author: Bradley J. Borougerdi
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
This study examines the cultural history of cannabis and its various uses in the Atlantic world over the past two centuries. The author analyzes the Orientalist mindset that colored Western reception of the plant in the nineteenth century and the cultural associations that informed public perception and policy in the twentieth century.
World (1989), describes Scott's association with agrarian reform. ... and sale of hemp; Nadra O. Hashim, Hemp and the Global Economy: The Rise of Labor, ...
Author: James C. Klotter
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
When originally published, A New History of Kentucky provided a comprehensive study of the Commonwealth, bringing it to life by revealing the many faces, deep traditions, and historical milestones of the state. With new discoveries and findings, the narrative continues to evolve, and so does the telling of Kentucky's rich history. In this second edition, authors James C. Klotter and Craig Thompson Friend provide significantly revised content with updated material on gender politics, African American history, and cultural history. This wide-ranging volume includes a full overview of the state and its economic, educational, environmental, racial, and religious histories. At its essence, Kentucky's story is about its people -- not just the notable and prominent figures but also lesser-known and sometimes overlooked personalities. The human spirit unfolds through the lives of individuals such as Shawnee peace chief Nonhelema Hokolesqua and suffrage leader Madge Breckinridge, early land promoter John Filson, author Wendell Berry, and Iwo Jima flag--raiser Private Franklin Sousley. They lived on a landscape defined by its topography as much as its political boundaries, from Appalachia in the east to the Jackson Purchase in the west, and from the Walker Line that forms the Commonwealth's southern boundary to the Ohio River that shapes its northern boundary. Along the journey are traces of Kentucky's past -- its literary and musical traditions, its state-level and national political leadership, and its basketball and bourbon. Yet this volume also faces forthrightly the Commonwealth's blemishes -- the displacement of Native Americans, African American enslavement, the legacy of violence, and failures to address poverty and poor health. A New History of Kentucky ranges throughout all parts of the Commonwealth to explore its special meaning to those who have called it home. It is a broadly interpretive, all-encompassing narrative that tells Kentucky's complex, extensive, and ever-changing story.
Essay from the year 2016 in the subject Law - Public Law / Constitutional Law / Basic Rights, grade: 2, Egerton University, language: English, abstract: This research paper will give justifications for the legalization of marijuana.
Author: Patrick Kimuyu
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
Essay from the year 2016 in the subject Law - Public Law / Constitutional Law / Basic Rights, grade: 2, Egerton University, language: English, abstract: This research paper will give justifications for the legalization of marijuana. Currently, there is an endless debate on whether the use of marijuana should be legalized. However, some few countries have, so far, legalized the use of marijuana: not only for medical use, but for general use just like tobacco. From the scientific as well as economic perspectives, marijuana seems to have enormous benefits, although many people view its benefits from the social perspective which make it appear unethical. Nevertheless, marijuana remain a highly productive ‘crop’ which holds economic and health benefits just like any other Agricultural crop cultivated for its usefulness to human beings elsewhere. Legalization of marijuana means that the current prohibition on its use in the US Constitution will be lifted to allow public use of the herb and its products. However, the legalization of marijuana may require an overhaul review of the US Constitution because; there are series of enactments and regulations, which prohibit public use of marijuana. Historically, legislations illegalizing marijuana began with the Opium Act of 1908, although this Act was framed as statement. Later on, the Opium Act was amended to demystify its legal implication. Today, there are numerous legislations, which prohibit marijuana use, although some US States have legalized the production of medical marijuana.
... to co-ordinate a common approach for the upcoming world economic ... to put pressure on the world's biggest supplier of hemp: the Soviet Union.
Author: Per Tiedtke
Publisher: Tectum Wissenschaftsverlag
When in 1929 the world economy went into crisis, a new approach to international trade and finance appeared on the scene. Characterised by bilateralism, protectionism and autarchy, this approach, whose main proponents were Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy, challenged the idea of liberal free trade. Per Tiedtke offers a systematic analysis of the role of economic factors in the German-Italian rapprochement under the banner of the fascism as well as its patterns of collaboration and rivalries. Tiedtke's work will help to describe and explain the economic foundations of the "Rome-Berlin Axis", which plunged Europe and the world into the disaster of World War II.
In this definitive study, Martin Booth - author of the acclaimed OPIUM: A HISTORY - charts the history of cannabis from the Neolithic period to the present day.
Author: Martin Booth
Publisher: Random House
To some it's antisocial anathema, to others it is a harmless way to relax, or provides relief from crippling pain. Some fear it is a dangerous drug that leads to 'reefer madness' and addiction; to others still it is a legal anomaly and should be decriminalized. Whatever the viewpoint, and by whatever name it is known, cannabis - or marijuana, hashish, pot, dope, kif, weed, dagga, grass, ganja - incites debate at every level. In this definitive study, Martin Booth - author of the acclaimed OPIUM: A HISTORY - charts the history of cannabis from the Neolithic period to the present day. It is a fascinating, colourful tale of medical advance, religious enlightenment, political subterfuge and human rights; of law enforcement and customs officers, smugglers, street pushers, gang warfare, writers, artists, musicians, hippies and pot-heads. Booth chronicles the remarkable and often mystifying process through which cannabis, a relatively harmless substance, became outlawed throughout the Western world, and the devastating effect such legislation has had on the global economy. Above all, he demonstrates how the case for decriminalization remains one of the twenty-first century's hottest topics.
... British economist that the cost to the world economy is US$75 billion per annum ... Some farmers have planted cannabis and claimed the subsidy for hemp.
Author: Eric Lionel Jones
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Category: Business & Economics
The Record of Global Economic Development analyses the long-term and current economic forces which promote or impede globalisation, drawing on the experience of economic history to help interpret major trends in modern economies.
Clay's Ashland was part of a global economy—as hemp competition demonstrated. The Kentuckian also made money from his thoroughbred efforts and general ...
Author: James C. Klotter
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Political Science
Charismatic, charming, and one of the best orators of his era, Henry Clay seemed to have it all. He offered a comprehensive plan of change for America, and he directed national affairs as Speaker of the House, as Secretary of State to John Quincy Adams--the man he put in office--and as acknowledged leader of the Whig party. As the broker of the Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of 1850, Henry Clay fought to keep a young nation united when westward expansion and slavery threatened to tear it apart. Yet, despite his talent and achievements, Henry Clay never became president. Three times he received Electoral College votes, twice more he sought his party's nomination, yet each time he was defeated. Alongside fellow senatorial greats Daniel Webster and John C. Calhoun, Clay was in the mix almost every moment from 1824 to 1848. Given his prominence, perhaps the years should be termed not the Jacksonian Era but rather the Age of Clay. James C. Klotter uses new research and offers a more focused, nuanced explanation of Clay's programs and politics in order to answer to the question of why the man they called "The Great Rejected" never won the presidency but did win the accolades of history. Klotter's fresh outlook reveals that the best monument to Henry Clay is the fact that the United States remains one country, one nation, one example of a successful democracy, still working, still changing, still reflecting his spirit. The appeal of Henry Clay and his emphasis on compromise still resonate in a society seeking less partisanship and more efforts at conciliation.
... receded into the background as a new generation adapted to the city's power arrangements and enjoyed the financial rewards of a booming global economy.
Author: Kevin C. O'Connor
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Founded as an ecclesiastical center, trading hub, and intended capital of a feudal state, Riga was Old Livonia's greatest city and its indispensable port. Because the city was situated in what was initially remote and inhospitable territory, surrounded by pagans and coveted by regional powers like Poland, Sweden, and Muscovy, it was also a fortress encased by a wall. The House of Hemp and Butter begins in the twelfth century with the arrival to the eastern Baltic of German priests, traders, and knights, who conquered and converted the indigenous tribes and assumed mastery over their lands. It ends in 1710 with an account of the greatest war Livonia had ever seen, one that was accompanied by mass starvation, a terrible epidemic, and a flood of nearly Biblical proportions that devastated the city and left its survivors in misery. Readers will learn about Riga's people—merchants and clerics, craftsmen and builders, porters and day laborers—about its structures and spaces, its internal conflicts and its unrelenting struggle to maintain its independence against outside threats. The House of Hemp and Butter is an indispensable guide to a quintessentially European city located in one of the continent's more remote corners.
Even without the economic liberalization associated with accession , China's imports ... hemp , and so on ) in 2010 as a percentage of world trade will be 9 ...
Author: Nicholas R. Lardy
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
Category: Political Science
China's accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) has been hailed as the biggest coming-out party in the history of capitalism. Its membership eventually will contribute to higher standards of living for its citizens and increased growth for its economy. But why would the Chinese communist regime voluntarily agree to comply with the many complex rules of the global trading system since it has already become the world's seventh largest trading country while avoiding these constraints by remaining outside the system? The answer to this question forms the basis for this new book. Nicholas Lardy explores the many pressures on the Chinese government, both external and internal, to comply with the standards of the rule-based international trading system. Lardy points out that, prior to entry into the WTO, China enjoyed high growth rates and more foreign direct investment than any other emerging economy. He draws on a wealth of scholarship and experience to explain how China's leadership expects to leverage the increased foreign competition inherent in its WTO commitments to accelerate its domestic economic reform program, leading to the shrinkage and transformation of inefficient, money-losing companies and hastening the development of a commercial credit culture in its banks. Lardy answers a number of other questions about China's new WTO membership, including its effects on bilateral trade with the United States; the possibility that China will use its power to reshape the WTO in the future; the degree to which the terms of China's entry were more or less demanding than those for other new members; the ability of China's economy to successfully open to new imports; and the prospects for new growth in various sectors of China's economy made possible by WTO accession. This book will become an important tool for those who wish to understand China's new role in the global trading system, to take advantage of the new opportunities for investment in China, or simply to gain a better understanding of what former President Clinton called a "once in a generation event."
The Changing Global Economy is a timely new book that delves into the challenges facing countries as they grapple with a world economy as it goes through ups and downs.
Author: Zoran Pavlovic
Publisher: Infobase Publishing
When nations fully embrace a free-market system, they not only experience an economic boom, but many positive social changes as well. Among those changes is the desire of people to reign over their own affairs and to seek individual freedoms. However, the consequences of unsound economic policies are harsh in today's world. Nations can no longer remain isolated from a damaging economic cycle in any part of the world, meaning everyone pays a price in some way during an economic downturn. Yet, for a country to separate itself from global markets and insist on self-sufficiency is a recipe for even worse disaster. The Changing Global Economy is a timely new book that delves into the challenges facing countries as they grapple with a world economy as it goes through ups and downs.
hemp, and tobacco. There was a large volume of transactions with Hong Kong, Singapore, Guangdong, Amoy, and the United States. The Asian tradezone from ...
Author: Takeshi Hamashita
Category: Business & Economics
Takeshi Hamashita, arguably Asia's premier historian of the longue durée, has been instrumental in opening a new field of inquiry in Chinese, East Asian and world historical research. Engaging modernization, Marxist and world system approaches, his wide-ranging redefinition of the evolving relationships between the East Asia regional system and the world economy from the sixteenth century to the present has sent ripples throughout Asian and international scholarship. His research has led him to reconceptualize the position of China first in the context of an East Asian regional order and subsequently within the framework of a wider Euro-American-Asian trade and financial order that was long gestating within, and indeed contributing to the shape of, the world market. This book presents a selection of essays from Takeshi Hamashita's oeuvre on Asian trade to introduce this important historian's work to the English speaking reader. It examines the many critical issues surrounding China and East Asia's incorporation to the world economy, including: Maritime perspectives on China, Asia and the world economy Intra-Asian trade Chinese state finance and the tributary trade system Banking and finance Maritime customs.
(3) A weak U.S. economy in the late 2000s provided strong economic incentives to cultivate cannabis. While research in the early 1990s showed that many ...
Author: Tom Decorte
Category: Social Science
For the majority of its history, the cultivation of cannabis did not stand out, at least compared to the cultivation of other illegal plants. Cannabis plantations, like coca bush or opium poppy plantations, were typically large in size, grown by local farmers in a handful of developing (producing) countries, processed and then exported to industrial (consuming) nations. While cocaine and heroin are still produced in a handful of developing countries, cannabis cultivation is increasingly universal. From Europe to the Americas and Oceania, import substitution in cannabis markets has been noticed in almost every developed country around the world, with a notable aversion for discrimination. Geographical, technological, cultural and economic factors help to explain why (indoor and outdoor) domestic cultivation is well established, and why the nature and extent of cultivation varies so dramatically across the western, developed nations. As we start the second decade of the 21st century, the new cannabis industry continues to fascinate both casual and academic observers of the drug scene. Researchers around the world have become increasingly interested in the phenomenon, aiming to describe, and potentially explain, the rapid switch from importation to domestic production in their own countries. In bringing together some of the world's leading experts on cannabis cultivation this book contains sixteen chapters that take an interdisciplinary look at global trends in cannabis cultivation. It will serve as an exemplar for wider discussions of key theories and concepts relating to the spread not just of cannabis cultivation, but also of illegal markets more generally, the actors that operate within these markets and the policies and practices that are employed in response to developments within these markets.
Learn about global warming and see Al Gore's film on global warming, “An Inconvenient ... Active pursuit of personal ways out of the 'great car economy.' 3.
Author: Richard M. Davis
Category: Biomass energy
"In a report by the world's top environmental scientists, the only thing listed that mankind can do to have an impact on changing weather patterns is to reduce the excess CO2 levels from the air. Hemp for Victory: A Global Warming Solution is a key for reducing the effects of global warming using hemp. Why hemp? In this book you'll learn: hemp is a biomass champion, breathing in more carbon dioxide (the most abundant greenhouse gas) than any other plant. This carbon dioxide is turned into wood and fiber by photosynthesis. Hemp wood takes the pressure off our forests by making paper and building materials like pressboard. Hemp is the best plant at consuming the greenhouse gas CO2, a step the world leading scientists say is critical to at least slowing down the dramatic effects of global warming. Remove the cause, CO2 pollution, and the effect, global warming, can be reduced, if not healed. Hemp can do all the jobs fossil fuels do now. When used as a biofuel, hemp replaces toxic energy (i.e. fossil fuels, nuclear power) with clean sustainable energy. Hemp biofuel can be processed to run any engine, heat or cool any building, run any factory, and eliminate the greenhouse gases and pollution that come from modern energy sources. The Museum has thousands of hemp exhibits both on line and in the private wing, many included in this book. The Museum's founder and curator, Richard M. Davis, wrote this dynamic piece of literature that gives chapter and verse of how to best re-hemp the planet. This book is based on the museum's extensive research on hemp and the environment. The museum is also developing a Hemp for Victory plan to successfully use hemp to help solve the survival problem of global warming by coordinating famers with growing and market information. A 20% recreational hemp tax plan is in development to finance the program and help deal with the current impact of global warming, i.e. Hurricane Katrina."--Back cover.