The Physical Principles of the Quantum Theory

Author: Werner Heisenberg

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486318419

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 8485

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Nobel Laureate discusses quantum theory, uncertainty, wave mechanics, work of Dirac, Schroedinger, Compton, Einstein, others. "An authoritative statement of Heisenberg's views on this aspect of the quantum theory." — Nature.
Release

Writings on Physics and Philosophy

Author: Wolfgang Pauli

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540568599

Category: Mathematics

Page: 289

View: 3539

DOWNLOAD NOW »

For the first time Pauli's famous articles on the history and philosophy of science are completely translated into English. He writes about complementarity, space, time and causality, about symmetry and the exclusion principle, but also about the role of the unconscious in modern science. Historical essays on Bohr, Ehrenfest, and Einstein and on the history of the neutrino as well as his famous article on Kepler complete the collection. It addresses physicists, philosophers and historians of science as well as a more general public.
Release

Schrödinger’s Philosophy of Quantum Mechanics

Author: Michael Bitbol

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400917724

Category: History

Page: 292

View: 4341

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This book is the final outcome of two projects. My first project was to publish a set of texts written by Schrodinger at the beginning of the 1950's for his seminars and lectures at the Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies. These almost completely forgotten texts contained important insights into the interpretation of quantum mechanics, and they provided several ideas which were missing or elusively expressed in SchrOdinger's published papers and books of the same period. However, they were likely to be misinterpreted out of their context. The problem was that current scholarship could not help very much the reader of these writings to figure out their significance. The few available studies about SchrOdinger's interpretation of quantum mechanics are generally excellent, but almost entirely restricted to the initial period 1925-1927. Very little work has been done on Schrodinger's late views on the theory he contributed to create and develop. The generally accepted view is that he never really recovered from his interpretative failure of 1926-1927, and that his late reflections (during the 1950's) are little more than an expression of his rising nostalgia for the lost ideal of picturing the world, not to say for some favourite traditional picture. But the content and style of Schrodinger's texts of the 1950's do not agree at all with this melancholic appraisal; they rather set the stage for a thorough renewal of accepted representations. In order to elucidate this paradox, I adopted several strategies.
Release

Niels Bohr's Philosophy of Physics

Author: D. R. Murdoch

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521379274

Category: Science

Page: 294

View: 1043

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Murdoch describes the historical background of the physics from which Bohr's ideas grew; he traces the origins of his idea of complementarity and discusses its meaning and significance. Special emphasis is placed on the contrasting views of Einstein, and the great debate between Bohr and Einstein is thoroughly examined. Bohr's philosophy is revealed as being much more subtle, and more interesting than is generally acknowledged.
Release

Quantum Dialogue

The Making of a Revolution

Author: Mara Beller

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226041824

Category: Science

Page: 365

View: 6441

DOWNLOAD NOW »

"Science is rooted in conversations," wrote Werner Heisenberg, one of the twentieth century's great physicists. In Quantum Dialogue, Mara Beller shows that science is rooted not just in conversation but in disagreement, doubt, and uncertainty. She argues that it is precisely this culture of dialogue and controversy within the scientific community that fuels creativity. Beller draws her argument from her radical new reading of the history of the quantum revolution, especially the development of the Copenhagen interpretation. One of several competing approaches, this version succeeded largely due to the rhetorical skills of Niels Bohr and his colleagues. Using extensive archival research, Beller shows how Bohr and others marketed their views, misrepresenting and dismissing their opponents as "unreasonable" and championing their own not always coherent or well-supported position as "inevitable." Quantum Dialogue, winner of the 1999 Morris D. Forkosch Prize of the Journal of the History of Ideas, will fascinate everyone interested in how stories of "scientific revolutions" are constructed and "scientific consensus" achieved. "[A]n intellectually stimulating piece of work, energised by a distinct point of view."—Dipankar Home, Times Higher Education Supplement "[R]emarkable and original. . . . [Beller's] arguments are thoroughly supported and her conclusions are meticulously argued. . . . This is an important book that all who are interested in the emergence of quantum mechanics will want to read."—William Evenson, History of Physics Newsletter
Release

The Philosophy of Quantum Physics

Author: Cord Friebe,Meinard Kuhlmann,Holger Lyre,Paul M. Näger,Oliver Passon,Manfred Stöckler

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319783564

Category: Science

Page: 291

View: 5141

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This book provides a thorough and up-to-date introduction to the philosophy of quantum physics. Although quantum theory is renowned for its spectacular empirical successes, controversial discussion about how it should be understood continue to rage today. In this volume, the authors provide an overview of its numerous philosophical challenges: Do quantum objects violate the principle of causality? Are particles of the same type indistinguishable and therefore not individual entities? Do quantum objects retain their identity over time? How does a compound quantum system relate to its parts? These questions are answered here within different interpretational approaches to quantum theory. Finally, moving to Quantum Field Theory, we find that the problem of non-locality is exacerbated. Philosophy of quantum physics is aimed at philosophers with an interest in physics, while also serving to familiarize physicists with many of the essential philosophical questions of their subject.
Release

Encounters with Einstein

And Other Essays on People, Places, and Particles

Author: Werner Heisenberg

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691024332

Category: Science

Page: 141

View: 744

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Essays discuss the philosophy of science, quantum mechanics, cosmic radiation, elementary particles, and closed theories
Release

Meditations of a Buddhist Skeptic

A Manifesto for the Mind Sciences and Contemplative Practice

Author: B. Alan Wallace

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231530323

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 1309

DOWNLOAD NOW »

A radical approach to studying the mind. Renowned Buddhist philosopher B. Alan Wallace reasserts the power of shamatha and vipashyana, traditional Buddhist meditations, to clarify the mind's role in the natural world. Raising profound questions about human nature, free will, and experience versus dogma, Wallace challenges the claim that consciousness is nothing more than an emergent property of the brain with little relation to universal events. Rather, he maintains that the observer is essential to measuring quantum systems and that mental phenomena (however conceived) influence brain function and behavior. Wallace embarks on a two-part mission: to restore human nature and to transcend it. He begins by explaining the value of skepticism in Buddhism and science and the difficulty of merging their experiential methods of inquiry. Yet Wallace also proves that Buddhist views on human nature and the possibility of free will liberate us from the metaphysical constraints of scientific materialism. He then explores the radical empiricism inspired by William James and applies it to Indian Buddhist philosophy's four schools and the Great Perfection school of Tibetan Buddhism. Since Buddhism begins with the assertion that ignorance lies at the root of all suffering and that the path to freedom is reached through knowledge, Buddhist practice can be viewed as a progression from agnosticism (not knowing) to gnosticism (knowing), acquired through the maintenance of exceptional mental health, mindfulness, and introspection. Wallace discusses these topics in detail, identifying similarities and differences between scientific and Buddhist understanding, and he concludes with an explanation of shamatha and vipashyana and their potential for realizing the full nature, origins, and potential of consciousness.
Release