This collection of essays offers a fresh look into Christian-Jewish cultural interactions during the Renaissance and beyond.
Author: Ilana Zinguer
This collection of essays offers a fresh look into Christian-Jewish cultural interactions during the Renaissance and beyond. Christian scholars, it is shown, were deeply immersed in a variety of Hebrew sources, while their Jewish counterparts imbibed the culture of Humanism.
Christians, Jews, and the Hebrew Sefer Josippon Nadia Zeldes ... On these aspects of Renaissance humanism, see Abraham Melamed, “Hebraic Aspects of the ...
Author: Nadia Zeldes
Publisher: Lexington Books
Using the Hebrew Book of Josippon as a prism, this study analyzes the dialogue surrounding Jewish history among Renaissance humanists. Notwithstanding its focus on the Renaissance, the author’s analysis extends to the consumption of Josippon in the High Middle Ages and into interpretations by sixteenth- and seventeenth-century humanists. With a focus on both Christian and Jewish discourse, the author examines the mythical and historical narratives that developed from Josippon.
Ma'aseh Bereshit in Italian Jewish Philosophy and Kabbalah, 1492-1535 Brian Ogren ... In Hebraic Aspects of the Renaissance: Sources and Encounters, ...
Author: Brian Ogren
In The Beginning of the World in Renaissance Jewish Thought, Brian Ogren deeply analyzes late fifteenth century Italian Jewish thought concerning the creation of the world and the beginning of time. Ogren examines uses of philosophy and Kabbalah in the thought of four important fifteenth century thinkers.
See James Nelson Novoa, “Leone Ebreo's Diáloghi d'amore as a Pivotal Document of JewishChristian Relations in Renaissance Rome,” in Hebraic Aspects of the ...
Author: Marian Rothstein
Category: Literary Criticism
Based on sources in Genesis and Plato's Symposium , the androygyne during Early Modern France was a means of expressing the full potential of humans made in the image of God. This book documents and comments on the range of references to the androgyne in the writings of poets, philosophers, courtiers, and women in positions of political power.
Hebrew Maps of the Land of Israel from Rashi to the Early 20th Century Rehav Rubin ... Hebraic Aspects of the Renaissance: Sources and Encounters, ...
Author: Rehav Rubin
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
The book presents and discusses a large corpus of Jewish maps of the Holy Land that were drawn by Jewish scholars from the 11th to the 20th century, and thus fills a significant lacuna both in the history of cartography and in Jewish studies. The maps depict the biblical borders of the Holy Land, the allotments of the tribes, and the forty years of wanderings in the desert. Most of these maps are in Hebrew although there are several in Yiddish, Ladino and in European languages. The book focuses on four aspects: it presents an up-to-date corpus of known maps of various types and genres; it suggests a classification of these maps according to their source, shape and content; it presents and analyses the main topics that were depicted in the maps; and it puts the maps in their historical and cultural contexts, both within the Jewish world and the sphere of European cartography of their time. The book is an innovative contribution to the fields of history of cartography and Jewish studies. It is written for both professional readers and the general public. The Hebrew edition (2014), won the Izhak Ben-Zvi Prize.
Benin, Stephen D., The Footprints of God: Divine Accommodation in Jewish and Christian ... Hebraic Aspects of the Renaissance: Sources and Encounters.
Author: Jonathan Garb
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This volume offers a narrative history of modern Kabbalah, from the sixteenth century to the present. Covering all sub-periods, schools, and figures, Jonathan Garb demonstrates how Kabbalah expanded over the last few centuries, and how it became an important player, first in the European, subsequently in global cultural and intellectual domains. Indeed, study of the Kabbalah can be found on virtually every continent and in many languages, despite of the destruction of many centres in the mid-twentieth century. Garb explores the sociological, psychological, scholastic and ritual dimensions of kabbalistic ways of life in their geographical and cultural contexts. Focusing on several important mystical and literary figures, he shows how modern Kabbalah is both deeply embedded in modern Jewish life, yet has become an independent, professionalized sub-world. He also traces how Kabbalah was influenced by, and contributed to the process of modernization.
... in Ilana Zinguer, Abraham Melamed, and Zur Shalev (eds), Hebraic Aspects of the Renaissance: Sources and Encounters (Leiden: Brill, 2011), 182-90.
Author: Neil Kenny
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Literary Criticism
It is easy to forget how deeply embedded in social hierarchy was the literature and learning that has come down to us from the early modern European world. From fiction to philosophy, from poetry to history, works of all kinds emerged from and through the social hierarchy that was a fundamental fact of everyday life. Paying attention to it changes how we might understand and interpret the works themselves, whether canonical and familiar or largely forgotten. But a second, related fact is much overlooked too: works also often emanated from families, not just from individuals. Families were driving forces in the production—that is, in the composing, editing, translating, or publishing—of countless works. Relatives collaborated with each other, edited each other, or continued the unfinished works of deceased family members; some imitated or were inspired by the works of long-dead relatives. The reason why this second fact (about families) is connected to the first (about social hierarchy) is that families were in the period a basic social medium through which social status was claimed, maintained, threatened, or lost. So producing literary works was one of the many ways in which families claimed their place in the social world. The process was however often fraught, difficult, or disappointing. If families created works as a form of socio-cultural legacy that might continue to benefit their future members, not all members benefited equally; women sometimes produced or claimed the legacy for themselves, but they were often sidelined from it. Relatives sometimes disagreed bitterly about family history, identity (not least religious), and so about the picture of themselves and their family that they wished to project more widely in society through their written works, whether printed or manuscript. So although family was a fundamental social medium out of which so many works emerged, that process could be conflictual as well as harmonious. The intertwined role of family and social hierarchy within literary production is explored in this book through the case of France, from the late fifteenth to the mid-seventeenth century. Some families are studied here in detail, such as that of the most widely read French poet of the age, Clément Marot. But the extent of this phenomenon is quantified too: some two hundred families are identified as each containing more than one literary producer, and in the case of one family an extraordinary twenty-seven.
The Leiden Debate on Bible and Hebrew ( 1575-1650 ) ' . In Hebraic Aspects of the Renaissance : Sources and Encounters , edited by Ilana Zinguer , Abraham ...
Author: Kirsten Macfarlane
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Explores the role of the English theological scholar Hugh Broughton (1549-1612) in the development of biblical criticism in the early modern period, and illustrates the contribution that laypeople and 'average believers' made to religious and cultural change, shifting critical attention away from the clerical and academic elites.
Giovanni Pico Della Mirandola, Kabbalah, and the Disputations Against Judicial Astrology', Hebraic Aspects of the Renaissance: Sources and Encounters, eds.
Author: Sophia Howlett
Publisher: Springer Nature
Category: Political Science
This book offers a re-evaluation of Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, the prominent Italian Renaissance philosopher and prince of Concord. It argues that Pico is part of a history of attempted concordance between philosophy and theology, reason and faith. His contribution is a syncretist theological philosophy based on Christianity, Platonism, Aristotelianism and Jewish Kabbalism. After an introduction, Chapter 2 discusses Pico’s career, his power-relations and his work, Chapters 3 and 4 place his three pillars of Platonism, Aristotelianism and Kabbalism in their historical context, examines shared histories, and introduces the scholars around Pico who contributed so much in each of these traditions (introducing, for example, Christian Kabbalism), including exploring Pico's complex relationship with Marsilio Ficino. Chapter 5 examines the problems of concordance within Pico’s cosmology and metaphysics, including the question of God and the role of the Intellect. Chapter 6 describes Pico’s ‘exceptionalist’ version of the mystical ascent as an individualized ascetic experience. Pico eschews the contemporary desire to use a renewed christian thinking or christian-classical metaphysics to change the world (towards a Golden Age or a 'second coming') to present a personal path to God, with no return to the world.
Neoplatonism and Jewish Thought. Albany: SUNY Press, 387–409. ... Hebraic Aspects of the Renaissance: Sources and Encounters, Leiden: Brill, 43–52.
Author: Danielle Layne
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
This volume investigates Proclus' own thought and his wide-ranging influence within late Neoplatonic, Alexandrine and Byzantinian philosophy and theology. It further explores how Procline metaphysics and doctrines of causality influence and transition into Arabic and Islamic thought, up until Richard Hooker in England, Spinoza in Holland and Pico in Italy. John Dillon provides a helpful overview of Proclus' thought, Harold Tarrant discusses Proclus' influence within Alexandrian philosophy and Tzvi Langermann presents ground breaking work on the Jewish reception of Proclus, focusing on the work of Joseph Solomon Delmedigo (1591-1655), while Stephen Gersh presents a comprehensive synopsis of Proclus' reception throughout Christendom. The volume also presents works from notable scholars like Helen Lang, Sarah Wear and Crystal Addey and has a considerable strength in its presentation of Pseudo-Dionysius, Proclus' transmission and development in Arabic philosophy and the problem of the eternity of the world. It will be important for anyone interested in the development and transition of ideas from the late ancient world onwards.
Authenticity: The Leiden Debate on Bible and Hebrew (1575– 1650),” in Hebraic Aspects of the Renaissance: Sources and Encounters, ed. I. Zinguer et al.
Author: Peri Bearman
Publisher: ISD LLC
A History of The Encyclopaedia of Islam is the back story of the decisions that shaped the preeminent reference work in the field of Islamic Studies and of the labor that went into it, a story that has not yet been told. It is a record of a monumental, century-long project, undertaken by the greatest scholars of its time; of friendships and rivalries; and of the extraordinary circumstances in which it took shape. As a product of and a contribution to a century's evolving view of Islamic history, civilization, and religion, this history sheds light onto the world of academia, of the individual scholars who contributed to the encyclopedia's success, and of a time-Europe before and after two world wars-and an age of publishing that dramatically changed in its lifetime.
'The Hebrew Library of a Renaissance Humanist: Andreas Masius and the ... and Zur Shalev (eds), Hebraic Aspects of the Renaissance: Sources and Encounters.
Author: Henk Nellen
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Scriptural Authority and Biblical Criticism in the Dutch Golden Age explores the hypothesis that in the long seventeenth century humanist-inspired biblical criticism contributed significantly to the decline of ecclesiastical truth claims. Historiography pictures this era as one in which the dominant position of religion and church began to show signs of erosion under the influence of vehement debates on the sacrosanct status of the Bible. Until quite recently, this gradual but decisive shift has been attributed to the rise of the sciences, in particular astronomy and physics. This authoritative volume looks at biblical criticism as an innovative force and as the outcome of developments in philology that had started much earlier than scientific experimentalism or the New Philosophy. Scholars began to situate the Bible in its historical context. The contributors show that even in the hands of pious, orthodox scholars philological research not only failed to solve all the textual problems that had surfaced, but even brought to light countless new incongruities. This supplied those who sought to play down the authority of the Bible with ammunition. The conviction that God's Word had been preserved as a pure and sacred source gave way to an awareness of a complicated transmission in a plurality of divergent, ambiguous, historically determined, and heavily corrupted texts. This shift took place primarily in the Dutch Protestant world of the seventeenth century.
... can be found in Arthur Eyffinger, 'The Leiden Debate on Bible and Hebrew (1575–1650)', in Hebraic Aspects of the Renaissance: Sources and Encounters, ...
Author: Nicholas Hardy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
The period between the late Renaissance and the early Enlightenment has long been regarded as the zenith of the "republic of letters," a pan-European community of like-minded scholars and intellectuals who fostered critical approaches to the study of the Bible and other ancient texts, while renouncing the brutal religio-political disputes that were tearing their continent apart at the same time. Criticism and Confession offers an unprecedentedly comprehensive challenge to this account. Throughout this period, all forms of biblical scholarship were intended to contribute to theological debates, rather than defusing or transcending them, and meaningful collaboration between scholars of different confessions was an exception, rather than the norm. "Neutrality" was a fiction that obscured the ways in which scholarship served the interests of ecclesiastical and political institutions. Scholarly practices varied from one confessional context to another, and the progress of 'criticism' was never straightforward. The study demonstrates this by placing scholarly works in dialogue with works of dogmatic theology, and comparing examples from multiple confessional and national contexts. It offers major revisionist treatments of canonical figures in the history of scholarship, such as Joseph Scaliger, Isaac Casaubon, John Selden, Hugo Grotius, and Louis Cappel, based on unstudied archival as well as printed sources; and it places those figures alongside their more marginal, overlooked counterparts. It also contextualizes scholarly correspondence and other forms of intellectual exchange by considering them alongside the records of political and ecclesiastical bodies. Throughout, the study combines the methods of the history of scholarship with techniques drawn from other fields, including literary, political, and religious history. As well as presenting a new history of seventeenth-century biblical criticism, it also critiques modern scholarly assumptions about the relationships between erudition, humanistic culture, political activism, and religious identity.
“Language and Culture of a Sicilian Jewish Intercultural Mediator: The Hebrew Background of ... Hebraic Aspects of the Renaissance: Sources and Encounters ...
Author: Brian P. Copenhaver
Publisher: Belknap Press
Pico della Mirandola, one of the most remarkable thinkers of the Renaissance, has become known as a founder of humanism and a supporter of secular rationality. Brian Copenhaver upends this understanding of Pico, unearthing the magic and mysticism in the most famous work attributed to him, The Oration on the Dignity of Man.
In Hebraic Aspects of the Renaissance Sources and Encounters, edited by Ilana ... and Apocalypse: Benjamin, Bloch and Modern German Jewish Messianism.
Author: Elliot R. Wolfson
Publisher: Indiana University Press
While many scholars have noted Martin Heidegger's indebtedness to Christian mystical sources, as well as his affinity with Taoism and Buddhism, Elliot R. Wolfson expands connections between Heidegger's thought and kabbalistic material. By arguing that the Jewish esoteric tradition impacted Heidegger, Wolfson presents an alternative way of understanding the history of Western philosophy. Wolfson's comparison between Heidegger and kabbalah sheds light on key concepts such as hermeneutics, temporality, language, and being and nothingness, while yielding surprising reflections on their common philosophical ground. Given Heidegger's involvement with National Socialism and his use of antisemitic language, these innovative readings are all the more remarkable for their juxtaposition of incongruent fields of discourse. Wolfson's entanglement with Heidegger and kabbalah not only enhances understandings of both but, more profoundly, serves as an ethical corrective to their respective ethnocentrism and essentialism. Wolfson masterfully illustrates the redemptive capacity of thought to illuminate common ground in seemingly disparate philosophical traditions.
Idel's acknowledgment of the impact of Renaissance culture on Jewish ... Idel defines two chief characteristics of the form this study took in this city and ...
Author: David B. Ruderman
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Category: Social Science
By the middle of the sixteenth century, Jews in the cities of Italy were being crowded into compulsory ghettos as a result of the oppressive policies of Pope Paul IV and his successors. Forced to listen to Christian preachers seeking their conversion, they flocked to hear the Jewish preachers who regularly delivered sermons designed to uplift and educate them. The sermons of these Jewish preachers provide a remarkable vantage point from which to view the Jewish social and cultural landscape of the early modern period. Exploring the fraction of this vast literature that remains to us and that has been generally neglected, six leading scholars of Italian Jewish cultural history find treasures of information and insight. Their essays show how, in various times and places, a number of ghetto preachers interpreted reality for their constituencies. They illuminate from varying perspectives the transformation of Italian Jewish culture in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth century; the adjustment of a beleaguered but proud minority to its ghetto segregation; the openness of Jews and their surprising appropriations of the regnant cultural tastes of the surrounding society; and the restructuring of thought processes, ritual practices, and social organization engendered by the new urban neighborhoods. What was the role of the preacher as a shaper of Jewish culture? How did he present his ideas to the audience? In what way did he serve as a bridge between the ghetto and the world outside, between old and new conventions, and between elite and popular modes of thought? Judah Moscato in Mantua, Judah del Bene in Ferrara, Azariah Figo in Pisa and Venice, Leon Modena in Venice, Samuel Judah Katzenellenbogen in Padua, Abraham of Sant'Angelo in Bologna, and Isaac de Lattes in Mantua, Venice, and elsewhere are the rabbis whose published sermons the authors investigate. Among the subjects they consider are the influences of Renaissance and Baroque thinking on the content and style of the sermons, the interplay of ideas and speaking techniques with the Christian world, the "popularization" of the kabbalah, and the eulogy as a successful new form of sermon in Jewish society. The story of how these preachers reflected and shaped the culture of their listeners, who felt the pressure of cramped urban life as well as political, economic, and religious persecution, is finally beginning to be told.
The Jewish commitment to this topic must be considered symptomatic of a ... Early Modern Jewish-Italian Literature,” in Hebraic Aspects of the Renaissance: ...
Author: Bill Rebiger
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
The Yearbook mirrors the annual activities of staff and visiting fellows of the Maimonides Centre and reports on symposia, workshops, and lectures taking place at the Centre. Although aimed at a wider audience, the yearbook also contains academic articles and book reviews on scepticism in Judaism and scepticism in general. Staff, visiting fellows, and other international scholars are invited to contribute.
Hebraic Aspects of the Renaissance. Sources and Encounters, Leiden: Brill 2011, 14–26. Camilli, Camillo, Imprese illustri di diversi, Venice 1586.
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
The eighteen original interdisciplinary essays in Lux in Tenebris explore the alchemical, magical, kabbalistic, rosicrucian and theosophical verbal and visual symbolism in the history of Western Esotericism, from the middle ages to the present day.