The Politics of Knowledge

Activist Movements in Medicine and Planning

Author: Lily M. Hoffman

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780887069499

Category: Social Science

Page: 290

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In this book the author examines the question of the compatibility of politics, policy-making, and professional work. Based on nineteen case studies of organizations, Hoffman looks at “what happened” as doctors and planners set out to redistribute services to minorities and the poor between 1960 and 1980.
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Health Rights Are Civil Rights

Peace and Justice Activism in Los Angeles, 1963–1978

Author: Jenna M. Loyd

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 1452941467

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 6931

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Health Rights Are Civil Rights tells the story of the important place of health in struggles for social change in Los Angeles in the 1960s and 1970s. Jenna M. Loyd describes how Black freedom, antiwar, welfare rights, and women’s movement activists formed alliances to battle oppressive health systems and structural violence, working to establish the principle that health is a right. For a time—with President Nixon, big business, and organized labor in agreement on national health insurance—even universal health care seemed a real possibility. Health Rights Are Civil Rights documents what many Los Angeles activists recognized: that militarization was in part responsible for the inequalities in American cities. This challenging new reading of suburban white flight explores how racial conflicts transpired across a Southland landscape shaped by defense spending. While the war in Vietnam constrained social spending, the New Right gained strength by seizing on the racialized and gendered politics of urban crisis to resist urban reinvestment and social programs. Recapturing a little-known current of the era’s activism, Loyd uses an intersectional approach to show why this diverse group of activists believed that democratic health care and ending war making were essential to create cities of freedom, peace, and social justice—a vision that goes unanswered still today.
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Organization of Health Workers and Labor Conflict

Author: Samuel Wolfe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351842439

Category: Psychology

Page: 160

View: 3831

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Offers insights into such contemporary issues as health workers' unions, labor conflicts in health care facilities, and underlying class and class related sex and ethnic conflicts that beset the health sector.
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The Altruistic Imagination

A History of Social Work and Social Policy in the United States

Author: John H. Ehrenreich

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801471222

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 8570

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Social work and social policy in the United States have always had a complex and troubled relationship. In The Altruistic Imagination, John H. Ehrenreich offers a critical interpretation of their intertwined histories, seeking to understand the problems that face these two vital institutions in American society. Ehrenreich demonstrates that the emphasis of social work has always vacillated between individual treatment and social reform. Tracing this ever-changing focus from the Progressive Era, through the development of the welfare state, the New Deal, and the affluent 1950s and 1960s, into the administration of Ronald Reagan, he places the evolution of social work in the context of political, cultural, and ideological trends, noting the paradoxes inherent in the attempt to provide essential services and reflect at the same time the intentions of the state. He concludes by examining the turning point faced by the social work profession in the 1980s, indicated by a return to casework and a withdrawal from social policy concerns.
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An Introduction to the US Health Care System

Sixth Edition

Author: Steven Jonas, MD,MPH, FACPM,Raymond L. Goldsteen, DrPH,Karen Goldsteen, PhD, MPH

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826103154

Category: Medical

Page: 328

View: 3041

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Completely expanded and updated to account for the latest changes in the U.S. health care system, this best-selling text remains the most concise and balanced introduction to the domestic health care system. Like its predecessors, it provides an accessible overview of the basic components of the system: healthcare personnel, hospitals and other institutions, the federal government, financing and payment mechanisms, and managed care. Finally, it provides an insightful look at the prospects for health care reform. Steven Jonas, a revered expert in public health, has enlisted his colleagues, Drs. Raymond and Karen Goldsteen, to add their expertise in public health and health policy and management to this outstanding volume. All students of health care administration and policy, as well as practicing healthcare professionals who simply want a relatively brief overview of the system, will find it useful.
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Payer, Provider, Consumer: Industry Confronts Health Care Costs

Industry Confornts Health Care Costs

Author: D.C. Walsh,R.H. Egdahl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461394309

Category: Medical

Page: 117

View: 5179

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With this first monograph, Springer-Verlag launches an unusual publishing venture. The purpose of the Springer Series on Industry and Health Care is to explore in depth the current and potential future role of industry both management and labor in all private sector enterprises-as a financer of health care benefits, as a provider of health care services, and as an extremely influential "consumer" of health care. The assumption behind the series is that private industry has the capabil ity, as an alternative to increased government intervention, to effect major change in the health care delivery system and is beginning to show evidence of exercising that influence. The subject matter covered by the series crosses boundaries between disciplines and specialities-occupational medicine, medical care, public health, economics, business administration, law, public policy, medical sociology-and arises in disparate arenas-labor-manage ment relations, corporate negotiations with insurance carriers, physician patient interactions, public policy, and politics. The Springer Series will draw much of its material from interdisciplinary working conferences, will analyze and synthesize the discussions, add timely background material, and be published within no more than six months of the conferences on which they build. The series will consist of four monographs a year and two volumes of background papers.
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Gender, Ethnicity, and Health Research

Author: Sana Loue

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306475693

Category: Medical

Page: 195

View: 1789

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Health researchers routinely evaluate health and illness across subgroups defined by their sex, gender, ethnicity, and race. All too often, these classifications are proffered as an explanation for any differences that may be detected, for example, in access to care, frequency of disease, or response to treatment. Relatively few researchers, however, have examined what these classifications mean on a theoretical level or in the context of their own research. Assume, for example, that a researcher concludes from his or her data that African- Americans utilize certain surgical procedures less frequently than whites. This conclusion may mean little without an examination of the various underlying issues. Is there such a construct as race at all? How were whites and African-Americans classified as such? Does this finding reflect inappropriate overutilization of the specific procedures among whites or inappropriate underutilization among African-Americans? To what extent are socioeconomic status and method of payment related to the less frequent use? Are there differences in the manner in which health care providers present the various treatment options to whites and to African- Americans that could account for these differences in utilization? Are there differences in health care-seeking and health care preferences between the two groups that would explain the difference in utilization? Is the racial classification a surrogate measure for another variable that has remained unidentified and unmeasured? All too often, unfortunately, such issues are ignored or lightly dismissed with an entreaty for additional research.
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Man-made Medicine

Women's Health, Public Policy, and Reform

Author: Kary L. Moss

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822318163

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 288

View: 3302

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If not for the reproductive functions of women, would there be anything called women's health care? A review of medical literature, practice, and policy in this country would suggest that the answer is no. Offering a startling view of the current state of health care for women in the United States and laying the foundation for a new, widely defined women's medicine, Man-Made Medicine makes an urgent statement about gender bias in the medical establishment and its pernicious effects on the well-being of women and the care they receive. These essays by physicians, lawyers, activists, and scholars present a rare interdisciplinary approach to a complex set of issues. Gender stereotyping and bias in the collection, analysis, and reporting of scientific data and in the ways health-related news is covered by the media are examined. The exclusion of women from the health care policy-making process and the effect such exclusion has on the determination of priorities among potential areas of research are also explored. With discussions of the plight of specific populations of women whose health care needs are not being sufficiently met--for example, immigrants, prisoners, the mentally ill, or women with HIV/AIDS, disabilities, or reproductive health problems--this book considers matters of race and class within the parameters of gender as it builds a fundamental challenge to the existing health care system. A range of current reform proposals are also evaluated in terms of their potential impact on women. Suggesting no less than a radical rethinking of women's medicine, Man-Made Medicine gives essential direction to the discussions that will shape the future of health care in this country. It will be of great interest to a wide audience, including health care advocates, policymakers, scholars, and readers generally concerned with women's health issues. Contributors. Ellen Barry, Laurie Beck, Joan Bertin, Janet Calvo, Wendy Chavkin, Kay Dickersin, Abigail English, Elizabeth Fee, Carol Gill, Nancy Krieger, Joyce McConnell, Judy Norsigian, Ann Scales, Susan Stefan, Lauren Schnaper, Catherine Teare
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Social Work, Social Justice, and Human Rights

A Structural Approach to Practice, Second Edition

Author: Colleen Lundy

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442604328

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 2027

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Social workers take pride in their commitment to social and economic justice, peace, and human rights, and in their responses to related inequalities and social problems. At a time when economic globalization, armed conflict, and ecological devastation continue to undermine human rights and the possibilities for social justice, the need for linking a structural analysis to social work practice is greater than ever. The second edition of this popular social work practice text more fully addresses the connection between social justice and human rights. It includes a discussion of social work's role in promoting peace and responding to environmental problems. It also places a greater attention on the links between social work theories/concepts and practice skill/responses. The text has been updated and revised throughout with four new chapters: social work and human rights, cultural competence and practice with immigrant communities, social work and mental health communities, and practice with couples and families. Detailed case studies demonstrate the integration of theory, policy, and practice.
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