Health Inequality

An Introduction to Concepts, Theories and Methods

Author: Mel Bartley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745691137

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 1155

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At a time when social inequalities are increasing at an alarming rate, this new edition of Mel Bartley's popular book is a vital resource for understanding the extent of health inequalities and why they are proving to be persistent despite decades of growing knowledge and policies on the issue. As in the first edition, by examining influences of social class, income, culture and wealth as well as gender, ethnicity and other factors in identity, this accessible book provides a key to understanding the major theories and explanations of what lies behind inequality in health. Bartley re-situates the classic behavioural, psycho-social, and material approaches within a life-course perspective. Evaluating the evidence of health outcomes over time and at local and national levels, Bartley argues that individual social integration demands closer attention if health inequality is to be tackled effectively, revealing the important part that identity plays in relation to the chances of a long and healthy life. Health Inequality will be essential reading for students taking courses in the sociology of health and illness, social policy and welfare, health sciences, public health and epidemiology and all those interested in understanding the consequences of social inequality for health.
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Health Inequalities

Persistence and Change in Modern Welfare States

Author: Johan P. Mackenbach

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198831412

Category: Medical

Page: 252

View: 1796

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The world we live in is hugely unequal. People in a better socioeconomic position do not only lead more comfortable lives, but also longer and healthier lives. This is true not only in the poorer parts of the world but also in the richest countries, including the advanced welfare states of Western Europe which have successfully pushed back poverty and other forms of material disadvantage. Why are health inequalities - systematically higher rates of disease, disability, and premature death among people with a lower level of education, occupation or income - so persistent? How can we expect to reduce this when it persists even in the most advanced states? Written by a leading figure in public health, this book looks to answer these questions by taking a broad, critical look at the scientific evidence surrounding the explanation of health inequalities, including recent findings from the fields of epidemiology, sociology, psychology, economics, and genetics. It concludes that a simplistic view, in which health inequalities are a direct consequence of social inequality, does not tell us the full story. Drawing upon a unique series of studies covering 30 European countries and more than three decades of observations, it shows that health inequalities are partly driven by autonomous forces that are difficult to counteract, such as educational expansion, increased social mobility, and rapid but differential health improvements. Finally, the book explores how we might use these new findings to continue our efforts to build a healthier and more equal future. Offering a truly multidisciplinary perspective and an accessible writing style, Health Inequalities is an indispensable resource for health researchers, professionals, and policy-makers, as well as for social scientists interested in inequality.
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Tackling Health Inequalities

Lessons from International Experiences

Author: Dennis Raphael

Publisher: Canadian Scholars’ Press

ISBN: 1551304120

Category: Equality

Page: 326

View: 4884

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Tackling Health Inequalities: Lessons from International Experiences provides a unique perspective on health inequalities in Canada and elsewhere. This exciting new volume brings together experiences from seven wealthy developed nations -- the United States, Australia, Britain and Northern Ireland, Canada, Finland, Norway, and Sweden -- to analyze their contrasting approaches to reducing avoidable health problems. Some nations are successfully responding to health inequalities, but Canada and the United States are not among them. Why is this, and what can we learn from other nations? Through a political economy lens, Tackling Health Inequalities considers how societal structures and institutions shape the distribution of economic, political, and social resources that affect health disparities amongst the population. The volume then goes on to examine how governing authorities come to either confront or ignore these health inequalities and the conditions that create them. Through these illustrations, it encourages governing authorities that are tackling health inequalities to continue their efforts and directs those that are not -- such as in Canada and elsewhere -- towards what must be done. This groundbreaking text shows the primary lessons from these international experiences: that citizens in Canada and elsewhere need to educate themselves about the importance of tackling health inequalities, and then build the political and social movements that will compel governmental authorities to take action. This volume will serve as a rich resource for professionals and general readers interested in health studies, nursing, social work, public policy, and political economy.
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Digital Literacy: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Author: Management Association, Information Resources

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466618531

Category: Computers

Page: 1907

View: 2162

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Digital Literacy: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools and Applications presents a vital compendium of research detailing the latest case studies, architectures, frameworks, methodologies, and research on Digital Democracy. With contributions from authors around the world, this three-volume collection presents the most sophisticated research and developments from the field, relevant to researchers, academics, and practitioners alike. In order to stay abreast of the latest research, this book affords a vital look into Digital Literacy research.
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Foundations for Health Promotion E-Book

Author: Jennie Naidoo,Jane Wills

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702037532

Category: Medical

Page: 328

View: 1731

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Hugely popular with students, Health Promotion is now in its third edition, and has been thoroughly updated to provide the theoretical framework that is vital for health promotion. It offers a foundation for practice that encourages students and practitioners to identify opportunities for health promotion in their area of work. • Fully updated to reflect the many changes in health promotion theory, practice and policy • Illustrative examples, activities and discussion points encourage interaction and reflection • Unique, user-friendly approach makes learning easy Fully revised and updated information, guidelines, and reference provide the latest information for clinical practice. New illustrations clarify important health promotion concepts.
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Religion as a Social Determinant of Public Health

Author: Ellen L. Idler

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199389861

Category: Religion

Page: 448

View: 2038

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Frequently in partnership, but sometimes at odds, religious institutions and public health institutions work to improve the well-being of their communities. There is increasing awareness among public health professionals and the general public that the social conditions of poverty, lack of education, income inequality, poor working conditions, and experiences of discrimination play a dominant role in determining health status. But this broad view of the social determinants of health has largely ignored the role of religious practices and institutions in shaping the life conditions of billions around the globe. In Religion as a Social Determinant of Public Health, leading scholars in the social sciences, public health, and religion address this omission by examining the embodied sacred practices of the world's religions, the history of alignment and tension between religious and public health institutions, the research on the health impact of religious practice throughout the life course, and the role of religious institutions in health and development efforts around the globe. In addition, the volume explores religion's role in the ongoing epidemics of HIV/AIDS and Alzheimer's disease, as well as preparations for an influenza pandemic. Together, these groundbreaking essays help complete the picture of the social determinants of health by including religion, which has until now been an invisible determinant.
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The Aftermath of War

Experiences and Social Attitudes in the Western Balkans

Author: Professor Albert Simkus,Professor Kristen Ringdal

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409484866

Category: Social Science

Page: 334

View: 6507

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At a time when most observers saw war in Europe as belonging to an ever more distant past, the wars of Yugoslav succession shattered this illusion. The direct and indirect consequences of these wars for people in the region are still not fully understood, but it is clear that the war has had far reaching social and political consequences for each national society as a whole. This groundbreaking volume provides a series of analyses of experiences and social attitudes in the Western Balkans in the aftermath of those wars. Based on survey data from 22,000 respondents, the editors have created a volume which contributes to our understanding of both specific war-related effects as well as a detailed description of contemporary attitudes and values across these societies. This book will be of interest to academic specialists and students interested in the effects of war on psychological health and on ethnic relations in the Western Balkans as well as how this applies to other post-conflict societies. It will also be of interest to sociologists, political scientists, and historians studying differences in attitudes between the countries, ethnic groups, and generations in this region related to diverse topics from ethnic tolerance to states’ responsibility for equality and gender roles.
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Work, Worklessness, and the Political Economy of Health

Author: Clare Bambra

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191628557

Category: Medical

Page: 264

View: 8727

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We are told that 'work is good for us' and that ill health is caused by 'individual lifestyles'. Drawing on research from public health, social policy, epidemiology, geography and political science, this evidence-based inter-disciplinary book firmly challenges these contemporary orthodoxies. It systematically demonstrates that work - or lack of it - is central to our health and wellbeing and is the underlying determinant of health inequalities. Work is the cornerstone of modern society and dominates adult life with around a third of our time spent working. It is a vital part of self-identity and for most of us it is the foundation of economic and social status. As such, the material and psychosocial conditions in which we work have immense consequences for our physical and mental wellbeing, as well as the distribution of health across the population. Recessions, job-loss, insecurity and unemployment also have important ramifications for the health and wellbeing of individuals, families and communities. Chronic illness is itself a significant cause of worklessness and low pay. Drawing on examples from different countries, this book shows that the relationship between work, worklessness and health varies by country. Countries with a more regulated work environment and a more interventionist and supportive welfare system have better health and smaller work-related health inequalities. The book provides examples of specific policies and interventions that mitigate the ill-health effects of work and worklessness. It concludes by asserting the importance of politics and policy choices in the aetiology of health and health inequalities.
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Feminist Theories and Concepts in Healthcare

An Introduction for Qualitative Research

Author: Kay Aranda

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137376767

Category: Medical

Page: 222

View: 1488

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Feminist theories and research approaches are committed to generating relevant, morally accountable knowledge and understanding, as well promoting social and political change. Through them, we have the potential to understand more fully the urgent global health concerns that individuals, families and communities face on a daily basis. This unique text provides students across a range of health care disciplines with a clear and accessible introduction to feminist theory and conceptual frameworks, as well as how to apply them to health-specific issues. With a particular focus on students’ own qualitative research activities, each chapter guides the reader through challenging and sometimes highly contentious theories with clarity and eloquence, and demonstrates the ways in which feminist theories and research approaches can be used to help analyse the wide range of contemporary issues encountered by health practitioners daily. This is a fascinating read for health science research students and practising health professionals – or indeed anyone wishing to learn more about feminist theories and concepts within health care.
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Public Health

Social Context and Action

Author: Scriven, Angela,Garman, Sebastian

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335221505

Category: Medical

Page: 234

View: 3851

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This important book makes a significant contribution to the emergent body of public health knowledge by examining debates around the social context of health, including key socio-economic, environmental and cultural factors
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