Health Inequality

An Introduction to Concepts, Theories and Methods

Author: Mel Bartley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745691137

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

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At a time when social inequalities are increasing at an alarming rate, this new edition of Mel Bartley's popular book is a vital resource for understanding the extent of health inequalities and why they are proving to be persistent despite decades of growing knowledge and policies on the issue. As in the first edition, by examining influences of social class, income, culture and wealth as well as gender, ethnicity and other factors in identity, this accessible book provides a key to understanding the major theories and explanations of what lies behind inequality in health. Bartley re-situates the classic behavioural, psycho-social, and material approaches within a life-course perspective. Evaluating the evidence of health outcomes over time and at local and national levels, Bartley argues that individual social integration demands closer attention if health inequality is to be tackled effectively, revealing the important part that identity plays in relation to the chances of a long and healthy life. Health Inequality will be essential reading for students taking courses in the sociology of health and illness, social policy and welfare, health sciences, public health and epidemiology and all those interested in understanding the consequences of social inequality for health.
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Tackling Health Inequalities

Lessons from International Experiences

Author: Dennis Raphael

Publisher: Canadian Scholars’ Press

ISBN: 1551304120

Category: Equality

Page: 326

View: 7607

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Tackling Health Inequalities: Lessons from International Experiences provides a unique perspective on health inequalities in Canada and elsewhere. This exciting new volume brings together experiences from seven wealthy developed nations -- the United States, Australia, Britain and Northern Ireland, Canada, Finland, Norway, and Sweden -- to analyze their contrasting approaches to reducing avoidable health problems. Some nations are successfully responding to health inequalities, but Canada and the United States are not among them. Why is this, and what can we learn from other nations? Through a political economy lens, Tackling Health Inequalities considers how societal structures and institutions shape the distribution of economic, political, and social resources that affect health disparities amongst the population. The volume then goes on to examine how governing authorities come to either confront or ignore these health inequalities and the conditions that create them. Through these illustrations, it encourages governing authorities that are tackling health inequalities to continue their efforts and directs those that are not -- such as in Canada and elsewhere -- towards what must be done. This groundbreaking text shows the primary lessons from these international experiences: that citizens in Canada and elsewhere need to educate themselves about the importance of tackling health inequalities, and then build the political and social movements that will compel governmental authorities to take action. This volume will serve as a rich resource for professionals and general readers interested in health studies, nursing, social work, public policy, and political economy.
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Routledge Handbook of Well-Being

Author: Kathleen T. Galvin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131753252X

Category: Medical

Page: 346

View: 3402

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The Routledge Handbook of Well-Being explores diverse conceptualisations of well-being, providing an overview of key issues and drawing attention to current debates and critiques. Taken as a whole, this important work offers new clarification of the widely used notion of well-being, focusing particularly on experiential perspectives. Bringing together leading authors from around the world, Routledge Handbook of Well-Being reflects on: What it is that is experienced by humans that can be called well-being. What we know about how to understand it. How well-being is manifested in human endeavours through a wide range of disciplines, including the arts. This comprehensive reference work will provide an authoritative overview for students, practitioners, researchers and policy makers working in or concerned with well-being, health, illness and the relation between all three across a range of disciplines, from sociology, healthcare and economics to philosophy and the creative arts.
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Health Psychology

Author: Jane Ogden

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335243843

Category: Psychology

Page: 589

View: 3590

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This new edition is a comprehensive and accessible guide, examining health behaviours through reviewing the key research in this growing field.
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The Sociology of Healthcare

A Reader for Health Professionals

Author: Sarah Earle,Gayle Letherby

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 113726585X

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 320

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A comprehensive collection of classic and contemporary readings in the sociology of health. The Sociology of Healthcare will stimulate debate, reflexive practice and critical thinking in applied sociology and is aimed at the teaching and learning needs of both lecturers and students.
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Foundations for Health Promotion E-Book

Author: Jennie Naidoo,Jane Wills

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702037532

Category: Medical

Page: 328

View: 7856

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Hugely popular with students, Health Promotion is now in its third edition, and has been thoroughly updated to provide the theoretical framework that is vital for health promotion. It offers a foundation for practice that encourages students and practitioners to identify opportunities for health promotion in their area of work. • Fully updated to reflect the many changes in health promotion theory, practice and policy • Illustrative examples, activities and discussion points encourage interaction and reflection • Unique, user-friendly approach makes learning easy Fully revised and updated information, guidelines, and reference provide the latest information for clinical practice. New illustrations clarify important health promotion concepts.
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Religion as a Social Determinant of Public Health

Author: Ellen L. Idler

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199389861

Category: Religion

Page: 448

View: 9722

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Frequently in partnership, but sometimes at odds, religious institutions and public health institutions work to improve the well-being of their communities. There is increasing awareness among public health professionals and the general public that the social conditions of poverty, lack of education, income inequality, poor working conditions, and experiences of discrimination play a dominant role in determining health status. But this broad view of the social determinants of health has largely ignored the role of religious practices and institutions in shaping the life conditions of billions around the globe. In Religion as a Social Determinant of Public Health, leading scholars in the social sciences, public health, and religion address this omission by examining the embodied sacred practices of the world's religions, the history of alignment and tension between religious and public health institutions, the research on the health impact of religious practice throughout the life course, and the role of religious institutions in health and development efforts around the globe. In addition, the volume explores religion's role in the ongoing epidemics of HIV/AIDS and Alzheimer's disease, as well as preparations for an influenza pandemic. Together, these groundbreaking essays help complete the picture of the social determinants of health by including religion, which has until now been an invisible determinant.
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Contemporary Occupational Health Psychology

Global Perspectives on Research and Practice

Author: Stavroula Leka,Robert R. Sinclair

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118713893

Category: Psychology

Page: 264

View: 9689

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The third volume in an acclaimed biennial series showcasing the latest global thinking, research, and practice in the rapidly-evolving field of occupational health psychology. Published in partnership with the European Academy for Occupational Health Psychology (EAOHP) and the Society for Occupational Health Psychology (SOHP) Presents state-of-the-art research along with its implications for real-world practice, with contributions from Europe, North America, Asia, and Australia Topics covered include psychological health during organizational restructuring, immigrant occupational health and well-being, increasing the effectiveness of safety training programs, and the WHO Healthy Workplaces Model Contributors include Fred Leong, Hans de Witte, Eva Demerouti and Sir Michael Marmot
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Work, Worklessness, and the Political Economy of Health

Author: Clare Bambra

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191628557

Category: Medical

Page: 264

View: 1385

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We are told that 'work is good for us' and that ill health is caused by 'individual lifestyles'. Drawing on research from public health, social policy, epidemiology, geography and political science, this evidence-based inter-disciplinary book firmly challenges these contemporary orthodoxies. It systematically demonstrates that work - or lack of it - is central to our health and wellbeing and is the underlying determinant of health inequalities. Work is the cornerstone of modern society and dominates adult life with around a third of our time spent working. It is a vital part of self-identity and for most of us it is the foundation of economic and social status. As such, the material and psychosocial conditions in which we work have immense consequences for our physical and mental wellbeing, as well as the distribution of health across the population. Recessions, job-loss, insecurity and unemployment also have important ramifications for the health and wellbeing of individuals, families and communities. Chronic illness is itself a significant cause of worklessness and low pay. Drawing on examples from different countries, this book shows that the relationship between work, worklessness and health varies by country. Countries with a more regulated work environment and a more interventionist and supportive welfare system have better health and smaller work-related health inequalities. The book provides examples of specific policies and interventions that mitigate the ill-health effects of work and worklessness. It concludes by asserting the importance of politics and policy choices in the aetiology of health and health inequalities.
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