Heads of State

Icons, Power, and Politics in the Ancient and Modern Andes

Author: Denise Y Arnold,Christine A Hastorf

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315427559

Category: Social Science

Page: 293

View: 5626


The human head has had important political, ritual and symbolic meanings throughout Andean history. Scholars have spoken of captured and trophy heads, curated crania, symbolic flying heads, head imagery on pots and on stone, head-shaped vessels, and linguistic references to the head. In this synthesizing work, cultural anthropologist Denise Arnold and archaeologist Christine Hastorf examine the cult of heads in the Andes—past and present—to develop a theory of its place in indigenous cultural practice and its relationship to political systems. Using ethnographic and archaeological fieldwork, highland-lowland comparisons, archival documents, oral histories, and ritual texts, the authors draw from Marx, Mauss, Foucault, Assadourian, Viveiros del Castro and other theorists to show how heads shape and symbolize power, violence, fertility, identity, and economy in South American cultures.

Landscape and Politics in the Ancient Andes

Biographies of Place at Khonkho Wankane

Author: Scott C. Smith

Publisher: University of New Mexico Press

ISBN: 0826357105

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 5648


This book is a study of the ways places are created and how they attain meaning. Smith presents archaeological data from Khonkho Wankane in the southern Lake Titicaca basin of Bolivia to explore how landscapes were imagined and constructed during processes of political centralization in this region. In particular he examines landscapes of movement and the development of powerful political and religious centers during the Late Formative period (200 BC–AD 500), just before the emergence of the urban state centered at Tiwanaku (AD 500–1100). Late Formative politico-religious centers, Smith notes, were characterized by mobile populations of agropastoralists and caravan drovers. By exploring ritual practice at Late Formative settlements, Smith provides a new way of looking at political centralization, incipient urbanism, and state formation at Tiwanaku.

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial

Author: Sarah Tarlow,Liv Nilsson Stutz

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191650390

Category: Social Science

Page: 872

View: 790


The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial reviews the current state of mortuary archaeology and its practice, highlighting its often contentious place in the modern socio-politics of archaeology. It contains forty-four chapters which focus on the history of the discipline and its current scientific techniques and methods. Written by leading, international scholars in the field, it derives its examples and case studies from a wide range of time periods, such as the middle palaeolithic to the twentieth century, and geographical areas which include Europe, North and South America, Africa, and Asia. Combining up-to-date knowledge of relevant archaeological research with critical assessments of the theme and an evaluation of future research trajectories, it draws attention to the social, symbolic, and theoretical aspects of interpreting mortuary archaeology. The volume is well-illustrated with maps, plans, photographs, and illustrations and is ideally suited for students and researchers.

Making Spirits

Materiality and Transcendence in Contemporary Religions

Author: Diana Espirito Santo,Nico Tassi

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 085772262X

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 272

View: 1769


The analysis of religion has often placed an emphasis on beliefs and ideologies, prioritizing these elements over those of the material world. Through the ethnographic analysis of a variety of contemporary religious practices, Making Spirits questions the presumed separation of spirit and matter, and sheds light on the dynamics between spiritual and material domains. By examining the cultural contexts in which material culture is central to the creation and experience of religion and belief, this volume analyses the different ways in which the concepts of the material and spiritual worlds intersect, interact and inform each other in the reproduction of religious rites. By concentrating on the processes of communication, exchange and transformation between realms considered spiritual and those seen as material or worldly, this volume questions the general opposition between the transcendent and the immanent in contemporary studies of religion. Making Spirits offers a wide range of examples in which these worlds collide, and indeed subside into each other. For example, the volume explores the significance of material things in the practice of Cuban spiritism, a popular medium cult. The ‘spirited ones’ are, according to these practices, gifted individuals adept at materialising the presence of the dead in their own lives and in those of their clients, and through this embody the images of Cuba’s ethnic, racial and religious diversity, as well as its trauma and conflict. Thus, the material and the spiritual world not only interact with each other, but are both used to shape the everyday reality of the believer. Furthermore, the importance of the material culture of religion is also examined here. By looking at the ways in which objects are defined as mediators between humans and deities, the volume analyses the ways in which material items are used in order to make men and women think, believe, perceive and act in a way that presupposes a tight connection between them and their gods. In this volume Nico Tassi and Diana Espirito Santo offer insights that challenge accepted categories in the study of religion, making this book important for scholars of comparative religion, anthropology and sociology.

Advances in Titicaca Basin Archaeology-III

Author: Alexei Vranich,Amanda B. Cohen,Charles Stanish,Elizabeth A. Klarich,Mark S. Aldenderfer

Publisher: University of Michigan Museum

ISBN: 9780915703784

Category: Social Science

Page: 318

View: 2598


The focus of this volume is the northern Titicaca Basin, an area once belonging to the quarter of the Inka Empire called Collasuyu. The recent explosion of archaeological projects around Lake Titicaca is reflected in the data-packed chapters of this new book. The original settlers around the lake had to adapt to living at more than 12,000 feet, but as this volume shows so well, this high-altitude environment supported a very long developmental sequence that climaxed in impressive villages with sunken courts, and towns and cities with fascinating sculptures and public buildings. The new data reported in this book come from a series of projects that will not only advance our understanding of sociopolitical evolution within Peru and Bolivia but well beyond. Every period¿from the Early Archaic period onward¿is becoming better known from the flurry of recent surveys and excavations. From this book, we learn a wide array of new things about key sites like Taraco, Pukara, Balsaspata, Qaluyu, Cancha Cancha Asiruni, Arapa, and Huancanewichinka. Lavishly illustrated and supplying data integral to understanding Andean prehistory, this is a must buy for Andeanists as well as others interested in the rise of sociopolitical complexity.


Publication of the Association of College and Research Libraries, a Division of the American Library Association

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

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