Handbook of the Sociology of Medical Education

Handbook of the Sociology of Medical Education

Our Handbook asks and answers some of them, but more importantly it attempts to reinvigorate the sociology of medical education and to provide the intellectual impetus for sustained theoretical and empirical engagement with the topic.

Author: Caragh Brosnan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134045266

Category: Education

Page: 306

View: 588

The Handbook of the Sociology of Medical Education provides a contemporary introduction to this classic area of sociology by examining the social origin and implications of the epistemological, organizational and demographic challenges facing medical education in the twenty-first century. Beginning with reflections on the historical and theoretical foundations of the sociology of medical education, the collection then focuses on current issues affecting medical students, the profession and the faculty, before exploring medical education in different national contexts. Leading sociologists analyze: the intersection of medical education and social structures such as gender, ethnicity and disability; the effect of changes in medical practice, such as the emergence of evidence-based medicine, on medical education; and the ongoing debates surrounding the form and content of medical curricula. By examining applied problems within a framework which draws from social theorists such as Pierre Bourdieu, this new collection suggests future directions for the sociological study of medical education and for medical education itself.
Categories: Education

Medical Ethics Education An Interdisciplinary and Social Theoretical Perspective

Medical Ethics Education  An Interdisciplinary and Social Theoretical Perspective

Pierre Bourdieu and the theory of medical education: Thinking 'Relationally' about medical students and medical curricula. In Handbook of the sociology of medical education, Brosnan, C and B.S. Turner, 51–68. NY: Routledge.

Author: Nathan Emmerich

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783319004853

Category: Education

Page: 111

View: 993

There is a diversity of ‘ethical practices’ within medicine as an institutionalised profession as well as a need for ethical specialists both in practice as well as in institutionalised roles. This Brief offers a social perspective on medical ethics education. It discusses a range of concepts relevant to educational theory and thus provides a basic illumination of the subject. Recent research in the sociology of medical education and the social theory of Pierre Bourdieu are covered. In the end, the themes of Bourdieuan Social Theory, socio-cultural apprenticeships and the ‘characterological turn’ in medical education are draw together the context of medical ethics education. ​
Categories: Education

Medical Sociology

Medical Sociology

How could the changing demographics of new medical school students affect the profession? Suggested Readings Brosnan, Caragh Brosnan, and Bryan S. Turner (eds.) (2009) Handbook of the sociology of medicaleducation. London: Routledge.

Author: William C. Cockerham

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317346487

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 267

For upper-division undergraduate/beginning graduate-level courses in Medical Sociology, and for Behavioral Science courses in schools of Public Health, Medicine, Pharmacy, and Nursing. A comprehensive overview of the most current issues in medical sociology. The standard text in the field, Medical Sociology presents the discipline’s most recent and relevant ideas, concepts, themes, issues, debates, and research findings. To draw students into the course, author Dr. William Cockerham integrates engaging first-person accounts from patients, physicians, and other health care providers throughout the text. The Thirteenth Edition addresses the current changes stemming from health care reform in the United States, and other issues that reflect the focus of the field today.
Categories: Social Science

Gender Careers and Inequalities in Medicine and Medical Education

Gender  Careers and Inequalities in Medicine and Medical Education

In C. Brosnan & B. Turner (Eds.), Handbook of the sociology of medical education (pp. 15À35). London: Routledge. Hakim, C. (2000). Work-life style choices in the 21st century: Preference theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Author:

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 9781784416898

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 216

View: 551

This volume examines the complex nature and interplay of gender, careers and inequalities in the fields of medicine and medical education through interdisciplinary, comparative and critical perspectives. Scholars will bring insights from across disciplines of social sciences, including sociology, medical anthropology, psychology, and HRM.
Categories: Business & Economics

Handbook of the Sociology of Health Illness and Healing

Handbook of the Sociology of Health  Illness  and Healing

A Academy Health, 275 Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education (ACGME), 208, 209, 239 Adult psychopathology, 556 Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), 274, 275 Alzheimer's disease, 51–52 American Journal of ...

Author: Bernice A. Pescosolido

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441972613

Category: Social Science

Page: 571

View: 574

The Handbook of the Sociology of Health, Illness & Healing advances the understanding of medical sociology by identifying the most important contemporary challenges to the field and suggesting directions for future inquiry. The editors provide a blueprint for guiding research and teaching agendas for the first quarter of the 21st century. In a series of essays, this volume offers a systematic view of the critical questions that face our understanding of the role of social forces in health, illness and healing. It also provides an overall theoretical framework and asks medical sociologists to consider the implications of taking on new directions and approaches. Such issues may include the importance of multiple levels of influences, the utility of dynamic, life course approaches, the role of culture, the impact of social networks, the importance of fundamental causes approaches, and the influences of state structures and policy making.
Categories: Social Science

The Turtle and the Caduceus

The Turtle and the Caduceus

How Pacific Politics and Modern Medicine Shaped the Medical School in Fiji, 1885-2010 Professor David Brewster AM. 297. 298. 299. 300. 301. 302. 303. 304. ... Handbook of the Sociology of Medical Education. London; New York: Routledge ...

Author: Professor David Brewster AM

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 9781450022637

Category: Education

Page: 455

View: 470

The Turtle and the Caduceus are metaphors for the impact of Western medicine (the Caduceus) upon a traditional Pacific island culture (the Turtle), through the history of a school which started training native medical practitioners 125 years ago. David Brewster, the former Dean of Fiji School of Medicine, tells the fascinating tale of how a devastating measles epidemic and pro-indigenous benign colonialism led the foundation of this unique school. Then, Rockefeller philanthropy helped to transform it into a regional institution with an excellent reputation. However, its evolution into a modern university medical school was hampered by local politics and internal dissensions related to ethnic strife between the indigenous and Indian populations of Fiji, which also resulted in four military coups with economic stagnation and migration of medical graduates. This cautionary tale has important lessons for the relatively neglected disciplines of Pacific island history and medicine.
Categories: Education

Anthropology in Medical Education

Anthropology in Medical Education

Acknowledgments I would like to thank all the medical students and medical educators who participated in this study. Special thanks to Dr. Sophie Wellum ... In Handbook of the sociology of medical education, ed. Caragh Brosnan and Bryan ...

Author: Iveris Martinez

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030622770

Category: Anthropology

Page: 385

View: 356

This volume reflects on how anthropologists have engaged in medical education and aims to positively influence the future careers of anthropologists who are currently engaged or are considering a career in medical education. The volume is essential for medical educators, administrators, researchers, and practitioners, those interested in the history of medicine, global health, sociology of health and illness, medical and applied anthropology. For over a century, anthropologists have served in many roles in medical education: teaching, curriculum development, administration, research, and planning. Recent changes in medical education focusing on diversity, social determinants of health, and more humanistic patient-centered care have opened the door for more anthropologists in medical schools. The chapter authors describe various ways in which anthropologists have engaged and are currently involved in training physicians, in various countries, as well as potential new directions in this field. They address critical topics such as: the history of anthropology in medical education; humanism, ethics, and the culture of medicine; interprofessional and collaborative clinical care; incorporating patient perspectives in practice; addressing social determinants of health, health disparities, and cultural competence; anthropological roles in planning and implementation of medical education programs; effective strategies for teaching medical students; comparative analysis of systems of care in Japan, Uganda, France, United Kingdom, Mexico, Canada and throughout the United States; and potential new directions for anthropological engagement with medicine. The volume overall emphasizes the important role of anthropology in educating physicians throughout the world to improve patient care and population health. .
Categories: Anthropology

Feeling Medicine

Feeling Medicine

“The Hidden Curriculum: A Theory of Medical Education.” Pp. 29–49 in Handbook of the Sociology of Medical Education, edited by Caragh Brosnan and Bryan J. Turner. New York: Routledge. Hall, Judith A., Susan A. Andrzejewski, and Jennelle ...

Author: Kelly Underman

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9781479878666

Category: Social Science

Page: 205

View: 676

The emotional and social components of teaching medical students to be good doctors The pelvic exam is considered a fundamental procedure for medical students to learn; it is also often the one of the first times where medical students are required to touch a real human being in a professional manner. In Feeling Medicine, Kelly Underman gives us a look inside these gynecological teaching programs, showing how they embody the tension between scientific thought and human emotion in medical education. Drawing on interviews with medical students, faculty, and the people who use their own bodies to teach this exam, Underman offers the first in-depth examination of this essential, but seldom discussed, aspect of medical education. Through studying, teaching, and learning about the pelvic exam, she contrasts the technical and emotional dimensions of learning to be a physician. Ultimately, Feeling Medicine explores what it means to be a good doctor in the twenty-first century, particularly in an era of corporatized healthcare.
Categories: Social Science

Researching Medical Education

Researching Medical Education

Bleakley, A. (2006) broadening conceptions of learning in medical education: the message from teamworking. Medical Education, 40, 150–157. Brosnan, C. & Turner, B.S. (eds) (2009) Handbook of the Sociology of Medical Education.

Author: Jennifer Cleland

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118838990

Category: Medical

Page: 320

View: 122

Researching Medical Education is an authoritative guide to excellence in educational research in the health professions. Presented by the Association for the Study of Medical Education and the Association for Medical Education in Europe, Researching Medical Education includes contributions from a team of international clinicians and non-clinical researchers in health education, representing a range of disciplines and backgrounds. This accessible reference provides readers with the basic building blocks of research, introduces a range of theories and how to use them, illustrates a diversity of methods and their use, and gives guidance on practical researcher development. By linking theory and design and methods across the health profession education research spectrum, this book supports the improvement of quality, capacity building and knowledge generation. Researching Medical Education is the ideal resource for anyone researching health education, from undergraduate, through postgraduate training, to continuing professional development.
Categories: Medical

Storytelling Encounters as Medical Education

Storytelling Encounters as Medical Education

Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy, 12(3), 291–299. Hafferty, F. W., & Castellani, B. (2009). The hidden curriculum: A theory of medical education. In C. Brosnan & B. S. Turner (Eds.), Handbook of the sociology of medical education ...

Author: Sally G. Warmington

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000711585

Category: Social Science

Page: 158

View: 716

This innovative volume provides fresh perspectives on how medical students and patients construct identities in relation to each other, using stories of their clinical encounters. It explores how paying attention to medical students’ and patients’ stories in clinical teaching encounters can encourage empathy and the formation of professional identities that embody desirable values such as integrity and respect. Written by an experienced clinician and based on original, rigorous research combining ethnography and dialogic narrative analysis, Storytelling Encounters as Medical Education: Crafting Relational Identity includes patient stories alongside those of students and clinical teachers. This is an important contribution for all those interested in medical education, narrative medicine, person-centred care and identity formation in healthcare. It will also be of value to scholars in a range of other disciplines, who are using a dialogic approach.
Categories: Social Science

Medical Education Theory and Practice E Book

Medical Education  Theory and Practice E Book

Such approaches could be employed to illuminate the ways in which the hierarchy of various medical school constituencies ... In Brosnan C, Turner BS, editors: Handbook of the sociology of medical education, New York, 2009, Routledge.

Author: Tim Dornan

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9780702049866

Category: Medical

Page: 396

View: 707

Medical Education: Theory and Practice is a new text linking the theory and the practice for graduate students and educators who want to go beyond the basics. The scholarship of medical education is, above all, a ‘practice’, but one that has a strong theoretical foundation. Neither theory nor practice stand still, and both are grounded in research. The novelty of this book lies in its interweaving of practice, theory, innovation and research. The book starts with a theorised, contemporary overview of the field. Next, it explores the theoretical foundations of medical education in depth. The remainder of the book reviews a whole a range of educational contexts, processes and outcomes. This work has been edited by a distinguished, international team of medical educationalists and written by equally accomplished authors from across the globe representing a spectrum of disciplines. This will be an invaluable text for all Masters Students in health professions education as well as PhD students and education researchers wanting a background to the discipline. Educators and medical students will also find it a very useful resource. Written by key figures in medical educational research combined with a strong editorial influence from the international editorial team. The text has a strong evidence-based approach that is fully cognisant of research methodology issues, The book provides a scholarly explanation on the topic, rather than aiming to say the last word. Written throughout in a clear and comprehensible style. The content is extensively referenced with additional suggestions for further reading.
Categories: Medical

EDUCATING HEALTH PROFESSIONALS BECOMING A UNIVERSITY TEACHER

EDUCATING HEALTH PROFESSIONALS  BECOMING A UNIVERSITY TEACHER

CONCLUSION In this chapter we have argued that curriculum is of central importance in the education of health professionals. ... In C. Brosnan & B. S. Turner (Eds.), Handbook of the sociology of medical education (pp. 36-50).

Author: Stephen Loftus

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789462093539

Category: Education

Page: 339

View: 109

This book is for health professionals who are becoming involved in the education of people entering their professions. It introduces many of the challenges that educators must engage with in the twenty-first century; challenges that will preoccupy our attention for many years to come. The world of professional practice in healthcare is changing and the education we provide to prepare people for that practice is also changing. How do we prepare professional practitioners for this changing world? How do we prepare them for the changes that are yet to come? What challenges and changes do they need to be aware of? How do we prepare educators – both academics and workplace educators for these challenges? This volume opens up and articulates the issues we face in preparing people to enter the contemporary world of healthcare. Experienced educators should also find much of interest in these pages. Practice-based education provides an overarching framework for consideration of the issues involved. There are five sections in the book: - Section 1: Introduction - Section 2: Health Professional Education in Context - Section 3: Teaching and Research - Section 4: Case Studies - Section 5: Future Directions
Categories: Education

Learning and Teaching in Clinical Contexts

Learning and Teaching in Clinical Contexts

A Practical Guide Clare Delany, Elizabeth Molloy ... International students in speech-language pathology clinical education placements: Perceptions of experience and competency ... Handbook of the sociology of medical education.

Author: Clare Delany

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9780729586627

Category: Medical

Page: 456

View: 708

Featuring the perspectives of more than 40 leading international researchers, theorists and practitioners in clinical education, Learning and Teaching in Clinical Contexts: A Practical Guide provides a bridge between the theoretical aspects of clinical education and the delivery of practical teaching strategies. Written by Clare Delany and Elizabeth Molloy, each chapter weaves together education theory, education strategies and illustrative learning and teaching case scenarios drawn from multidisciplinary clinical contexts. The text supports clinicians and educators responsible for designing and delivering health professional education in clinical workplaces and clinicians undertaking continuing education in workplace teaching. The book is divided into four sections, each addressing a key aspect of the learner and educator experience. Section 1 considers the learner’s needs as they make key transitions from classroom to workplace, or recent graduate to competent clinician Section 2 focuses on the influence of workplace contexts and how they can be used as positive catalysts to enhance learning Section 3 highlights the role of workplace assessments as embedded processes to positively influence learning Section 4 provides an overview of the changing roles of the clinical educator and processes and models of professional development to build educational expertise Demonstrates the integrated nature of three key threads within the field of clinical education: theory, method and context Highlights theoretical frameworks: cognitive, psychological, sociocultural, experiential and ethical traditions and how they inform teaching decisions Incorporates case studies throughout to provide a context to learning and teaching in clinical education Includes practical tips from expert practitioners across different topics Includes an eBook with print purchase on evolve
Categories: Medical

Medical Education and Sociology of Medical Habitus It s not about the Stethoscope

Medical Education and Sociology of Medical Habitus     It   s not about the Stethoscope

Foreword. In D. Wear (Ed.), Women in medical education: An anthology of experience (pp. vii-viii). New York: State University of New York. Conrad, P., Bird, C. E., & Fremont, A. M. (2000). Handbook of medical sociology (5th ed.).

Author: H. Luke

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306480935

Category: Education

Page: 178

View: 568

This is a new and outstanding contribution to understanding the working life of junior doctors. It opens out the field of research in sociology and inserts junior medical doctor culture right into medical sociology and professional medical education by its innovative use of Pierre Bourdieu's sociological framework and the concept of habitus. This volume challenges many of the myths of the medical cultural experiences and socializing forces that are an integral part of early medical training.
Categories: Education

How To Do Primary Care Educational Research

How To Do Primary Care Educational Research

A Practical Guide Mehmet Akman, Valerie Wass, Felicity Goodyear-Smith. REFERENCES 1. Mills CW. The Sociological Imagination. New York: Oxford University Press; 1959. ... Handbook of the Sociology of Medical Education. London: Routledge.

Author: Mehmet Akman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000396454

Category: Medical

Page: 232

View: 723

Primary care is a rapidly growing academic branch of learning and developing its own body of research is the hallmark of a maturing academic discipline. This practical guide is the first designed specifically to support those planning, conducting and disseminating primary care educational research. While research informs clinical practice, organisation of primary care services and teaching the discipline, educational practices and modes of delivery are rapidly changing, particularly in response to new information technologies. Primary care practitioners must be engaged in life-long learning and keep abreast of developments in many arenas and educational research into how to address this has thus become of paramount importance. Key Features: The first ‘how-to’ guide to designing, conducting and disseminating primary care educational research Focus on inter-professional education, co-design and participatory research approaches, in line with current primary care models of care involving inter-disciplinary teams Wide in scope, exploring the current research environment in the contexts of undergraduate teaching, postgraduate training, continuing professional development, and patient education, for academics and educationalists at all levels Step-by-step introduction to the processes of literature review (establishing the existing knowledge base), choosing a topic, research questions and methodology, conducting research and disseminating results Supported by the WONCA Working Parties on Research and Education This book will encourage and upskill academics at universities and institutions teaching primary care in both undergraduate and postgraduate settings, providing support and guidance on how to conduct their own research and evaluate their own programmes, and will help to grow academic research in this discipline in high and, importantly, also low- and middle-income countries.
Categories: Medical

International Handbook of Research in Medical Education

International Handbook of Research in Medical Education

Chicago : National Society for the Study of Education . Bloom , S. W. ( 1965 ) . The sociology of medical education : Some comments on the state of a field . Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly , 43 , 143-184 . Bobbitt , J. F. ( 1972/1918 ) ...

Author: Geoffrey R. Norman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401004626

Category: Education

Page: 1106

View: 902

GEOFF NORMAN McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada CEES VAN DER VLEUTEN University of Maastricht, Netherlands DA VID NEWBLE University of Sheffield, England The International Handbook of Research in Medical Education is a review of current research findings and contemporary issues in health sciences education. The orientation is toward research evidence as a basis for informing policy and practice in education. Although most of the research findings have accrued from the study of medical education, the handbook will be useful to teachers and researchers in all health professions and others concerned with professional education. The handbook comprises 33 chapters organized into six sections: Research Traditions, Learning, The Educational Continuum, Instructional Strategies, Assessment, and Implementing the Curriculum. The research orientation of the handbook will make the book an invaluable resource to researchers and scholars, and should help practitioners to identify research to place their educational decisions on a sound empirical footing. THE FIELD OF RESEARCH IN MEDICAL EDUCAnON The discipline of medical education began in North America more than thirty years ago with the founding of the first office in medical education at Buffalo, New York, by George Miller in the early 1960s. Soon after, large offices were established in medical schools in Chicago (University of Illinois), Los Angeles (University of Southern California) and Lansing (Michigan State University). All these first generation offices mounted master's level programs in medical education, and many of their graduates went on to found offices at other schools.
Categories: Education

Essential Skills for a Medical Teacher

Essential Skills for a Medical Teacher

An Introduction to Teaching and Learning in Medicine Ronald Harden, Jennifer M Laidlaw ... In: Brosnan, C., Turner, B.S. (Eds.), Handbook of the Sociology of Medical Education. Routledge, London, pp. 15–35. Kelly, A.V., 2004.

Author: Ronald Harden

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9780702078552

Category: Medical

Page: 290

View: 433

Perfect for new teachers in undergraduate, postgraduate, or continuing education, as well as more experienced educators who want to assess, improve, and gain new perspectives on teaching and learning, Essential Skills for a Medical Teacher is a useful, easy-to-read professional resource. This book offers a concise introduction to the field of medical education, with key coverage of educational models and theory that can help inform teaching practice. Clear illustrations and practical tips throughout make it an excellent starting point for those new to the field of medical education or who want to facilitate more effective learning for their students or trainees. Provides hints drawn from practical experience that help you create powerful learning opportunities for your students, with readable guidelines and new techniques that can be adopted for use in any teaching program. Includes new coverage of "just-in-time" learning, entrustable professional activities, steps on introducing outcome/competency-based education, selecting a teaching method, programmatic assessment, self-assessment, the student and patient as partners in the education process, the changing role of the teacher, bringing about change, and the future of medical education. Covers recent developments in our understanding of the relationship between learning and technology, as well as curriculum planning and curriculum mapping. Offers practical advice from leading international expert Professor Ronald Harden and co-author Jennifer Laidlaw, who has designed and taught many courses for medical teachers. Prompts you to reflect on your own performance as an educator, as well as analyze with colleagues the different ways that your work can be approached and how your students’ or trainees’ learning can be made more effective.
Categories: Medical

Interdisciplinarity and Problem Based Learning in Higher Education

Interdisciplinarity and Problem Based Learning in Higher Education

Handbook of the sociology of medical education. London: Routledge. Brown, J., Lewis, L., Ellis, K., Stewart, M., Freeman, T. R., & Kasperski, M.J. (2011). Conflict on interprofessional primary health care teams – Can it be resolved?

Author: Annie Aarup Jensen

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030188429

Category: Education

Page: 168

View: 306

This book addresses the relation between Problem-Based Learning (PBL) and interdisciplinarity and challenges the often implicit assumption that PBL leads to interdisciplinarity by default. The book examines theoretical and philosophical aspects of PBL and interdisciplinary learning. The first part of the book conceptualises the notions of problem-based learning and interdisciplinary learning, and highlights some key overlaps and ways of conceiving of their interrelatedness. It discusses the role of problem-based medical education in relation to interdisciplinary professionalism in medical education. Taking the reader into the realm of techno-anthropology, the book discusses the role of problems and projects in transgressing disciplines, and presents an analysis of three challenges facing new students when entering interdisciplinary and problem-based higher education. The second part of the book focuses on practicing interdisciplinarity in problem-based higher education. It explores how the construction of problems in interdisciplinary PBL projects can be seen from the perspectives of multicultural groups, and examines group processes in interdisciplinary PBL projects. It concludes by taking a closer look at student practices in interdisciplinary PBL, and at how students are positioned and position themselves in the complex transdisciplinary PBL project.
Categories: Education

Sexual and Gender Minority Health

Sexual and Gender Minority Health

In C. Bronsan, & B. Turner (Eds.), Handbook of the sociology of medical education (pp. 15–36). New York, NY: Routledge. Harrison, A. K. (2018). Ethnography: Understanding qualitative research. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Author: Brea L. Perry

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 9781838671464

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 432

This volume of Advances in Medical Sociology showcases rich theoretical and empirical contributions on SGM health and wellbeing. The chapters address a variety of topics, drawing from classic and contemporary sociological frameworks and constructs, and reflecting intersecting interdisciplinary approaches to SGM health.
Categories: Social Science