Handbook of Deontic Logic and Normative Systems

Handbook of Deontic Logic and Normative Systems

This book is divided into three parts, containing nine chapters in all, each written by leading experts in the field. The first part concentrates on historical foundations.

Author: Dov Gabbay

Publisher:

ISBN: 1848901321

Category: Mathematics

Page: 646

View: 772

The Handbook of Deontic Logic and Normative Systems presents a detailed overview of the main lines of research on contemporary deontic logic and related topics. Although building on decades of previous work in the field, it is the first collection to take into account the significant changes in the landscape of deontic logic that have occurred in the past twenty years. These changes have resulted largely, though not entirely, from the interaction of deontic logic with a variety of other fields, including computer science, legal theory, organizational theory, economics, and linguistics. This first volume of the Handbook is divided into three parts, containing nine chapters in all, each written by leading experts in the field. The first part concentrates on historical foundations. The second examines topics of central interest in contemporary deontic logic. The third presents some new logical frameworks that have now become part of the mainstream literature. A second volume of the Handbook is currently in preparation, and there may be a third after that.
Categories: Mathematics

Deontic Logic and Normative Systems

Deontic Logic and Normative Systems

Hansson, S.O.: Alternative semantics for deontic logic. In: Gabbay, D., Horty, J.,
van der Meyden, R., van der Torre, L. (eds.) Handbook of Deontic Logic and
Normative Systems, pp. 445–497. College Publications (2013) Schaffer, J.:
Closure, ...

Author: Fabrizio Cariani

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319086156

Category: Mathematics

Page: 273

View: 685

This volume presents the refereed proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Deontic Logic and Normative Systems, DEON 2014, held in Ghent, Belgium, in July 2014. The 17 revised papers and the 2 invited papers included in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 31 submissions. Topics covered include challenges from natural language for deontic logic; the relationship between deontic and other types of modality: epistemic modality, imperatives, supererogatory, etc.; the deontic paradoxes; the modeling of normative concepts other than obligation and permission, e.g., values; the game-theoretical aspects of deontic reasoning; the emergence of norms; norms from a conversational and pragmatic point of view; and norms and argumentation.
Categories: Mathematics

Handbook of Philosophical Logic

Handbook of Philosophical Logic

Deontic logic is one of the formal tools needed in the design and specification of
normative systems, where the latter are understood to be sets of agents (human
or artificial) whose interactions can fruitfully be regarded as norm-governed; the ...

Author: Dov M. Gabbay

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402006659

Category: Philosophy

Page: 354

View: 781

suchquestionsforcenturies(unrestrictedbythecapabilitiesofanyhard­ ware). Theprinciplesgoverningtheinteractionofseveralprocesses,forexample, areabstractansimilartoprinciplesgoverningthecooperationoftwolarge organisation.Adetailedrulebasedeffectivebutrigidbureaucracyisvery muchsimilartoacomplexcomputerprogramhandlingandmanipulating data. Myguessisthattheprinciplesunderlyingoneareverymuchthe sameasthoseunderlyingtheother. Ibelievethedayisnotfarawayinthefuturewhenthecomputerscientist willwakeuponemorningwiththerealisationthatheisactuallyakindof formalphilosopher! TheprojectednumberofvolumesforthisHandbookisabout18.The subjecthasevolvedanditsareashavebecomeinterrelatedtosuchanextent thatitnolongermakessensetodedicatevolumestotopics.However,the volumesdofollowsomenaturalgroupingsofchapters. Iwouldliketothankourauthorsarereadersfortheircontributionsand theircommitmentinmakingthisHandbookasuccess. Thanksalsoto ourpublicationadministratorMrsJ.Spurrforherusualdedicationand excellenceandtoKluwerAcademicPublishersfortheircontinuingsupport fortheHandbook. DovGabbay King'sCollegeLondon x Logic II IT Natural Program Artificialin­ Logic p- language controlspec­ telligence gramming processing ification, verification, concurrency Temporal Expressive Expressive Planning. Extension of logic poweroftense power for re­ Time depen­ Horn clause operators. currentevents. dent data. with time Temporal Specification Eventcalculus. capability. indices. Sepa­ of tempo- Persistence Eventcalculus. rationofpast ral control. throughtime­ Temporallogic fromfuture Decisionprob­ the Frame programming. Problem.Tem­ lems. Model checking. poral query language. temporal transactions. Modal logic. generalised Actionlogic Beliefrevision. Negation by Multi-modal quantifiers Inferential failure and logics databases modality Algorithmic Discourse rep­ New logics. Generaltheory Proceduralap­ proof resentation. Generic theo­ of reasoning. proachtologic Direct com- remprovers Non-monotonic putation on systems linguisticinput Non­ Resolving Loopchecking. Intrinsiclogical Negation by monotonic ambigui- Non-monotonic discipline for failure.Deduc­ reasoning ties. Machine decisionsabout AI. Evolving tivedatabases translation. loops. Faults and com­ Document insystems. municating classification. databases Relevance theory Probabilistic logicalanalysis Realtimesys­ Expert sys­ Semantics for and fuzzy oflanguage tems tems.Machine logicprograms logic learning Intuitionistic Quantifiers in Constructive Intuitionistic Horn clause logic logic reasoning and logicisabetter logic is really proof theory logical basis intuitionistic.
Categories: Philosophy

Handbook of Modal Logic

Handbook of Modal Logic

In New Studies in Deontic Logic: Norms, Actions and the Foundations of Ethics,
edited by R. Hilpinen, 37–85. ... In Deontic Logic in Computer Science: Normative
System Specification, edited by J.-J. C. Meyer & R. J. Wieringa, 85–100.

Author: Patrick Blackburn

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080466664

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1260

View: 154

The Handbook of Modal Logic contains 20 articles, which collectively introduce contemporary modal logic, survey current research, and indicate the way in which the field is developing. The articles survey the field from a wide variety of perspectives: the underling theory is explored in depth, modern computational approaches are treated, and six major applications areas of modal logic (in Mathematics, Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence, Linguistics, Game Theory, and Philosophy) are surveyed. The book contains both well-written expository articles, suitable for beginners approaching the subject for the first time, and advanced articles, which will help those already familiar with the field to deepen their expertise. Please visit: http://people.uleth.ca/~woods/RedSeriesPromo_WP/PubSLPR.html - Compact modal logic reference - Computational approaches fully discussed - Contemporary applications of modal logic covered in depth
Categories: Mathematics

Norms Logics and Information Systems

Norms  Logics and Information Systems

Deontic logic . In D . Gabbay & F . Guenthner ( eds . ) , Handbook of
Philosophical Logic , Vol II , Dordrecht : Reidel , 605 - 714 . Brown , M . A . &
Carmo , J . ( eds . ) ( 1996 ) : Deontic Logic , Agency and Normative Systems .
Workshops in ...

Author: Paul McNamara

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9051994273

Category: Computers

Page: 363

View: 566

This book presents research in an interdisciplinary field, resulting from the vigorous and fruitful cross-pollination between traditional deontic logic and computer science. AI researchers have used deontic logic as one of the tools in modelling legal reasoning. Computer scientists have discovered that computer systems (including their interaction with other computer systems and with human agents) can often be productively modelled as norm-governed. So, for example, deontic logic has been applied by computer scientists for specifying bureaucratic systems, access and security policies, and soft design or integrity constraints, and for modelling fault tolerance. In turn, computer scientists and AI researchers have also discovered (and made it clear to the rest of us) that various formal tools (e.g. nonmonotonic, temporal and dynamic logics) developed in computer science and artificial intelligence have interesting applications to traditional issues in deontic logic. This volume presents some of the best work done in this area, with the selection at once reflecting the general interdisciplinary (and international) character that this area of research has taken on, as well as reflecting the more specific recent inter-disciplinary developments between traditional deontic logic and computer science.
Categories: Computers

Handbook of Research on Multi Agent Systems Semantics and Dynamics of Organizational Models

Handbook of Research on Multi Agent Systems  Semantics and Dynamics of Organizational Models

ACM Press. Jones, A., & Sergot, M. (1993). On the characterisation of law and
computer systems: the normative systems perspective. In Deontic Logic in
Computer Science: Normative System Specification (pp. 275307). Wiley and
Sons. Jones ...

Author: Dignum, Virginia

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781605662572

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 630

View: 459

"This book provide a comprehensive view of current developments in agent organizations as a paradigm for both the modeling of human organizations, and for designing effective artificial organizations"--Provided by publisher.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Extending Deontic Logic for the Formalisation of Legal Rules

Extending Deontic Logic for the Formalisation of Legal Rules

However, there is a growing demand among lawyers and legislators for legal
expert systems to support their work. ... Deontic logic is a branch of philosophical
logic involving reasoning about norms: obligations, prohibitions and permissions.
... logic - the logic of norms: obligations, prohibitions and permissions - in legal
knowledge representation is described in handbooks dating back to the
seventies [cf.

Author: Lambèr Royakkers

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0792349822

Category: Law

Page: 191

View: 621

This book describes extensions of deontic logic. Deontic logic is a branch of philosophical logic involving reasoning with norms, obligations, prohibitions and permissions. The extensions concern the logical structure of legal rules and legal reasoning. Their function is to improve the representation of legal knowledge and enhance deontic logic through increased expressibility. The resulting formulas acquire new meanings, not expressible in standard deontic logic, which are subject to fresh interpretations. The author offers an extensive analysis of the representation of actors, to whom the norms are directed, and authorities who enact the norms. Moreover, a distinction is made between enactment and applicability. A modality of enactment can be used to express inconsistent enacted norms in a consistent way. An authority-hierarchy is introduced to filter out the applicable norms from the set of enacted norms. Some related philosophical questions will be discussed regarding the applications of formalisms that are intrinsic to practical science with respect to `consistency' and `universality'. The formalisms and applications considered here are relevant for law, philosophy and computer science, with a special focus on the improvement of legal expert systems and intelligent support for legal professionals.
Categories: Law

Deontic Logic Agency and Normative Systems

Deontic Logic  Agency and Normative Systems

?EON '96: Third International Workshop on Deontic Logic in Computer Science,
Sesimbra, Portugal, 11 – 13 January 1996 Mark A. Brown, Jose Carmo. ( 15 )
J.L.E Garcia . The tunsollen , the seinsollen , and the soseinsollen . American ...

Author: Mark A. Brown

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: OSU:32435053701058

Category: Computers

Page: 232

View: 342

This is the latest volume in the Workshops in Computing series and contains papers to be presented at the Third International Workshop on Deontic Logic in Computer Science (DEON '96) to be held in Sesimbra, Portugal 11 - 13 January 1996. It contains a variety of contributions covering the relationship between deontic logics, logics of action and normative systems (i.e. systems of or about interacting agents whose behaviour is subject to ideal constraints that may not always be fulfilled in practice). The papers range from the theoretical studies of the logical and conceptual tools needed, to studies of various applications. The resulting volume will be of interest to researchers working in a variety of fields from philosophy, logic and legal theory, through to artificial intelligence and computer/management sciences.
Categories: Computers

Deontic Logic in Computer Science

Deontic Logic in Computer Science

Normative System Specification John-Jules Ch. Meyer, R. J. Wieringa. reasoning
. ... New Studies in Deontic Logic : Norms , Actions , and the Foundations of
Ethics . D . Reidel ... Danish Handbook of Philosophy , 1 : 173 - 182 , 1964 .

Author: John-Jules Ch. Meyer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated

ISBN: UOM:39015029976134

Category: Computers

Page: 317

View: 503

Deontic logic originated from moral philosophy and the philosophy of law as an attempt to formalise normative and legal reasoning. This book draws on the experience of researchers - working in fields as diverse as Artificial Intelligence, linguistics, computer system specification and law - who have discovered the benefits of deontic logic when applied to solving computer science and AI problems. A useful logic in which to specify normative system behaviour, deontic logic has a broad spectrum of possible applications within the field: from legal expert systems to natural language processing, database integrity to electronic contracting and the specification of fault-tolerant software. This book provides a unique and timely assessment of the practical value of deontic logic for computer scientists in AI and law and, more particularly, in such areas as distributed AI and intelligent cooperative information systems.
Categories: Computers

Paraconsistency and Deontic Logic

Paraconsistency and Deontic Logic

Formal Systems for Reasoning with Normative Conflicts Casey Neil McGinnis ...
Logic and Logical Philosophy 9 : 129–36 . ... Deontic logic . In D. M. Gabbay and
F. Guenthner ( eds . ) , Handbook of Philosophical Logic , 2nd ed . , Volume 8.

Author: Casey Neil McGinnis

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951P010481758

Category:

Page: 532

View: 778

Categories:

Fundamenta Informaticae

Fundamenta Informaticae

One of the problems of verifying MAS is that a plain temporal logic like CTL is not
sufficient to represent the mental states of the ... as the ones treated here but also
motivational ones such as desires and intentions [2, 27, 15], and normative [23].
... behaviour we see potential in applying the technique presented here to the
case of deontic interpreted systems [19]. ... Handbook of Theoretical Computer
Science, volume B: Formal Methods and Semantics, chapter Temporal and
Modal ...

Author: Polskie Towarzystwo Matematyczne

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015058313670

Category: Artificial intelligence

Page:

View: 565

Categories: Artificial intelligence

Computing Anticipatory Systems

Computing Anticipatory Systems

R . Hilpinen , Deontic Logic , in The Blackwell Guide to Philosophical Logic ,
edited by L . Goble , Blackwell , Oxford , 2001 , pp ... J . - J . C . Meyer and R .
Wieringa ( Eds . ) , Deontic Logic in Computer Science : Normative System
Specification ...

Author: D. M. Dubois

Publisher: American Institute of Physics

ISBN: STANFORD:36105119449580

Category: Computers

Page: 602

View: 125

The scope of these proceedings is the study, research, and development in the new frontier of science dealing with the paradigm of computing anticipatory systems. A computing anticipatory system is a system which computes its current states in taking into account its anticipatory states. Strong anticipation refers to an anticipation of events built by or embedded in a system. Weak anticipation refers to an anticipation of events predicted or forecast from a model of a system. These proceedings include all the papers by invited speakers who received awards at CASYS'03 as well as a selection of invited papers. Topics include: relativity, quantum mechanics and biophysical systems; anticipatory systems, adaptation and hyperincursion; mathematical models, chaos and soft computing; logic, algorithms and computing systems; living systems, evolution and cognitive models; decision support, enterprise and management models and control systems, simulation and chaos.
Categories: Computers

Computers and Artificial Intelligence

Computers and Artificial Intelligence

[ 8 ] AQVIST , L . : Deontic Logic . In : D . Gabbay and F . Guenthner ( Eds . ) :
Handbook of Philosphical Logic , Vol . ... 605 - 714 . [ 9 ] ÅQVIST , L . :
Introduction to Deontic Logic and the Theory of Normative Systems . ( Indices .
Monographs in ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B5014186

Category: Artificial intelligence

Page:

View: 796

Categories: Artificial intelligence

A Treatise of Legal Philosophy and General Jurisprudence

A Treatise of Legal Philosophy and General Jurisprudence

Deontic Logic . In Handbook of Philosophical Logic : Volume II . Extensions of
Classical Logic . Ed . D . Gabbay and F . Günthner , 605 - 714 . Dordrecht : Reidel
. — 1987 . Introduction to Deontic Logic and the Theory of Normative Systems .

Author: Enrico Pattaro

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1402033877

Category: Philosophy

Page: 1958

View: 650

This paperback edition of the first of the twelve volumes of A Treatises of Legal Philosophy and General Jurisprudence, serves as an introduction to the first-ever multivolume treatment of all important issues in legal philosophy and general jurisprudence, consisting of a five-volume theoretical part and a six-volume historical part. The theoretical part covers the main topics of contemporary debate. The historical volumes trace the development of legal thought from ancient Greek times through the twentieth century. All volumes are edited by the renowned theorist Enrico Pattaro.
Categories: Philosophy

Foundations of Intelligent Systems

Foundations of Intelligent Systems

The use of a logic as specification language enables the system to reason about
the deadlines . ... Deontic logic . In D . M . Gabbay and F . Guenthner , editors ,
Handbook of Philosophical Logic II , pages 605 - 714 . Reidel ... Deontic Logic ,
Agency and Normative Systems , pages 98 - 122 , Springer - Verlag , Berlin ,
1996 .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015037842443

Category: Artificial intelligence

Page:

View: 166

Categories: Artificial intelligence

New Technical Books

New Technical Books

( JE ) Deontic logic in computer science : normative system specification Edited
by John - Jules Ch . Meyer and Roel J . Wieringa ... ( WW ) Cox , Earl The fuzzy
systems handbook : a practitioner ' s guide to building , using , and maintaining
fuzzy ...

Author: New York Public Library

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015063566296

Category: Engineering

Page:

View: 741

Categories: Engineering

Handbook of Paraconsistency

Handbook of Paraconsistency

In deontic logic , the worlds in a model have an entirely different import . They
represent not ways that the actual world might have been , but rather ways that a
normative system could dictate that the actual world ought to be - or , what is ...

Author: Jean-Yves Béziau

Publisher: College Publications

ISBN: UOM:39015076156416

Category: Computers

Page: 512

View: 255

Paraconsistent logics are logics which allow solid deductive reasoning under contradictions by offering a mathematical and philosophical support to contradictory yet non-trivial theories. Due to its role in models of scientific reasoning and to its philosophical implications, as well as to its connections to topics such as abduction, automated reasoning, logic programming, and belief revision, paraconsistency has becoming a fast growing area. During the III World Congress on Paraconsistency (WCP3) held in Toulouse, France, in July, 2003, it became apparent that there is a need for a Handbook covering the most recent results on several aspects of paraconsistent logic, including philosophical debates on paraconsistency and its connections to philosophy of language, argumentation theory, computer science, information theory, and artificial intelligence. This book is a basic tool for those who want to know more about paraconsistent logic, its history and philosophy, the various systems of paraconsistent logic and their applications. The present volume is edited by Jean-Yves Beziau, Walter Carnielli and Dov Gabbay, expert logicians versed in a variety of logics.
Categories: Computers

SCAI 95

SCAI 95

Deon 94 - Proceedings from the Second International Conference of Deontic
Logic in Computer Science , Oslo , 1994 . Complex ... Manuscript series on
Information Technology and Administrative Systems 1 , Section for Information
Technology and ... Deontic Logic in Computer Science : Normative System
Specification . ... In D . Gabbay and F . Guenthner , editors , Handbook of
Philosophical Logic .

Author: Agnar Aamodt

Publisher:

ISBN: PSU:000024599498

Category: Artificial intelligence

Page: 484

View: 658

Categories: Artificial intelligence

Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and Humanities

Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and Humanities

Åqvist , L. ( 1984 ) , “ Deontic Logic " , in D. Gabbay and F. Guenthner ( eds . ) ,
Handbook of Philosophical Logic Vol . II . , Dordrecht ... 66 : pp.95–110 . Åqvist , L
. ( 1987 ) , Introduction to Deontic Logic and the Theory of Normative Systems .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105008477452

Category: Dialectical materialism

Page:

View: 869

Categories: Dialectical materialism