Handbook of Biodiversity Methods

Survey, Evaluation and Monitoring

Author: David Hill,Matthew Fasham,Graham Tucker,Michael Shewry,Philip Shaw

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139445580

Category: Nature

Page: N.A

View: 1073

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Biodiversity is recognised to be of global importance, yet species and habitats continue to be under increasing pressure from human-induced influences. Environmental concerns are high on the political agenda, driving increased legislation to protect the natural environment. The starting point for much of this legislation is the requirement for a comprehensive biodiversity audit. For those needing to undertake such audits, this Handbook, first published in 2005, provides standard procedures which will enable practitioners to better monitor the condition of the biodiversity resource, resulting in improved data upon which to base future policy decisions and actions. Organised in three parts, the Handbook first addresses planning, covering method selection, experimental design, sampling strategy, and data analysis and evaluation. The second part describes survey, evaluation and monitoring methods for a broad range of habitats. Part three considers species and provides information on general methods before addressing specific methods of survey and monitoring for the major taxonomic groups.
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British and Irish Butterflies

An Island Perspective

Author: Roger L H Dennis,Peter B Hardy

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1786395061

Category: Science

Page: 405

View: 7267

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Islands are special places; they can be havens for unique plants and animals and refuges for wildlife. This book investigates the biogeography of butterfly species over the British islands, particularly the factors that influence their presence on the islands and that have made each island's butterfly fauna distinctive. The book contains a full log of records of species on the islands and much supporting information. The first three chapters set the scene, illustrating the basics of island biogeography theory, their changing circumstances during the current Holocene interglacial, and studies of natural history of British butterflies that mark the islands as the most intensively studied region for wildlife in the world. The book advances by increasing resolution downscale from a European continental perspective, through patterns and changes on the British mainland, a comparison of the two dominant islands of Britain and Ireland, to a close inspection of the dynamics of species on the multitude of offshore islands. Detailed investigations include contrasts in species' richness on the islands and then of the incidences of each species. Case studies highlight the continual turnover of species on islands. Attention is then given to evolutionary changes since the time that glaciers enveloped Europe. A powerful message is conveyed for the maintenance of butterfly species on the smaller British islands now experiencing population losses at a rate unprecedented since the spread of the last ice sheets: the incontrovertible importance of maintaining populations of species on nearby mainland sources for islands as pools for future migrants.
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Methods of Environmental Impact Assessment

Author: Peter Morris,Riki Therivel

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 9780774805261

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 378

View: 1620

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Methods of environmental impact assessment is a practical, up-to-date explanation and guide to how EIAS are, and should be, carried out for specific environmental components (e.g. air, water, ecological systems, socio-economic systems). For each component, it includes a discussion of relevant regulations and standards, how baseline surveys are conducted, how impact predictions are made, what mitigation measures can be used, how the effectiveness of such measures should be monitored, and the limitations of the methods. Very few books exist on how EIA should be carried out for specific environmental components. Whereas its sister volume, Introduction to environmental impact assessment, concentrates on the EIA principles, procedures and prospects, Methods of environmental impact assessment concentrates on the methods applied for the environmental components. It does not attempt to make specialists of its readers, but aims to foster better communication between experts, a better understanding of how EIAs should be carried out, and better EIA-related decisions. Taken together, the two books provide a comprehensive coverage of the theory and practice of EIA. Written by practising specialists who teach a highly regarded MSc course in environmental assessment and management, and by experts from a major environmental consultancy, Methods of environmental impact assessment is invaluable for: people who organize, review, and make decisions about EIA; environmental planners and managers; students taking first degrees in planning, ecology, geography, environmental studies and related subjects with an EIA content; and postgraduate students taking courses in EIA or environmental management.
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Environmental Assessment in Practice

Author: Owen Harrop,Ashley Nixon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134729782

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 1515

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This text explains what constitutes good practice in applying environmental assessment as an environmental management tool. A wide range of case studies and other student text features are employed to demonstrate how the different methods, techniques and disciplines of environmental assessment can be used. The authors address the key concepts for environmental assessment procedures: methods for using E.A.; techniques for impact prediction and evaluation; environmental risk assessment; EA consultation and participation; project management; environmental statement review and post-project analysis; and strategic environmental assessment. Worldwide case studies include: gas pipelines, hydroelectric power plants, gold mining, river crossings, waste-to-energy plants and gravel extraction in England, Scotland, Ireland, Canada, the USA, Venezuela, the Netherlands, Iceland, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa and Ghana.
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Land Use Change

The Causes and Consequences

Author: Martin Charles Whitby

Publisher: HMSO Books

ISBN: 9780117015531

Category: Land use

Page: 201

View: 4921

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the monuments at risk survey of England, 1995 ; main report

Author: Timothy Darvill,Andrew K. Fulton,English Heritage,Bournemouth University. School of Conservation Sciences

Publisher: Bournemouth University

ISBN: 9781858990491

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 3460

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