Hallucinations

Research and Practice

Author: Jan Dirk Blom,Iris E.C. Sommer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461409594

Category: Medical

Page: 426

View: 2155

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The work aims to provide an overview of the field of contemporary hallucinations research. It will consist of 28 chapters, the writing of which will be put out to international experts specialized in the specific fields at hand. The work aims to be unique, in that it intends to cover many different types of hallucination, and to approach the subject matter from four different perspectives, i.e., conceptual, phenomenological, neuroscientific, and therapeutic.
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The Neuroscience of Hallucinations

Author: Renaud Jardri,Arnaud Cachia,Pierre Thomas,Delphine Pins

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461441218

Category: Medical

Page: 566

View: 668

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Hallucinatory phenomena have held the fascination of science since the dawn of medicine, and the popular imagination from the beginning of recorded history. Their study has become a critical aspect of our knowledge of the brain, making significant strides in recent years with advances in neuroimaging, and has established common ground among what normally are regarded as disparate fields. The Neuroscience of Hallucinations synthesizes the most up-to-date findings on these intriguing auditory, visual, olfactory, gustatory, and somatosensory experiences, from their molecular origins to their cognitive expression. In recognition of the wide audience for this information among the neuroscientific, medical, and psychology communities, its editors bring a mature evidence base to highly subjective experience. This knowledge is presented in comprehensive detail as leading researchers across the disciplines ground readers in the basics, offer current cognitive, neurobiological, and computational models of hallucinations, analyze the latest neuroimaging technologies, and discuss emerging interventions, including neuromodulation therapies, new antipsychotic drugs, and integrative programs. Among the topics covered: Hallucinations in the healthy individual. A pathophysiology of transdiagnostic hallucinations including computational and connectivity modeling. Molecular mechanisms of hallucinogenic drugs. Structural and functional variations in the hallucinatory brain in schizophrenia. The neurodevelopment of hallucinations. Innovations in brain stimulation techniques and imaging-guided therapy. Psychiatrists, neurologists, neuropsychologists, cognitive neuroscientists, clinical psychologists, and pharmacologists will welcome The Neuroscience of Hallucinations as a vital guide to the current state and promising future of their shared field.
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Hallucinations

Author: Oliver Sacks

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 030795725X

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 8737

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Have you ever seen something that wasn’t really there? Heard someone call your name in an empty house? Sensed someone following you and turned around to find nothing? Hallucinations don’t belong wholly to the insane. Much more commonly, they are linked to sensory deprivation, intoxication, illness, or injury. People with migraines may see shimmering arcs of light or tiny, Lilliputian figures of animals and people. People with failing eyesight, paradoxically, may become immersed in a hallucinatory visual world. Hallucinations can be brought on by a simple fever or even the act of waking or falling asleep, when people have visions ranging from luminous blobs of color to beautifully detailed faces or terrifying ogres. Those who are bereaved may receive comforting “visits” from the departed. In some conditions, hallucinations can lead to religious epiphanies or even the feeling of leaving one’s own body. Humans have always sought such life-changing visions, and for thousands of years have used hallucinogenic compounds to achieve them. As a young doctor in California in the 1960s, Oliver Sacks had both a personal and a professional interest in psychedelics. These, along with his early migraine experiences, launched a lifelong investigation into the varieties of hallucinatory experience. Here, with his usual elegance, curiosity, and compassion, Dr. Sacks weaves together stories of his patients and of his own mind-altering experiences to illuminate what hallucinations tell us about the organization and structure of our brains, how they have influenced every culture’s folklore and art, and why the potential for hallucination is present in us all, a vital part of the human condition.
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Hallucinations

The Science of Idiosyncratic Perception

Author: André Aleman,Frank Larøi

Publisher: Amer Psychological Assn

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 317

View: 2309

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Hearing voices when nobody speaks or seeing objects no one else sees???hallucinations are intriguing phenomena that have puzzled clinicians, researchers, and lay people alike for centuries. In this book, the authors review the latest research on the cognitive and neural bases of hallucinations and outline their unique neurobiology by drawing on evidence from brain imaging and neurotransmission studies. Hallucination characteristics in different forms of psychosis, as well as other clinical groups and conditions, such as brain damage, Charles Bonnet syndrome, dementia, and chemical substance abuse receive detailed attention. The authors integrate the wealth of recent findings into a cohesive framework and put forward a comprehensive, multicomponent model of hallucinations. They also discuss the treatment of hallucinations, ranging from pharmacotherapy and cognitive therapy to transcranial magnetic stimulation. The book includes a comprehensive list of available hallucination questionnaires and scales as a handy clinical assessment resource.
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Hallucinations

Behavior, Experience, and Theory

Author: Ronald K. Siegel

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 322

View: 529

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A Dictionary of Hallucinations

Author: Jan Dirk Blom

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441912237

Category: Medical

Page: 553

View: 3233

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A Dictionary of Hallucinations is designed to serve as a reference manual for neuroscientists, psychiatrists, psychiatric residents, psychologists, neurologists, historians of psychiatry, general practitioners, and academics dealing professionally with concepts of hallucinations and other sensory deceptions.
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Hallucinations and Illusions

A Study of the Fallacies of Perception

Author: Edmund Parish

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108072712

Category: Psychology

Page: 412

View: 4933

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This 1897 work represents Parish's contribution to the study of the psychology of perception and introduces a theory of insanity.
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Cognitive-behavioural Therapy with Delusions and Hallucinations

A Practice Manual

Author: Hazel E. Nelson

Publisher: Nelson Thornes

ISBN: 9780748792566

Category: Auditory hallucinations

Page: 339

View: 9214

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Written in a highly accessible style, Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy with Delusions and Hallucinations gives detailed practical guidance, providing the reader with a range of strategies and techniques, set within a clear, structured framework. Readers are taken through the planning and delivery of the different aspects of the therapy. Issues commonly encountered with people having delusions and hallucinations are considered and strategies are provided to help avoid or overcome these issues. This book can be used as an instruction or practice reference manual as it gives step-by-step guidance on delivering the therapy using case studies and clinical examples to illustrate applications. The foreword is by Professor Aaron T. Beck, a leading figure in cognitive-behavioral therapy in the U.S.
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Hallucinations

Author: Alexandre-Jacques-François Brierre de Boismont

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Hallucinations and illusions

Page: 553

View: 3530

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The Neuroscience of Visual Hallucinations

Author: Daniel Collerton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118731700

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 6472

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Each year, some two million people in the United Kingdom experience visual hallucinations. Infrequent, fleeting visual hallucinations, often around sleep, are a usual feature of life. In contrast, consistent, frequent, persistent hallucinations during waking are strongly associated with clinical disorders; in particular delirium, eye disease, psychosis, and dementia. Research interest in these disorders has driven a rapid expansion in investigatory techniques, new evidence, and explanatory models. In parallel, a move to generative models of normal visual function has resolved the theoretical tension between veridical and hallucinatory perceptions. From initial fragmented areas of investigation, the field has become increasingly coherent over the last decade. Controversies and gaps remain, but for the first time the shapes of possible unifying models are becoming clear, along with the techniques for testing these. This book provides a comprehensive survey of the neuroscience of visual hallucinations and the clinical techniques for testing these. It brings together the very latest evidence from cognitive neuropsychology, neuroimaging, neuropathology, and neuropharmacology, placing this within current models of visual perception. Leading researchers from a range of clinical and basic science areas describe visual hallucinations in their historical and scientific context, combining introductory information with up-to-date discoveries. They discuss results from the main investigatory techniques applied in a range of clinical disorders. The final section outlines future research directions investigating the potential for new understandings of veridical and hallucinatory perceptions, and for treatments of problematic hallucinations. Fully comprehensive, this is an essential reference for clinicians in the fields of the psychology and psychiatry of hallucinations, as well as for researchers in departments, research institutes and libraries. It has strong foundations in neuroscience, cognitive science, optometry, psychiatry, psychology, clinical medicine, and philosophy. With its lucid explanation and many illustrations, it is a clear resource for educators and advanced undergraduate and graduate students.
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