Grasses and Grassland Ecology

Author: David J. Gibson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019852918X

Category: Science

Page: 305

View: 777


Grasses and Grassland Ecology provides an ecologically orientated introduction to this influential group of plants, summarizing the most recent scientific research in ecology and agriculture in the context of the older, classic literature. Ten chapters cover the morphology, anatomy, physiology and systematics of grasses, their population, community and ecosystem ecology, their global distribution, and the effects of disturbanceand grassland management.

California Grasslands

Ecology and Management

Author: Mark R. Stromberg,Jeffrey D. Corbin,Carla M. D Antonio

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520252202

Category: Nature

Page: 390

View: 740


"This highly synthetic and scholarly work brings together new and important scientific contributions by leading experts on a rich diversity of topics concerning the history, ecology, and conservation of California's endangered grasslands. The editors and authors have succeeded admirably in drawing from a great wealth of recent research to produce a widely accessible and compelling, state-of-the-art treatment of this fascinating subject. Anyone interested in Californian biodiversity or grassland ecosystems in general will find this book to be an invaluable resource and a major inspiration for further research, management, and restoration efforts."—Bruce G. Baldwin, W. L. Jepson Professor and Curator, UC Berkeley "Grasses and grasslands are among the most important elements of the California landscape. This is their book, embodying the kind of integrated view needed for all ecological communities in California. Approaches ranging across an incredibly broad spectrum -- paleontology and human history; basic science and practical management techniques; systematics, community ecology, physiology, and genetics; physical factors such as water, soil nutrients, atmospherics, and fire; biological factors such as competition, symbiosis, and grazing -- are nicely tied together due to careful editorial work. This is an indispensable reference for everyone interested in the California environment."—Brent Mishler, Director of the University & Jepson Herbaria and Professor of Integrative Biology, UC Berkeley "The structure and function of California grasslands have intrigued ecologists for decades. The editors of this volume have assembled a comprehensive set of reviews by a group of outstanding authors on the natural history, structure, management, and restoration of this economically and ecologically important ecosystem."—Scott L. Collins, Professor of Biology, University of New Mexico

Grasslands and Climate Change

Author: David J. Gibson,Jonathan A. Newman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107195268

Category: Nature

Page: 372

View: 1170


A comprehensive assessment of the effects of climate change on global grasslands and the mitigating role that ecologists can play.

Grassland Ecology and Wildlife Management

Author: Eric Duffey

Publisher: Halsted Press


Category: Faune - Aménagement

Page: 281

View: 1149


Grassland and their history; Classification of grassland communities in Britain; Grassland and scrub as ecological systems; The grassland ecosystem: botanical characteristic and conservation interest; Zoological characteristics and interest of the grassland ecosystem; Ecological characteristics and classification of scrub communities; Some concepts of grassland management; Management and grazing; Management and mowing; The use of fire, fertilizers and herbicides in management; The management of scrub; The recording and measurement of management methods.

Insect Conservation and Australia’s Grasslands

Author: Tim R. New

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 3030227804

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 2098


Australia’s varied grasslands have suffered massive losses and changes since European settlement, and those changes continue under increasingly intensive human pressures for development and agricultural production. The values of native grasslands for conservation of endemic native biodiversity, both flora and fauna, have led to strong interests in the protection of remaining fragments, especially near urban centres, and documentation of the insects and other inhabitants of grasslands spanning tropical to cool temperate parts of the country. Attention to conservation of grassland insects in Australia is relatively recent, but it is increasingly apparent that grasslands harbour many localised and ecologically specialised endemic species. Their conservation necessarily advances from very incomplete documentation, and draws heavily on lessons from the far better-documented grasslands elsewhere, most notably in the northern hemisphere, and undertaken over far longer periods. From those cases, and the extensive background to grassland management to harmonise conservation with production and amenity values through honing use of processes such as grazing, mowing and fire, the needs and priorities for Australia can become clearer, together with needs for grassland restoration at a variety of scales. This book is a broad overview of conservation needs of grassland insects in Australia, drawing on the background provided elsewhere in the world on the responses to disturbances, and the ecological importance, of some key insect groups (notably Orthoptera, Hemiptera and Lepidoptera) to suggest how insect conservation in native, pastoral and urban grasslands may be advanced. The substantial references given for each chapter facilitate entry for non-entomologist grassland managers and stewards to appreciate the diversity and importance of Australia’s grassland insects, their vulnerabilities to changes, and the possibilities for conserving them and the wider ecological roles in which they participate.

East Africa’s grasses and fodders: Their ecology and husbandry

Author: G. Boonman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792318675

Category: Nature

Page: 343

View: 906


This book is based on more than 1000 references to English and French articles produced in the region over many decades. A comprehensive review of the achievements in farming and research in both wet and dryland is given, related to the grasslands of: Eastern Africa, extending from Malawi to Eritrea, including Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Somalia, Zambia, Rwanda, Burundi, Sudan and eastern Zaire. Sown grasses, within the time-proven system of mixed-farming based on crop-grass rotations. Fodders, e.g. Elephant grass, dryland-Sorghum, lucerne, Leucaena, tropical legumes and hay.£/LIST£ The main objectives of the book are to illustrate the value of East African grasses and fodders for: Livestock: East Africa is the gene-centre of the world's most famous cultivated tropical grasses capable of achieving high animal performance, also without fertilizer. Soil fertility maintenance: local farmers pioneered the practice of grass fallows with Elephant grass to restore soil fertility. This was later extended to sown grasses to accelerate the restoration process. Crop yields are doubled following pasture. Environmental protection: priority in natural grassland is to prevent deterioration. In crop-pasture rotations grasses are effective in trapping rainfall and in reducing erosion by improved soil structure. Topics discussed include animal manure versus fertilizer; zero versus direct grazing; fodder crops (annual and perennial) versus grass conservation; seed production and plant breeding. The main species in cultivation are described in detail.

Grasslands and Grassland Sciences in Northern China

Author: National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Office of International Affairs,Committee on Scholarly Communication with the People's Republic of China

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 030904684X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 230

View: 9939


This volume describes one of the most extensive grassland ecosystems and the efforts of Chinese scientists to understand it. Leading Chinese scientists attribute the decline in China's grasslands to overgrazing and excessive cultivation of marginal areas and discuss measures to limit the damage. The book gives its view on the Chinese approach to the study of grasslands and the relevance of this activity in China to global scientific concerns.

Field and Laboratory Methods for Grassland and Animal Production Research

Author: L. 't Mannetje,R. M. Jones

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9780851999395

Category: Feed utilization efficiency

Page: 447

View: 4793


Considers a range of methods used by plant and animal production scientists to study grassland vegetation and animal performance. This volume replaces a previous title, ''Measurement of Grassland Vegetation and Animal Production'', published in 1978, but incorporates many new topics.

Ecology of Grasslands and Bamboolands in the World

Author: M. Numata

Publisher: Springer


Category: Science

Page: 299

View: 7312


In 1967 and again in 1970 and 1977 I consulted in Tokyo with Mrs. Schluter of VEB Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena, about the plan for a new book on the ecology of the world's grasslands and bamboolands. Upon being requested to be the editor of this new publication, two important books on the subject immediately came to mind, a famous classic by J. W. Bews on "The World's Grasses" (1929) and a new book "Grasses and Grasslands" edited by C. Barnard (1964). At the same time, the Inter national Biological Program had begun, and I became responsible for the Japanese Grassland Project under the sponsorship of the Ministry of Education. I personally conducted the field study and synthesis on Japanese semi-natural grasslands the results of which were published as "Ecological studies in Japanese Grasslands with Special Reference to the IBP Area-Productivity of Terrestrial Communities" (JIBP Synthesis Vol. 13, University of Tokyo Press, 1975). During this period, two books on grassland ecology were published in Japanese, and International Synthesis Volumes are in preparation for publication by the Cambridge University Press, including two volumes on grasslands. In relation to grassland productivity studies, I attended the Second Meeting of the PT Grassland Working Group of IBP held at Saskatoon and Matador, Canada, in 1969 (the proceedings entitled "Grassland Ecosystems· Reviews of Research" edited by R. T. Coupland and G. M. Van Dyne, 1970), and a synthesis meeting at Fort Collins, Colorado, U. S. A. in 1972.

Methods in Comparative Plant Population Ecology

Author: David Gibson

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191651230

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 8981


The field of plant population ecology has advanced considerably in the last decade since the first edition was published. In particular there have been substantial and ongoing advances in statistics and modelling applications in population ecology, as well as an explosion of new techniques reflecting the availability of new technologies (e.g. affordable and accurate Global Positioning Systems) and advances in molecular biology. This new edition has been updated and revised with more recent examples replacing older ones where appropriate. The book's trademark question-driven approach has been maintained and some important topics such as the metapopulation concept which are missing entirely from the current edition are now included throughout the text.