Gradients in a Tropical Mountain Ecosystem of Ecuador

Gradients in a Tropical Mountain Ecosystem of Ecuador

A fascinating work that provides a wealth of information on one of the world’s most biodiverse ecosystems. This is the result of investigations by almost 30 groups of researchers from various disciplines.

Author: Erwin Beck

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642092667

Category: Science

Page: 525

View: 930

A fascinating work that provides a wealth of information on one of the world’s most biodiverse ecosystems. This is the result of investigations by almost 30 groups of researchers from various disciplines. They performed ecosystem analyses following two gradients: an altitudinal gradient and a gradient of land use intensity and ecosystem regeneration following human use. Based on these analyses, this volume discusses these findings in a huge variety of subject areas.
Categories: Science

Gradients in a Tropical Mountain Ecosystem of Ecuador

Gradients in a Tropical Mountain Ecosystem of Ecuador

Altitudinal. Gradient. in. Southern. Ecuador. and. its. Functional. Relationships. with. Vegetation. Structure ... Birds play an important role in the tropical mountain ecosystem as they are essential plant-pollinators and ...

Author: Erwin Beck

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540735267

Category: Science

Page: 525

View: 628

A fascinating work that provides a wealth of information on one of the world’s most biodiverse ecosystems. This is the result of investigations by almost 30 groups of researchers from various disciplines. They performed ecosystem analyses following two gradients: an altitudinal gradient and a gradient of land use intensity and ecosystem regeneration following human use. Based on these analyses, this volume discusses these findings in a huge variety of subject areas.
Categories: Science

Ecosystem Services Biodiversity and Environmental Change in a Tropical Mountain Ecosystem of South Ecuador

Ecosystem Services  Biodiversity and Environmental Change in a Tropical Mountain Ecosystem of South Ecuador

In: Beck E, Bendix J, Kottke I, Makeschin F, Mosandl R (eds) Gradients in a tropical mountain ecosystem of Ecuador. Ecological studies, vol 198. Springer, Berlin, pp 25–36 Pohle P, Gerique A (2008) Sustainable and non sustainable use of ...

Author: Jörg Bendix

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642381379

Category: Science

Page: 440

View: 386

An interdisciplinary research unit consisting of 30 teams in the natural, economic and social sciences analyzed biodiversity and ecosystem services of a mountain rainforest ecosystem in the hotspot of the tropical Andes, with special reference to past, current and future environmental changes. The group assessed ecosystem services using data from ecological field and scenario-driven model experiments, and with the help of comparative field surveys of the natural forest and its anthropogenic replacement system for agriculture. The book offers insights into the impacts of environmental change on various service categories mentioned in the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005): cultural, regulating, supporting and provisioning ecosystem services. Examples focus on biodiversity of plants and animals including trophic networks, and abiotic/biotic parameters such as soils, regional climate, water, nutrient and sediment cycles. The types of threats considered include land use and climate changes, as well as atmospheric fertilization. In terms of regulating and provisioning services, the emphasis is primarily on water regulation and supply as well as climate regulation and carbon sequestration. With regard to provisioning services, the synthesis of the book provides science-based recommendations for a sustainable land use portfolio including several options such as forestry, pasture management and the practices of indigenous peoples. In closing, the authors show how they integrated the local society by pursuing capacity building in compliance with the CBD-ABS (Convention on Biological Diversity - Access and Benefit Sharing), in the form of education and knowledge transfer for application.
Categories: Science

Tropical Rainforests and Agroforests under Global Change

Tropical Rainforests and Agroforests under Global Change

... Makeschin F, Haubrich F, Richter M, Bendix J, Valerezo C (2008a) The ecosystem (Reserva Biol ́ogica San Francisco). In: Beck E, Bendix J, Kottke I, Makeschin F, Mosandl R (eds), Gradients in a tropical mountain ecosystem of Ecuador.

Author: Teja Tscharntke

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642004933

Category: Science

Page: 519

View: 655

not only for land use systems that depend on the regular supply of rain or irrigation water but also for the future development of natural rainforests as drought stress has been shown to a?ect tree growth and species composition in old-growth forests (Wright 1991, Walsh and Newbery 1999, Engelbrecht et al. 2007). A drought experiment conducted in a cacao agroforestry plantation showed that this plantation was surprisingly resilient to an induced drought of more than a year (Schwendenmann et al. 2009). However, droughts can have a strong impact on household incomes from agriculture, they strongly a?ect the vulnerability to poverty and thus have to be analyzed as important exogenous shocks to households, forcing them to adjust their behaviour and develop strategies to cope with these problems. The stability of rainforest margins is a critical factor in the protection of tropical rainforests (Tscharntke et al. 2007). At present, however, rainf- est margins in many parts of the tropics are far from stable, both in soc- economic and in ecological terms. For example, protected areas may attract, rather than repel, human settlement, which may be due to international donor investment in national conservation programs (Wittemeyer et al. 2008). An alternative hypothesis is that protected areas might be compromised if leakage takes place, that is, if impacts that would take place inside the restricted area are displaced to a nearby, undisturbed area (Ewers and Rodrigues 2008).
Categories: Science

Tropical Montane Cloud Forests

Tropical Montane Cloud Forests

In Gradients in a Tropical Mountain Ecosystem of Ecuador, eds. E. Beck, J. Bendix, I. Kottke, F. Makeschin, and R. Mosandl, pp. 37–40. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. Moser, G., D. Hertel, and Ch. Leuschner (2007). Altitudinal change in LAI ...

Author: L. A. Bruijnzeel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139494557

Category: Science

Page:

View: 143

This volume represents a uniquely comprehensive overview of our current knowledge on tropical montane cloud forests. 72 chapters cover a wide spectrum of topics including cloud forest distribution, climate, soils, biodiversity, hydrological processes, hydrochemistry and water quality, climate change impacts, and cloud forest conservation, management, and restoration. The final chapter presents a major synthesis by some of the world's leading cloud forest researchers, which summarizes our current knowledge and considers the sustainability of these forests in an ever-changing world. This book presents state-of-the-art knowledge concerning cloud forest occurrence and status, as well as the biological and hydrological value of these unique forests. The presentation is academic but with a firm practical emphasis. It will serve as a core reference for academic researchers and students of environmental science and ecology, as well as practitioners (natural resources management, forest conservation) and decision makers at local, national, and international levels.
Categories: Science

Silviculture in the Tropics

Silviculture in the Tropics

In: Beck E, Bendix J, Kottke I, Makeschin F, Mosandl R (eds) Gradients in a tropical mountain ecosystem of Ecuador, vol 198, Ecological studies. Springer, Berlin, pp 37–40 Moser G, R€oderstein M, Soethe N, Hertel D, Leuschner C (2008) ...

Author: Sven Günter

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642199868

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 560

View: 987

This book integrates the latest global developments in forestry science and practice and their relevance for the sustainable management of tropical forests. The influence of social dimensions on the development of silvicultural concepts is another spotlight. Ecology and silvicultural options form all tropical continents, and forest formations from dry to moist forests and from lowland to mountain forests are covered. Review chapters which guide readers through this complex subject integrate numerous illustrative and quantitative case studies by experts from all over the world. On the basis of a cross-sectional evaluation of the case studies presented, the authors put forward possible silvicultural contributions towards sustainability in a changing world. The book is addressed to a broad readership from forestry and environmental disciplines.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Forest Hydrology and Biogeochemistry

Forest Hydrology and Biogeochemistry

Bendix J, Kottke I et al (eds) Gradients in a tropical mountain ecosystem of Ecuador, Ecological studies, 198. Springer, Berlin, pp 267–274 Oesker M, Homeier J, Dalitz H et al (2010) Spatial heterogeneity of throughfall quantity and ...

Author: Delphis F. Levia

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400713635

Category: Science

Page: 740

View: 144

This international rigorously peer-reviewed volume critically synthesizes current knowledge in forest hydrology and biogeochemistry. It is a one-stop comprehensive reference tool for researchers and practitioners in the fields of hydrology, biogeoscience, ecology, forestry, boundary-layer meteorology, and geography. Following an introductory chapter tracing the historical roots of the subject, the book is divided into the following main sections: · Sampling and Novel Approaches · Forest Hydrology and Biogeochemistry by Ecoregion and Forest Type · Hydrologic and Biogeochemical Fluxes from the Canopy to the Phreatic Surface · Hydrologic and Biogeochemical Fluxes in Forest Ecosystems: Effects of Time, Stressors, and Humans The volume concludes with a final chapter that reflects on the current state of knowledge and identifies some areas in need of further research.
Categories: Science

The Andean Cloud Forest

The Andean Cloud Forest

In: Beck E, Bendix J, Kottke I, Makeschin F, Mosandl R (eds) Gradients in a Tropical Mountain Ecosystem of Ecuador. Ecol Stud 198, pp 347–359, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg Heinrichs H, Brumsack H-J, Loftfield N, König N (1986) ...

Author: Randall Walton Myster

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030573447

Category: Animal ecology

Page: 223

View: 937

A book focused solely on Andean Cloud Forests (ACF) has never been published. ACF are high biodiversity ecosystems in the Neotropics with a large proportion of endemic species, and are important for the hydrology of entire regions. They provide water for large parts of the Amazon basin, for example. Here I take advantage of my many years working in ACF in Ecuador, to edit this book that contains the following sections: (1) ACF over space and time, (2) Hydrology, (3) Light and the Carbon cycle, (4) Soil, litter, fungi and nutrient cycling, (5) Plants, (6) Animals, and (7) Human impacts and management. Under this premise, international experts contributed chapters that consist of reviews of what is known about their topic, of what research they have done, and of what needs to be done in the future. This work is suitable for graduate students, professors, scientists, and researcher-oriented managers.
Categories: Animal ecology

Tropical Forest Ecosystem Responses to Increasing Nutrient Availability

Tropical Forest Ecosystem Responses to Increasing Nutrient Availability

“Biotic soil activities,” in Gradients in a Tropical Mountain Ecosystem of Ecuador, eds E. Beck, J. Bendix, I. Kottke, F. Makeschin, and R. Mosandl (Berlin: Springer), 217–227. Krashevska, V., Maraun, M., Ruess, L., and Scheu, ...

Author: Jürgen Homeier

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889452279

Category: Electronic book

Page: 111

View: 998

Deforestation and land use change have led to a strong reduction of tropical forest cover during the last decades. Climate change will amplify the pressure to the remaining refuges in the next years. In addition, tropical regions are facing increasing atmospheric inputs of nutrients, which will have unknown consequences for the structure and functioning of these systems, no matter if they are within protected areas or not. Even remote areas are expected to receive rising amounts of nutrients. The effects of higher rates of atmospheric nutrient deposition on the biological diversity and ecosystem functioning of tropical ecosystems are poorly understood and our knowledge of nutrient fluxes and nutrient limitation in tropical forest ecosystems is still limited. Yet, it will be of paramount importance to know the effects of increased nutrient availability to conserve these ecosystems with their biological and functional diversity. During the last years, research efforts have more and more focused on the understanding of the role of nutrients in tropical ecosystems and several coordinated projects have been established that study the effects of experimental nutrient addition. This Research Topic combines results from experiments and from observational studies with the aim to review and conclude on our current knowledge on the role of additional nutrients in ecosystems.
Categories: Electronic book

Progress in Botany Vol 80

Progress in Botany Vol  80

Stuttgart-Hohenheim, pp 375–379 Homeier J, Breckle S-W (2008) Gap-dynamics in the tropical montane forest in South Ecuador. In: Beck E et al (eds) Gradients in a tropical mountain ecosystem of Ecuador, Ecol studies, vol 198, ...

Author: Francisco M. Cánovas

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783030107611

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 935

With one volume each year, this series keeps scientists and advanced students informed of the latest developments and results in all areas of the plant sciences. This latest volume includes reviews on plant physiology, biochemistry, genetics and genomics, forests, and ecosystems.
Categories: Science