The Golden Ratio and Fibonacci Numbers

Author: R. A. Dunlap

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789812386304

Category: Mathematics

Page: 162

View: 3343


In this invaluable book, the basic mathematical properties of the golden ratio and its occurrence in the dimensions of two- and three-dimensional figures with fivefold symmetry are discussed. In addition, the generation of the Fibonacci series and generalized Fibonacci series and their relationship to the golden ratio are presented. These concepts are applied to algorithms for searching and function minimization. The Fibonacci sequence is viewed as a one-dimensional aperiodic, lattice and these ideas are extended to two- and three-dimensional Penrose tilings and the concept of incommensurate projections. The structural properties of aperiodic crystals and the growth of certain biological organisms are described in terms of Fibonacci sequences. Contents: Basic Properties of the Golden Ratio; Geometric Problems in Two Dimensions; Geometric Problems in Three Dimensions; Fibonacci Numbers; Lucas Numbers and Generalized Fibonacci Numbers; Continued Fractions and Rational Approximants; Generalized Fibonacci Representation Theorems; Optimal Spacing and Search Algorithms; Commensurate and Incommensurate Projections; Penrose Tilings; Quasicrystallography; Biological Applications; Construction of the Regular Pentagon; The First 100 Fibonacci and Lucas Numbers; Relationships Involving the Golden Ratio and Generalized Fibonacci Numbers. Readership: Applied mathematicians.

Fibonacci and Lucas Numbers, and the Golden Section

Theory and Applications

Author: Steven Vajda

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486462765

Category: Mathematics

Page: 189

View: 8851


This survey of the use of Fibonacci and Lucas numbers and the ancient principle of the Golden Section covers areas relevant to operational research, statistics, and computational mathematics. 1989 edition.

The Fabulous Fibonacci Numbers

Author: Alfred S. Posamentier

Publisher: Prometheus Books

ISBN: 1615920226

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 1794


The most ubiquitous, and perhaps the most intriguing, number pattern in mathematics is the Fibonacci sequence. In this simple pattern beginning with two ones, each succeeding number is the sum of the two numbers immediately preceding it (1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, ad infinitum). Far from being just a curiosity, this sequence recurs in structures found throughout nature-from the arrangement of whorls on a pinecone to the branches of certain plant stems. All of which is astounding evidence for the deep mathematical basis of the natural world.With admirable clarity, math educators Alfred Posamentier and Ingmar Lehmann take us on a fascinating tour of the many ramifications of the Fibonacci numbers. The authors begin with a brief history of their distinguished Italian discoverer, who, among other accomplishments, was responsible for popularizing the use of Arabic numerals in the West. Turning to botany, the authors demonstrate, through illustrative diagrams, the unbelievable connections between Fibonacci numbers and natural forms (pineapples, sunflowers, and daisies are just a few examples). In art, architecture, the stock market, and other areas of society and culture, they point out numerous examples of the Fibonacci sequence as well as its derivative, the golden ratio. And of course in mathematics, as the authors amply demonstrate, there are almost boundless applications in probability, number theory, geometry, algebra, and Pascal's triangle, to name a few.Accessible and appealing to even the most math-phobic individual, this fun and enlightening book allows the reader to appreciate the elegance of mathematics and its amazing applications in both natural and cultural settings.Alfred S. Posamentier (New York, NY) is dean of the School of Education and professor of mathematics education at The City College of the City University of New York. He has published over 40 books in the area of mathematics and mathematics education, including Pi: A Biography of the World's Most Mysterious Number and Math Charmers: Tantalizing Tidbits for the Mind.Ingmar Lehmann (Berlin, Germany) is on the mathematics faculty at Humboldt University in Berlin and the coauthor of Pi: A Biography of the World's Most Mysterious Number.

The Golden Ratio

The Story of PHI, the World's Most Astonishing Number

Author: Mario Livio

Publisher: Broadway Books

ISBN: 9780307485526

Category: Mathematics

Page: 304

View: 5039


Throughout history, thinkers from mathematicians to theologians have pondered the mysterious relationship between numbers and the nature of reality. In this fascinating book, Mario Livio tells the tale of a number at the heart of that mystery: phi, or 1.6180339887...This curious mathematical relationship, widely known as "The Golden Ratio," was discovered by Euclid more than two thousand years ago because of its crucial role in the construction of the pentagram, to which magical properties had been attributed. Since then it has shown a propensity to appear in the most astonishing variety of places, from mollusk shells, sunflower florets, and rose petals to the shape of the galaxy. Psychological studies have investigated whether the Golden Ratio is the most aesthetically pleasing proportion extant, and it has been asserted that the creators of the Pyramids and the Parthenon employed it. It is believed to feature in works of art from Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa to Salvador Dali's The Sacrament of the Last Supper, and poets and composers have used it in their works. It has even been found to be connected to the behavior of the stock market! The Golden Ratio is a captivating journey through art and architecture, botany and biology, physics and mathematics. It tells the human story of numerous phi-fixated individuals, including the followers of Pythagoras who believed that this proportion revealed the hand of God; astronomer Johannes Kepler, who saw phi as the greatest treasure of geometry; such Renaissance thinkers as mathematician Leonardo Fibonacci of Pisa; and such masters of the modern world as Goethe, Cezanne, Bartok, and physicist Roger Penrose. Wherever his quest for the meaning of phi takes him, Mario Livio reveals the world as a place where order, beauty, and eternal mystery will always coexist. From the Hardcover edition.

Fibonacci and Lucas Numbers with Applications

Author: Thomas Koshy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118031318

Category: Mathematics

Page: 672

View: 5365


The first comprehensive survey of mathematics' most fascinatingnumber sequences Fibonacci and Lucas numbers have intrigued amateur and professionalmathematicians for centuries. This volume represents the firstattempt to compile a definitive history and authoritative analysisof these famous integer sequences, complete with a wealth ofexciting applications, enlightening examples, and fun exercisesthat offer numerous opportunities for exploration andexperimentation. The author has assembled a myriad of fascinating properties of bothFibonacci and Lucas numbers-as developed by a wide range ofsources-and catalogued their applications in a multitude of widelyvaried disciplines such as art, stock market investing,engineering, and neurophysiology. Most of the engaging anddelightful material here is easily accessible to college and evenhigh school students, though advanced material is included tochallenge more sophisticated Fibonacci enthusiasts. A historicalsurvey of the development of Fibonacci and Lucas numbers,biographical sketches of intriguing personalities involved indeveloping the subject, and illustrative examples round out thisthorough and amusing survey. Most chapters conclude with numericand theoretical exercises that do not rely on long and tediousproofs of theorems. Highlights include: * Balanced blend of theory and real-world applications * Excellent reference material for student reports andprojects * User-friendly, informal, and entertaining writing style * Historical interjections and short biographies that add a richerperspective to the topic * Reference sections providing important symbols, problemsolutions, and fundamental properties from the theory of numbersand matrices Fibonacci and Lucas Numbers with Applications providesmathematicians with a wealth of reference material in oneconvenient volume and presents an in-depth and entertainingresource for enthusiasts at every level and from any background.


The Wonder of Science – in Haiku!

Author: Students of The Camden School for Girls

Publisher: Icon Books Ltd

ISBN: 1848317956

Category: Science

Page: 176

View: 3373


An attractive force Between all objects with mass Just like you and me Science is a thing of magic and wonder. It reveals complex patterns – and often thrilling chaos – at the heart of nature; the strange alchemy of reactions between invisible atoms; the bewildering origins of our universe; and the connections in our brains that create love, fear, joy – and poetry. Sciku brings together more than 400 revealing, poignant, witty haiku on scientific subjects. Written by students at The Camden School for Girls, these poems reflect on topics as varied as Newton’s laws, climate change, time travel and evolution. They are also elegiac, enigmatic and often extremely beautiful. Dissolving confusion To some, solutions Are answers; to chemists they Are still all mixed up.

Biscuits of Number Theory

Author: Arthur T. Benjamin,Ezra Brown

Publisher: MAA

ISBN: 9780883853405

Category: Mathematics

Page: 311

View: 2412


An anthology of articles designed to supplement a first course in number theory.

Interior Design

Author: Jenny Gibbs

Publisher: Laurence King Publishing

ISBN: 9781856694285

Category: Interior decoration

Page: 192

View: 2335


Offering a thorough grounding in the principles of interior design, this book describes the qualities and skills needed to become an interior designer, examines the varied career opportunities available and gives a balanced inside view of the business today. Its broad, up-to-date approach unites history, theory and practice. Subjects covered include: how to develop a brief with a client; presentations and sample boards; choosing materials and designs; project planning and management. The book aims to inform and inspire as well as to equip new designers with a valuable route-guide to the profession. Principally written for interior design students, it will also serve as a reliable manual for aspiring amateurs.