GIS Research Methods

Incorporating Spatial Perspectives

Author: Sheila L. Steinberg,Steven J. Steinberg

Publisher: ESRI Press

ISBN: 9781589483781

Category: Science

Page: 409

View: 4012

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This book presents a spatially-based multiple methods approach to research serving academic and organizational researchers from across a wide variety of disciplines. For many, consideration of spatial relationships is an important component of their research questions, including those who may not have yet recognized GIS as a valuable tool. The book will provide readers essential steps to conceptualize and implement research and analysis, develop meaningful quantitative and qualitative geographic results and to communicate their findings using the visualization capabilities of GIS to assist decision-makers and affect policy. Furthermore it offers researchers a deeper understanding of social, economic and environmental questions considering spatial relationships in their data.The broad subject area of the project is the integration of spatial analysis as a research methodology. More specifically the book provides practical guidance for the identification, collection and analysis of appropriate research data for analysis in an Esri/ArcGIS context without being specific to a particular version of the software. The objective is to present ArcGIS with an eye towards incorporating spatial analysis as a fundamental component of mixed methods research. Because GIS is, by nature, an integrative technology which can draw together multiple data sources via a common spatial attribute, it is a natural fit for mixed-methods research. GIS provides the researcher an unparalleled ability to enhance their research incorporating a geographic perspective.
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A Research Guide to Cartographic Resources

Print and Electronic Sources

Author: Eva H. Dodsworth

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1538100843

Category: Reference

Page: 450

View: 9768

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This book navigates the numerous American and Canadian cartographic resources available in print, and online, offering information on how to locate and access the large variety of resources. Cartographic materials are highlighted and summarized, along with lists of map libraries and geospatial centers, and related professional associations.
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Cohort Change Ratios and their Applications

Author: Jack Baker,David A. Swanson,Jeff Tayman,Lucky M. Tedrow

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319537458

Category: Social Science

Page: 255

View: 8731

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This textbook focuses on the cohort change ratio (CCR) method. It presents powerful, yet relatively simple ways to generate accurate demographic estimates and forecasts that are cost efficient and require fewer resources than other techniques. The concepts, analytical frameworks, and methodological tools presented do not require extensive knowledge of demographics, mathematics, or statistics. The demographic focus is on the characteristics of populations, especially age and sex composition, but these methods are applicable estimating and forecasting other characteristics and total population. The book contains more traditional applications such as the Hamilton-Perry method, but also includes new applications of the CCR method such as stable population theory. Real world empirical examples are provided for every application; along with excel files containing data and program code, which are accessible online. Topics covered include basic demographic measures, sources of demographic information, forecasting and estimating (both current and historical) populations, modifications to current methods, forecasting school enrollment and other characteristics, estimating life expectancy, stable population theory, decomposition of the CCR into its migration and mortality components, and the utility of the CCR. This textbook is designed to provide material for an advanced undergraduate or graduate course on demographic methods. It can also be used as a supplement for other courses including applied demography, business and economic forecasting and market research.
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Extreme Weather, Health, and Communities

Interdisciplinary Engagement Strategies

Author: Sheila Lakshmi Steinberg,William A. Sprigg

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331930626X

Category: Nature

Page: 388

View: 2582

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This volume presents a unique interdisciplinary approach, drawing on expertise in both the natural and social sciences. A primary goal is to present a scientific and socially integrated perspective on place-based community engagement, extreme weather, and health. Each year extreme weather is leading to natural disasters around the world and exerting huge social and health costs. The International Monetary Fund (2012) estimates that since 2010, 700 worldwide natural disasters have affected more than 450 million people around the globe. The best coping strategy for extreme weather and environmental change is a strong offense. Communities armed with a spatial understanding of their resources, risks, strengths, weaknesses, community capabilities, and social networks will have the best chance of reducing losses and achieving a better outcome when extreme weather and disaster strikes.
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The Global Turn

Theories, Research Designs, and Methods for Global Studies

Author: Eve Darian-Smith,Philip C. McCarty

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520293037

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 5207

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The ability to deploy interdisciplinary theoretical perspectives that speak to interconnected global dimensions is critical if one’s work is to be relevant and applicable to the emerging global-scale issues of our time. The Global Turn is a guide for students and scholars across all areas of the social sciences and humanities who wish to embark on global-studies research projects. The authors demonstrate how the global can be studied from a local perspective and vice versa. They show how global processes manifest at multiple levels—transnational, regional, national, and local—all of which are interconnected and mutually constitutive. This book takes readers through the steps of thinking like a global scholar in theoretical, methodological, and practical terms, and it explains the implications of global perspectives for research design.
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Qualitative GIS

A Mixed Methods Approach

Author: Meghan Cope,Sarah Elwood

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446249549

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 2301

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Geographic Information Systems are an essential tool for analyzing and representing quantitative spatial data. Qualitative GIS explains the recent integration of qualitative research with Geographical Information Systems With a detailed contextualising introduction, the text is organised in three sections: Representation: examines how researchers are using GIS to create new types of representations; working with spatial data, maps, and othervisualizations to incorporate multiple meanings and to provide texture and context. Analysis: discusses the new techniques of analysis that are emerging at the margins between qualitative research and GIS, this in the wider context of a critical review of mixed-methods in geographical research Theory: questions how knowledge is produced, showing how ideas of 'science' and 'truth' inform research, and demonstrates how qualitative GIS can be used to interrogate discussions of power, community, and social action Making reference to representation, analysis, and theory throughout, the text shows how to frame questions, collect data, analyze results, and represent findings in a truly integrated way. An important addition to the mixed methods literature, Qualitative GIS will be the standard reference for upper-level students and researchers using qualitative methods and Geographic Information Systems.
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The Added Value of Geographical Information Systems in Public and Environmental Health

Author: M.J. de Lepper,Henk J. Scholten,Richard M. Stern

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0585315604

Category: Social Science

Page: 358

View: 1058

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Health for all by the year 2000 is the blueprint for change agreed to by the Member States of the World Health Organization. In Europe, this blueprint is built on 38 regional targets, many of which have the underlying aim of uncovering new knowledge and of using existing knowledge more effectively. The targets related to a healthy environment have the ultimate goals of safeguarding human health against environmental hazards, and of enhancing the quality of life by providing clean and safe water, air, food, and working and living conditions. Allied to these goals is the need to reduce the sense of jeopardy that many people feel about what they perceive as 'the risks of everyday life'. These goals are an integral part of the European Charter on Environment and Health, adopted by 29 European Member States and the Commission of the European Communities in December 1989. The Charter stresses the shared responsibility of everyone to protect the environment, to be given adequate and accurate information, and to be involved in decision-making. It outUnes the principles for public policy as well as what needs to be done to transform them into action. In this, strong information systems have a vital role to play by helping to monitor the effectiveness of measures taken, of trends analysed, of priorities set and of decisions made.
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Innovations In GIS

Author: M. F. Worboys

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203481851

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 267

View: 1560

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This book aims to offer research at the cutting edge. The individual chapters are fully revised and updated versions of contributions to the first focused scientific symposium on research in geographic information systems GISRUK. The book provides the reader with a comprehensive outline of the full range and diversity of innovative research program
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Spatial Uncertainty in Ecology

Implications for Remote Sensing and GIS Applications

Author: Carolyn T. Hunsaker,Michael F. Goodchild,Mark A. Friedl,Ted J. Case

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461302099

Category: Science

Page: 402

View: 6065

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This is one of the first books to take an ecological perspective on uncertainty in spatial data. It applies principles and techniques from geography and other disciplines to ecological research, and thus delivers the tools of cartography, cognition, spatial statistics, remote sensing and computer sciences by way of spatial data. After describing the uses of such data in ecological research, the authors discuss how to account for the effects of uncertainty in various methods of analysis.
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