Geotechnical Centrifuge Technology

Geotechnical Centrifuge Technology

This book provides a thorough review of this powerful and sophisticated technique for modelling soil structure interactions. It has been written by an international team of authors.

Author: R.N. Taylor

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781482269321

Category: Architecture

Page: 296

View: 923

This book provides a thorough review of this powerful and sophisticated technique for modelling soil structure interactions. It has been written by an international team of authors.
Categories: Architecture

Centrifuge Modelling in Geotechnics

Centrifuge Modelling in Geotechnics

Focusing on the application of state-of-the-art modern centrifuge technology and modelling techniques, this book is a complete guide to planning, conducting and interpreting centrifuge tests.

Author: Christophe Gaudin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0415522242

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 544

View: 844

Centrifuge modelling provides valuable insights into soil behaviour and soil structure interaction and assists in solving a variety of geotechnical engineering problems and in designing geotechnical structures. With the rapid developments associated with motion control, sensors and data acquisition systems, centrifuge technology offers new opportunities to find solutions for more and more complex challenges. Focusing on the application of state-of-the-art modern centrifuge technology and modelling techniques, this book is a complete guide to planning, conducting and interpreting centrifuge tests. It explains the underlying principles, design of experiments, and application of results and considers likely future trends and applications. Key coverage includes Centrifuge technology Similitude principles Model preparation and instrumentation Soil characterisation Centrifuge modelling practices and techniques Written by senior academics from the world-leading geotechnical centrifuge centre at the University of Western Australia, this book is a must-have for operators and managers of geotechnical centrifuge centres. It is also an invaluable guide for engineers seeking to maximise the benefits they can draw from centrifuge modelling and for graduate students studying geotechnical modelling.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Centrifuge Modelling for Civil Engineers

Centrifuge Modelling for Civil Engineers

This text covers all aspects of centrifuge modelling. Expertly explaining the basic principles, the book makes this technique accessible to practicing engineers and researchers.

Author: Gopal Madabhushi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351988841

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 324

View: 563

Solve Complex Ground and Foundation Problems Presenting more than 25 years of teaching and working experience in a wide variety of centrifuge testing, the author of Centrifuge Modelling for Civil Engineers fills a need for information about this field. This text covers all aspects of centrifuge modelling. Expertly explaining the basic principles, the book makes this technique accessible to practicing engineers and researchers. Appeals to Non-Specialists and Specialists Alike Civil engineers that are new to the industry can refer to this material to solve complex geotechnical problems. The book outlines a generalized design process employed for civil engineering projects. It begins with the basics, and then moves on to increasingly complex methods and applications including shallow foundations, retaining walls, pile foundations, tunnelling beneath existing pile foundations, and assessing the stability of buildings and their foundations following earthquake-induced soil liquefaction. It addresses the use of modern imaging technique, data acquisition, and modelling techniques. It explains the necessary signal processing tools that are used to decipher centrifuge test data, and introduces the reader to the specialist aspects of dynamic centrifuge modelling used to study dynamic problems such as blast, wind, or wave loading with emphasis on earthquake engineering including soil liquefaction problems. Introduces the equipment and instrumentation used in centrifuge testing Presents in detail signal processing techniques such as smoothing and filtering Provides example centrifuge data that can be used for sample analysis and interpretation Centrifuge Modelling for Civil Engineers effectively describes the equipment, instrumentation, and signal processing techniques required to make the best use of the centrifuge modelling and test data. This text benefits graduate students, researchers, and practicing civil engineers involved with geotechnical issues.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Progress in Geotechnical Dynamic Centrifuge Modeling

Progress in Geotechnical Dynamic Centrifuge Modeling

This report discusses the history and technical advances of centrifuge modeling of highly dynamic geotechnical events.

Author: A. Anandarajah

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:12398396

Category: Centrifuges

Page: 25

View: 126

This report discusses the history and technical advances of centrifuge modeling of highly dynamic geotechnical events. Difficulties and validity of centrifuge modeling technology are presented along with examples of dynamic centrifuge modeling and advantages of using centrifuge modeling technology to study the behavior of geotechnical structures. The centrifuge modeling technique has a tremendous potential for experimentally determining the behavior of soils and soil structure interaction problems. The prototype stresses and strains are correctly modeled in a centrifuge model by the application of centrifugal acceleration. Past experiments clearly demonstrate the feasibility of performing dynamic centrifuge modeling under earthquake-loading, machine vibration, and blast-loading environments. There are, however, difficulties associated with dynamic centrifuge modeling; some of which can be overcome by performing experiments in large capacity centrifuges. The remaining difficulties require further research and development.
Categories: Centrifuges

Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies

Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies

Geotech J. 33: 696-704. Schofield A. 1980. Cambridge geotechnical centrifuge operations. Geotechnique 30(3): 227-268. Taniguchi, E., Koga, Y., Marimoto, I., ...

Author: Yoon-Moon Chun

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780415415866

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 816

View: 860

The construction materials industry is a major user of the world’s resources. While enormous progress has been made towards sustainability, the scope and opportunities for improvements are significant. To further the effort for sustainable development, a conference on Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies was held at Coventry University, Coventry, U.K., from June 11th - 13th, 2007, to highlight case studies and research on new and innovative ways of achieving sustainability of construction materials and technologies. This book presents selected, important contributions made at the conference. Over 190 papers from over 45 countries were accepted for presentation at the conference, of which approximately 100 selected papers are published in this book. The rest of the papers are published in two supplementary books. Topics covered in this book include: sustainable alternatives to natural sand, stone, and Portland cement in concrete; sustainable use of recyclable resources such as fly ash, ground municipal waste slag, pozzolan, rice-husk ash, silica fume, gypsum plasterboard (drywall), and lime in construction; sustainable mortar, concrete, bricks, blocks, and backfill; the economics and environmental impact of sustainable materials and structures; use of construction and demolition wastes, and organic materials (straw bale, hemp, etc.) in construction; sustainable use of soil, timber, and wood products; and related sustainable construction and rehabilitation technologies.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Geotechnical Modelling

Geotechnical Modelling

Steedman, RS and Zeng, X (1995) Dynamics (Chapter 5) Geotechnical centrifuge technology (ed RN Taylor) Blackie Academic and Professional, London 168-195.

Author: David Muir Wood

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203477979

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 463

Modelling forms an implicit part of all engineering design but many engineers engage in modelling without consciously considering the nature, validity and consequences of the supporting assumptions. Derived from courses given to postgraduate and final year undergraduate MEng students, this book presents some of the models that form a part of the typical undergraduate geotechnical curriculum and describes some of the aspects of soil behaviour which contribute to the challenge of geotechnical modelling. Assuming a familiarity with basic soil mechanics and traditional methods of geotechnical design, this book is a valuable tool for students of geotechnical and structural and civil engineering as well as also being useful to practising engineers involved in the specification of numerical or physical geotechnical modelling.
Categories: Science

Centrifuges in Soil Mechanics

Centrifuges in Soil Mechanics

This book contains technical papers, presented in a discussion session at the XI International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering held in San Francisco in 1985, on the role of centrifuge in geotechnical testing, with ...

Author: W.H. Craig

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000108422

Category: Science

Page: 274

View: 703

This book contains technical papers, presented in a discussion session at the XI International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering held in San Francisco in 1985, on the role of centrifuge in geotechnical testing, with descriptions of test facilities.
Categories: Science

Characterization of the Swelling Potential of Expansive Clays Using Centrifuge Technology

Characterization of the Swelling Potential of Expansive Clays Using Centrifuge Technology

The characterization of the swell potential of expansive clay is complicated by the fact that traditional swell testing methods require an excessive amount of time for specimens to swell to their maximum heights.

Author: Jeffrey Albin Kuhn

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:773829088

Category:

Page: 420

View: 137

The characterization of the swell potential of expansive clay is complicated by the fact that traditional swell testing methods require an excessive amount of time for specimens to swell to their maximum heights. As a result, the practicing engineer has typically referred to correlations between swell potential and index properties rather than directly measuring swelling in a laboratory experiment. The purpose of this study is to evaluate an alternate testing method using a geotechnical centrifuge in an attempt to decrease the time required to evaluate the swell potential of expansive clays so that expermientally obtained swelling properties may be obtained within a reasonable time period. This study includes an experimental program involving a series of tests in which compacted clay specimens are flown in a cetrifuge and their heights are monitored as water infiltrates into them.
Categories:

Constitutive and Centrifuge Modelling Two Extremes

Constitutive and Centrifuge Modelling  Two Extremes

Geotechnical Centrifuge Technology : 264-292 . London : Blackie Academic and Professional . Springman , S.M. 1993. Centrifuge Modelling in Clay : Marine ...

Author: S. Springman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9058093611

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 400

View: 314

The extremes of constitutive and centrifuge modelling are explored here, with a range of lectures addressing specific areas of these two types of modelling as well as on specific design problems and the themes of failure, deformations and interfaces.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

ICPMG2014 Physical Modelling in Geotechnics

ICPMG2014   Physical Modelling in Geotechnics

Factors of safety and reliability in geotechnical engineering. J. Geotech. Geoenviron. Eng. 126(4): 307–316. ... Geotech. Centrifuge Technology, Taylor (ed.) ...

Author: Christophe Gaudin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781315776873

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1366

View: 721

The 8th International Conference on Physical Modelling in Geotechnics (ICPMG2014) was organised by the Centre for Offshore Foundation Systems at the University of Western Australia under the auspices of the Technical Committee 104 for Physical Modelling in Geotechnics of the International Society of Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering. This quadrennial conference is the traditional focal point for the physical modelling community of academics, scientists and engineers to present and exchange the latest developments on a wide range of physical modelling aspects associated with geotechnical engineering. These proceedings, together with the seven previous proceedings dating from 1988, present an inestimable collection of the technical and scientific developments and breakthroughs established over the last 25 years. These proceedings include 10 keynote lectures from scientific leaders within the physical modelling community and 160 peer-reviewed papers from 26 countries. They are organised in 14 themes, presenting the latest developments in physical modelling technology, modelling techniques and sensors, through a wide range of soil-structure interaction problems, including shallow and deep foundations, offshore geotechnics, dams and embankments, excavations and retaining structures and slope stability. Fundamental aspects of earthquake engineering, geohazards, ground reinforcements and improvements, and soil properties and behaviour are also covered, demonstrating the increasing complexity of modelling arising from state-of-the-art technological developments and increased understanding of similitude principles. A special theme on education presents the latest developments in the use of physical modelling techniques for instructing undergraduate and postgraduate students in geotechnical engineering.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Electromagnetic Boundary Problems

Electromagnetic Boundary Problems

Centrifuges modelling: practical considerations. Geotech. Centrifuge Technology, Taylor (ed.), London: Blackie Academic & Professional: 34–60.

Author: Edward F. Kuester

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781138001527

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 354

View: 233

Electromagnetic Boundary Problems introduces the formulation and solution of Maxwell’s equations describing electromagnetism. Based on a one-semester graduate-level course taught by the authors, the text covers material parameters, equivalence principles, field and source (stream) potentials, and uniqueness, as well as: Provides analytical solutions of waves in regions with planar, cylindrical, spherical, and wedge boundaries Explores the formulation of integral equations and their analytical solutions in some simple cases Discusses approximation techniques for problems without exact analytical solutions Presents a general proof that no classical electromagnetic field can travel faster than the speed of light Features end-of-chapter problems that increase comprehension of key concepts and fuel additional research Electromagnetic Boundary Problems uses generalized functions consistently to treat problems that would otherwise be more difficult, such as jump conditions, motion of wavefronts, and reflection from a moving conductor. The book offers valuable insight into how and why various formulation and solution methods do and do not work.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering for Protection and Development of Environment and Constructions

Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering for Protection and Development of Environment and Constructions

Centrifuge scaling considerations for fluid-particle systems. Geotechnique 35(4),461-470. Taylor, R. N. 1995. Geotechnical centrifuge technology ...

Author: Francesco Silvestri

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780429633508

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 5946

View: 635

Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering for Protection and Development of Environment and Constructions contains invited, keynote and theme lectures and regular papers presented at the 7th International Conference on Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering (Rome, Italy, 17-20 June 2019. The contributions deal with recent developments and advancements as well as case histories, field monitoring, experimental characterization, physical and analytical modelling, and applications related to the variety of environmental phenomena induced by earthquakes in soils and their effects on engineered systems interacting with them. The book is divided in the sections below: Invited papers Keynote papers Theme lectures Special Session on Large Scale Testing Special Session on Liquefact Projects Special Session on Lessons learned from recent earthquakes Special Session on the Central Italy earthquake Regular papers Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering for Protection and Development of Environment and Constructions provides a significant up-to-date collection of recent experiences and developments, and aims at engineers, geologists and seismologists, consultants, public and private contractors, local national and international authorities, and to all those involved in research and practice related to Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Physical Modelling in Geotechnics Two Volume Set

Physical Modelling in Geotechnics  Two Volume Set

7 SUMMARY This paper has described a new geotechnical centrifuge facility established at the Institute of Technology Sligo in Ireland. The centrifuge ...

Author: Sarah Springman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780415592888

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1552

View: 653

This book results from the 7th ICPMG meeting in Zurich 2010 and covers a broad range of aspects of physical modelling in geotechnics, linking across to other modelling techniques to consider the entire spectrum required in providing innovative geotechnical engineering solutions. Topics presented at the conference: Soil – Structure – Interaction; Natural Hazards; Earthquake Engineering: Soft Soil Engineering; New Geotechnical Physical; Modelling Facilities; Advanced Experimental Techniques; Comparisons between Physical and Numerical Modelling Specific Topics: Offshore Engineering; Ground Improvement and Foundations; Tunnelling, Excavations and Retaining Structures; Dams and slopes; Process Modelling; Goenvironmental Modelling; Education
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Applied Analyses in Geotechnics

Applied Analyses in Geotechnics

Phillips , R. ( 1995 ) Centrifuge modelling : practical considerations . Geotechnical Centrifuge Technology , Blackie , London , pp . 34-60 .

Author: Fethi Azizi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0419253408

Category: Architecture

Page: 776

View: 158

Innovative and state-of-the-art, using clear illustrations and numerous worked examples, this book explains core, yet highly complex, topics such as critical state modelling, centrifuge modelling, pressuremeter testing and finite element modelling. Applied Analyses in Geotechnics will enable the reader to make informed judgements about appropriate analytical parameters and allow for greater understanding of results and their implications.
Categories: Architecture

Soil Mechanics

Soil Mechanics

Craig, W.H. (1995) Geotechnical centrifuges: past, present and future, in Geotechnical Centrifuge Technology (ed. R.N.Taylor), pp. 1–18, Blackie, London.

Author: William Powrie

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203461525

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 704

View: 753

The aim of this book is to encourage students to develop an understanding of the fundamentals of soil mechanics. It builds a robust and adaptable framework of ideas to support and accommodate the more complex problems and analytical procedures that confront the practising geotechnical engineer. Soil Mechanics: Concepts and Applications covers the soil mechanics and geotechnical engineering topics typically included in university courses in civil engineering and related subjects. Physical rather than mathematical arguments are used in the core sections wherever possible. New features for the second edition include: an accompanying website containing the lecturers solutions manual; a revised chapter on soil strength and soil behaviour separating the basic and more advanced material to aid understanding; a major new section on shallow foundations subject to combined vertical, horizontal and moment loading; revisions to the material on retaining walls, foundations and filter design to account for new research findings and bring it into line with the design philosophy espoused by EC7. More than 50 worked examples including case histories Learning objectives, key points and example questions
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Stability of Geotechnical Structures Theoretical and Numerical Analysis

Stability of Geotechnical Structures  Theoretical and Numerical Analysis

Geotechnical model tests of bearing capacity problems in a centrifuge. Geotechnique 35, no. 1, 33-45. Ko, H. Y. and Davidson, L. W. 1973.

Author: Y.M. Cheng

Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers

ISBN: 9781681083032

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 430

View: 818

Stability of Geotechnical Structures: Theoretical and Numerical Analysis is a comprehensive introduction to the theory and applications of soil mechanics in structural stability. Chapters explain different mathematical methods to calculate structural stability metrics. Topics covered in the book include upper and lower bound methods, kinematic methods, slip line methods, limit analysis, limit equilibrium, and element methods. Additionally, fundamental principles in plasticity formulation are discussed in sufficient details, and sample computer programs are included to aid the readers in learning the presented theoretical material. The book also features worked examples for easy understanding. Theoretical material in the book is based on actual research conducted by the authors, with additional literature reviews and discussions about important topics in geotechnical engineering. Stability of Geotechnical Structures: Theoretical and Numerical Analysis is suitable for students undertaking advanced foundation or geotechnical engineering courses at undergraduate or postgraduate levels. Frontiers in Civil Engineering brings scholarly references on all topics related to civil engineering to the fore. Each volume presents thematic information on theoretical frameworks and practical applications in the field, including (but not limited to) soil and rock mechanics, flood control, road and railway engineering, and the construction of large buildings, bridges and dams. The series aims to compile and present useful information in the form of handbooks and monographs for students involved in technical courses in addition to providing updated references for professional engineers about the latest trends in civil engineering.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Submarine Mass Movements and Their Consequences

Submarine Mass Movements and Their Consequences

The Geotechnical Centrifuge in Offshore Engineering. OTRC Honors Lecture, Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, USA. Phillips, R., and Sekiguchi, H., ...

Author: Jacques Locat

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401000932

Category: Science

Page: 542

View: 342

Did you know that the Grand Bank earthquake of 1929 triggered a huge submarine mass movement which broke submarine cables over a distance of up to 1000 km from its source and generated a tsunami which devastated a small village in Newfoundland killing 27 people? The same happened in Papua New Guinea in 1998 with more than 2000 casualties. Submarine mass movements of various sizes and styles are shaping the sea floor and are of concern for many facets of human activities both onshore and offshore. These include the development of natural resources, energy and communication transport, coastal infrastructures and communities. This book provides a world-wide perspective of submarine mass movements and their consequences. This has been made possible by assembling excellent contributions from active researchers, groups, or institutions, thus providing full coverage of the many scientific and engineering aspects of this type of marine and coastal geo-hazard. It covers fundamental as well as site specific studies from many areas including the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, inner seas like the Mediterranean Sea, and fjords using the most recent technologies from multibeam sonar imaging techniques, 3D seismic analysis, slope stability analysis, to debris flow and tsunami modeling. Audience: This book is of interest to any researcher in the field of marine and coastal geo-hazards. It will be useful for planners, scientists and engineers involved in the development of offshore and near-shore resources and also to those in charge of the management and mitigation of coastal hazards. For graduate students, this book provides an up-to-date vision of the process of submarine mass movements and their consequences from both a scientific and an engineering standpoint, and it includes a unique collection of the existing literature on marine geo-hazards. CD-Rom included This volume contains a CD-Rom which in addition to an electronically searchable version of the contributions, has full colour versions of figures which are printed in black and white in the book.
Categories: Science