Geometric Group Theory

Author: Mladen Bestvina,Michah Sageev,Karen Vogtmann

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470412276

Category: Mathematics

Page: 339

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Geometric group theory refers to the study of discrete groups using tools from topology, geometry, dynamics and analysis. The field is evolving very rapidly and the present volume provides an introduction to and overview of various topics which have played critical roles in this evolution. The book contains lecture notes from courses given at the Park City Math Institute on Geometric Group Theory. The institute consists of a set of intensive short courses offered by leaders in the field, designed to introduce students to exciting, current research in mathematics. These lectures do not duplicate standard courses available elsewhere. The courses begin at an introductory level suitable for graduate students and lead up to currently active topics of research. The articles in this volume include introductions to CAT(0) cube complexes and groups, to modern small cancellation theory, to isometry groups of general CAT(0) spaces, and a discussion of nilpotent genus in the context of mapping class groups and CAT(0) groups. One course surveys quasi-isometric rigidity, others contain an exploration of the geometry of Outer space, of actions of arithmetic groups, lectures on lattices and locally symmetric spaces, on marked length spectra and on expander graphs, Property tau and approximate groups. This book is a valuable resource for graduate students and researchers interested in geometric group theory. Titles in this series are co-published with the Institute for Advanced Study/Park City Mathematics Institute. Members of the Mathematical Association of America (MAA) and the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) receive a 20% discount from list price.
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Geometry and Quantum Field Theory

Author: Daniel S. Freed,Karen K. Uhlenbeck,American Mathematical Society,Institute for Advanced Study (Princeton, N.J.)

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821886830

Category: Science

Page: 459

View: 2785

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The first title in a new series, this book explores topics from classical and quantum mechanics and field theory. The material is presented at a level between that of a textbook and research papers making it ideal for graduate students. The book provides an entree into a field that promises to remain exciting and important for years to come.
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Modern Approaches to Discrete Curvature

Author: Laurent Najman,Pascal Romon

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319580027

Category: Mathematics

Page: 353

View: 2320

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This book provides a valuable glimpse into discrete curvature, a rich new field of research which blends discrete mathematics, differential geometry, probability and computer graphics. It includes a vast collection of ideas and tools which will offer something new to all interested readers. Discrete geometry has arisen as much as a theoretical development as in response to unforeseen challenges coming from applications. Discrete and continuous geometries have turned out to be intimately connected. Discrete curvature is the key concept connecting them through many bridges in numerous fields: metric spaces, Riemannian and Euclidean geometries, geometric measure theory, topology, partial differential equations, calculus of variations, gradient flows, asymptotic analysis, probability, harmonic analysis, graph theory, etc. In spite of its crucial importance both in theoretical mathematics and in applications, up to now, almost no books have provided a coherent outlook on this emerging field.
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Representation Theory of Lie Groups

Author: Jeffrey Adams, David Vogan

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821886908

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 3662

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This book contains written versions of the lectures given at the PCMI Graduate Summer School on the representation theory of Lie groups. The volume begins with lectures by A. Knapp and P. Trapa outlining the state of the subject around the year 1975, specifically, the fundamental results of Harish-Chandra on the general structure of infinite-dimensional representations and the Langlands classification. Additional contributions outline developments in four of the most active areas of research over the past 20 years. The clearly written articles present results to date, as follows: R. Zierau and L. Barchini discuss the construction of representations on Dolbeault cohomology spaces. D. Vogan describes the status of the Kirillov-Kostant ``philosophy of coadjoint orbits'' for unitary representations. K. Vilonen presents recent advances in the Beilinson-Bernstein theory of ``localization''. And Jian-Shu Li covers Howe's theory of ``dual reductive pairs''. Each contributor to the volume presents the topics in a unique, comprehensive, and accessible manner geared toward advanced graduate students and researchers. Students should have completed the standard introductory graduate courses for full comprehension of the work. The book would also serve well as a supplementary text for a course on introductory infinite-dimensional representation theory.
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Symplectic Geometry and Topology

Author: Yakov Eliashberg,Lisa M. Traynor

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821886892

Category: Mathematics

Page: 430

View: 4423

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Symplectic geometry has its origins as a geometric language for classical mechanics. But it has recently exploded into an independent field interconnected with many other areas of mathematics and physics. The goal of the IAS/Park City Mathematics Institute Graduate Summer School on Symplectic Geometry and Topology was to give an intensive introduction to these exciting areas of current research. Included in this proceedings are lecture notes from the following courses: Introductionto Symplectic Topology by D. McDuff; Holomorphic Curves and Dynamics in Dimension Three by H. Hofer; An Introduction to the Seiberg-Witten Equations on Symplectic Manifolds by C. Taubes; Lectures on Floer Homology by D. Salamon; A Tutorial on Quantum Cohomology by A. Givental; Euler Characteristicsand Lagrangian Intersections by R. MacPherson; Hamiltonian Group Actions and Symplectic Reduction by L. Jeffrey; and Mechanics: Symmetry and Dynamics by J. Marsden. Information for our distributors: Titles in this series are copublished with the Institute for Advanced Study/Park City Mathematics Institute. Members of the Mathematical Association of America (MAA) and the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) receive a 20% discount from list price.
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Algebraic Geometry: Salt Lake City 2015 (Part 1)

Author: Tommaso de Fernex,Brendan Hassett,Mircea Mustaţă,Martin Olsson,Mihnea Popa,Richard Thomas

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470435772

Category: Geometry, Algebraic

Page: 655

View: 6918

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This is Part 1 of a two-volume set. Since Oscar Zariski organized a meeting in 1954, there has been a major algebraic geometry meeting every decade: Woods Hole (1964), Arcata (1974), Bowdoin (1985), Santa Cruz (1995), and Seattle (2005). The American Mathematical Society has supported these summer institutes for over 50 years. Their proceedings volumes have been extremely influential, summarizing the state of algebraic geometry at the time and pointing to future developments. The most recent Summer Institute in Algebraic Geometry was held July 2015 at the University of Utah in Salt Lake City, sponsored by the AMS with the collaboration of the Clay Mathematics Institute. This volume includes surveys growing out of plenary lectures and seminar talks during the meeting. Some present a broad overview of their topics, while others develop a distinctive perspective on an emerging topic. Topics span both complex algebraic geometry and arithmetic questions, specifically, analytic techniques, enumerative geometry, moduli theory, derived categories, birational geometry, tropical geometry, Diophantine questions, geometric representation theory, characteristic and -adic tools, etc. The resulting articles will be important references in these areas for years to come.
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Nonlinear partial differential equations in differential geometry

Author: Robert Hardt

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821804315

Category: Mathematics

Page: 339

View: 785

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What distinguishes differential geometry in the last half of the twentieth century from its earlier history is the use of nonlinear partial differential equations in the study of curved manifolds, submanifolds, mapping problems, and function theory on manifolds, among other topics. The differential equations appear as tools and as objects of study, with analytic and geometric advances fueling each other in the current explosion of progress in this area of geometry in the last twenty years. This book contains lecture notes of minicourses at the Regional Geometry Institute at Park City, Utah, in July 1992. Presented here are surveys of breaking developments in a number of areas of nonlinear partial differential equations in differential geometry. The authors of the articles are not only excellent expositors, but are also leaders in this field of research. All of the articles provide in-depth treatment of the topics and require few prerequisites and less background than current research articles.
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Enumerative Geometry and String Theory

Author: Sheldon Katz

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821836870

Category: Mathematics

Page: 206

View: 676

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Perhaps the most famous example of how ideas from modern physics have revolutionized mathematics is the way string theory has led to an overhaul of enumerative geometry, an area of mathematics that started in the eighteen hundreds. Century-old problems of enumerating geometric configurations have now been solved using new and deep mathematical techniques inspired by physics!The book begins with an insightful introduction to enumerative geometry. From there, the goal becomes explaining the more advanced elements of enumerative algebraic geometry. Along the way, there are some crash courses on intermediate topics which are essential tools for the student of modern mathematics, such as cohomology and other topics in geometry. The physics content assumes nothing beyond a first undergraduate course. The focus is on explaining the action principle in physics, the idea of string theory, and how these directly lead to questions in geometry. Once these topics are in place, the connection between physics and enumerative geometry is made with the introduction of topological quantum field theory and quantum cohomology.
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Geometric Combinatorics

Author: Ezra Miller

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821837362

Category: Mathematics

Page: 691

View: 2378

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Geometric combinatorics describes a wide area of mathematics that is primarily the study of geometric objects and their combinatorial structure. Perhaps the most familiar examples are polytopes and simplicial complexes, but the subject is much broader. This volume is a compilation of expository articles at the interface between combinatorics and geometry, based on a three-week program of lectures at the Institute for Advanced Study/Park City Math Institute (IAS/PCMI) summer program on Geometric Combinatorics. The topics covered include posets, graphs, hyperplane arrangements, discrete Morse theory, and more. These objects are considered from multiple perspectives, such as in enumerative or topological contexts, or in the presence of discrete or continuous group actions. Most of the exposition is aimed at graduate students or researchers learning the material for the first time. Many of the articles include substantial numbers of exercises, and all include numerous examples. The reader is led quickly to the state of the art and current active research by worldwide authorities on their respective subjects. Information for our distributors: Titles in this series are co-published with the Institute for Advanced Study/Park City Mathematics Institute. Members of the Mathematical Association of America (MAA) and the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) receive a 20% discount from list price.
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Lectures in Geometric Combinatorics

Author: Rekha R. Thomas

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821841402

Category: Mathematics

Page: 143

View: 7500

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This book presents a course in the geometry of convex polytopes in arbitrary dimension, suitable for an advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate student. The book starts with the basics of polytope theory. Schlegel and Gale diagrams are introduced as geometric tools to visualize polytopes in high dimension and to unearth bizarre phenomena in polytopes. The heart of the book is a treatment of the secondary polytope of a point configuration and its connections to the state polytope of the toric ideal defined by the configuration. These polytopes are relatively recent constructs with numerous connections to discrete geometry, classical algebraic geometry, symplectic geometry, and combinatorics.The connections rely on Grobner bases of toric ideals and other methods from commutative algebra. The book is self-contained and does not require any background beyond basic linear algebra. With numerous figures and exercises, it can be used as a textbook for courses on geometric, combinatorial, and computational aspects of the theory of polytopes.
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