Geographical Information Systems in Archaeology

Author: James Conolly,Mark Lake

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521793300

Category: Social Science

Page: 338

View: 7401

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Geographical Information Systems has moved from the domain of the computer specialist into the wider archaeological community, providing it with an exciting new research method. This clearly written but rigorous book provides a comprehensive guide to that use. Topics covered include: the theoretical context and the basics of GIS; data acquisition including database design; interpolation of elevation models; exploratory data analysis including spatial queries; statistical spatial analysis; map algebra; spatial operations including the calculation of slope and aspect, filtering and erosion modeling; methods for analysing regions; visibility analysis; network analysis including hydrological modeling; the production of high quality output for paper and electronic publication; and the use and production of metadata. Offering an extensive range of archaeological examples, it is an invaluable source of practical information for all archaeologists, whether engaged in cultural resource management or academic research. This is essential reading for both the novice and the advanced user.
Release

Archaeology And Geographic Information Systems

A European Perspective

Author: Gary R Lock,G Stancic

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780748402083

Category: Social Science

Page: 319

View: 2071

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Geographic information systems GIS applications are viewed with increasing interest by the archaeology community and this book, with its diversity of topics and authorship, should be a useful resource. Complementing the volume "Interpreting Space" Taylor & Francis, 1990, which focused on North American archaeology, this title further develops themes within a specifically - though not exclusively - European context.; It is apparent that there are fundamental differences between North American and European archaeological uses of GIS. Primarily these differences lie in the types of evidence for past landscapes that are available for study in the two continents, and secondly in the different approaches to archaeology and specifically the theory and practice of landscape archaeology. This title centres on the role of archaeological theory in cultural resource management CRM and in GIS applications generally. It showcases the important debate which takes the emphasis away from the technology of GIS and places it back within the central concerns of archaeology and particularly European archaeology.; "Archaeology and GIS" includes material on such concerns as CRM applications, landscape archaeology, intra-site applications and explicitly theoretical concerns, thus representing the state of GIS applications in European archaeology. Contributions come from countries such as France, Italy, Hungary, UK, USA, the Netherlands, the Czech Republic, Spain, Slovenia and Finland.
Release

Geographical Information Systems in Urban Archaeology and Urban Planning

A Case Study of a Modern Greek City, Built on Top of an Ancient City

Author: Helene Simoni

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Oxford Limited

ISBN: 9781407314778

Category: Social Science

Page: 77

View: 6820

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Thebook focuses on the implications of discovering archaeological layers duringconstruction works in modern cities for both urban archaeology and urbanplanning. The research methodology uses qualitative and quantitative data.Patras, Greece was selected as the case study. Archivalresearch and existing unused data have contributed to the compilation of adatabase. G.I.S. and statistics are used to process it digitally, and todemonstrate the statistical relationship between data from urban planning andurban archaeology. This enables the prediction of the existence of antiquitiesand their depth by recording and processing data from five years ofexcavations, without considering the city's history. The procedure highlights the importance of a city's archaeology forits functioning and proposes the introduction of a new building regulation.This study can be used in the monitoring of construction and the investigationof the role of cultural heritage in the planning of the contemporary city.
Release

Geographical Information Systems and Landscape Archaeology

Author: Mark Gillings,D. J. Mattingly,Jan van Dalen

Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 137

View: 4548

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This monograph focuses on the use of GIS modelling as applied to the collection and interpretation of data relating to the archaeology of the Mediterranean landscape.
Release

Re-Mapping Archaeology

Critical Perspectives, Alternative Mappings

Author: Mark Gillings,Piraye Hacıgüzeller,Gary Lock

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351267701

Category: Social Science

Page: 324

View: 8103

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Maps have always been a fundamental tool in archaeological practice, and their prominence and variety have increased along with a growing range of digital technologies used to collect, visualise, query and analyse spatial data. However, unlike in other disciplines, the development of archaeological cartographical critique has been surprisingly slow; a missed opportunity given that archaeology, with its vast and multifaceted experience with space and maps, can significantly contribute to the field of critical mapping. Re-mapping Archaeology thinks through cartographic challenges in archaeology and critiques the existing mapping traditions used in the social sciences and humanities, especially since the 1990s. It provides a unique archaeological perspective on cartographic theory and innovatively pulls together a wide range of mapping practices applicable to archaeology and other disciplines. This volume will be suitable for undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as for established researchers in archaeology, geography, anthropology, history, landscape studies, ethnology and sociology.
Release

Spatial Technology and Archaeology

The Archaeological Applications of GIS

Author: David Wheatley,Mark Gillings

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466576618

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 269

View: 6021

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and related spatial technologies have a new and powerful role to play in archaeological interpretation. Beginning with a conceptual approach to the representation of space adopted by GIS, this book examines spatial databases; the acquisition and compilation of data; the analytical compilation of data; the analytical functionality of GIS; and the creation and utilization of critical foundation data layers such as the Digital Elevation Model (DEM). The ways in which GIS can most usefully facilitate archaeological analysis and interpretation are then explored particularly as a tool for the management of archaeological resources. Formal analysis of archaeological material, and the use of trend surface, contouring and interpolation procedures are considered along with predictive modeling analysis of visibility and intervisibility. Finally there is a discussion of leading-edge issues, including three-dimensional GIS, object-oriented GIS, the relationship between GIS and 'Virtual Reality' technologies, and the integration of GIS with distributed systems and the Internet. The approach is light, and technical detail is kept to a minimum, recognizing that most readers are simply interested in using GIS effectively. The text is carefully illustrated with worked case-studies using archaeological data. Spatial Technology and Archaeology provides a single reference source for archaeologists, students, professionals, and academics in archaeology as well as those in anthropology and related disciplines.
Release

Geographical Information Systems and Computer Cartography

Author: Christopher B. Jones

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 319

View: 1879

DOWNLOAD NOW »

A concise text presenting the fundamental concepts in Geographical Information Systems (GIS), emphasising an understanding of techniques in management, analysis and graphic display of spatial information. Divided into five parts - the first part reviews the development and application of GIS, followed by a summary of the characteristics and representation of geographical information. It concludes with an overview of the functions provided by typical GIS systems. Part Two introduces co-ordinate systems and map projections, describes methods for digitising map data and gives an overview of remote sensing. Part Three deals with data storage and database management, as well as specialised techniques for accessing spatial data. Spatial modelling and analytical techniques for decision making form the subject of Part Four, while the final part is concerned with graphical representation, emphasising issues of graphics technology, cartographic design and map generalisation.
Release

Causes And Consequences Of Map Generalization

Author: Elsa Joao

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780748407767

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 288

View: 4115

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This text describes late-1990s understanding of map generalisation in the context of paper maps and GIS. Its particular value should be in helping to further automate and measure the process of map generalisation.; The research has concentrated on quantifying generalisation effects and on analysing how these effects of generalisation locked into the maps were measured. Elsa Joao's book covers the background to the problems of map generlasation; the methodology developed by the author to investigate the consequences of the map generalisation; a detailed description of results, and a conclusion that draws together consequences for the broader applications to GIS.
Release

Research Methods for History

Author: Simon Gunn

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748654046

Category: Reference

Page: 256

View: 4531

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Providing a lively critical survey of methods for historical research at all levels, this textbook covers well-established sources and methods together with those that are less widely known. It reflects current theoretical and technical approaches to hist
Release

Managing Archaeology

Author: John Carman,Malcolm Cooper,Anthony Firth,David Wheatley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134843534

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 9795

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Effective management is becoming increasingly important in all aspects of archaeology. Archaeologists must manage the artefacts thay deal with, their funding, ancient sites, as well as the practice of archaeology itself. Managing Archaeology is a collecton of outstanding papers from experts involved in these many areas. The contributors focus on the principles and practice of management in the 1990s, covering such crucial aeas as the management of contract and field archaeology, heritage management, marketing, law and information technology. The resulting volume is important and informative reading for archaeologists and heritage managers, as well as planners, policy makers and environmental consultants.
Release