Geographical Ecology

Geographical Ecology

First published in 1972 and now available for the first time in paperback, this book is the summation of the life work of one of the most influential scientists of our time.

Author: Robert H. MacArthur

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691023824

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 343

First published in 1972 and now available for the first time in paperback, this book is the summation of the life work of one of the most influential scientists of our time. Of permanent interest in this history and philosophy of science, it is also frequently cited in the current ecological literature and is still up-to-date in many categories. Written in MacArthur's beautifully lucid style this work will continue to be read by anyone concerned with biological ideas. *Lightning Print On Demand Title
Categories: Science

Experimental Geographical Ecology

Experimental Geographical Ecology

Landscape-ecological analysis was performed with particular examples, with the involvement of quite an array of ... This is precisely the specificity and scientific-methodological significance of experimental geographical ecology.

Author: Erland G. Kolomyts

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781527586659

Category: Science

Page: 685

View: 420

This book sets out a paradigm of experimental geographical ecology and its core—landscape ecology—providing a number of empirical statistical models and ecological geographical concepts developed on the basis of these. It highlights the mechanisms of formation of regional- and local-level landscape-ecological systems, their natural and anthropogenic dynamics, and their evolutionary trends. It presents numerical methods of making landscape-ecological forecasts and assessing forest sustainability, and provides quantitative estimates of local and regional biotic regulation of the carbon cycle according to the scenarios of modern temperature growth and mitigation of warming, set out by the Paris (2015) Agreement on Climate Change. As such, the book will be a useful source of reference for field research, statistical and cartographic processing of the obtained data, mathematical modeling, geoecological interpretation of results, and the creation of theoretical schemes of geosystem analysis. It will appeal to specialists in the fields of geographical ecology, landscape-ecological modeling, and environmental forecasting.
Categories: Science

Landscape Ecology And Geographical Information Systems

Landscape Ecology And Geographical Information Systems

Episodes in the History of Population Ecology, Chicago, IL: Chicago University Press. Kroodsma, R.L., 1982, Bird community ... MacArthur, R.H., 1972, Geographical Ecology, New York: Harper and Row. MacArthur, R.H. and Levins, 1967, ...

Author: R Haines-Young

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781482272345

Category: Nature

Page: 329

View: 386

The landscape we see and live in is an important part or our everyday lives, be they urban or rural. Environmental concern has grown in recent years, as a result of public awareness of the detrimental impact industry, transport and tourism can have on the ecosystem. This book examines the role of the new technologies of geographical information sys
Categories: Nature

Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions MPB 49

Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions  MPB 49

Geographical Ecology: Patterns in the Distribution of Species. Harper & Row, New York. MacArthur, R. H., and E. O. Wilson. 1967. The Theory of Island Biogeography. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ. Mace, G. M., N. J. Collar, ...

Author: A. Townsend Peterson

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400840670

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 243

This book provides a first synthetic view of an emerging area of ecology and biogeography, linking individual- and population-level processes to geographic distributions and biodiversity patterns. Problems in evolutionary ecology, macroecology, and biogeography are illuminated by this integrative view. The book focuses on correlative approaches known as ecological niche modeling, species distribution modeling, or habitat suitability modeling, which use associations between known occurrences of species and environmental variables to identify environmental conditions under which populations can be maintained. The spatial distribution of environments suitable for the species can then be estimated: a potential distribution for the species. This approach has broad applicability to ecology, evolution, biogeography, and conservation biology, as well as to understanding the geographic potential of invasive species and infectious diseases, and the biological implications of climate change. The authors lay out conceptual foundations and general principles for understanding and interpreting species distributions with respect to geography and environment. Focus is on development of niche models. While serving as a guide for students and researchers, the book also provides a theoretical framework to support future progress in the field.
Categories: Science

1900 MCQs with Explanatory Notes For GEOGRAPHY ECOLOGY ENVIRONMENT 2nd Edition

1900  MCQs with Explanatory Notes For GEOGRAPHY  ECOLOGY   ENVIRONMENT 2nd Edition

In ecology, an ecosystem is a naturally occurring assemblage of organism (plant, animal and other living organism ... responsible for hypothesising two major former geographical features, the supercontinent Gondwana and the Tethys Ocean ...

Author: Disha Experts

Publisher: Disha Publications

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 200

View: 290

The thouroughly Revised & Updated 2nd Edition of the book '1900+ MCQs with Explanatory Notes For GEOGRAPHY, ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT' has been divided into 6 chapters which have been further divided into 28 Topics containing 1900+ “Multiple Choice Questions” for Quick Revision and Practice. The Unique Selling Proposition of the book is the explanation to each and every question which provides additional info to the students on the subject of the questions and correct reasoning wherever required. The questions have been selected on the basis of the various types of questions being asked in the various exams.
Categories:

Marine Ecological Geography

Marine Ecological Geography

Sevrikova SD, Gordina AD, Klimova TN, et al (1991) On negative ecological consequences of dumping. In: Abstracts of the 2nd all-union conference on fishery toxicology, vol 2, St. Petersburg, November 1991, pp 152–153 (in Russian) ...

Author: Dmitry Ya Fashchuk

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642174445

Category: Science

Page: 434

View: 953

In Chapter 1 the methodological principles of systemization and visualization of multidimensional ecological information for its operational dissemination among potential users are stated. Their realization results in creation of the geographic-and ecologic model of marine basin as an information base for diagnosis of the marine ecosystem state, estimation of consequences of economic activity, and modelling of its changes with the use of mathematical tools. In Chapter 2 the geographic-and-ecological aspects of mathematical modelling of marine ecosystems, the possibilities and peculiarities of the most adequate models, the Russian hydrodynamic model of oil spills "SPILLMOD" and hydroecological model of organogenic compound transformation in the sea, are investigated. In the following six Chapters the examples of practical realization of geographic-and-ecological (as information source) and mathematical (as computing apparatus) modelling at the investigations of specific ecological problems associated with consequences of natural hazards and economic activity on aquatory and within the whole Black Sea basin are given.
Categories: Science

Introduction to Population Ecology

Introduction to Population Ecology

Population ecology of some warblers of northeastern coniferous forests. Ecology 39: 599–619. MacArthur, R.H. 1972. Geographical Ecology: Patterns in the Distribution of Species. Harper and Row, New York, NY. MacArthur, R.H., and E.O. ...

Author: Larry L. Rockwood

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118947586

Category: Science

Page: 379

View: 524

Introduction to Population Ecology, 2nd Edition is a comprehensive textbook covering all aspects of population ecology. It uses a wide variety of field and laboratory examples, botanical to zoological, from the tropics to the tundra, to illustrate the fundamental laws of population ecology. Controversies in population ecology are brought fully up to date in this edition, with many brand new and revised examples and data. Each chapter provides an overview of how population theory has developed, followed by descriptions of laboratory and field studies that have been inspired by the theory. Topics explored include single-species population growth and self-limitation, life histories, metapopulations and a wide range of interspecific interactions including competition, mutualism, parasite-host, predator-prey and plant-herbivore. An additional final chapter, new for the second edition, considers multi-trophic and other complex interactions among species. Throughout the book, the mathematics involved is explained with a step-by-step approach, and graphs and other visual aids are used to present a clear illustration of how the models work. Such features make this an accessible introduction to population ecology; essential reading for undergraduate and graduate students taking courses in population ecology, applied ecology, conservation ecology, and conservation biology, including those with little mathematical experience.
Categories: Science

The International Handbook of Political Ecology

The International Handbook of Political Ecology

Howitt, R. (2003), 'Scale', in J. Agnew, K. Mitchell and G. Toal (eds), A Companion to Political Geography, Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 138–57. Ioris, A.A.R. (2012), 'Applying the strategic-relational approach to urban political ecology: the ...

Author: Raymond L Bryant

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9780857936172

Category: Political Science

Page: 704

View: 146

The International Handbook of Political Ecology features chapters by leading scholars from around the world in a unique collection exploring the multi-disciplinary field of political ecology. This landmark volume canvasses key developments, topics, iss
Categories: Political Science

The Ecology of Intercropping

The Ecology of Intercropping

Geographical Ecology . Harper and Row , New York . MacArthur , R.H. & R. Levins . 1967. The limiting similarity , convergence and divergence of coexisting species . Am . Nat . 101 : 377-8 . Maken , M.M. & Doto , A.L. 1982.

Author: John H. Vandermeer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521346894

Category: Nature

Page: 254

View: 506

This study shows how classical ecological principles, especially those relating to competition and population ecology, can be applied to growing two or more crops together and how the approach can improve agricultural yields.
Categories: Nature

Spatial Ecology via Reaction Diffusion Equations

Spatial Ecology via Reaction Diffusion Equations

Geographical Ecology. Harper and Row, New York. (Reprinted 1984 by Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.) MacArthur, R.H. and R. Levins. (1964). Competition, habitat selection, and character displacement in a patchy environment.

Author: Robert Stephen Cantrell

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470871287

Category: Mathematics

Page: 428

View: 813

Many ecological phenomena may be modelled using apparently random processes involving space (and possibly time). Such phenomena are classified as spatial in their nature and include all aspects of pollution. This book addresses the problem of modelling spatial effects in ecology and population dynamics using reaction-diffusion models. * Rapidly expanding area of research for biologists and applied mathematicians * Provides a unified and coherent account of methods developed to study spatial ecology via reaction-diffusion models * Provides the reader with the tools needed to construct and interpret models * Offers specific applications of both the models and the methods * Authors have played a dominant role in the field for years Essential reading for graduate students and researchers working with spatial modelling from mathematics, statistics, ecology, geography and biology.
Categories: Mathematics