The Governance of Climate Geoengineering

The Governance of Climate Geoengineering

In summary, this book provides an indispensable resource for scientists, activists, policymakers and political figures aiming to engage in the geoengineering debate.

Author: Jason J. Blackstock

Publisher: Earthscan Science in Society Series

ISBN: 184971374X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 290

View: 621

Geoengineering - the planetary scale engineering of the climate system - is expected to receive increasingly serious consideration by states seeking ways to manage the most dangerous risks of climate change. Agreeing on a governance framework in which even serious research into geoengineering technologies can take place presents an immense international political challenge. In this important book, a collection of experts from the domains of science, science policy, politics, law, governance, ethics and civil society provide the essential foundation on which the debate can be built. Opening with an introduction to geoengineering and the main technological options currently on the table, the book then moves on to examine the ethical dilemmas and governance challenges posed. All actors involved in the emerging debate about geoengineering technologies need to understand not only the climate science and uncertainties underpinning these technological ideas, but also the possible ramifications of geoengineering for human societies. This includes an appreciation of the precedents for governing transboundary/global issues and how far lessons learnt from these precedents can be applied to the special case of geoengineering. The book closes by presenting a range of short commentaries from engaged scientists and policymakers, NGOs, corporations and researchers from developed and developing countries, as well as a set of key documents from already emerging debates. In summary, this book provides an indispensable resource for scientists, activists, policymakers and political figures aiming to engage in the geoengineering debate.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Geoengineering our Climate

Geoengineering our Climate

Ethics, Politics, and Governance Jason J. Blackstock, Sean Low. SCIENCE. IN. SOCIETY. SERIES. Series Editor: Steve Rayner Institute for Science, Innovation and Society, University of Oxford Editorial board: Jason J. Blackstock, ...

Author: Jason J. Blackstock

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135053895

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 290

View: 534

If the detrimental impacts of human-induced climate change continue to mount, technologies for geoengineering our climate – i.e. deliberate modifying of the Earth's climate system at a large scale – are likely to receive ever greater attention from countries and societies worldwide. Geoengineering technologies could have profound ramifications for our societies, and yet agreeing on an international governance framework in which even serious research into these planetary-altering technologies can take place presents an immense international political challenge. In this important book, a diverse collection of internationally respected scientists, philosophers, legal scholars, policymakers, and civil society representatives examine and reflect upon the global geoengineering debate they have helped shape. Opening with essays examining the historic origins of contemporary geoengineering ideas, the book goes on to explore varying perspectives from across the first decade of this global discourse since 2006. These essays methodically cover: the practical and ethical dilemmas geoengineering poses; the evolving geoengineering research agenda; the challenges geoengineering technologies present to current international legal and political frameworks; and differing perceptions of geoengineering from around the world. The book concludes with a series of forward looking essays, some drawing lessons from precedents for governing other global issues, others proposing how geoengineering technologies might be governed if/as they begin to emerge from the lab into the real world. This book is an indispensable resource for scientists, activists, policymakers, and political figures aiming to engage in the emerging debate about geoengineering our climate.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Philanthropy and the Future of Science and Technology

Philanthropy and the Future of Science and Technology

The Earthscan Science in Society Series Series Editor: Steve Rayner Institute for Science, Innovation and Society, ... Change Response A New Approach to Climate Politics Theresa Scavenius and Steve Rayner Geoengineering Our Climate?

Author: Evan S. Michelson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429814105

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 14

View: 307

An increasingly important and often overlooked issue in science and technology policy is recognizing the role that philanthropies play in setting the direction of research. In an era where public and private resources for science are strained, the practices that foundations adopt to advance basic and applied research needs to be better understood. This first-of-its-kind study provides a detailed assessment of the current state of science philanthropy. This examination is particularly timely, given that science philanthropies will have an increasingly important and outsized role to play in advancing responsible innovation and in shaping how research is conducted. Philanthropy and the Future of Science and Technology surveys the landscape of contemporary philanthropic involvement in science and technology by combining theoretical insights drawn from the responsible research and innovation (RRI) framework with empirical analysis investigating an array of detailed examples and case studies. Insights from interviews conducted with foundation representatives, scholars, and practitioners from a variety of sectors add real-world perspective. A wide range of philanthropic interventions are explored, focusing on support for individuals, institutions, and networks, with attention paid to the role that science philanthropies play in helping to establish and coordinate multi-sectoral funding partnerships. Novel approaches to science philanthropy are also considered, including the emergence of crowdfunding and the development of new institutional mechanisms to advance scientific research. The discussion concludes with an imaginative look into the future, outlining a series of lessons learned that can guide how new and established science philanthropies operate and envisioning alternative scenarios for the future that can inform how science philanthropy progresses over the coming decades. This book offers a major contribution to the advancement of philanthropic investment in science and technology. Thus, it will be of considerable interest to researchers and students in public policy, public administration, political science, science and technology studies, sociology of science, and related disciplines.
Categories: Business & Economics

The Governance of Solar Geoengineering

The Governance of Solar Geoengineering

“The Global Politics of Climate Change: Challenge for Political Science.” PS: Political Science ... In Geoengineering Our Climate? Ethics, Politics and Governance, edited by Jason J. Blackstock and Sean Low, 190–8. London: Earthscan.

Author: Jesse L. Reynolds

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107161955

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 277

View: 770

Solar geoengineering could reduce climate change, but poses risks. This volume explores how it is, could, and should be governed.
Categories: Business & Economics

Scholarship Practice and Education in Comparative Law

Scholarship  Practice and Education in Comparative Law

In J. Blackstock & S. Low (Eds.), Geoengineering our climate? Ethics, politics and governance (p. 223). London: Earthscan. Folke, C. (2006). Resilience: The emergence of a perspective for social-ecological systems analyses.

Author: John H. Farrar

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811392467

Category: Law

Page: 222

View: 253

This book examines how law functions in a multitude of facets and dimensions. The contributions shed light on the study of comparative law in legal scholarship, the relevance of comparative law in legal practice, and the importance of comparative law in legal education. The book will particularly appeal to those engaged in the teaching and scholarship of comparative law, and those seeking to uncover the various significant dimensions of the workings of law. The book is organised in three parts. Part I addresses scholarship, with contributors examining comparative legal issues as critique and from a theoretical framework. Part II outlines practice, with contributors discussing the function of comparative law in such comparatively diverse areas as international arbitration, environment, and the rule of law. Part III appraises comparative law in education.
Categories: Law

The Ethics of Geoengineering the Global Climate

The Ethics of    Geoengineering    the Global Climate

Justice, Legitimacy and Governance Stephen M. Gardiner, Catriona McKinnon, Augustin Fragnière. Science, Technology and Human Values, 41, 274–297. ... In J. J. Blackstock & S. Low (Eds.), Geoengineering our climate? Ethics, politics and ...

Author: Stephen M. Gardiner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000164237

Category: Political Science

Page: 254

View: 345

In the face of limited time and escalating impacts, some scientists and politicians are talking about attempting "grand technological interventions" into the Earth’s basic physical and biological systems ("geoengineering") to combat global warming. Early ideas include spraying particles into the stratosphere to block some incoming sunlight, or "enhancing" natural biological systems to withdraw carbon dioxide from the atmosphere at a higher rate. Such technologies are highly speculative and scientific development of them has barely begun. Nevertheless, it is widely recognized that geoengineering raises critical questions about who will control planetary interventions, and what responsibilities they will have. Central to these questions are issues of justice and political legitimacy. For instance, while some claim that climate risks are so severe that geoengineering must be attempted, others insist that the current global order is so unjust that interventions are highly likely to be illegitimate and exacerbate injustice. Such concerns are rarely discussed in the policy arena in any depth, or with academic rigor. Hence, this book gathers contributions from leading voices and rising stars in political philosophy to respond. It is essential reading for anyone puzzled about how geoengineering might promote or thwart the ends of justice in a dramatically changing world. The chapters in this book were originally published in the journals: Ethics, Policy & the Environment and Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy.
Categories: Political Science

Climate Technology Gender and Justice

Climate Technology  Gender  and Justice

Blackstock, J., & Miller, C. (2016). Geoengineering our climate?: Ethics, politics, governance. London: Earthscan. Blickenstaff, C. J. (2005). Women and science careers: Leaky pipeline or gender filter? Gender and education, 17(4), ...

Author: Tina Sikka

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783030011475

Category: Social Science

Page: 155

View: 534

This book is the first to undertake a gendered analysis of geoengineering and alternative energy sources. Are either of these technologies sufficiently attendant to gender issues? Do they incorporate feminist values as articulated by the renowned social philosopher Helen Longino, such as empirical adequacy, novelty, heterogeneity, complexity and applicability to human needs? The overarching argument in this book contends that, while mitigation strategies like solar and wind energy go much further to meet feminist objectives and virtues, geoengineering is not consistent with the values of justice as articulated in Longino's feminist approach to science. This book provides a novel, feminist argument in support of pursuing alternative energy in the place of geoengineering. It provides an invaluable contribution for academics and students working in the areas of gender, science and climate change as well as policy makers interested in innovative ways of taking up climate change mitigation and gender.
Categories: Social Science

Environment and Citizenship

Environment and Citizenship

The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science (AAPSS)584: 97¥109. Gibbs, L. (2011) Love Canal and the ... Goodell, J. (2010) How to Cool the Planet: Geoengineering and the Audacious Quest to Fix Earth's Climate.

Author: Benito Cao

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136191008

Category: Nature

Page: 290

View: 349

The increasing awareness of the human impact on the environment is having a profound effect on the concept and content of citizenship – one of the fundamental institutions that structures human relations. In what is the first introduction of its kind, this book provides an accessible, stimulating and multidimensional overview of the many ways in which concern for the environment – driven primarily by the preoccupation with sustainability – is reshaping our understanding of citizenship. Environment and Citizenship is structured into three parts. Part I introduces the reader to the concept and theories of citizenship and explores the impact that environmental concerns is having on contemporary formulations of citizenship, both traditional (e.g. national, liberal and republican) and emerging (e.g. cosmopolitan, ecological and ecofeminist). Part II explores the practical manifestations of environmental citizenship, with each chapter focusing on a particular actor: citizens, governments, and corporations. These chapters include references to examples and case studies from a wide range of countries, broadly categorized as belonging to the Global North and the Global South. Part III explores the making of green citizens and outlines the dominant articulations of environmental citizenship that emerge from formal education, news media and popular culture. The book concludes with a general reflection on the present and future of environmental citizenship. The book contains a variety of illustrations, boxed case-studies, links to online resources and suggestions for further reading. This original and engaging text is essential reading for students and scholars of environmental politics, sustainability studies and development studies, as well as for environmental activists, policy practitioners and environmental educators. More broadly, this book will appeal to anyone interested in and concerned with issues of sustainability, social justice and citizenship in the twenty-first century.
Categories: Nature

Ecomodernism Technology Politics and The Climate Crisis

Ecomodernism  Technology  Politics and The Climate Crisis

Environmentalism and Political Theory: Toward an Ecocentric Approach. Suny Press. ... Consensus, certainty, and catastrophe: Discourse, governance, and ocean iron fertilization. ... Science and Engineering Ethics, 22(2).

Author: Jonathan Symons

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781509531226

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 357

Is climate catastrophe inevitable? In a world of extreme inequality, rising nationalism and mounting carbon emissions, the future looks gloomy. Yet one group of environmentalists, the ‘ecomodernists’, are optimistic. They argue that technological innovation and universal human development hold the keys to an ecologically vibrant future. However, this perspective, which advocates fighting climate change with all available technologies – including nuclear power, synthetic biology and others not yet invented – is deeply controversial because it rejects the Green movement’s calls for greater harmony with nature. In this book, Jonathan Symons offers a qualified defence of the ecomodernist vision. Ecomodernism, he explains, is neither as radical or reactionary as its critics claim, but belongs in the social democratic tradition, promoting a third way between laissez-faire and anti-capitalism. Critiquing and extending ecomodernist ideas, Symons argues that states should defend against climate threats through transformative investments in technological innovation. A good Anthropocene is still possible – but only if we double down on science and humanism to push beyond the limits to growth.
Categories: Political Science

The Oxford Handbook of the Science of Science Communication

The Oxford Handbook of the Science of Science Communication

Climate geoengineering and the role of public deliberation: a comment on the US National Academy of ... Power relations: the politics of risk and procedure in nuclear waste governance. Environment ... The social control of technology.

Author: Kathleen Hall Jamieson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190497620

Category: Psychology

Page: 513

View: 330

The proposal to vaccinate adolescent girls against the human papilloma virus ignited political controversy, as did the advent of fracking and a host of other emerging technologies. These disputes attest to the persistent gap between expert and public perceptions. Complicating the communication of sound science and the debates that surround the societal applications of that science is a changing media environment in which misinformation can elicit belief without corrective context and likeminded individuals are prone to seek ideologically comforting information within their own self-constructed media enclaves. Drawing on the expertise of leading science communication scholars from six countries, The Oxford Handbook of the Science of Science Communication not only charts the media landscape - from news and entertainment to blogs and films - but also examines the powers and perils of human biases - from the disposition to seek confirming evidence to the inclination to overweight endpoints in a trend line. In the process, it draws together the best available social science on ways to communicate science while also minimizing the pernicious effects of human bias. The Handbook adds case studies exploring instances in which communication undercut or facilitated the access to scientific evidence. The range of topics addressed is wide, from genetically engineered organisms and nanotechnology to vaccination controversies and climate change. Also unique to this book is a focus on the complexities of involving the public in decision making about the uses of science, the regulations that should govern its application, and the ethical boundaries within which science should operate. The Handbook is an invaluable resource for researchers in the communication fields, particularly in science and health communication, as well as to scholars involved in research on scientific topics susceptible to distortion in partisan debate.
Categories: Psychology