Genomic tools and methods for Saccharinae biology and improvement have improved dramatically in the past few years – a detailed summary of these tools and their applications is a central element of this book.
Author: Andrew Paterson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The Saccharinae clade of the Poaceae (grass) family of flowering plants includes several important crops with a rich history of contributions to humanity and the promise of still-greater contributions, as a result of some of the highest biomass productivity levels known, resilience to drought and other environmental challenges that are likely to increase, amenability to production systems that may mitigate or even reverse losses of ecological capital such as topsoil erosion, and the recent blossoming of sorghum as a botanical and genomic model for the clade. In Genomics of the Saccharinae, advances of the past decade and earlier are summarized and synthesized to elucidate the current state of knowledge of the structure, function, and evolution of the Sorghum, Saccharum, and Miscanthus genera, and progress in the application of this knowledge to crop improvement. As a backdrop, it is important to understand the naturally occurring diversity in each genus, its organization and distribution, and its evolutionary history. Genomic tools and methods for Saccharinae biology and improvement have improved dramatically in the past few years – a detailed summary of these tools and their applications is a central element of this book. Application of genomic tools to priorities in crop improvement, including understanding and manipulating plant growth and development, composition, and defense, as well as increasing the quality and productivity of seed/grain, sugar, biomass, and other value-added products under a range of conditions and inputs, are addressed. In particular, as the first native African crop to emerge as a genomic model, sorghum offers an excellent case study of challenges and opportunities in linking new advances in biosciences to solving some of Africa’s major agricultural problems. Several members of the clade, exemplified by Sorghum halepense (Johnsongrass) offer insights into weediness and invasion biology. The first sequence for a member of the clade, sorghum, as well as progress and challenges toward sequencing of additional members and the new opportunities that this will create, are also explored. Indeed, the very complexities that have hindered study of some clade members also offer intriguing opportunities to gain insight into fundamental questions such as roles of polyploidy in agricultural productivity and post-polyploidy evolution.
Author: C. Neal Stewart, Jr.Publish On: 2009-08-07
These observations suggest that rhizomatousness is ancestral within the Saccharinae clade (Figure 7.2), and that the loss of rhizomes in Sorghum bicolor
has been within the past approximately 1 million years since its divergence from
Author: C. Neal Stewart, Jr.
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Weedy and Invasive Plant Genomics offers a comprehensive, up-to-date reference on genetic and genomics research in weedy and invasive plants. Forward-looking in its approach, the work also assesses the areas of future research necessary to defeat these agricultural pests. This research-based, scholarly work engenders a further understanding of weeds and invasive plants, opening avenues for developing more effective methods of managing them. This volume will be a necessary reference for weed scientists, agrochemical industry researchers, conservation geneticist, and plant biologists.
For applications in functional genomics, the new sequencing technologies
should be able to enlighten our knowledge of ... Joint Genome Institute (USA) for
various species of Miscanthus which is also in the Saccharinae (Heaton et al.,
Author: Jean-Claude Kader
Publisher: Academic Press
'Advances in Botanical Research' publishes in-depth and up-to-date reviews on a wide range of topics in plant sciences. The series features a wide range of reviews by recognized experts on all aspects of plant genetics, biochemistry, cell biology, molecular biology, physiology and ecology.
Our wholeplastid genome study (Lloyd Evans and Joshi, 2016) revealed a new
classification of Saccharum species. We proposed ... Miscanthus is 3.4 million
years divergent from sugarcane and is a member of the Saccharinae subtribe of
Author: Manjit S. Kang
This book presents state-of-the-art, authoritative chapters on contemporary issues in the broad areas of quantitative genetics, genomics and plant breeding. Section 1 (Chapters 2 to 12) emphasizes the application of genomics, and genome and epigenome editing techniques, in plant breeding; bioinformatics; quantitative trait loci mapping; and the latest approaches of examining and exploiting genotype-environment interactions. Section 2 (Chapters 13 to 20) represents the intersection of breeding, genetics and genomics. This section describes the use of cutting-edge molecular breeding and quantitative genetics techniques in wheat, rice, maize, root and tuber crops and pearl millet. Overall, the book focuses on using genomic information to help evaluate traits that can combat biotic/abiotic stresses, genome-wide association mapping, high-throughput genotyping/phenotyping, biofortification, use of big data, orphan crops, and gene editing techniques. The examples featured are taken from across crop science research and cover a wide geographical base.
Recent scientific advances in genetics, physiology, and biochemistry are quickly
being applied in new production ... Saccharina japonica (previously called
Laminaria japonica) is the most commonly grown kelp and it constitutes ~40% of
Author: Catriona L. Hurd
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
In coastal seas, from the tropics to the poles, seaweeds supply the energy required to support diverse coastal marine life and provide habitat for invertebrates and fish. Retaining the highly successful approach and structure of the first edition, this is a synthesis of the role of seaweeds in underpinning the functioning of coastal ecosystems worldwide. It has been fully updated to cover the major developments of the past twenty years, including current research on the endosymbiotic origin of algae, molecular biology including 'omics', chemical ecology, invasive seaweeds, photobiology and stress physiology. In addition to exploring the processes by which seaweeds, as individuals and communities, interact with their biotic and abiotic environment, the book presents exciting new research on how seaweeds respond to local and global environmental change. It remains an invaluable resource for students and provides an entry into the scientific literature of a wide range of topics.
Genome 29,873–882. Nelson, J.C., Van ... Anchored reference loci for
comparative genome mapping in mammals. Nat. Genet. ... Phylogenetic analysis
of chloroplast restriction enzyme site mutations in the Saccharinae Griseb.
Subtribe of the ...
Genome 1994 ; 37 : 236 - 243 . 50 . Xu GW ... Comparative genome mapping of
sugar cane with other species within the Andropogoneae tribe . ... Phylogenetic
analysis of organellar DNA sequences in the Andropogoneae : Saccharinae .
3961 - G31 Characterization of the tomato ( Lycopersicon esculentum ) genome
using In vitro and in situ DNA reassociation . Peterson , D . G . ; Pearson , W . R .
... DNA sequences from Erlanthus spp . ( Saccharinae : Andropogoneae ) .
Genetics , phylogenetics , and comparative genetics of Saccharum L. , a
polysomic polyploid Poales : Andropogoneae Salah M. Aljanabi Mauritius Sugar
Industry ... Saccharum is part of the Saccharinae subtribe of the Andropogoneae [
8,9 ] .
Author: M.R. El-Gewely
Progress in the applications of biotechnology depends on a wide base of basic as well as applied sciences. The output of biotechnology has already proved itself in many different fields, from health to biomining, and from agriculture to enzyme "breeding". The objectives of the Biotechnology Annual Review series is to provide readers with the needed in-depth knowledge by reviewing specific topics in each volume. In this way, it is easier for scientists to keep in touch with progress and applications in biotechnology. Up-to-date topics are reviewed that are related to regulatory affairs, social impact, biodiversity and patent issues, as well as production and technology.
While monomorphic enzymes provide little information on the dynamics of
population genetics , they can be useful in supporting ... On the basis of these
results , it is impossible to distinguish between Laminaria longicruris and L . saccharina .
Author: A.R.O. Chapman
Industrial seaweed use started in Brittany in the XVII century. Today, 700 species have been identified along 1000 km of shoreline, producing 10 million tons of biomass. In the Fourteenth International Seaweed Sumposium the latest developments in the area are discussed. The blending of molecular biology with traditional taxonomy is improving our understanding of phylogeny and species relationships among many of the important algae. A new generation of biologically-based management models is gradually incorporating field testing, concepts from ecological theory and principles from population biology. Prediction is being improved, and an appropriate balance is being struck between commercial exploitation and the preservation of wild seaweed resources. Cell and tissue culture of seaweeds is entering the mass-production phase. Field farming is now entering the large-scale production area. New, biologically active compounds are being described, obtained from algae, and new tools for the characterisation of phytocolloids are described. Microalgal blooms and toxins are also experiencing a flourish of new results.
Author: International Maize and Wheat Improvement CenterPublish On: 2014-07-01
... the Bf and bar genes are kept separate (co-transformed), and they will be
inserted separately into the maize genome. ... are effective against Kenyan stem
borers (Chilo partellus, Busseola fusco, Eldana saccharina, and Sesamia
Author: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center
... Laminaria japonica , which may mix its genome with the indigenous species L . saccharina : Bolton et al . , 1983 ) . But all this is definitely overshadowed by the
invasion of Mediteranean seabeds by Caulerpa taxifolia , as already described !
In : Plant & Animal Genomes XII Conference , 2004 , San Diego , California , USA
. ... Biocontrol of the Sugarcane Borer Eldana saccharina by expression of the
Bacillus thuringiensis cryl Ac7 and Serratia marcescens chiA genes in sugarcane
CAAS ) 2485 RUTHERFORD , R. S. Prediction of resistance in sugarcane to stalk
borer Eldana saccharina by near - infrared ... Dot blot and Southern
hybridizations confirmed that the pRP2 insert came from the C. abyssinica genome .
... Postelsia palmaeformis : Coyer et al . , 1997 ; Whitmer , 2002 ; Kusumo et al . ,
2004 & 2006 , Saccharina ( Laminaria ) ... Isolation and characterization of
microsatellite markers in the nuclear genome of the brown alga Laminaria
The possible existence of an haploid genome in the nuclei of the algae from
Chlorella gen and the apparent absence of sexuality ... (Fr., fr, en) 4C7089
Crossing experiments in Laminaria saccharina from Helgoland and from the Isle
of Man ...
This is contrasted with biogeographic analyses of marine animal systems and the role of plant/animal interactions in evolution.
Author: David J. Garbary
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Algal systematists, geologists and evolutionary biologists provide a synthesis of the evolutionary biogeography of red, brown, and green algae of the North Atlantic Ocean also considering their relationships with species and genera in the Arctic and Pacific Oceans as well as other subtropical and tropical seas. The history of the Atlantic Basin and its connections to other ocean basins is treated from the geological, paleontological and paleoclimatic perspective. This is contrasted with biogeographic analyses of marine animal systems and the role of plant/animal interactions in evolution. Some of the approaches include traditional systematic studies, cladistic analysis, the experimental evaluation of environment in establishing distribution limits and the application of molecular biology.