Genomics

Genomics

The implications for our health and privacy, and our understanding of ecological systems and evolution are profound. This book provides an account of this exciting new science, its impact and its potential.

Author: John M. Archibald

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198786207

Category: Science

Page: 160

View: 619

Genomics has transformed the biological sciences. From epidemiology and medicine to evolution and forensics, the ability to determine an organism's complete genetic makeup has changed the way science is done and the questions that can be asked of it. Its most celebrated achievement was theHuman Genome Project, a technologically challenging endeavor that took thousands of scientists around the world 13 years and over 3 billion US dollars to complete. In this Very Short Introduction John Archibald explores the science of genomics and its rapidly expanding toolbox. Sequencing a human genome now takes only a few days and costs as little as $1,000. The genomes of simple bacteria and viruses can be sequenced in a matter of hours on a device that fitsin the palm of your hand. The resulting sequences can be used to better understand our biology in health and disease and to 'personalize' medicine. Archibald shows how the field of genomics is on the cusp of another quantum leap; the implications for science and society are profound.ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, andenthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Categories: Science

Genes

Genes

Explores the discovery, nature, and role of genes in evolution and development.

Author: Jonathan Slack

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199676507

Category: Science

Page: 120

View: 401

Explores the discovery, nature, and role of genes in evolution and development.
Categories: Science

Racism a Very Short Introduction

Racism  a Very Short Introduction

replaced by 'genomics', a much more precise and scientifically revealing study of
variation in human populations, although the earlier term is also commonly used
for the same type of research. In June 2000 the first results of the human ...

Author: Ali Rattansi

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198834793

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 275

There is often a demand for a short, sharp definition of racism, for example as captured in the popular formula Power + Prejudice= Racism. But in reality, racism is a complex, multidimensional phenomenon that cannot be captured by such definitions. In our world today there are a variety of racisms at play, and it is necessary to distinguish between issues such as individual prejudice, and systematic racisms which entrench racialiazed inequalities over time. This Very Short Introduction explores the history of racial ideas and a wide range of racisms - biological, cultural, colour-blind, and structural - and illuminates issues that have been the subject of recent debates. Is Islamophobia a form of racism? Is there a new antisemitism? Why has whiteness become an important source of debate? What is Intersectionality? What is unconscious or implicit bias, and what is its importance in understanding racial discrimination? Ali Rattansi tackles these questions, and also shows why African Americans and other ethnic minorities in the USA and Europe continue to suffer from discrimination today that results in ongoing disadvantage in these white dominant societies. Finally he explains why there has been a resurgence of national populist and far-right movements and explores their implications for the future of racism. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Categories: Social Science

Human Evolution A Very Short Introduction

Human Evolution  A Very Short Introduction

This introduction traces the history of paleoanthropology from its beginnings in the 18th century to the latest fossil finds.

Author: Bernard Wood

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192803603

Category: Science

Page: 131

View: 320

This introduction traces the history of paleoanthropology from its beginnings in the 18th century to the latest fossil finds. It concentrates on the fossil evidence for human evolution, making reference to the relevant archaeological evidence when appropriate.
Categories: Science

Ecology a Very Short Introduction

Ecology  a Very Short Introduction

... Gordon Campbell GENES Jonathan Slack GENIUS Andrew Robinson
GENOMICS John Archibald GEOFFREY CHAUCER David Wallace
GEOGRAPHY John Matthews and David Herbert GEOLOGY Jan Zalasiewicz
GEOPHYSICS William ...

Author: Jaboury Ghazoul

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198831013

Category: Nature

Page: 184

View: 260

Understanding how our living environment works is essentially a study of ecological systems. Ecology is the science of how organisms interact with each other and with their environment, and how such interactions create self-organising communities and ecosystems. This science touches us all. The food we eat, the water we drink, the natural resources we use, our physical and mental health, and much of our cultural heritage are to a large degree products of ecological interactions of organisms and their environment. This Very Short Introduction celebrates the centrality of ecology in our lives. Jaboury Ghazoul explores how ecology has evolved rapidly from natural history to become a predictive science that explains how the natural world works, and which guides environmental policy and management decisions. Drawing on a range of examples, he shows how ecological science can be applied to management and conservation, including the extent to which theory has shaped practice. Ecological science has also shaped social and cultural perspectives on the environment, a process that influences politics of the environment. Ghazoul concludes by considering the future of ecology, particularly in the light of current and future environmental challenges. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Categories: Nature

Methodism a Very Short Introduction

Methodism  a Very Short Introduction

... Slack GENIUS Andrew Robinson GENOMICS John Archibald GEOGRAPHY
John Matthews and David Herbert GEOLOGY Jan Zalasiewicz GEOPHYSICS
William Lowrie GEOPOLITICS Klaus Dodds GERMAN LITERATURE Nicholas
Boyle ...

Author: William J. Abraham

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198802310

Category: Religion

Page: 152

View: 120

Beginning as a renewal movement within Anglicanism in the eighteenth century, Methodism had become the largest Protestant denomination in the USA in the nineteenth century, and is today one of the most vibrant forms of Christianity. Representing a complex spiritual and evangelistic experiment that involves a passionate commitment to worldwide mission, it covers a global network of Christian denominations. In this Very Short Introduction William J. Abraham traces Methodism from its origins in the work of John Wesley and the hymns of his brother, Charles Wesley, in the eighteenth century, right up to the present. Considering the identity, nature, and history of Methodism, Abraham provides a fresh account of the place of Methodism in the life and thought of the Christian Church. Describing the message of Methodism, and who the Methodists are, he also considers the practices of Methodism, and discusses the global impact of Methodism and its decline in the homelands. Finally Abraham looks forward, and considers the future prospects for Methodism. ABOUT THE SERIES The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Categories: Religion

Glaciation a Very Short Introduction

Glaciation  a Very Short Introduction

... Slack GENIUS Andrew Robinson GENOMICS John Archibald GEOGRAPHY
John Matthews and David Herbert GEOLOGY Jan Zalasiewicz GEOPHYSICS
William Lowrie GEOPOLITICS Klaus Dodds GERMAN LITERATURE Nicholas
Boyle ...

Author: David J. A. Evans

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198745853

Category: Science

Page: 200

View: 941

Vast, majestic, and often stunningly beautiful, glaciers lock up some 10% of the world's freshwater. These great bodies of ice play an important part in the Earth system, carving landscapes and influencing climate on regional and hemispheric scales, as well as having a significant impact on global sea level. Throughout time, the Earth has experienced various major glaciations in its deep history, long before the ice ages of the Quaternary, and the observed effects of climate change on glaciers have recently brought them to the forefront of public attention. This Very Short Introduction offers an overview of glaciers and ice sheets as systems, considering the role of geomorphology and sedimentology in studying them, and their impacts on our planet in terms of erosional and depositional processes. Looking at our glaciers today, and their ongoing processes, David Evans considers the extent to which we can use this knowledge in reconstructing and interpreting ancient glacial landscapes. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Categories: Science

Religion a Very Short Introduction

Religion  a Very Short Introduction

... Jennifer M. Gidley GALAXIESJohn Gribbin GALILEO Stillman Drake
GAMETHEORYKen Binmore GANDHI Bhikhu Parekh GARDENHISTORYGordon
Campbell GENESJonathan Slack GENIUSAndrew Robinson GENOMICS John
Archibald ...

Author: Thomas A. Tweed

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780190064679

Category: Religion

Page: 160

View: 259

Religion plays a central role in human experience. Billions of people around the world practice a faith and act in accordance with it. Religion shapes how they enter the world and how they leave it - how they eat, dress, marry, and raise their children. It affects law, economy, and government. It sanctifies injustice and combats it. Beginning with the first signs of religion among ancient humans and concluding with a look at modern citizens and contemporary trends,leading scholar Thomas Tweed examines this powerful and enduring force in human society. Religion: A Very Short Introduction offers a concise non-partisan overview of religion's long history and its complicated role in the world today.
Categories: Religion

Animal Behaviour

Animal Behaviour

Animal behaviour is a central topic of zoology, and with the development of ideas concerning the role of genes as well as environment the subject has been transformed.

Author: Tristram D. Wyatt

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198712152

Category: Science

Page: 146

View: 778

Animal behaviour is a central topic of zoology, and with the development of ideas concerning the role of genes as well as environment the subject has been transformed. Tristram Wyatt gives a modern view, including a sense of the power of gene knock-outs, computing and image analysis to enable detailed experiments and observations of behaviour.
Categories: Science

Circadian Rhythms A Very Short Introduction

Circadian Rhythms  A Very Short Introduction

ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly.

Author: Russell Foster

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780191027475

Category: Science

Page: 144

View: 774

The earth's daily rotation affects just about every living creature. From dawn through to dusk, there are changes in light, temperature, humidity, and rainfall. However, these changes are regular, rhythmic and, therefore, predictable. Thus, the near 24 hour circadian rhythm is innate: a genetically programmed clock that essentially ticks of its own accord. This Very Short Introduction explains how organisms can "know" the time and reveals what we now understand of the nature and operation of chronobiological processes. Covering variables such as light, the metabolism, human health, and the seasons, Foster and Kreitzman illustrate how jet lag and shift work can impact on human well-being, and consider circadian rhythms alongside a wide range of disorders, from schizophrenia to obesity. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Categories: Science

The History of Life A Very Short Introduction

The History of Life  A Very Short Introduction

This Very Short Introduction presents a succinct and accessible guide to the key episodes in the story of life on earth - from the very origins of life four million years ago to the extraordinary diversity of species around the globe today.

Author: Michael J. Benton

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199226320

Category: Science

Page: 170

View: 854

This Very Short Introduction presents a succinct and accessible guide to the key episodes in the story of life on earth - from the very origins of life four million years ago to the extraordinary diversity of species around the globe today.
Categories: Science

Genome Research

Genome Research

SHARCGS , a fast and highly accurate short - read assembly algorithm for de
novo genomic sequencing Juliane C. Dohm ... The sequencing field has
experienced a major shift by the introduction of innovative sequencing
technologies ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: NWU:35558005623976

Category:

Page:

View: 290

Categories:

Animal Genomics

Animal Genomics

... + Animal genomics has made remarkable progress within a place of “
conserved synteny ” to define segments of homology very short span of time . It is
hard to believe that within a 20 between species . The introduction of cloned
molecular ...

Author: Bhanu P. Chowdhary

Publisher: S Karger Ag

ISBN: STANFORD:36105114281491

Category: Science

Page: 366

View: 322

This publication provides an update on the current status of gene maps in different livestock and pet/companion animal species. The findings summarized in species specific commentaries and original articles testify the rapid advances made in the field of animal genomics. Of significant interest is the fact that current investigations are providing headways for two important and exciting research fronts: targeted high-resolution mapping leading to the application of genomic information in addressing questions of economic and biological significance in animals, and the initiation of whole genome sequencing projects for some of the animal species. Like in humans and mice, this will set the stage for a new level of research and real time complex analysis of the genomes of these species. Animal Genomics signifies the beginning of a new era in this field and celebrates the achievements of the past 20 years of genomics research. It will be of special interest to researchers involved in genome analysis - both gross chromosomal as well as molecular - in various animal species, and to comparative and evolutionary geneticists.
Categories: Science

Comparative Genomics and Proteomics in Drug Discovery

Comparative Genomics and Proteomics in Drug Discovery

... is extracellular and T . cruzi has a very short stay in the phagolysosome before
escaping to the cytoplasm , and therefore it is ... 1 Introduction Despite the
differences described between the T . brucei , T . cruzi and L . major lifecycles
and the ...

Author: John Parrington

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: UVA:X030167430

Category: Science

Page: 182

View: 552

Comparative Genomics and Proteomics in Drug Discovery gives an overview of how emerging genomic and proteomic technologies are making significant contributions to global drug discovery programs, and in particular the key role that comparative genomics and proteomics play within this strategy. Each chapter is written by respected authorities, with hands-on experience, from both academic and pharmaceutical backgrounds.
Categories: Science

The Vikings A Very Short Introduction

The Vikings  A Very Short Introduction

... Slack GENIUS Andrew Robinson GENOMICS John Archibald GEOGRAPHY
John Matthews and David Herbert GEOLOGY Jan Zalasiewicz GEOPHYSICS
William Lowrie GEOPOLITICS Klaus Dodds GERMAN LITERATURE Nicholas
Boyle ...

Author: Julian D. Richards

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 019157807X

Category: History

Page: 168

View: 421

The Viking reputation is of bloodthirsty seafaring warriors, repeatedly plundering the British Isles and the North Atlantic throughout the early Middle Ages. Yet Vikings were also traders, settlers, and farmers, with a complex artistic and linguistic culture, whose expansion overseas led them to cross the Atlantic for the first time in European history. Highlighting the latest archaeological evidence, Julian Richards reveals the whole Viking world: their history, society and culture, and their expansion overseas for trade, colonization, and plunder. We also look at the Viking identity, through their artistic expression, rune stones, their ships, and their religion. The Viking story is also brought up to date, by examining their legacy from the medieval Icelandic sagas to 19th Century nationalism, Wagner, and the Nazis. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Categories: History

Forthcoming Books

Forthcoming Books

Author: Rose Arny

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015058394100

Category: American literature

Page:

View: 643

Categories: American literature

American Book Publishing Record

American Book Publishing Record

( Very short introductions ; 80 ) Includes bibliographical references ( p . ...
Engineering our grace : an old idea and new genetic technologies / Brent Waters
– The impact of genetics and genomics on views of aging / David Schlessinger .
Genetic ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015066043152

Category: American literature

Page:

View: 403

Categories: American literature

Introduction to Computational Genomics

Introduction to Computational Genomics

genome. sweepstakes. In May of 2003 it was announced that Lee Rowen of the
Institute for Systems Biology in Seattle, Washington was the ... Rather, they are
relatively short stretches of DNA that the cellular machinery must find and read.

Author: Nello Cristianini

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139460156

Category: Computers

Page:

View: 582

Where did SARS come from? Have we inherited genes from Neanderthals? How do plants use their internal clock? The genomic revolution in biology enables us to answer such questions. But the revolution would have been impossible without the support of powerful computational and statistical methods that enable us to exploit genomic data. Many universities are introducing courses to train the next generation of bioinformaticians: biologists fluent in mathematics and computer science, and data analysts familiar with biology. This readable and entertaining book, based on successful taught courses, provides a roadmap to navigate entry to this field. It guides the reader through key achievements of bioinformatics, using a hands-on approach. Statistical sequence analysis, sequence alignment, hidden Markov models, gene and motif finding and more, are introduced in a rigorous yet accessible way. A companion website provides the reader with Matlab-related software tools for reproducing the steps demonstrated in the book.
Categories: Computers

Introduction to Marine Genomics

Introduction to Marine Genomics

The field of metagenomics is evolving very rapidly, especially due to newly
developed high-throughput sequencing ... The present chapter gives a short
historical overview of the early years of metagenome analyses, and of possible ...

Author: J. Mark Cock

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9048186390

Category: Science

Page: 399

View: 753

Marine biology has always played an important role in biological research, being at the origin of many key advances. To a certain extent, the influence of marine biology on the biological sciences was overshadowed over a period of several years by the remarkable advances that were made using powerful model organisms from terrestrial environments. This situation is now changing again, however, due primarily to spectacular developments in genomic methodologies that have significantly accelerated research in a broad spectrum of marine biology disciplines ranging from biodiversity to developmental biology to biotechnology. The data generated by marine genomics projects have had an impact on questions as diverse as understanding planetary geochemical cycles, the impact of climate change on marine fauna and flora, the functioning of marine ecosystems, the discovery of new organisms and novel biomolecules, and investigation of the evolution of animal developmental complexity. This book represents the first attempt to document how genomic technologies are revolutionising these diverse domains of marine biology. Each chapter of this book looks at how these technologies are being employed in a specific domain of marine research and provides a summary of the major results obtained to date. The book as a whole provides an overview of marine genomics as a discipline and represents an ideal starting point for exploring this rapidly developing domain.
Categories: Science