Genocide

A Normative Account

Author: Larry May

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139484265

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

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Larry May examines the normative and conceptual problems concerning the crime of genocide. Genocide arises out of the worst of horrors. Legally, however, the unique character of genocide is reduced to a technical requirement, that the perpetrator's act manifest an intention to destroy a protected group. From this definition, many puzzles arise. How are groups to be identified and why are only four groups subject to genocide? What is the harm of destroying a group and why is this harm thought to be independent of killing many people? How can a person in the dock, as an individual, be responsible for a collective crime like genocide? How should we understand the specific crimes associated with genocide, especially instigation, incitement, and complicity? Paying special attention to the recent case law concerning the Rwanda genocide, May offers the first philosophical exploration of the crime of genocide in international criminal law.
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Crimes Against Humanity

A Normative Account

Author: Larry May

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521600514

Category: Law

Page: 310

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The focus of 'Crimes Against Humanity' is on the moral, legal & political questions that arise when individuals who commit collective crimes are held accountable by international criminal tribunals.
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International Criminal Law and Philosophy

Author: Larry May,Zachary Hoskins

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521191513

Category: Law

Page: 258

View: 3448

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International Criminal Law and Philosophy is the first anthology to bring together legal and philosophical theorists to examine the normative and conceptual foundations of international criminal law. International criminal law is still an emerging field, and as it continues to develop, the elucidation of clear, consistent theoretical groundings for its practices will be crucial. The questions raised and issues addressed by the essays in this volume will aid in this important endeavor.
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Genocide

Author: Guenael Mettraux

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198843119

Category: Law

Page: 544

View: 2037

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Judge Mettraux's four-volume compendium, International Crimes: Law and Practice, will provide the most detailed and authoritative account to-date of the law of international crimes. It is a scholarly tour de force providing a unique blend of academic rigour and an insight into the practice of international criminal law. The compendium is un-rivalled in its breadth and depth, covering almost a century of legal practice, dozens of jurisdictions (national and international), thousands of decisions and judgments and hundreds of cases. This first volume discusses in detail the law of genocide: its definition, elements, normative status, and relationship to the other core international crimes. While the book is an invaluable tool for academics and researchers, it is particularly suited to legal practitioners, guiding the reader through the practical and evidential challenges associated with the prosecution of international crimes.
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Understanding Genocide and Suicide

Author: Janez Juhant,Bojan Zalec

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 3643905270

Category: Religion

Page: 169

View: 8024

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The present book brings essays that deal with suicide and genocide from several aspects and points of view: historical, sociological, science of religion, psychological and therapeutic, educational, legal, philosophical and theological. Some of them combine several approaches and thus the book as a whole offers an integral inter-disciplinary insight into the nature, origins, function and connections of both phenomena. It also outlines the ways and models for their prevention and overcoming of their effects and consequences. It can be useful as for students as well for the experts in the fields of humanities and social science. The book is marked by the Central European origin of the authors which partly resulted in its special topics and stresses. Janez Juhant is Professor of Philosophy at the Faculty of Theology, University of Ljubljana, and a member of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts, Salzburg, working in the fields of ethics, anthropology and theology. Bojan Zalec is Associate Professor of Philosophy, Senior Research Fellow and Head of the Institute of Philosophy and Social Ethics at the Faculty of Theology, University of Ljubljana, working in the fields of ethics and anthropology.
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Between Samaritans and States

The Political Ethics of Humanitarian INGOs

Author: Jennifer Rubenstein

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191507016

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 1324

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This book provides the first book-length, English-language account of the political ethics of large-scale, Western-based humanitarian INGOs, such as Oxfam, CARE, and Doctors Without Borders. These INGOs are often either celebrated as heroes or do-going machines or maligned as incompetents 'on the road to hell'. In contrast, this book suggests the picture is more complicated. Drawing on political theory, philosophy, and ethics, along with original fieldwork, this book shows that while humanitarian INGOs are often perceived as non-governmental and apolitical, they are in fact sometimes somewhat governmental, highly political, and often 'second-best' actors. As a result, they face four central ethical predicaments: the problem of spattered hands, the quandary of the second-best, the cost-effectiveness conundrum, and the moral motivation trade-off. This book considers what it would look like for INGOs to navigate these predicaments in ways that are as consistent as possible with democratic, egalitarian, humanitarian and justice-based norms. It argues that humanitarian INGOs must regularly make deep moral compromises. In choosing which compromises to make, they should focus primarily on their overall consequences, as opposed to their intentions or the intrinsic value of their activities. But they should interpret consequences expansively, and not limit themselves to those that are amenable to precise measurements of cost-effectiveness. The book concludes by explaining the implications of its 'map' of humanitarian INGO political ethics for individual donors to INGOs, and for how we all should conceive of INGOs' role in addressing pressing global problems.
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After War Ends

A Philosophical Perspective

Author: Larry May

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110701851X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 248

View: 931

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This is the first book-length treatment of justice after war ends. Larry May combines here both philosophical and legal analysis.
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Perpetrating Genocide

A Criminological Account

Author: Kjell Anderson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317234383

Category: Political Science

Page: 276

View: 9798

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Focusing on the relationship between the micro level of perpetrator motivation and the macro level normative discourse, this book offers an in-depth explanation for the perpetration of genocide. It is the first comparative criminological treatment of genocide drawn from original field research, based substantially on the author’s interviews with perpetrators and victims of genocide and mass atrocities, combined with wide-ranging secondary and archival sources. Topics covered include: perpetration in organizations, genocidal propaganda, the characteristics of perpetrators, decision-making in genocide, genocidal mobilization, coping with killing, perpetrator memory and trauma, moral rationalization, and transitional justice. An interdisciplinary and comparative analysis, this book utilizes scientific methods with the objective of gaining some degree of insight into the causes of genocide and genocide perpetration. It is argued that genocide is more than a mere intellectual abstraction – it is a crime with real consequences and real victims. Abstraction and objectivity may be intellectual ideals but they are not ideally humane; genocide is ultimately about the destruction of humanity. Thus, this book avoids presenting an overly abstract image of genocide, but rather grounds its analysis in interviews with victims and perpetrators of genocide in Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda, Bosnia, Cambodia, Bangladesh, and Iraq. This book will be highly useful to students and scholars with an interest in genocide and the causes of mass violence. It will also be of interest to policy-makers engaged with the issues of genocide and conflict prevention.
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Making and Unmaking Nations

War, Leadership, and Genocide in Modern Africa

Author: Scott Straus

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801455677

Category: Political Science

Page: 400

View: 8193

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Winner of the Grawmeyer Award for Ideas Improving World Order, 2018 Winner of the Joseph Lepgold Prize Winner of the Best Books in Conflict Studies (APSA) Winner of the Best Book in Human Rights (ISA) In Making and Unmaking Nations, Scott Straus seeks to explain why and how genocide takes place—and, perhaps more important, how it has been avoided in places where it may have seemed likely or even inevitable. To solve that puzzle, he examines postcolonial Africa, analyzing countries in which genocide occurred and where it could have but did not. Why have there not been other Rwandas? Straus finds that deep-rooted ideologies—how leaders make their nations—shape strategies of violence and are central to what leads to or away from genocide. Other critical factors include the dynamics of war, the role of restraint, and the interaction between national and local actors in the staging of campaigns of large-scale violence. Grounded in Straus's extensive fieldwork in contemporary Africa, the study of major twentieth-century cases of genocide, and the literature on genocide and political violence, Making and Unmaking Nations centers on cogent analyses of three nongenocide cases (Côte d'Ivoire, Mali, and Senegal) and two in which genocide took place (Rwanda and Sudan). Straus's empirical analysis is based in part on an original database of presidential speeches from 1960 to 2005. The book also includes a broad-gauge analysis of all major cases of large-scale violence in Africa since decolonization. Straus's insights into the causes of genocide will inform the study of political violence as well as giving policymakers and nongovernmental organizations valuable tools for the future.
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