Generalized Functions, Volume 4

Author: I. M. Gel′fand,N. Ya. Vilenkin

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470426625

Category: Theory of distributions (Functional analysis)

Page: 384

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The first systematic theory of generalized functions (also known as distributions) was created in the early 1950s, although some aspects were developed much earlier, most notably in the definition of the Green's function in mathematics and in the work of Paul Dirac on quantum electrodynamics in physics. The six-volume collection, Generalized Functions, written by I. M. Gel′fand and co-authors and published in Russian between 1958 and 1966, gives an introduction to generalized functions and presents various applications to analysis, PDE, stochastic processes, and representation theory. The main goal of Volume 4 is to develop the functional analysis setup for the universe of generalized functions. The main notion introduced in this volume is the notion of rigged Hilbert space (also known as the equipped Hilbert space, or Gelfand triple). Such space is, in fact, a triple of topological vector spaces E⊂H⊂E′, where H is a Hilbert space, E′ is dual to E, and inclusions E⊂H and H⊂E′ are nuclear operators. The book is devoted to various applications of this notion, such as the theory of positive definite generalized functions, the theory of generalized stochastic processes, and the study of measures on linear topological spaces.
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Ultrametric Pseudodifferential Equations and Applications

Author: Andrei Yu. Khrennikov,Sergei V. Kozyrev,W. A. Zúñiga-Galindo

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108102905

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

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Starting from physical motivations and leading to practical applications, this book provides an interdisciplinary perspective on the cutting edge of ultrametric pseudodifferential equations. It shows the ways in which these equations link different fields including mathematics, engineering, and geophysics. In particular, the authors provide a detailed explanation of the geophysical applications of p-adic diffusion equations, useful when modeling the flows of liquids through porous rock. p-adic wavelets theory and p-adic pseudodifferential equations are also presented, along with their connections to mathematical physics, representation theory, the physics of disordered systems, probability, number theory, and p-adic dynamical systems. Material that was previously spread across many articles in journals of many different fields is brought together here, including recent work on the van der Put series technique. This book provides an excellent snapshot of the fascinating field of ultrametric pseudodifferential equations, including their emerging applications and currently unsolved problems.
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Pseudo-Differential Operators and Generalized Functions

Author: Stevan Pilipović,Joachim Toft

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3319146181

Category: Mathematics

Page: 290

View: 3832

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This book gathers peer-reviewed contributions representing modern trends in the theory of generalized functions and pseudo-differential operators. It is dedicated to Professor Michael Oberguggenberger (Innsbruck University, Austria) in honour of his 60th birthday. The topics covered were suggested by the ISAAC Group in Generalized Functions (GF) and the ISAAC Group in Pseudo-Differential Operators (IGPDO), which met at the 9th ISAAC congress in Krakow, Poland in August 2013. Topics include Columbeau algebras, ultra-distributions, partial differential equations, micro-local analysis, harmonic analysis, global analysis, geometry, quantization, mathematical physics, and time-frequency analysis. Featuring both essays and research articles, the book will be of great interest to graduate students and researchers working in analysis, PDE and mathematical physics, while also offering a valuable complement to the volumes on this topic previously published in the OT series.
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Generalized Functions, Volume 2

Spaces of Fundamental and Generalized Functions

Author: I. M. Gel'fand,G. E. Shilov

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470426595

Category: Theory of distributions (Functional analysis)

Page: 261

View: 4205

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The first systematic theory of generalized functions (also known as distributions) was created in the early 1950s, although some aspects were developed much earlier, most notably in the definition of the Green's function in mathematics and in the work of Paul Dirac on quantum electrodynamics in physics. The six-volume collection, Generalized Functions, written by I. M. Gel'fand and co-authors and published in Russian between 1958 and 1966, gives an introduction to generalized functions and presents various applications to analysis, PDE, stochastic processes, and representation theory. Volume 2 is devoted to detailed study of generalized functions as linear functionals on appropriate spaces of smooth test functions. In Chapter 1, the authors introduce and study countable-normed linear topological spaces, laying out a general theoretical foundation for the analysis of spaces of generalized functions. The two most important classes of spaces of test functions are spaces of compactly supported functions and Schwartz spaces of rapidly decreasing functions. In Chapters 2 and 3 of the book, the authors transfer many results presented in Volume 1 to generalized functions corresponding to these more general spaces. Finally, Chapter 4 is devoted to the study of the Fourier transform; in particular, it includes appropriate versions of the Paley-Wiener theorem.
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Stochastic Analysis: A Series of Lectures

Centre Interfacultaire Bernoulli, January–June 2012, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland

Author: Robert C. Dalang,Marco Dozzi,Franco Flandoli,Francesco Russo

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3034809093

Category: Mathematics

Page: 393

View: 2913

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This book presents in thirteen refereed survey articles an overview of modern activity in stochastic analysis, written by leading international experts. The topics addressed include stochastic fluid dynamics and regularization by noise of deterministic dynamical systems; stochastic partial differential equations driven by Gaussian or Lévy noise, including the relationship between parabolic equations and particle systems, and wave equations in a geometric framework; Malliavin calculus and applications to stochastic numerics; stochastic integration in Banach spaces; porous media-type equations; stochastic deformations of classical mechanics and Feynman integrals and stochastic differential equations with reflection. The articles are based on short courses given at the Centre Interfacultaire Bernoulli of the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland, from January to June 2012. They offer a valuable resource not only for specialists, but also for other researchers and Ph.D. students in the fields of stochastic analysis and mathematical physics. Contributors: S. Albeverio M. Arnaudon V. Bally V. Barbu H. Bessaih Z. Brzeźniak K. Burdzy A.B. Cruzeiro F. Flandoli A. Kohatsu-Higa S. Mazzucchi C. Mueller J. van Neerven M. Ondreját S. Peszat M. Veraar L. Weis J.-C. Zambrini
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NIST Handbook of Mathematical Functions

Author: Frank W. J. Olver

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521192250

Category: Mathematics

Page: 951

View: 9069

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The new standard reference on mathematical functions, replacing the classic but outdated handbook from Abramowitz and Stegun. Includes PDF version.
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