Yet women have been perpetrators as well as victims of violence in nationalist conflicts. This unique book generates insights into the role of gender in nationalist violence by examining feature films from a range of conflict zones.
Author: Matthew Evangelista
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Category: Political Science
Virginia Woolf famously wrote 'as a woman I have no country', suggesting that women had little stake in defending countries where they are considered second-class citizens, and should instead be forces for peace. Yet women have been perpetrators as well as victims of violence in nationalist conflicts. This unique book generates insights into the role of gender in nationalist violence by examining feature films from a range of conflict zones. In The Battle of Algiers, female bombers destroy civilians while men dress in women's clothes to prevent the French army from capturing and torturing them. Prisoner of the Mountains shows a Chechen girl falling in love with her Russian captive as his mother tries to rescue him. Providing historical and political context to these and other films, Matthew Evangelista identifies the key role that economic decline plays in threatening masculine identity and provoking the misogynistic violence that often accompanies nationalist wars.
This book engages with the existing feminist scholarship on gender, nationalism and genocide to investigate the dominant representations of gender in the 1971 genocide in Bangladesh and juxtaposes the testimonies of survivors and national ...
Author: Azra Rashid
Category: Social Science
The 1971 genocide in Bangladesh took place as a result of the region’s long history of colonization, the 1947 partition of the Indian subcontinent into largely Muslim Pakistan and Hindu India, and the continuation of ethnic and religious politics in Pakistan, specifically the political suppression of the Bengali people of East Pakistan. The violence endured by women during the 1971 genocide is repeated in the writing of national history. The secondary position that women occupy within nationalism is mirrored in the nationalist narratives of history. This book engages with the existing feminist scholarship on gender, nationalism and genocide to investigate the dominant representations of gender in the 1971 genocide in Bangladesh and juxtaposes the testimonies of survivors and national memory of that war to create a shift of perspective that demands a breaking of silence. The author explores and challenges how gender has operated in service of Bangladeshi nationalist ideology, in particular as it is represented at the Liberation War Museum. The archive of this museum in Bangladesh is viewed as a site of institutionalized dialogue between the 1971 genocide and the national memory of that event. An examination of the archive serves as an opening point into the ideologies that have sanctioned a particular authoring of history, which is written from a patriarchal perspective and insists on restricting women’s trauma to the time of war. To question the archive is to question the authority and power that is inscribed in the archive itself and that is the function performed by testimonies in this book. Testimonies are offered from five unique vantage points – rape survivor, war baby, freedom fighter, religious and ethnic minorities – to question the appropriation and omission of women’s stories. Furthermore, the emphasis on the multiplicity of women’s experiences in war seeks to highlight the counter-narrative that is created by acknowledging the differences in women’s experiences in war instead of transcending those differences. An innovative and nuanced approach to the subject of treatment and objectification of women in conflict and post conflict and how the continuing effects entrench ideas of gender roles and identity, this book will be of interest to academics in the fields of South Asian History and Politics, Gender and genocide, Women and War, Nationalism and Diaspora and Transnational Studies.
""Disappearing Acts" is brilliant. Clearly written, passionate, informed, will-argued, interesting in the extreme, it is a model piece of scholarship."--Richard Schechner, New York University
Author: Diana Taylor
Publisher: Duke University Press
Category: Performing Arts
In Disappearing Acts, Diana Taylor looks at how national identity is shaped, gendered, and contested through spectacle and spectatorship. The specific identity in question is that of Argentina, and Taylor’s focus is directed toward the years 1976 to 1983 in which the Argentine armed forces were pitted against the Argentine people in that nation’s "Dirty War." Combining feminism, cultural studies, and performance theory, Taylor analyzes the political spectacles that comprised the war—concentration camps, torture, "disappearances"—as well as the rise of theatrical productions, demonstrations, and other performative practices that attempted to resist and subvert the Argentine military. Taylor uses performance theory to explore how public spectacle both builds and dismantles a sense of national and gender identity. Here, nation is understood as a product of communal "imaginings" that are rehearsed, written, and staged—and spectacle is the desiring machine at work in those imaginings. Taylor argues that the founding scenario of Argentineness stages the struggle for national identity as a battle between men—fought on, over, and through the feminine body of the Motherland. She shows how the military’s representations of itself as the model of national authenticity established the parameters of the conflict in the 70s and 80s, feminized the enemy, and positioned the public—limiting its ability to respond. Those who challenged the dictatorship, from the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo to progressive theater practitioners, found themselves in what Taylor describes as "bad scripts." Describing the images, myths, performances, and explanatory narratives that have informed Argentina’s national drama, Disappearing Acts offers a telling analysis of the aesthetics of violence and the disappearance of civil society during Argentina’s spectacle of terror.
-- Gendered nationbuilding -- Frozen in time? war crimes, justice and political forgiveness -- Partnership with transnational networks for gender-sensitive justice mechanism This book is an analysis of the nationbuilding processes.
Author: Bina D'Costa
The politics of nationalism and nationbuilding -- 1947: from partition to creation -- 1971: politics of silence, or refusal to remember? -- Gendered nationbuilding -- Frozen in time? war crimes, justice and political forgiveness -- Partnership with transnational networks for gender-sensitive justice mechanism
VWA women were part of the larger movement of feminist nationalists . The war
drastically transformed VWA women's pre - war gender goals of equality on a
liberal basis to one of a nationalist communal focus and women's role therein .
The final part of the English edition of Nationalism and Gender , Hiroshima from a
Feminist Perspective : Between War Crimes and the Crimes of War , is very
different in style and tone from what comes before it . Firstly , it is aimed at a non ...
Author: Chizuko Ueno
Publisher: Trans Pacific Press
Category: Social Science
A discursive battle over how Japan's history should be remembered constitutes the most recent, and perhaps the most explosive, round in a struggle over the legitimacy of different "narrator's" understandings of the past and its focus on the "comfort women" issue. Feminist theorist Chizuko Ueno confronts head on, in her usual lucid and hard-hitting style, the various actors in the debate. She skillfully cuts through the argument of the neo-nationalist "historical revisionists" who have attempted to deny or minimize the reality of the former "comfort women". Ueno's equally biting treatment of her natural allies - left-wing historians and feminist supporters of the "comfort women" - has also made the book highly controversial.
Naristhan/Ladyland is a research-creation project that challenges the selective remembering, silencing and appropriating of women’s experiences in the widely circulated images of the 1971 genocide in Bangladesh.
Author: Azra Rashid
Naristhan/Ladyland is a research-creation project that challenges the selective remembering, silencing and appropriating of women’s experiences in the widely circulated images of the 1971 genocide in Bangladesh. As a video, the project juxtaposes the testimonies of survivors and national memory of the war and creates a shift of perspective that demands a breaking of silence. Employing research-creation as methodology, the video and written component engage with the existing feminist scholarship on gender, nationalism and genocide and the archive of the Liberation War Museum in Bangladesh to investigate the dominant representations of gender in the 1971 genocide in Bangladesh. The archive of the war museum in Bangladesh is viewed as a site of institutionalized dialogue between the 1971 genocide and the national memory of that event. An examination of the archive allows us an opening point into the ideologies that have sanctioned a particular authoring of history, which is written from a patriarchal perspective. The photographs on display at the Liberation War Museum offer a crystallizing moment in the national memory; they invoke the resilience and survival of the nation in a war that was largely fought by the men of the country on behalf of the nation. It omits the victimization of women, which did not end with the war in 1971. To question the archive is to question the authority and power that is inscribed in the archive itself and that is the function performed by testimonies in this research. Testimonies are offered from four unique vantage points – rape survivor, freedom fighter, religious and ethnic minorities – to question the appropriation and omission of women’s stories. Furthermore, the emphasis on the multiplicity of women’s experiences in war seeks to highlight the counter-narrative that is created by acknowledging the differences in women’s experiences in war instead of transcending those differences.
war , and at the end of this chapter I present a detailed study of how women's
fertility became understood as an arena of ... In this chapter , I represent
opposition to family planning as a gendered expression of nationalism , without
arguing that ...
Feminist Time against Nation Time will appeal to all levels to students and scholars. Book jacket.
Author: Victoria Hesford
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
Category: Political Science
Feminist Time against Nation Time combines philosophical examinations of "Women's Time" by Julia Kristeva and "The Time of Thought" by Elizabeth Grosz with essays offering case studies of particular events, including Kelly Oliver's essay on the media coverage of the U.S. wars on terror in Afghanistan and in Iraq, and Betty Joseph's on the anticolonial uses of "women's time" in the creation of nineteenth-century Indian nationalism. Victoria Hesford and Lisa Diedrich juxtapose feminist time against nation time in order to consider temporalities that are at once "contrary" but also "close to" or "drawing toward" each other. As an untimely project, feminism necessarily operates in a different temporality from that of the nation. Against-ness is used to provoke a rupture, a momentary opening up of a disjuncture between the two that allows us to explore the possibilities of creating a space and time for feminists to think against the current of the preset moment. Feminist Time against Nation Time will appeal to all levels to students and scholars. Book jacket.
Iveković on this point : they were not necessarily wars against women , although
they are wars in which atrocities against ... One could argue that the extreme
cases of war and nationalism take over and adopt the models of gender
It also offers insight into the organization of a society or nation , and the
maintenance of hierarchies of power and subordination . Finally , it can deepen
our 45 Anne McClintock , " Family Feuds : Gender , Nationalism and the Family , "
It is worth stressing here that South Slav nationalist tendencies of the 19th and
20th centuries can be grouped around two disjunctive ideological paths : the
separatist ethno - nationalist projects on the one hand , and the integrative “
Author: Jelena Batinić
Category: Collective memory
"The mass participation of women in the communist-led Yugoslav Partisan resistance is one of the most remarkable phenomena of the Second World War. According to official figures, by the end of the war more than two million women had been involved in the Partisan movement. Over 100,000 served as combatants in the Partisan army - a degree of female military involvement unprecedented and unrepeated in the region, and particularly unrivaled elsewhere. Why and how did the Partisans recruit women? What made these women - the vast majority of them peasants from underdeveloped regions with strong patriarchal traditions - decide to take up arms? More intriguing still: what made their transformation into warriors acceptable to the peasant-filled Partisan ranks? How were they integrated into the movement and how were their relations with men regulated? What images emerged to represent their experience and role? Last but not least, what was the legacy of women's mass military and political mobilization in the region? To try to answer these questions, this study explores the history and postwar memory of the phenomenon. It is, more broadly, concerned with the changes in gender norms and values caused by the war, revolution, and the establishment of the communist regime, which claimed to have solved the 'woman question' and instituted equality between the sexes"--Introduction.
Those who arrive in the middle will , of necessity , surrender some of their gender nationalism . They will stand instead on the shared ground of a new social
movement that can embrace broader perspectives than the separate groups
Author: Aaron R. Kipnis
Publisher: William Morrow
"Gender War, Gender Peace tells the story of a group journey into the wilderness led by a woman and a man on a quest to build bridges over the gender gap. Aaron Kipnis, a leading voice from the men's movement, and Elizabeth Herron, a trailblazer for a new feminism, guide women and men toward mutual respect, understanding, and compassion in this account of a groundbreaking summit meeting of the sexes. Through a series of adventures and encounters, the participants learn how to communicate the potent depths of anger, fear; grief, love, and appreciation between women and men. They also discover a way to create a map for future peace between the sexes, a future in which women and men can recognize and respect both their genuine differences and shared challenges." "Weaving together dialogues from latenight discussions around the campfire with judicious, well-researched references to scholarly texts, Kipnis and Herron present a detailed and surprisingly optimistic portrait of the potential for communication and personal growth between women and men, growth that celebrates diversity rather than condemning it. Provocative, powerful, and of great importance, Gender War, Gender Peace begins a new era of understanding and partnership between the sexes."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
“Can anything new be said about modern Egyptian nationalism? Beth Baron's book Egypt as a Woman, one of the best modern Egyptian history books to appear in several years, leaves no doubt that it can.
Author: Beth Baron
Publisher: Univ of California Press
"Can anything new be said about modern Egyptian nationalism? Beth Baron's book Egypt as a Woman, one of the best modern Egyptian history books to appear in several years, leaves no doubt that it can. With evenhandedness and generosity, Baron shows how vital women were to mobilizing opposition to British authority and modernizing Egypt."--Robert L. Tignor, author of Capitalism and Nationalism at the End of Empire "A wonderful contribution to understanding Egyptian national and gender politics between the two world wars. Baron explores the paradox of women's exclusion from political rights at the very moment when visual and metaphorical representations of Egypt as a woman were becoming widespread and real women activists--both secularist and Islamist--were participating more actively in public life than ever before."--Donald Malcolm Reid, author of Whose Pharaohs? Archaeology, Museums, and Egyptian National Identity from Napoleon to World War I
This is the first comprehensive, multidisciplinary, and multilingual bibliography on "Women and Gender in East Central Europe and the Balkans (Vol. 1)" and "The Lands of the Former Soviet Union (Vol. 2)" over the past millennium. The coverage encompasses the relevant territories of the Russian, Hapsburg, and Ottoman empires, Germany and Greece, and the Jewish and Roma diasporas. Topics range from legal status and marital customs to economic participation and gender roles, plus unparalleled documentation of women writers and artists, and autobiographical works of all kinds. The volumes include approximately 30,000 bibliographic entries on works published through the end of 2000, as well as web sites and unpublished dissertations. Many of the individual entries are annotated with brief descriptions of major works and the tables of contents for collections and anthologies. The entries are cross-referenced and each volume includes indexes.
Gail Zwerman , “ Mothering on the Lam : Politics , Gender Fantasies and Maternal
Thinking in Women Associated with ... 33–56 ; Joy Elshtain , Women and War (
New York , 1987 ) ; Alice McClintock , “ Family Feuds : Gender , Nationalism and
Author: Hannah Naveh
Category: Social Science
This volume of essays by prominent researchers in Israeli history and society is the first of two interconnected volumes engaging with the concept of 'women's time'. It recounts stories and histories of women, along with other marginalized groups, categories and classes, and places them back into history. The studies in this volume illuminate the complex and multifaceted nature of issues of feminist concern, asking whether the manifestation of women's interests as a class brings women into the public sphere or whether it induces compliance with national interests. 'Women's time' involves resistance to self-evident and often patriarchal truths and knowledge, and, by creating a model for the investigation of other obliterated narratives, serves the well-being of all, in Israel and beyond.