Fundamentals of Crystallography

Author: Carmelo Giacovazzo

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198509585

Category: Science

Page: 825

View: 5633

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Crystallography and structure theory have recently received increasing interest due to their role in understanding biological structures, high-temperature superconductors, and effects on mineral properties related to changes in temperature and pressure. This text offers an account of the wide range of crystallography in various branches of science.The fundamentals, the most frequently used procedures, and experimental techniques are all described, and a number of appendices are devoted to more specialist aspects. The book is an updated edition with emphasis on the range of topical applications. Illustrations should help to clarify the subject matter. To provide a better understanding of the basics of crystallography, a compact disk has been added to this edition, offering the facilities of modern graphics to simulate experiments, show complex images, and provide a number of exercises.
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Fundamentals of Crystallography

Author: Carmelo Giacovazzo

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198555780

Category: Crystallography

Page: 654

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Offers a rigorous treatment of the theory of crystallography and detailed descriptions of experimental applications in a wide range of sciences, including computational aspects, protein crystallography and crystal physics.
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The Basics of Crystallography and Diffraction

Author: Christopher Hammond

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198505525

Category: Science

Page: 331

View: 8285

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The present book provides a clear and comprehensive introduction to the topics of crystallography and diffraction for undergraduate and beginning graduate students and lecturers in physics, chemistry, materials and earth sciences, but will also be of interest to the layperson who wishes toknow about these topics beyond the level given in more general trade science books. The book shows how crystal structures may be built up from simple ideas of atomic packing and co-ordination, and develops the concepts of crystal symmetry, point and space groups by way of two-dimensional examples ofpatterns and tilings. Furthermore, the concept of the reciprocal lattice is explained in simple terms and its importance in an understanding of light, x-ray and electron diffraction shown. Finally, the book covers practical examples of the applications of these techniques, and describes theimportance of diffraction in the performance of optical instruments. For this second edition, the existing material has been thoroughly updated, additional figures and exercises have been supplied and two new chapters added. From reviews on the 1/e: '... This is a timely, well-constructed bookwhich should be seriously considered by every teacher of crystallography and can be recommended to anyone who wants to get to grips with crystallography and diffraction.' P. Goodhew, Journal of Microscopy, June 1998 'IUCr publications have always been outstanding for quality of presentation andexposition and this book maintains that high standard.' J.E. Chisholm, Mineralogical Magazine, February 1998
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Crystallography and Crystal Defects

Author: Anthony Kelly,Kevin M. Knowles

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470750146

Category: Science

Page: 536

View: 5657

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Extensively revised and updated, this new edition of a classic text presents a unified approach to crystallography and to the defects found within crystals. The book combines the classical and exact description of symmetry of a perfect crystal with the possible geometries of the major defects-dislocations, stacking faults, point defects, twins, interfaces and the effects of martensitic transformations. A number of important concepts and exciting new topics have been introduced in this second edition, including piezoelectricity, liquid crystals, nanocrystalline concepts, incommensurate materials and the structure of foamed and amorphous solids. The coverage of quasicrystalline materials has been extended, and the data tables, appendices and references have been fully updated. Reinforcing its unrivalled position as the core text for teaching crystallography and crystal defects, each chapter includes problem sets with brief numerical solutions at the end of the book. Detailed worked solutions, supplementary lecture material and computer programs for crystallographic calculations are provided online (http://booksupport.wiley.com).
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Direct Phasing in Crystallography

Fundamentals and Applications

Author: Carmelo Giacovazzo,Professor of Crystallography Carmelo Giacovazzo

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780198500728

Category: Science

Page: 767

View: 8894

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Direct methods are, at present, applied to a large variety of cases: X-ray, neutron or electron data; single crystal and powder data; small molecules and macromolecules. While direct methods solved in practice the phase problem for small molecules, their application to macromolecules is recentand still undergoing strong development. The fundamentals of the methods are described: in particular it is shown how the methods can be optimized for powder, neutron or electron data, and how they can be integrated with isomorphous replacement, molecular replacement and anomalous dispersiontechniques. Maximum Entropy methods are also described and discussed. Sets of test structures are used to verify, throughout the various chapters, the mathematical techniques there described and to provide practical examples of applications. This book will appeal to a wide variety of readers -offering both a comprehensive description of direct methods in crystallography and an invaluable reference tool. The first three chapters can be considered as an introduction to the field, with sufficient material to constitute a university course and for allowing the expert use of most directmethods programs. Subsequent chapters are aimed at graduate students and working crystallographers. Basic results are described and discussed in the main body of the text, while the appendices compliment these with in depth mathematical details. The quoted literature is extremely wide and theinterested reader can find suggestions for future work and further reading throughout the book.
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Phasing in Crystallography

A Modern Perspective

Author: Carmelo Giacovazzo

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199686998

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 1959

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The book describes phasing techniques in modern crystallography. The main text is dedicated to their simple description, and further mathematical details are contained in the appendices. Practical aspects are described for each specific method, making it a useful tool for the daily work of practising crystallographers.
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Symmetry Relationships Between Crystal Structures

Applications of Crystallographic Group Theory in Crystal Chemistry

Author: Ulrich Müller

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199669953

Category: Science

Page: 332

View: 7467

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The book presents the basic information needed to understand and to organize the huge amount of known structures of crystalline solids. Its basis is crystallographic group theory (space group theory), with special emphasis on the relations between the symmetry properties of crystals.
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Electron Crystallography

Electron Microscopy and Electron Diffraction

Author: Xiaodong Zou,Sven Hovmöller,Peter Oleynikov

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199580200

Category: Science

Page: 332

View: 3360

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Includes bibliographical references and index.
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X-Ray Charge Densities and Chemical Bonding

Author: Philip Coppens

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195098234

Category: Science

Page: 358

View: 9011

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This book deals with the electron density distribution in molecules and solids as obtained experimentally by X-ray diffraction. It is a comprehensive treatment of the methods involved, and the interpretation of the experimental results in terms of chemical bonding and intermolecular interactions. Inorganic and organic solids, as well as metals, are covered in the chapters dealing with specific systems. As a whole, this monograph is especially appealing because of its broad interface with numerous disciplines. Accurate X-ray diffraction intensities contain fundamental information on the charge distribution in crystals, which can be compared directly with theoretical results, and used to derive other physical properties, such as electrostatic moments, the electrostatic potential and lattice energies, which are accessible by spectroscopic and thermodynamic measurements. Consequently, the work will be of great interest to a broad range of crystallographers and physical scientists.
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