Developments in fiber reinforced polymer FRP composites for civil engineering

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer  FRP  composites for civil engineering

This chapter presents a systematic approach for material characterization, analysis, and design of all-fiber-reinforced polymer or plastic (FRP) composite structures.

Author: P. Qiao

Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters

ISBN: 9780128087800

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 558

View: 753

This chapter presents a systematic approach for material characterization, analysis, and design of all-fiber-reinforced polymer or plastic (FRP) composite structures. The suggested ‘bottom-up’ analysis concept is applied throughout the procedure, from materials/microstructures, to macro components, to structural members, and finally to structural systems, thus providing a systematic analysis methodology for all-FRP composite structures. The systematic approach described in this chapter can be used efficiently to analyze and design FRP shapes and bridge systems and also develop new design concepts for all composite structures.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Advanced fibre reinforced polymer FRP composites for structural applications

Advanced fibre reinforced polymer  FRP  composites for structural applications

This book provides an overview of different advanced FRP composites and the use of these materials in a variety of application areas. This chapter specifically covers a brief review on FRP applications and gives an outline of the book.

Author: J. Bai

Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters

ISBN: 9780128088319

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 928

View: 967

Fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites have become essential materials for maintaining and strengthening existing infrastructure. Many new innovative types of hybrid material and structural systems have been developed using FRP composite materials. Increased utilisation of FRP requires that structural engineers and practitioners be able to understand the behaviour of FRP materials and design composite structures. This book provides an overview of different advanced FRP composites and the use of these materials in a variety of application areas. This chapter specifically covers a brief review on FRP applications and gives an outline of the book.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

FRP Composite Structures

FRP Composite Structures

This book: Explores practical and novel infrastructure designs and implementations Uses contemporary codes recently approved Includes FRP case studies from around the world Ensures readers fully understand the basic mechanics of composite ...

Author: Hota V.S. GangaRao

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000461251

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 544

View: 487

The use of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites in infrastructure systems has grown considerably in recent years because of the durability of composite materials. New constituent materials, manufacturing techniques, design approaches, and construction methods are being developed and introduced in practice by the FRP composites community to cost-effectively build FRP structural systems. FRP Composite Structures: Theory, Fundamentals, and Design brings clarity to the analysis and design of these FRP composite structural systems to advance the field implementation of structural systems with enhanced durability and reduced maintenance costs. It develops simplified mathematical models representing the behavior of beams and plates under static loads, after introducing generalized Hooke’s Law for materials with anisotropic, orthotropic, transversely isotropic, and isotropic properties. Subsequently, the simplified models coupled with design methods including FRP composite material degradation factors are introduced by solving a wide range of practical design problems. This book: Explores practical and novel infrastructure designs and implementations Uses contemporary codes recently approved Includes FRP case studies from around the world Ensures readers fully understand the basic mechanics of composite materials before involving large-scale number crunching Details several advanced topics including aging of FRPs, typical failures of structures including joints, and design simplifications without loss of accuracy and emphasis on failure modes Features end of chapter problems and solved examples throughout. This textbook is aimed at advanced undergraduate and graduate students and industry professionals focused on the analysis and design of FRP composite structural members. It features PowerPoint lecture slides and a solutions manual for adopting professors.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Explicit Buckling Analysis of Fiber reinforced Plastic FRP Composite Structures

Explicit Buckling Analysis of Fiber reinforced Plastic  FRP  Composite Structures

Author: Luyang Shan

Publisher:

ISBN: 0549069305

Category: Fiber-reinforced plastics

Page: 237

View: 293

Explicit analyses of flexural-torsional buckling of open thin-walled FRP beams, local buckling of rotationally restrained orthotropic composite plates subjected to biaxial linear loading and associated applications of the explicit solution to predict the local buckling strength of composite structures (i.e., FRP structural shapes and sandwich cores), and delamination buckling of laminated composite beams are presented.
Categories: Fiber-reinforced plastics

Advanced fibre reinforced polymer FRP composites for structural applications

Advanced fibre reinforced polymer  FRP  composites for structural applications

This chapter will introduce advances in properties, production and manufacturing techniques of the advanced polymer/fibre composite materials that are utilised in the manufacture of machines that produce sustainable energy. discussed the ...

Author: L.C. Hollaway

Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters

ISBN: 9780128088500

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 928

View: 102

This chapter will introduce advances in properties, production and manufacturing techniques of the advanced polymer/fibre composite materials that are utilised in the manufacture of machines that produce sustainable energy. discussed the various methods of transferring wind, tidal, wave and solar energies into electrical power and this chapter will show how advanced composites are utilised in these various machines. Furthermore, it will suggest methods for the repair, maintenance and recycling of advanced polymer composite wind turbine blades. Finally, the future trends of sustainable energy systems and the role that polymers and polymer/fibre composites will have in their manufacture/fabrication will be evaluated.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Mechanics of Composite Materials and Structures

Mechanics of Composite Materials and Structures

This book is an attempt to present an integrated and unified approach to the analysis of FRP composite materials which have a wide range of applications in various engineering structures- offshore, maritime, aerospace and civil engineering; ...

Author: Madhujit Mukhopadhyay

Publisher: Universities Press

ISBN: 8173714770

Category: Composite construction

Page: 371

View: 208

This book is an attempt to present an integrated and unified approach to the analysis of FRP composite materials which have a wide range of applications in various engineering structures- offshore, maritime, aerospace and civil engineering; machine components; chemical engineering applications, and so on.
Categories: Composite construction

Frp Composites for Reinforced and Prestressed Concrete Structures

Frp Composites for Reinforced and Prestressed Concrete Structures

It deals with the fundamentals of composites, and basic design principles, and provides step-by-step guidelines for design.

Author: Perumalsamy Balaguru

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0367865734

Category:

Page: 322

View: 148

High strength fibre composites (FRPs) have been used with civil structures since the 1980s, mostly in the repair, strengthening and retrofitting of concrete structures. This has attracted considerable research, and the industry has expanded exponentially in the last decade. Design guidelines have been developed by professional organizations in a number of countries including USA, Japan, Europe and China, but until now designers have had no publication which provides practical guidance or accessible coverage of the fundamentals. This book fills this void. It deals with the fundamentals of composites, and basic design principles, and provides step-by-step guidelines for design. Its main theme is the repair and retrofit of un-reinforced, reinforced and prestressed concrete structures using carbon, glass and other high strength fibre composites. In the case of beams, the focus is on their strengthening for flexure and shear or their stiffening. The main interest with columns is the improvement of their ductility; and both strengthening and ductility improvement of un-reinforced structures are covered. Methods for evaluating the strengthened structures are presented. Step by step procedures are set out, including flow charts, for the various structural components, and design examples and practice problems are used to illustrate. As infrastructure ages worldwide, and its demolition and replacement becomes less of an option, the need for repair and retrofit of existing facilities will increase. Besides its audience of design professionals, this book suits graduate and advanced undergraduate students.
Categories:

Advanced fibre reinforced polymer FRP composites for structural applications

Advanced fibre reinforced polymer  FRP  composites for structural applications

The term liquid composite moulding (LCM) encompasses a family of processes in which a dry fibrous reinforcement is impregnated by a liquid resin inside a sealed cavity.

Author: S. Bickerton

Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters

ISBN: 9780128088371

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 928

View: 908

The term liquid composite moulding (LCM) encompasses a family of processes in which a dry fibrous reinforcement is impregnated by a liquid resin inside a sealed cavity. As the understanding and control of these processes improve, their field of application widens. LCM processes can be used as a replacement to decrease the environmental impact and improve the quality of composite parts made via traditional open-mould processes. they can also provide a cost-cutting alternative to prepreg techniques while maintaining a high part quality. This chapter describes the variety of processes blanketed under the class liquid composite moulding and the research advances in the monitoring and simulation of these processes. the subsequent section presents the current usage of LCM techniques in the field of civil engineering, including some case studies, before outlining some future trends and offering sources for further information.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

FRP Composites

FRP Composites

This is particularly true in the repair and rehabilitation of existing infrastructure. This book provides design guidance on the use of fibre reinforced polymer composites, based on the results of two major programmes funded by the DETR.

Author: S. S. J. Moy

Publisher: Thomas Telford

ISBN: 0727730096

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 64

View: 166

- Introduction - Design specification - Design process overview - Design of composite - Structural design - Implementation - Tests - Verification - Monitoring - References Reviews Fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) composites have been used for many years in the aircraft and shipbuilding industries. They are now being used in a variety of construction applications where their light weight, high strength, stiffness, durability, and ease of installation makes them cost effective. This is particularly true in the repair and rehabilitation of existing infrastructure. This book provides design guidance on the use of fibre reinforced polymer composites, based on the results of two major programmes funded by the DETR. The book demonstrates that fibre reinforced polymer composites can be used with complete confidence in structural applications. Likewise, guidance is given on short-term and long-term behaviour and how this can be interpreted within a factual design situation. Also included are case studies of projects on the London Underground network, alongside contributions from industry research groups. FRP composites can offer a performance or cost benefit over traditional solutions. As there are no official standards for this type of work, this first attempt at producing design recommendations will be a vital resource for structural engineers. Quality Concrete, October 2001
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Strengthening of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Strengthening of Reinforced Concrete Structures

This book presents a detailed study of the flexural strengthening of reinforced and prestressed concrete members using fibre reinforces polymer composite plates.

Author: L C Hollaway

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781855737617

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 352

View: 239

The in situ rehabilitation or upgrading of reinforced concrete members using bonded steel plates is an effective, convenient and economic method of improving structural performance. However, disadvantages inherent in the use of steel have stimulated research into the possibility of using fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) materials in its place, providing a non-corrosive, more versatile strengthening system. This book presents a detailed study of the flexural strengthening of reinforced and prestressed concrete members using fibre reinforces polymer composite plates. It is based to a large extent on material developed or provided by the consortium which studied the technology of plate bonding to upgrade structural units using carbon fibre / polymer composite materials. The research and trial tests were undertaken as part of the ROBUST project, one of several ventures in the UK Government's DTI-LINK Structural Composites Programme. The book has been designed for practising structural and civil engineers seeking to understand the principles and design technology of plate bonding, and for final year undergraduate and postgraduate engineers studying the principles of highway and bridge engineering and structural engineering. Detailed study of the flexural strengthening of reinforced and prestressed concrete members using fibre reinforced polymer composites Contains in-depth case histories
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Advanced Fibre reinforced Polymer FRP Composites for Structural Applications

Advanced Fibre reinforced Polymer  FRP  Composites for Structural Applications

Advanced fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for structural applications provides an overview of different advanced FRP composites and the use of these materials in a variety of application areas.

Author: Jiping Bai

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing Limited

ISBN: 0857094181

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 906

View: 447

Advanced fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composites have become essential materials in the building and repair of civil infrastructure. This wide ranging book reviews key developments in the use of these materials. There are sections on fiber-reinforced polymer composites and assessments of the material performance, processing and applications. Part one introduces materials used in the creation of advanced FRP composites including polyester, vinylester and epoxy resins. Chapters in part two goes on to explore the processing and fabrication of advanced FRP composites and includes contributions on prepreg processing and filament winding processes. Part three highlights properties of advanced FRP composites and discusses how performance can be managed and tested. The conclusion reviews applications of advanced FRP composites, including bridge engineering, pipe rehabilitation in the oil and gas industry and sustainable energy production.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer FRP composites for civil engineering

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer  FRP  composites for civil engineering

Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) has been a practical alternative construction material for replacing steel in the construction industry for several decades.

Author: D. Lau

Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters

ISBN: 9780128087718

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 558

View: 630

Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) has been a practical alternative construction material for replacing steel in the construction industry for several decades. However, some mechanical weaknesses of FRP are still unresolved, which limit the extensive use of this material in civil infrastructure. In order to mitigate the disadvantage of using FRP, the concept of hybridization is delivered here. The advantages of hybrid structural systems include the cost effectiveness and the ability to optimize the cross section based on material properties of each constituent material. In this chapter, two major applications of hybrid FRP composites are discussed: (1) the internal reinforcement in reinforced concrete (RC) structures, and (2) the cables in long-span cable-stayed bridges. In order to improve the flexural ductility of FRP-reinforced concrete (FRPRC) beam, the additional steel longitudinal reinforcement is proposed such that the hybrid FRPRC beams contain both FRP and steel reinforcement. In order to improve the vibrational problem in pure FRP cables used in bridge construction, an innovative hybrid FRP cable which can inherently incorporate a smart damper is proposed. The objective of this chapter is to deliver an up-to-date review of hybrid FRP composite structures, including both the industrial practice and the research in academia. The advantages of using hybrid FRP composites for construction will also be described with experimental support. It is hoped that the reader will appreciate the concept of hybridization, which leads to the efficient utilization of all constituent materials in a bonded system.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

FRP Composites

FRP Composites

Author: Manoochehr Zoghi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498709982

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 304

View: 912

Categories: Technology & Engineering

The International Handbook of FRP Composites in Civil Engineering

The International Handbook of FRP Composites in Civil Engineering

The International Handbook of FRP Composites in Civil Engineering brings together a wealth of information on advances in materials, techniques, practices, nondestructive testing, and structural health monitoring of FRP composites, ...

Author: Manoochehr Zoghi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849320132

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 706

View: 130

Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites have become an integral part of the construction industry because of their versatility, enhanced durability and resistance to fatigue and corrosion, high strength-to-weight ratio, accelerated construction, and lower maintenance and life-cycle costs. Advanced FRP composite materials are also emerging for a wide range of civil infrastructure applications. These include everything from bridge decks, bridge strengthening and repairs, and seismic retrofit to marine waterfront structures and sustainable, energy-efficient housing. The International Handbook of FRP Composites in Civil Engineering brings together a wealth of information on advances in materials, techniques, practices, nondestructive testing, and structural health monitoring of FRP composites, specifically for civil infrastructure. With a focus on professional applications, the handbook supplies design guidelines and standards of practice from around the world. It also includes helpful design formulas, tables, and charts to provide immediate answers to common questions. Organized into seven parts, the handbook covers: FRP fundamentals, including history, codes and standards, manufacturing, materials, mechanics, and life-cycle costs Bridge deck applications and the critical topic of connection design for FRP structural members External reinforcement for rehabilitation, including the strengthening of reinforced concrete, masonry, wood, and metallic structures FRP composites for the reinforcement of concrete structures, including material characteristics, design procedures, and quality assurance–quality control (QA/QC) issues Hybrid FRP composite systems, with an emphasis on design, construction, QA/QC, and repair Quality control, quality assurance, and evaluation using nondestructive testing, and in-service monitoring using structural health monitoring of FRP composites, including smart composites that can actively sense and respond to the environment and internal states FRP-related books, journals, conference proceedings, organizations, and research sources Comprehensive yet concise, this is an invaluable reference for practicing engineers and construction professionals, as well as researchers and students. It offers ready-to-use information on how FRP composites can be more effectively utilized in new construction, repair and reconstruction, and architectural engineering.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Structural Health Monitoring Technologies and Next Generation Smart Composite Structures

Structural Health Monitoring Technologies and Next Generation Smart Composite Structures

SHM SYSTEMS FOR FRP COMPOSITES The process of implementing a damage detection and characterization strategy for engineering structures is referred to as SHM ...

Author: Jayantha Ananda Epaarachchi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781482226928

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 545

View: 233

Due to the increased use of composite materials in aerospace, energy, automobile, and civil infrastructure applications, concern over composite material failures has grown, creating a need for smart composite structures that are able to self-diagnose and self-heal. Structural Health Monitoring Technologies and Next-Generation Smart Composite Structures provides valuable insight into cutting-edge advances in SHM, smart materials, and smart structures. Comprised of chapters authored by leading researchers in their respective fields, this edited book showcases exciting developments in general embedded sensor technologies, general sensor technologies, sensor response interrogation and data communication, damage matrix formulation, damage mechanics and analysis, smart materials and structures, and SHM in aerospace applications. Each chapter makes a significant contribution to the prevention of structural failures by describing methods that increase safety and reduce maintenance costs in a variety of SHM applications.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Advanced fibre reinforced polymer FRP composites for structural applications

Advanced fibre reinforced polymer  FRP  composites for structural applications

This chapter continues the discussions of the development of advanced polymer composite material applications associated with bridge engineering.

Author: L.C. Hollaway

Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters

ISBN: 9780128088470

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 928

View: 763

This chapter continues the discussions of the development of advanced polymer composite material applications associated with bridge engineering. It focuses on the rehabilitation of metallic bridge structures, all-FRP composite bridges and bridges built with hybrid systems. covered the materials used in FRP composites, in-service properties and applications of FRP composites in bridge enclosures, the rehabilitation of reinforced and prestressed concrete bridge beams and columns.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Advanced fibre reinforced polymer FRP composites for structural applications

Advanced fibre reinforced polymer  FRP  composites for structural applications

This chapter provides some basic knowledge about FRP manufacturing processes involving prepreg materials.

Author: S. Pansart

Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters

ISBN: 9780128088364

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 928

View: 408

This chapter provides some basic knowledge about FRP manufacturing processes involving prepreg materials. It contains information regarding the manufacture of prepreg semi-finished products, processing methods for obtaining structural components, and some considerations about quality. It is intended as an overview only, addressing engineering students or practitioners who have only little knowledge about composites and prepreg processing technologies.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF FRP REINFORCED

ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF FRP REINFORCED

This book presents various aspects of FRP composite materials, their characteristics, manufacturing techniques, real-life projects, different forms of FRP products and, most importantly, detailed procedures for designing new structures ...

Author: Shamsher Bahadur Singh

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education

ISBN: 9781259058912

Category:

Page:

View: 815

?With the advent of advanced composite materials in the form of fiber reinforced polymer (FRP), these innovative FRP materials have been utilized across the world as internal reinforcements, external reinforcements, and prestressing tendons/strands. The research carried out on FRP materials have revealed their potential as efficient construction materials requiring least maintenance and minimal life cycle cost. In addition, FRP also finds usage as external strengthening material in deficient structures and for upgrading the strength of structures to meet new requirements. This book presents various aspects of FRP composite materials, their characteristics, manufacturing techniques, real-life projects, different forms of FRP products and, most importantly, detailed procedures for designing new structures using FRP as internal reinforcements, external strengthening materials, and prestressing materials. The main topics covered: introduction of FRP composites? material characteristics? history and uses of FRP technology? design of RC structures using FRP bars? design philosophy for FRP external strengthening systems? durability-based design approach for external FRP strengthening of RC beams Alongside case study problems, for example, on FRP prestressed concrete bridges, this book comes equipped with ample exercise problems and design examples. As a consolidated source of design guidelines and design examples on FRP reinforced and/or prestressed concrete structures, this book will be of prime interest to a wide range of readers including researchers, academicians in general, consultants, practitioners, designers, writers of design codes, structural engineers, and senior undergraduate and graduate students.
Categories:

Structural Health Monitoring of Composite Structures Using Fiber Optic Methods

Structural Health Monitoring of Composite Structures Using Fiber Optic Methods

Hence, FRP composites are frequently applied to primary load-bearing structures in newly developed aircraft, such as Boeing 787 and Airbus 380.

Author: Ginu Rajan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781498733205

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 491

View: 699

This highly comprehensive, introductory book explains the basics of structural health monitoring aspects of composite structures. This book serve as an all-in-one reference book in which the reader can receive a basic understanding of composite materials, manufacturing methods, the latest types of optical fiber sensors used for structural health monitoring of composite structures, and demonstrated applications of the use of fiber sensors in a variety of composite material structures. The content draws upon the authors’ and distinguished contributors’ extensive research/teaching and industrial experience to fully cover the structural health monitoring of composite materials using fiber optic sensing methods.
Categories: Technology & Engineering