From Constantine to Julian provides students with important source material, covering an age of major transition in Europe; an age which saw the establishment of Rome as a Christian Empire and a period of recidivism under Julian.
Author: Samuel Lieu
From Constantine to Julian provides students with important source material, covering an age of major transition in Europe; an age which saw the establishment of Rome as a Christian Empire and a period of recidivism under Julian. Texts included are the anonymous Origo Constantini^; Eumenius, Panegyric of 310; Byzantine life of Constantine; Libanius, oration 59; and the Passion of Artemius. Most of this material has not previously been translated into English: students will now have direct access to the most important sources for the period which is studied on courses in classical antiquity, early medieval Europe and ecclesiastical history.
Author: Nicholas Baker-BrianPublish On: 2020-05-30
This edited collection focuses on the Roman empire during the period from AD 337 to 361. During this period the empire was ruled by three brothers: Constantine II (337-340), Constans I (337-350) and Constantius II (337-361).
Author: Nicholas Baker-Brian
Publisher: Springer Nature
This edited collection focuses on the Roman empire during the period from AD 337 to 361. During this period the empire was ruled by three brothers: Constantine II (337-340), Constans I (337-350) and Constantius II (337-361). These emperors tend to be cast into shadow by their famous father Constantine, the first Christian Roman emperor (306-337), and their famous cousin Julian, the last pagan Roman emperor (361-363). The traditional concentration on the historically renowned figures of Constantine and Julian is understandable but comes at a significant price: the neglect of the period between the death of Constantine and the reign of Julian and of the rulers who governed the empire in this period. The reigns of the sons of Constantine, especially that of the longest-lived Constantius II, mark a moment of great historical significance. As the heirs of Constantine they became the guardians of his legacy, and they oversaw the nature of the world in which Julian was to grow up. The thirteen contributors to this volume assess their influence on imperial, administrative, cultural, and religious facets of the empire in the fourth century.
How much of Julian's decision to revive the old traditions was motivated by the
political and familial chaos following Constantine's death is difficult to know.
Regardless, it was in 355 that Julian, last emperor of the Constantinian dynasty, ...
Author: Kegan A. Chandler
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
Constantine’s conversion to Christianity marks one of the most significant turning points in the epic of Western civilization. It is also one of history’s most controversial and hotly-debated episodes. Why did Constantine join a persecuted sect? When did he convert? And what kind of Christian did he ultimately become? Such questions have perennially challenged historians, but modern scholarship has opened a new door towards understanding the fourth century’s most famous and mysterious convert. In Constantine and the Divine Mind, Chandler offers a new portrait of Constantine as a deeply religious man on a quest to restore what he believed was once the original religion of mankind: monotheism. By tracing this theological quest and important historical trends in Roman paganism, Chandler illuminates the process by which Constantine embraced Christianity, and how the reasons for that embrace continued to manifest in his religious policies. In this we discover not only Constantine’s personal religious journey, but the reason why Christianity was first developed into a world power.
Since Jesus Christ, only two people have affected the life or death of christianity: Saint Paul with his missionary success and Constantine The Great with his divine revelation.
Author: Terry Julian
Publisher: Trafford Publishing
Category: Constitutum Constantini
Since Jesus Christ, only two people have affected the life or death of christianity: Saint Paul with his missionary success and Constantine The Great with his divine revelation. Constantine was the emperor who turned the Roman Empire from persecuting Christians to promoting them and this resulted in major and lasting consequences for Christianity. He created an environment for Christianity to evolve from a fringe society to become the single most important influence on Western civilization. In addition to being the greatest builder of Christian churches, Constantine created Constantinople, today's Istanbul a centre that kept Christianity and classical literature alive for a thousand years.
Few Roman emperors enjoy such fame as Julian the Apostate (361-363), the man who tried in vain to reverse the transformation of the Roman Empire into a Christian monarchy.
Author: Hans-Ulrich Wiemer
Publisher: Brill's Companions to the Byza
Few Roman emperors enjoy such fame as Julian the Apostate (361-363), the man who tried in vain to reverse the transformation of the Roman Empire into a Christian monarchy. This companion synthesizes international research on Julian and develops new perspectives on his rule.
This is the first translation into modern English of the complete corpus of Julian’s Against the Galileans and related writings.
Author: Julian (Emperor of Rome)
Flavius Claudius Julianus, better known to history by the name imposed by his Christian opponents, Julian "the Apostate," was a nephew of the first Christian emperor, Constantine I. Julian is one of the most fascinating figures of late antiquity. More information is available about him from both pagan and Christian sources than about any other emperor. His reign inspired both admiration and contempt. Julian's ambitious program was to reinstate the religion of his ancestors and, in the process, to subdue the growth of the Christian church, which had achieved legitimacy under the reign of his uncle. Once in power, he immediately sought to revive the religion of classical Rome, to reform the pagan priesthood, revitalize training in classics and pagan philosophy and — as an affront to Christian prophecy — to rebuild the Jewish temple in Jerusalem. This is the first translation into modern English of the complete corpus of Julian’s Against the Galileans and related writings. It not only puts the work of the philosopher-emperor into historical perspective but offers important insights into the waning days of pagan philosophy and the growth of the Christian church against the background of intellectual and religious opposition. The translations are supported by a full historical introduction to the life of Julian and a detailed treatment of his religious philosophy, including the origins of his understanding of the Christian faith. The work is essential reading for anyone interested in the religions of late antiquity, the growth of the Christian church, and the final phase of the conflict between paganism and Christian teaching.
This provoked the anger of the Christians, who raised accusations against him as a persecutor. In The Last Pagan Emperor, these claims are carefully investigated.
Author: H. C. Teitler
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Flavius Claudius Julianus was the last pagan to sit on the Roman imperial throne (361-363). Born in Constantinople in 331 or 332, Julian was raised as a Christian, but apostatized, and during his short reign tried to revive paganism, which, after the conversion to Christianity of his uncle Constantine the Great early in the fourth century, began losing ground at an accelerating pace. Having become an orphan when he was still very young, Julian was taken care of by his cousin Constantius II, one of Constantine's sons, who permitted him to study rhetoric and philosophy and even made him co-emperor in 355. But the relations between Julian and Constantius were strained from the beginning, and it was only Constantius' sudden death in 361 which prevented an impending civil war. As sole emperor, Julian restored the worship of the traditional gods. He opened pagan temples again, reintroduced animal sacrifices, and propagated paganism through both the spoken and the written word. In his treatise Against the Galilaeans he sharply criticised the religion of the followers of Jesus whom he disparagingly called 'Galilaeans'. He put his words into action, and issued laws which were displeasing to Christians--the most notorious being his School Edict. This provoked the anger of the Christians, who reacted fiercely, and accused Julian of being a persecutor like his predecessors Nero, Decius, and Diocletian. Violent conflicts between pagans and Christians made themselves felt all over the empire. It is disputed whether or not Julian himself was behind such outbursts. Accusations against the Apostate continued to be uttered even after the emperor's early death. In this book, the feasibility of such charges is examined.
Christian influence at court and beyond , with Constantine simply delaying his
baptism , texts and materials overall signify ... pagans and Christians in the fourth
century , with much weight placed on the brief reign of Julian the Apostate and
Author: Neil Christie
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
This book offers an overview of the archaeological and structural evidence for one of the most vital periods of Italian history, spanning the late Roman and early medieval periods. The chronological scope covers the adoption of Christianity and the emergence of Rome as the seat of Western Christendom, the break-up of the Roman west in the face of internal decay and the settlement of non-Romans and Germanic groups, the impact of Germanic and Byzantine rule on Italy until the rise of Charlemagne and of a Papal State in the later eighth century. Presenting a detailed review and analysis of recent discoveries by archaeologists, historians, art historians, numismatists and architectural historians, Neil Christie identifies the changes brought about by the Church in town and country, the level of change within Italy under Rome before and after occupation by Ostrogoths, Byzantines and Lombards, and reviews wider changes in urbanism, rural exploitation and defence. The emphasis is on human settlement on its varied levels - town, country, fort, refuge - and the assessment of how these evolved and the changes that impacted on them. this fascinating and dynamic period of European history.
Translation : The Campaigns of Alexander , trans . A . de Selincourt and J . R .
Hamilton ( London and Baltimore , 1971 ) . Artem . ( ii ) Pass . ( io ) : Translation : [
John the Monk ] , Artemii Passio at pp . 224 - 62 in From Constantine to Julian ...
Author: Noel Lenski
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Offers students a comprehensive one-volume survey of this pivotal emperor and his times.
Written after 337, and in or before 355, probably in 355. It is authority for the
birthday of Constantine, Constantius, &c. Compare Greswell, Origines
Kalendariæ Italicæ, 4 (Oxf. 1854), 388–392. (18) JULIAN THE APOSTATE (331–
S . N . C . Lieu - D . Montserrat , From Constantine to Julian . Pagan and
Byzantine Views . A Source History , London 1996 . F . Millar , P . Herennius
Dexippus , JRS 59 , 1969 , 12 – 29 . J . Moreau , Zum Problem der Vita
Constantini , Historia ...
Author: Martin Zimmermann
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag
Inhalt: M. Zimmermann: Enkomion und Historiographie: Entwicklungslinien der kaiserzeitlichen Geschichtsschreibung vom 1. bis zum fruehen 3. Jh. n. Chr. H. Krasser: Lesekultur als Voraussetzung fuer die Rezeption von Geschichtsschreibung in der Hohen Kaiserzeit Th. A. Schmitz: Performing History in the Second Sophistic M. G. Schmidt: Politische und pers�nliche Motivation in Dios Zeitgeschichte M. Zimmermann: Herodians Konstruktion der Geschichte und sein Blick auf das stadtr�mische Volk Th. Hidber: Zeit und Erz�hlperspektive in Herodians Geschichtswerk H. Brandt: Dexipp und die Geschichtsschreibung des 3. Jh. n. Chr. C. Schuler: Cyprian: der christliche Blick auf die Zeitgeschichte B. Bleckmann: Zwischen Panegyrik und Geschichtsschreibung: Praxagoras und seine Vorg�nger Stellenregister - Register der Orts- und Personennamen.