Freethinkers

Freethinkers

An authoritative history of the vital role of secularist thinkers and activists in the United States, from a writer of "fierce intelligence and nimble, unfettered imagination" (The New York Times) At a time when the separation of church and ...

Author: Susan Jacoby

Publisher: Metropolitan Books

ISBN: 1429934751

Category: Religion

Page: 432

View: 142

An authoritative history of the vital role of secularist thinkers and activists in the United States, from a writer of "fierce intelligence and nimble, unfettered imagination" (The New York Times) At a time when the separation of church and state is under attack as never before, Freethinkers offers a powerful defense of the secularist heritage that gave Americans the first government in the world founded not on the authority of religion but on the bedrock of human reason. In impassioned, elegant prose, celebrated author Susan Jacoby paints a striking portrait of more than two hundred years of secularist activism, beginning with the fierce debate over the omission of God from the Constitution. Moving from nineteenth-century abolitionism and suffragism through the twentieth century's civil liberties, civil rights, and feminist movements, Freethinkers illuminates the neglected accomplishments of secularists who, allied with liberal and tolerant religious believers, have stood at the forefront of the battle for reforms opposed by reactionary forces in the past and today. Rich with such iconic figures as Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Clarence Darrow—as well as once-famous secularists such as Robert Green Ingersoll, "the Great Agnostic"—Freethinkers restores to history generations of dedicated humanists. It is they, Jacoby shows, who have led the struggle to uphold the combination of secular government and religious liberty that is the glory of the American system.
Categories: Religion

A Short History of Freethought Vol 2 of 2

A Short History of Freethought  Vol  2 of 2

This book is a must-read for secular humanists, atheists and skeptics. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books.

Author: John M. Robertson

Publisher: Forgotten Books

ISBN: 1440055246

Category: Religion

Page: 478

View: 641

Freethinkers and secularists may believe that theirs is a relatively modern philosophy. But as A Short History of Freethought, Ancient and Modern, Vol. 2 of 2 explains, freethought has a long and dignified history and has survived many previous attempts by government and churches to stifle reason and logic. Volume 1 traces the philosophies that were prevalent in the ancient world and Volume 2 describes freethought during the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries. J. M. Robertson was a Liberal member of Parliament, journalist and advocate of rationalism and secularism. He authored several books, including one on the historicity of Jesus. According to Robertson even some of history's most celebrated thinkers, like John Stuart Mill, had a tendency to timidly "speak out without really speaking out" about their secularist beliefs. This problem is still ever present in our own time. Volume 2 opens with the rise of modern freethought in Italy and throughout Europe, partly as a reaction to the Reformation. Robertson does a good job of explaining the political, religious and social forces that affected the freethought movement. Although the Church fought freethinkers, scientists like Copernicus and Galileo gave new life to secular ideas. The chapters on British Freethought in the 17th and 18th Century are rigorous and cover every major figure of the time and many minor ones that are less familiar to readers. This is particularly true in the chapters tracing secularism in the rest of Europe, as conditions in Poland, Portugal and Switzerland are included in the Volume. The discussion of early freethought in the United States is a helpful summary of scholars and statesmen who framed the Constitution, most of whom espoused deism, actively rejecting divinely-inspired texts. Their disavowal of established religious practices was just as revolutionary as their political declaration of independence from the United Kingdom. The book ends with the waves of freethinkers in the 19th Century, again reviewing the situation in most of the major countries around the world. A Short History of Freethought, Ancient and Modern, Vol. 2 of 2 is still the most comprehensive book on the intellectual history of freethought and skepticism. Secularist readers will recognize that the arguments levied against these skeptics are the same ones brought to bear in our current century. This book is a must-read for secular humanists, atheists and skeptics. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
Categories: Religion

The Great Agnostic

The Great Agnostic

Ingersoll emerges in this portrait as an indispensable public figure who devoted his life to that greatest secular idea of all—liberty of conscience belonging to the religious and nonreligious alike. “Jacoby’s goal of elucidating the ...

Author: Susan Jacoby

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300188929

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 423

“Jacoby writes with wit and vigor, affectionately resurrecting a man whose life and work are due for reconsideration” (The Boston Globe). During the Gilded Age, which saw the dawn of America’s enduring culture wars, Robert Green Ingersoll was known as “the Great Agnostic.” The nation’s most famous orator, he raised his voice on behalf of Enlightenment reason, secularism, and the separation of church and state with a power unmatched since America’s revolutionary generation. When he died in 1899, even his religious enemies acknowledged that he might have aspired to the US presidency had he been willing to mask his opposition to religion. To the question that retains its controversial power today—was the United States founded as a Christian nation?—Ingersoll answered an emphatic no. In this provocative biography, Susan Jacoby, author of Freethinkers: A History of American Secularism, restores Ingersoll to his rightful place in an American intellectual tradition extending from Thomas Jefferson and Thomas Paine to the current generation of “new atheists.” Jacoby illuminates the ways in which America’s often-denigrated and forgotten secular history encompasses issues, ranging from women’s rights to evolution, as potent and divisive today as they were in Ingersoll’s time. Ingersoll emerges in this portrait as an indispensable public figure who devoted his life to that greatest secular idea of all—liberty of conscience belonging to the religious and nonreligious alike. “Jacoby’s goal of elucidating the life and work of Robert Ingersoll is admirably accomplished. She offers a host of well-chosen quotations from his work, and she deftly displays the effect he had on others. For instance: after a young Eugene V. Debs heard Ingersoll talk, Debs accompanied him to the train station and then—just so he could continue the conversation—bought himself a ticket and rode all the way from Terre Haute to Cincinnati. Readers today may well find Ingersoll’s company equally entrancing.” —Jennifer Michael Hecht, The New York Times Book Review
Categories: Religion

My Path Into Freethought and Some of the Ordinary Every Day Thoughts to Which It Has Led a Partial Autobiography by a Freethinker and Republican

My Path Into Freethought  and Some of the Ordinary Every Day Thoughts to Which It Has Led  a Partial Autobiography  by a Freethinker and Republican

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it.

Author: My Path

Publisher: Palala Press

ISBN: 1359040528

Category:

Page:

View: 694

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.
Categories:

Race in a Godless World

Race in a Godless World

The debate has raged for decades, but up to now, the actual racial views of historical atheists and freethinkers have never been subjected to a systematic analysis. This book sets out to correct the oversight.

Author: Nathan G. Alexander

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9781526142399

Category: Religion

Page: 304

View: 398

Is modern racism a product of secularisation and the decline of Christian universalism? The debate has raged for decades, but up to now, the actual racial views of historical atheists and freethinkers have never been subjected to a systematic analysis. Race in a Godless World sets out to correct the oversight. It centres on Britain and the United States in the second half of the nineteenth century, a time when popular atheist movements were emerging and scepticism about the truth of Christianity was becoming widespread. Covering racial and evolutionary science, imperialism, slavery and racial prejudice in theory and practice, it provides a much-needed account of the complex and sometimes contradictory ideas espoused by the transatlantic community of atheists and freethinkers. It also reflects on the social dimension of irreligiousness, exploring how working-class atheists’ experiences of exclusion could make them sympathetic to other marginalised groups.
Categories: Religion

Encyclopedia of Christianity in the United States

Encyclopedia of Christianity in the United States

Another contributing factor to the transience of freethought organizations in the United States was that from the outset they appealed to a relatively small ...

Author: George Thomas Kurian

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781442244320

Category: Religion

Page: 2864

View: 957

From the Founding Fathers through the present, Christianity has exercised powerful influence in America—from its role in shaping politics and social institutions to its hand in art and culture. The Encyclopedia of Christianity in the United States outlines the myriad roles Christianity has played and continues to play. This masterful multi-volume reference includes biographies of major figures in the Christian church in the United States, documents and Supreme Court decisions, and information on theology and theologians, denominations, faith-based organizations, immigration, art—from decorative arts and film to music and literature—evangelism and crusades, women’s issues, racial issues, civil religion, and more.
Categories: Religion

Rational Mothers and Infidel Gentlemen

Rational Mothers and Infidel Gentlemen

What did they think about masculinity and femininity? In her book, Evelyn Kirkley argues that their understanding of gender was more complex, ranging from biological determinism to historic constructionism.

Author: Evelyn A. Kirkley

Publisher:

ISBN: UVA:X004397047

Category: Religion

Page: 198

View: 647

Calling themselves "Freethinkers, " self-proclaimed liberals organized across the United States after the Civil War to oppose endorsement of Christianity as the national religion. Heralding a trinity of science, rationalism, and progress, these atheists and agnostics advocated the complete separation of church and state. They were self-conscious prototypes of the modern, secular American and counted among their numbers Robert G. Ingersoll, Francis E. Abbott, Moses Harman, Matilda Joslyn Gage, and Elizabeth Cady Stanton. What did they think about masculinity and femininity? In her book, Evelyn Kirkley argues that their understanding of gender was more complex, ranging from biological determinism to historic constructionism. Kirkley asserts that "Freethinkers" accepted, rejected, and synthesized late Victorian gender norms, struggling both to achieve social and political respect and remain faithful to their principles. Most intriguing, she concludes, is their debate over man- and womanhood, which was a precursor to the late twentieth-century gender controversy in the academy, another institution prizing science, rationalism, and progress.
Categories: Religion

Village Atheists

Village Atheists

In Village Atheists, Leigh Eric Schmidt explores the complex cultural terrain that unbelievers have long had to navigate in their fight to secure equal rights and liberties in American public life.

Author: Leigh Eric Schmidt

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691183114

Category: Religion

Page: 360

View: 540

A much-maligned minority throughout American history, atheists have been cast as a threat to the nation’s moral fabric, barred from holding public office, and branded as irreligious misfits in a nation chosen by God. Yet village atheists—as these godless freethinkers came to be known by the close of the nineteenth century—were also hailed for their gutsy dissent from stultifying pieties and for posing a necessary secularist challenge to the entanglements of church and state. In Village Atheists, Leigh Eric Schmidt explores the complex cultural terrain that unbelievers have long had to navigate in their fight to secure equal rights and liberties in American public life. He rebuilds the history of American secularism from the ground up, giving flesh and blood to these outspoken infidels. Village Atheists demonstrates that the secularist vision for the United States proved to be anything but triumphant in a country where faith and citizenship were—and still are—closely interwoven.
Categories: Religion

What s God Got to Do With It

What s God Got to Do With It

Edited and with a biographical introduction by Pulitzer Prize winner Tim Page, this new popular collection of Ingersoll’s thought – distilled from the twelve-volume set of his works, his copious letters, and various newspaper interviews ...

Author: Tim Page

Publisher: Steerforth

ISBN: 9781586421977

Category: Political Science

Page: 128

View: 819

Robert Ingersoll (1833—1899) is one of the great lost figures in United States history, all but forgotten at just the time America needs him most. An outspoken and unapologetic agnostic, fervent champion of the separation of church and state, and tireless advocate of the rights of women and African Americans, he drew enormous audiences in the late nineteenth century with his lectures on “freethought.” His admirers included Mark Twain and Thomas A. Edison, who said Ingersoll had “all the attributes of a perfect man” and went so far as to make an early recording of Ingersoll’s voice. The publication of What’s God Got to Do with It? will return Robert Ingersoll and his ideas to American political discourse. Edited and with a biographical introduction by Pulitzer Prize winner Tim Page, this new popular collection of Ingersoll’s thought – distilled from the twelve-volume set of his works, his copious letters, and various newspaper interviews – promises to put Ingersoll back where he belongs, in the forefront of independent American thought.
Categories: Political Science

Encyclopedia of Religion in American Politics

Encyclopedia of Religion in American Politics

In the United States , freethought has never been a serious threat to organized religion . However , it has been a resilient strand that has existed in ...

Author: George Kurian

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 1573561304

Category: Religion

Page: 389

View: 218

Today, such issues as abortion, capital punishment, sex education, racism, prayer in public schools, and family values keep religion and politics closely entwined in American public life. This encyclopedia is an A-to-Z listing of a broad range of topics related to religious issues and politics, ranging from the religious freedom sought by the Pilgrims in the 1620s to the rise of the religious right in the 1980s.
Categories: Religion

A Short History of Freethought

A Short History of Freethought

FREETHOUGHT. IN. THE. UNITED. STATES. 1. Perhaps the most signal of all the proofs of the change wrought in the opinion of the civilized world in the ...

Author: John M. Robertson

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9783732672141

Category: Fiction

Page: 588

View: 171

Reproduction of the original: A Short History of Freethought by John M. Robertson
Categories: Fiction

Free Thought

Free Thought

I researched and compiled this book: "Free Thought (Agnostic or Atheist)" to ponder one's mind in the different ways humans think.

Author: Therlee Gipson

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 1470024322

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 138

View: 853

Preface Freedom of thought is the freedom of an individual to hold or consider a fact, viewpoint, or thought, independent of others' viewpoints. I researched and compiled this book: "Free Thought (Agnostic or Atheist)" to ponder one's mind in the different ways humans think. Included in this book is: History of Freethought History of Agnosticism History of Atheism History of Satanism History of Humanism Conceptions of God Faith Major Religions in the United States The Mind of the Author 'Freedom of thought' is the derivative of and thus is closely linked to other liberties: freedom of religion, freedom of speech, and freedom of expression. It is a very important concept in the Western world and nearly all democratic constitutions protect these freedoms. For instance, the U.S. Bill of Rights contains the famous guarantee in the First Amendment that laws may not be made that interfere with religion "or prohibiting the free exercise thereof." A U.S. Supreme Court Justice (Benjamin Cardozo) reasoned in Palko v. Connecticut (1937) that: Everyone has the Right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this Right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance. The Human Rights Committee states that this, "distinguishes the freedom of thought, conscience, religion or belief from the freedom to manifest religion or belief. It does not permit any limitations whatsoever on the freedom of thought and conscience or on the freedom to have or adopt a religion or belief of one's choice. These freedoms are protected unconditionally." Similarly, Article 19 of the UDHR guarantees that "Everyone has the Right to freedom of opinion and expression; this Right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference..." (*) Therlee Gipson
Categories: Body, Mind & Spirit

Looking Back to Look Forward

Looking Back to Look Forward

In this book, a team of historians brings together the histories of secular humanism in some pioneer countries.

Author: Niels De Nutte

Publisher: ASP / VUBPRESS / UPA

ISBN: 9789057188015

Category: Philosophy

Page:

View: 498

The number of secular people has increased substantially over the past several decades, and research on secularism and non-religion has been on the rise these past years. Yet, until today, no publication had examined the evolution of organised freethought and subsequent secular humanism as it emerged in different Western countries in a comparative perspective. In this book, a team of historians brings together the histories of secular humanism in some pioneer countries. They examine how organised freethought evolved in the Netherlands, Belgium, Great Britain and the United States, in the aftermath of World War II. As secular humanist organisations in these countries are some of the cofounders and long-lasting members of Humanists International (formerly International Humanist and Ethical Union), this book reveals how Western humanism developed in different circumstances.
Categories: Philosophy

The Ethic of Freethought A Selection of Essays and Lectures

The Ethic of Freethought  A Selection of Essays and Lectures

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it.

Author: Karl Pearson

Publisher: Wentworth Press

ISBN: 1010525700

Category: History

Page: 484

View: 909

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.
Categories: History

A Short History of Freethought Ancient and Modern

A Short History of Freethought Ancient and Modern

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it.

Author: J M 1856-1933 Robertson

Publisher: Palala Press

ISBN: 1356275613

Category:

Page: 500

View: 140

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work.This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work.As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.
Categories:

A Short History of Freethought Ancient and Modern

A Short History of Freethought  Ancient and Modern

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it.

Author: John M. Robertson

Publisher: Wentworth Press

ISBN: 0530377519

Category: History

Page: 462

View: 675

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.
Categories: History

The Free Thought Magazine

The Free Thought Magazine

Liberal lecturer writes that Mrs. Kate Kehu Smith , Miss Nettie A. Olds and - Encouraging words reach us from Mrs. Barker have by energy and perevery ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: CORNELL:31924066380811

Category: Free thought

Page:

View: 212

Categories: Free thought

SHORT HIST OF FREETHOUGHT ANCI

SHORT HIST OF FREETHOUGHT ANCI

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it.

Author: J. M. (John MacKinnon) 1856 Robertson

Publisher: Wentworth Press

ISBN: 1363651021

Category: History

Page: 476

View: 635

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.
Categories: History