Freedom Farmers

Freedom Farmers

Whereas existing scholarship generally views agriculture as a site of oppression and exploitation of black people, this book reveals agriculture as a site of resistance and provides a historical foundation that adds meaning and context to ...

Author: Monica M. White

Publisher: Justice, Power, and Politics

ISBN: 1469663899

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 112

In May 1967, internationally renowned activist Fannie Lou Hamer purchased forty acres of land in the Mississippi Delta, launching the Freedom Farms Cooperative (FFC). A community-based rural and economic development project, FFC would grow to over 600 acres, offering a means for local sharecroppers, tenant farmers, and domestic workers to pursue community wellness, self-reliance, and political resistance. Life on the cooperative farm presented an alternative to the second wave of northern migration by African Americans--an opportunity to stay in the South, live off the land, and create a healthy community based upon building an alternative food system as a cooperative and collective effort. Freedom Farmers expands the historical narrative of the black freedom struggle to embrace the work, roles, and contributions of southern black farmers and the organizations they formed. Whereas existing scholarship generally views agriculture as a site of oppression and exploitation of black people, this book reveals agriculture as a site of resistance and provides a historical foundation that adds meaning and context to current conversations around the resurgence of food justice/sovereignty movements in urban spaces like Detroit, Chicago, Milwaukee, New York City, and New Orleans.
Categories: History

Farmers Bulletin

Farmers  Bulletin

Thus , besides growing Food for Freedom , farmers can aid in winning the war :
First , by preventing fires from starting in the woods , and second , by giving
prompt help in fighting them . Moreover , forest fires can cause damage to
defense ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951D00042207Z

Category: Agriculture

Page:

View: 969

Categories: Agriculture

Freeing China s Farmers Rural Restructuring in the Reform Era

Freeing China s Farmers  Rural Restructuring in the Reform Era

A second issue was the amount of freedom farmers and the local units might
possess without undermining the state plan. After farmers failed to meet their
grain quotas in 1981, Chen Yun, one of China's top leaders, reasserted at a 1982
 ...

Author: David Zweig

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781315285030

Category: Social Science

Page: 380

View: 354

A comprehensive analysts of China's rural reforms, this book links local experiences to national policy, showing the dynamic tension in the reform process among state policy, local cadre power and self-interest, and the peasants' search for economic growth. Key topics covered include: the responsibility system, privatization and changing property rights, industrialization, social conflict, cadre corruption, urban-rural relations, conflict over land, rural urbanization, and the impact of globalization. The introduction skillfully integrates the themes that run throughout this work and the concluding chapter focuses on current and future problems in rural China.
Categories: Social Science

One Kind of Freedom

One Kind of Freedom

1 White tenants and white farmers Up to this point , our narrative has focused
upon the problems of black Americans in the postwar period , and our analysis
has concentrated upon the adjustments necessitated by emancipation . But not
all ...

Author: Roger L. Ransom

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521795508

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 458

View: 295

This economic history classic examines the economic institutions that replaced slavery.
Categories: Business & Economics

Family Farming and Freedom

Family  Farming and Freedom

Farming reserve strip land is a formidable undertaking. It is easy to understand
why this aspect of land work has generally been neglected. Most potentially
strippable land in the Midwest is marginal or submarginal. The total figure
includes ...

Author: Stephen W. Reiss

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN: 1467053139

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 452

View: 279

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Categories: Family & Relationships

Financing Production of Food for Freedom

Financing Production of Food for Freedom

How Can Farmers Use Credit Most Effectively in Expanding Production ? The
Department has urged farmers to use their present resources more intensively —
to increase the acres cultivated for needed crops , to employ unused family labor
 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UVA:X030450545

Category: Agricultural credit

Page: 8

View: 448

Categories: Agricultural credit

Gender and Food

Gender and Food

Another historical example of growing food for the community is the Freedom
Farms Cooperative, founded in Mississippi in the late 1960s by African American
activist Fannie Lou Hamer. In an effort to empower families disadvantaged by
deep ...

Author: Shelley L. Koch

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781442257740

Category: Social Science

Page: 136

View: 526

Gender and Food: A Critical Look at the Food System synthesizes existing theoretical and empirical research on food, gender, and intersectionality to offer students and scholars a framework from which to understand how gender is central to the production, distribution, and consumption of food.
Categories: Social Science

Report

Report

1864 58 Newark Farmers ' Club 1870 59 Saint Croix County Agricultural Society
1870 60 Star Prairie Farmers ' Club . 1865 61 Sauk County Agricultural Society .
1855 62 Freedom Farmers ' Club 1873 63 Skillet Creek Farmers ' Club 1874 64 ...

Author: United States. Dept. of Agriculture

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B3610029

Category:

Page:

View: 666

Categories:

Prairie Farmer

Prairie Farmer

Eds . Prairie Farmer :rections given in a number of your paper published in timo
Allow me , in behalf of parties ... losses met with by the wool growers the last will
be found the list of sizes and prices of the Eagle Works Freedom Farmers ' Club .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: CHI:33106824

Category: Agriculture

Page:

View: 726

Categories: Agriculture

Agriculture of Maine

Agriculture of Maine

Freedom Farmers ' Club . — This Club was organized in March , 1873 . D . B .
Johnson , Secretary . This Club starts out with much enthusiasm , and we have
no doubt of its future stability or usefulness , knowing the material of which it is
made ...

Author: Maine. Department of Agriculture

Publisher:

ISBN: PSU:000068834234

Category: Agriculture

Page:

View: 809

Categories: Agriculture

Liberty and Freedom

Liberty and Freedom

THE FARMERS OF PRIMGHAR Depression Images of Liberty, Freedom, and
Justice General Prosperity had been a great ally in the election of 1928. General
Depression was a major enemy in 1932. —HERBERT HOOVER, MEMOIRS IN ...

Author: David Hackett Fischer

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199883073

Category: History

Page: 864

View: 791

Liberty and freedom: Americans agree that these values are fundamental to our nation, but what do they mean? How have their meanings changed through time? In this new volume of cultural history, David Hackett Fischer shows how these varying ideas form an intertwined strand that runs through the core of American life. Fischer examines liberty and freedom not as philosophical or political abstractions, but as folkways and popular beliefs deeply embedded in American culture. Tocqueville called them "habits of the heart." From the earliest colonies, Americans have shared ideals of liberty and freedom, but with very different meanings. Like DNA these ideas have transformed and recombined in each generation. The book arose from Fischer's discovery that the words themselves had differing origins: the Latinate "liberty" implied separation and independence. The root meaning of "freedom" (akin to "friend") connoted attachment: the rights of belonging in a community of freepeople. The tension between the two senses has been a source of conflict and creativity throughout American history. Liberty & Freedom studies the folk history of those ideas through more than 400 visions, images, and symbols. It begins with the American Revolution, and explores the meaning of New England's Liberty Tree, Pennsylvania's Liberty Bells, Carolina's Liberty Crescent, and "Don't Tread on Me" rattlesnakes. In the new republic, the search for a common American symbol gave new meaning to Yankee Doodle, Uncle Sam, Miss Liberty, and many other icons. In the Civil War, Americans divided over liberty and freedom. Afterward, new universal visions were invented by people who had formerly been excluded from a free society--African Americans, American Indians, and immigrants. The twentieth century saw liberty and freedom tested by enemies and contested at home, yet it brought the greatest outpouring of new visions, from Franklin Roosevelt's Four Freedoms to Martin Luther King's "dream" to Janis Joplin's "nothin' left to lose." Illustrated in full color with a rich variety of images, Liberty and Freedom is, literally, an eye-opening work of history--stimulating, large-spirited, and ultimately, inspiring.
Categories: History

Freedom Facts and Firsts

Freedom Facts and Firsts

One of Farmer's first acts was to renew attempts to test the interstate laws of
segregation. CORE and the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (
SNCC) formed a group Farmer named the Freedom Riders. The group departed
on May 4, ...

Author: Jessie Carney Smith

Publisher: Visible Ink Press

ISBN: 9781578592609

Category: Social Science

Page: 408

View: 271

Spanning nearly 400 years from the early abolitionists to the present, this guide book profiles more than 400 people, places, and events that have shaped the history of the black struggle for freedom. Coverage includes information on such mainstay figures as Martin Luther King Jr., Malcolm X, and Rosa Parks, but also delves into how lesser known figures contributed to and shaped the history of civil rights. Learn how the Housewives' League of Detroit started a nationwide movement to support black businesses, helping many to survive the depression; or discover what effect sports journalist Samuel Harold Lacy had on Jackie Robinson's historic entrance into the major leagues. This comprehensive resource chronicles the breadth and passion of an entire people's quest for freedom.
Categories: Social Science

Immigrants to Freedom

Immigrants to Freedom

Jews as Yankee Farmers! (1880'S to 1960'S) Joseph Brandes. ECONOMIC
CONDITIONS: THE BASIS, 1919' BroiRusenhnyn Canine} Carton Norma n1anvii.
|e- Wuocibiine Tola] Road .|'\.ili.lnc¢: What is soil beast Truck suited ior? fanning ...

Author: Joseph Brandes

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1462843034

Category: History

Page: 399

View: 365

Immigrants to Freedom is not a volume of past circumstances; it details the continuing quest of the Jewish people to find a more perfect union with lands and peoples of expanding freedom. from the Preface by Moshe Davis An almost unknown chapter in the story of U.S. immigration and social history opened in 1882 with the creation Southern New Jersey of Alliance, the first rural Jewish settlement in the New World. Escaping from the pogroms of Eastern Europe, disillusioned with the poverty-ridden slums of the big cities, and inspired by popular leaders such as Michael Bakal and Moshe Herder who taught the dignity of manual labor, four hundred Jews chose to become American farmers. Thousands more followed, to settle within the triangular district bounded by Vineland, Millville, and Bridgeton, all searching for individual transformation as well as group transplantation, all seeking to disprove the stereotype of the Jew as small trader and middleman. Their successes, failures, conflicts with the urban Jews of nearby New York and Philadelphia these are the fascinating subjects of this intimately written history. These organized agricultural communities were not primarily Zionist, unlike the pioneering settlements of the same period in Eretz Yisrael. Originally conceived as privately subsidized social experiments, free of socialist or nationalist ringes, these groups sought to overcome anti-Semitism while striving for a more creative life and almost at once, true to their basic Jewish sense of family and self-help, the experiments in farming became programs for saving lives, first from the sanctioned savagery of Alexander III, later from the holocaust of Nazi Germany. These colonizing experiments, says Dr. Brandes, were both a kaleidoscope and a mirror of the major forces in modern Jewish life. Agrarianism, Americanism, Zionism, a testing traditional values all were to be found here in microcosm. [They are]a significant chapter in the history of a people straining from oppression to freedom.
Categories: History

Thunder of Freedom

Thunder of Freedom

The Holmes farmers' acts were local and definitely movement actions. Several of
the farmers drove the thirty miles to Greenwood to see what was going on at the
Freedom Meetings that SNCC organizers were holding. Earlier that year, SNCC ...

Author: Sue [Lorenzi] Sojourner

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 9780813140940

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 181

The world's eyes were on Mississippi during the summer of 1964, when civil rights activists launched an ambitious African American voter registration project and were met with violent resistance from white supremacists. Sue Sojourner and her husband arrived in Holmes County, Mississippi, in the wake of this historic time, known as "Freedom Summer." From September 1964 until her departure from the state in 1969, Sojourner collected an incredible number of documents, oral histories, and photographs chronicling the dramatic events that she witnessed. In this remarkable book, written in collaboration with Cheryl Reitan, Sojourner presents a fascinating account of one of the civil rights movement's most active and broad-based community organizing operations in the South. Thunder of Freedom unites Sojourner's personal experiences with her insights regarding the dynamics of race relations in the 1960s South, providing readers with a unique look at the struggle for rights and equality in Mississippi. Illustrated with selections from Sojourner's acclaimed catalog of photographs, this profound book tells the powerful, often intimate stories of ordinary people who accomplished extraordinary things.
Categories: History

Making Freedom Pay

Making Freedom Pay

Growth in the Number of Black-Owned Farms by Farm Size and Year, 1872–
1898 86 tables 1. Comparison of the ... Patterns of Land Accumulation, after the
Original Purchase, for Black Landowning Farmers, 1872– 1898 70 3. Size of
Owned ...

Author: Sharon Ann Holt

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 9780820327198

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 491

The end of slavery left millions of former slaves destitute in a South as unsettled as they were. In Making Freedom Pay, Sharon Ann Holt reconstructs how freed men and women in tobacco-growing central North Carolina worked to secure a place for themselves in this ravaged region and hostile time. Without ignoring the crushing burdens of a system that denied blacks justice and civil rights, Holt shows how many black men and women were able to realize their hopes through determined collective efforts. Holt's microeconomic history of Granville County, North Carolina, drawn extensively from public records, assembles stories of individual lives from the initial days of emancipation to the turn of the century. Making Freedom Pay uses these highly personalized accounts of the day-to-day travails and victories of ordinary people to tell a nationally significant story of extraordinary grassroots uplift. That racist terrorism and Jim Crow legislation substantially crushed and silenced them in no way trivializes the significance of their achievements.
Categories: Social Science

American Farmers Magazine

American Farmers  Magazine

FARMERS AND FARMSTEADS IN BALTIMORE COUNTY - OLD
REMINISCENCES - CIDER MAKING AND CIDER BOTTLING . ... we made a
flying visit to two or three excellent farms in Maryland , peeped into their barns
and dairies , supped their nice ... freedom ;FARMERS AND FARMSTEADS IN
BALTIMORE COUNTY .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UVA:X030770692

Category: Agriculture

Page:

View: 835

Categories: Agriculture

Available Means

Available Means

Hamer also devoted a good deal of her physical and rhetorical energy to the
Freedom Farmers Cooperative in Mississippi, which was dedicated to ensuring
housing and land to farm for the poor in her rural area. In this speech, delivered
to the ...

Author: Joy Ritchie

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press

ISBN: 9780822979753

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 560

View: 974

“I say that even later someone will remember us.”—Sappho, Fragment 147, sixth century, BC Sappho’s prediction came true; fragments of work by the earliest woman writer in Western literate history have in fact survived into the twenty-first century. But not without peril. Sappho’s writing remains only in fragments, partly due to the passage of time, but mostly as a result of systematic efforts to silence women’s voices. Sappho’s hopeful boast captures the mission of this anthology: to gather together women engaged in the art of persuasion—across differences of race, class, sexual orientation, historical and physical locations—in order to remember that the rhetorical tradition indeed includes them. Available Means offers seventy women rhetoricians—from ancient Greece to the twenty-first century—a room of their own for the first time. Editors Joy Ritchie and Kate Ronald do so in the feminist tradition of recovering a previously unarticulated canon of women’s rhetoric. Women whose voices are central to such scholarship are included here, such as Aspasia (a contemporary of Plato’s), Margery Kempe, Margaret Fuller, and Ida B. Wells. Added are influential works on what it means to write as a woman—by Virginia Woolf, Adrienne Rich, Nancy Mairs, Alice Walker, and Hélène Cixous. Public “manifestos” on the rights of women by Hortensia, Mary Astell, Maria Stewart, Sarah and Angelina Grimké, Anna Julia Cooper, Margaret Sanger, and Audre Lorde also join the discourse. But Available Means searches for rhetorical tradition in less obvious places, too. Letters, journals, speeches, newspaper columns, diaries, meditations, and a fable (Rachel Carson’s introduction to Silent Spring) also find places in this room. Such unconventional documents challenge traditional notions of invention, arrangement, style, and delivery, and blur the boundaries between public and private discourse. Included, too, are writers whose voices have not been heard in any tradition. Ritchie and Ronald seek to “unsettle” as they expand the women’s rhetorical canon. Arranged chronologically, Available Means is designed as a classroom text that will allow students to hear women speaking to each other across centuries, and to see how women have added new places from which arguments can be made. Each selection is accompanied by an extensive headnote, which sets the reading in context. The breadth of material will allow students to ask such questions as “How might we define women’s rhetoric? How have women used and subverted traditional rhetoric?” A topical index at the end of the book provides teachers a guide through the rhetorical riches. Available Means will be an invaluable text for rhetoric courses of all levels, as well as for women’s studies courses.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Mississippi Women

Mississippi Women

The three women observed as the House of Representatives voted against their
challenge 228 to 143.36 Hamer founded in 1964 the Freedom Farms
Corporation ( FFC ) , a nonprofit venture designed to help needy families raise
food and ...

Author: Martha H. Swain

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 0820325031

Category: History

Page: 324

View: 681

Some of the women are well known, others were prominent in their time but have since faded into obscurity, and a few have never received the attention they deserve."--BOOK JACKET.
Categories: History

The Parliamentary Debates

The Parliamentary Debates

The Committee who gave evidence that the Government wished to give freedom
farmers would not submit to restrictions of trade throughout the country , and to
stamp out disease . The noble Marthey had , therefore , taken power for quess ...

Author: Great Britain. Parliament

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951D01069706Y

Category: Great Britain

Page:

View: 205

Categories: Great Britain

The Parliamentary Debates Authorized Edition

The Parliamentary Debates  Authorized Edition

The Committee who gave evidence that the Government wished to give freedom
farmers would not submit to restrictions of trade throughout the country , and to
stamp out disease . The noble Marthey had , therefore , taken power for quess ...

Author: Great Britain. Parliament

Publisher:

ISBN: UTEXAS:059172102857440

Category:

Page:

View: 454

Categories: