Fractures in Knapping

Author: Are Tsirk

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781784910228

Category: Flintknapping

Page: 261

View: 7024


This book is for students and practitioners of not only knapping, lithic technology and archaeology, but also of fractography and fracture mechanics. At conferences on fractography of glasses and ceramics, the author has often been asked to demonstrate knapping as well as provide overviews of fractography learned from it. The first part of the book is intended to stimulate such interests further, in order to solicit contributions from a largely untapped pool of experts. Such contributions can advance significantly our understandings of knapping as well as fractography. In Part II of the book, fracture markings as the tools of fractography are introduced, with their formation, meaning and utility explained. Observations on the presence or absence of the markings in knapping are considered in Part III, along with a number of interpretations of fracture features.The basic principles and concepts of fracture mechanics and fractography apply to fractures produced in any cultural context. This volume therefore addresses most questions on fracture in a generic sense, independent of cultural contexts. In general, understanding of fractures provides a sounder basis for lithic analysis, and use of more recent scientific tools opens new avenues for lithic studies.

Fractography of Glasses and Ceramics VI

Author: James R. Varner,Marlene Wightman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118432983

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 324

View: 1680


Provides an excellent one-stop resource for understanding the most important current issues in the research and applications of fractography of glasses and ceramics.

Crafting History in the Northern Plains

A Political Economy of the Heart River Region, 1400–1750

Author: Mark D. Mitchell

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 0816599831

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 4389


The histories of post-1500 American Indian and First Nations societies reflect a dynamic interplay of forces. Europeans introduced new technologies, new economic systems, and new social forms, but those novelties were appropriated, resisted, modified, or ignored according to indigenous meanings, relationships, and practices that originated long before Europeans came to the Americas. A comprehensive understanding of the changes colonialism wrought must therefore be rooted in trans-Columbian native histories that span the centuries before and after the advent of the colonists. In Crafting History in the Northern Plains Mark D. Mitchell illustrates the crucial role archaeological methods and archaeological data can play in producing trans-Columbian histories. Combining an in-depth analysis of the organization of stone tool and pottery production with ethnographic and historical data, Mitchell synthesizes the social and economic histories of the native communities located at the confluence of the Heart and Missouri rivers, home for more than five centuries to the Mandan people. Mitchell is the first researcher to examine the impact of Mandan history on the developing colonial economy of the Northern Plains. In Crafting History in the Northern Plains, he demonstrates the special importance of native history in the 1400s and 1500s to the course of European colonization.

Prehension and Hafting Traces on Flint Tools

A Methodology

Author: Veerle Rots

Publisher: Universitaire Pers Leuven

ISBN: 9058678016

Category: Social Science

Page: 273

View: 2746


This volume introduces a methodology, based on a systematic, in-depth study of prehension and hafting traces on experimental stone artifacts. The author proposes a number of distinctive macro- and microscopic wear traits for identifying handheld tools.

Lithics in the Land of the Lightning Brothers

The Archaeology of Wardaman Country, Northern Territory

Author: Chris Clarkson

Publisher: ANU E Press

ISBN: 1921313293

Category: Cave dwellings

Page: 221

View: 7554


LITHICS IN THE LAND OF THE LIGHTNING BROTHERS skilfully integrates a wide range of data-raw-material procurement, tool design, reduction and curation, patterns of distribution and association-to reveal the major outlines of Wardaman prehistory. At the same time, the book firmly situates data and methods in broad theoretical context. In its regional scope and thorough technological approach, this book exemplifies the best of recent lithic analysis and hunter-gatherer archaeology. Any archaeologist who confronts the challenge of classifying retouched stone tools should consult this volume for a clear demonstration of reduction intensity as a source of size and form variation independent of "type." Yet the demonstration is not merely methodological; Clarkson shows how the measurement of reduction intensity informs analysis of technological diversity and other cultural practices. In Clarkson's hands, Wardaman prehistory emerges as a particular record of the human past. Yet the book is also a case study in prolonged cultural response to environmental conditions and the way in which cultures persist and reproduce themselves over long spans of time. The result is an analytical tour de force that will guide hunter-gatherer archaeology in Australia and elsewhere for years to come.

Piecing together the past

applications of refitting studies in archaeology

Author: Jack L. Hofman,Society for American Archaeology. Meeting

Publisher: N.A


Category: Social Science

Page: 315

View: 3079