Fractography in Failure Analysis of Polymers

Author: Michael Hayes,Dale Edwards,Andy Shah

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 0323297994

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 252

View: 2461

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Fractography in Failure Analysis of Polymers provides a practical guide to the science of fractography and its application in the failure analysis of plastic components. In addition to a brief background on the theory of fractography, the authors discuss the various fractographic tools and techniques used to identify key fracture characteristics. Case studies are included for a wide range of polymer types, applications, and failure modes, as well as best practice guidelines enabling engineers to apply these lessons to their own work. Detailed images and their appropriate context are presented for reference in failure investigations. This text is vital for engineers who must determine the root causes of failure when it occurs, helping them further study the ramifications of product liability claims, environmental concerns, and brand image. Presents a comprehensive guide to applied fractography, enabling improved reliability and longevity of plastic parts and products Includes case studies that demonstrate material selection decisions and how to reduce failure rates Provides best practices on how to analyze the cause of material failures, along with guidelines on improving design and manufacturing decisions
Release

Characterization and Failure Analysis of Plastics

Author: ASM International,Steve Lampman

Publisher: ASM International

ISBN: 1615030735

Category: Plastics

Page: 489

View: 2395

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The selection and application of engineered materials is an integrated process that requires an understanding of the interaction between materials properties, manufacturing characteristics, design considerations, and the total life cycle of the product. This reference book on engineering plastics provides practical and comprehensive coverage on how the performance of plastics is characterized during design, property testing, and failure analysis. The fundamental structure and properties of plastics are reviewed for general reference, and detailed articles describe the important design factors, properties, and failure mechanisms of plastics. The effects of composition, processing, and structure are detailed in articles on the physical, chemical, thermal, and mechanical properties. Other articles cover failure mechanisms such as: crazing and fracture; impact loading; fatigue failure; wear failures, moisture related failure; organic chemical related failure; photolytic degradation; and microbial degradation. Characterization of plastics in failure analysis is described with additional articles on analysis of structure, surface analysis, and fractography.
Release

Plastics Failure Analysis and Prevention

Author: John Moalli

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 081551865X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 345

View: 4150

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This book contains analysis of reasons that cause products to fail. General methods of product failure evaluation give powerful tools in product improvement. Such methods, discussed in the book, include practical risk analysis, failure mode and effect analysis, preliminary hazard analysis, progressive failure analysis, fault tree analysis, mean time between failures, Wohler curves, finite element analysis, cohesive zone model, crack propagation kinetics, time-temperature collectives, quantitative characterization of fatigue damage, and fracture maps. Methods of failure analysis are critical to for material improvement and they are broadly discussed in this book. Fractography of plastics is relatively a new field which has many commonalities with fractography of metals. Here various aspects of fractography of plastics and metals are compared and contrasted. Fractography application in studies of static and cycling loading of ABS is also discussed. Other methods include SEM, SAXS, FTIR, DSC, DMA, GC/MS, optical microscopy, fatigue behavior, multiaxial stress, residual stress analysis, punch resistance, creep-rupture, impact, oxidative induction time, craze testing, defect analysis, fracture toughness, activation energy of degradation. Many references are given in this book to real products and real cases of their failure. The products discussed include office equipment, automotive compressed fuel gas system, pipes, polymer blends, blow molded parts, layered, cross-ply and continuous fiber composites, printed circuits, electronic packages, hip implants, blown and multilayered films, construction materials, component housings, brake cups, composite pressure vessels, swamp coolers, electrical cables, plumbing fittings, medical devices, medical packaging, strapping tapes, balloons, marine coatings, thermal switches, pressure relief membranes, pharmaceutical products, window profiles, and bone cements.
Release

Deformation and Fracture Behaviour of Polymer Materials

Author: Wolfgang Grellmann,Beate Langer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319418793

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 533

View: 2277

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This book covers the most recent advances in the deformation and fracture behaviour of polymer material. It provides deeper insight into related morphology–property correlations of thermoplastics, elastomers and polymer resins. Each chapter of this book gives a comprehensive review of state-of-the-art methods of materials testing and diagnostics, tailored for plastic pipes, films and adhesive systems as well as elastomeric components and others. The investigation of deformation and fracture behaviour using the experimental methods of fracture mechanics has been the subject of intense research during the last decade. In a systematic manner, modern aspects of fracture mechanics in the industrial application of polymers for bridging basic research and industrial development are illustrated by multifarious examples of innovative materials usage. This book will be of value to scientists, engineers and in polymer materials science.
Release

Fluoropolymer Applications in the Chemical Processing Industries

The Definitive User's Guide and Databook

Author: Sina Ebnesajjad,Pradip R. Khaladkar

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 0815517297

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 592

View: 4158

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This is a self-contained collection of data and information on applications of fluoropolymers components for corrosion control in chemical processing industries. Due to their superior properties, fluoropolymers have been rapidly replacing metal alloys for preserving the purity of processing streams in the chemical processing, plastics, food, pharmaceutical, semiconductor, and pulp and paper industries.
Release

Fracture of Nano and Engineering Materials and Structures

Proceedings of the 16th European Conference of Fracture, Alexandroupolis, Greece, July 3-7, 2006

Author: E.E. Gdoutos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402049729

Category: Science

Page: 1416

View: 5665

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The 16th European Conference of Fracture (ECF16) was held in Greece, July, 2006. It focused on all aspects of structural integrity with the objective of improving the safety and performance of engineering structures, components, systems and their associated materials. Emphasis was given to the failure of nanostructured materials and nanostructures including micro- and nano-electromechanical systems (MEMS and NEMS).
Release

Advances in Polymer Nanocomposites

Types and Applications

Author: Fengge Gao

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0857096249

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 680

View: 3101

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The addition of nanoparticles to polymer composites has led to a new generation of composite materials with enhanced and novel properties. Advances in polymer nanocomposites reviews the main types of polymer nanocomposites and their applications. Part one reviews types of polymer nanocomposites according to fillers. Processing of carbon nanotube-based nanocomposites, layered double hydroxides (LDHs) and cellulose nanoparticles as functional fillers and reinforcement are discussed, alongside calcium carbonate and metal-polymer nanocomposites. Part two focuses on types of polymer nanocomposites according to matrix polymer, with polyolefin-based, (PVC)-based, nylon-based, (PET)-based and thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU)-based polymer nanocomposites discussed. Soft, gel and biodegradable polymer nanocomposites are also considered. Part three goes on to investigate key applications, including fuel cells, aerospace applications, optical applications, coatings and flame-retardant polymer nanocomposites. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Advances in polymer nanocomposites is an essential guide for professionals and academics involved in all aspects of the design, development and application of polymer nanocomposites. Reviews the main types of polymer nanocomposites and their applications Discusses processing of carbon nanotube-based nanocomposites, layered double hydroxides (LDHs) and cellulose nanoparticles as functional fillers and reinforcement Discusses polyolefin-based, (PVC)-based, nylon-based, (PET)-based and thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU)-based polymer nanocomposites
Release

Fractography

Observing, Measuring and Interpreting Fracture Surface Topography

Author: Derek Hull

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521646840

Category: Science

Page: 366

View: 8844

DOWNLOAD NOW »

An advanced 1999 text for those working in materials science and related inter-disciplinary subjects.
Release

Directory of American Research and Technology

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Research, Industrial

Page: N.A

View: 6961

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Identifies non-government facilities active in commercial research, including development of products and processes. Arrangement is alphabetic, geographic, and by concept classification.
Release