Fossil Capital

The Rise of Steam Power and the Roots of Global Warming

Author: Andreas Malm

Publisher: Verso Books

ISBN: 1784781304

Category: Political Science

Page: 496

View: 3664

DOWNLOAD NOW »

How capitalism first promoted fossil fuels with the rise of steam power The more we know about the catastrophic implications of climate change, the more fossil fuels we burn. How did we end up in this mess? In this masterful new history, Andreas Malm claims it all began in Britain with the rise of steam power. But why did manufacturers turn from traditional sources of power, notably water mills, to an engine fired by coal? Contrary to established views, steam offered neither cheaper nor more abundant energy—but rather superior control of subordinate labour. Animated by fossil fuels, capital could concentrate production at the most profitable sites and during the most convenient hours, as it continues to do today. Sweeping from nineteenth-century Manchester to the emissions explosion in China, from the original triumph of coal to the stalled shift to renewables, this study hones in on the burning heart of capital and demonstrates, in unprecedented depth, that turning down the heat will mean a radical overthrow of the current economic order.
Release

The Birth of Energy

Fossil Fuels, Thermodynamics, and the Politics of Work

Author: Cara New Daggett

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 1478005343

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 808

DOWNLOAD NOW »

In The Birth of Energy Cara New Daggett traces the genealogy of contemporary notions of energy back to the nineteenth-century science of thermodynamics to challenge the underlying logic that informs today's uses of energy. These early resource-based concepts of power first emerged during the Industrial Revolution and were tightly bound to Western capitalist domination and the politics of industrialized work. As Daggett shows, thermodynamics was deployed as an imperial science to govern fossil fuel use, labor, and colonial expansion, in part through a hierarchical ordering of humans and nonhumans. By systematically excavating the historical connection between energy and work, Daggett argues that only by transforming the politics of work—most notably, the veneration of waged work—will we be able to confront the Anthropocene's energy problem. Substituting one source of energy for another will not ensure a habitable planet; rather, the concepts of energy and work themselves must be decoupled.
Release

Energy and Climate Change

An Introduction to Geological Controls, Interventions and Mitigations

Author: Michael Stephenson

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128120223

Category: Science

Page: 206

View: 7933

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Energy and Climate Change: An Introduction to Geological Controls, Interventions and Mitigations examines the Earth system science context of the formation and use of fossil fuel resources, and the implications for climate change. It also examines the historical and economic trends of fossil fuel usage and the ways in which these have begun to affect the natural system (i.e., the start of the Anthropocene). Finally, the book examines the effects we might expect in the future looking at evidence from the "deep time" past, and looks at ways to mitigate climate change by using negative emissions technology (e.g. bioenergy and carbon capture and storage, BECCS), but also by adapting to perhaps a higher than "two degree world," particularly in the most vulnerable, developing countries. Energy and Climate Change is an essential resource for geoscientists, climate scientists, environmental scientists, and students; as well as policy makers, energy professionals, energy statisticians, energy historians and economists. Provides an overarching narrative linking Earth system science with an integrated approach to energy and climate change Includes a unique breadth of coverage from modern to "deep time" climate change; from resource geology to economics; from climate change mitigation to adaptation; and from the industrial revolution to the Anthropocene Readable, accessible, and well-illustrated, giving the reader a clear overview of the topic
Release

History of the Future of Economic Growth

Historical Roots of Current Debates on Sustainable Degrowth

Author: Iris Borowy,Matthias Schmelzer

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1134866690

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 202

View: 7816

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The future of economic growth is one of the decisive questions of the twenty-first century. Alarmed by declining growth rates in industrialized countries, climate change, and rising socio-economic inequalities, among other challenges, more and more people demand to look for alternatives beyond growth. However, so far these current debates about sustainability, post-growth or degrowth lack a thorough historical perspective. This edited volume brings together original contributions on different aspects of the history of economic growth as a central and near-ubiquitous tenet of developmental strategies. The book addresses the origins and evolution of the growth paradigm from the seventeenth century up to the present day and also looks at sustainable development, sustainable growth, and degrowth as examples of alternative developmental models. By focusing on the mixed legacy of growth, both as a major source of expanded life expectancies and increased comfort, and as a destructive force harming personal livelihoods and threatening entire societies in the future, the editors seek to provide historical depth to the ongoing discussion on suitable principles of present and future global development. History of the Future of Economic Growth is aimed at students and academics in environmental, social, economic and international history, political science, environmental studies, and economics, as well as those interested in ongoing discussions about growth, sustainable development, degrowth, and, more generally, the future.
Release

The Rise and Fall of OPEC in the Twentieth Century

Author: Giuliano Garavini

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192569228

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 1348

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is one of the most recognizable acronyms among international organizations. It is mainly associated with the 'oil shock' of 1973 when prices of petroleum quadrupled and industrialized countries and consumers were forced to face the limits of their development model. This is the first history of OPEC and of its members written by a professional historian. It carries the reader from the formation of the first petrostate in the world, Venezuela in the late 1920s, to the global ascent of petrostates and OPEC during the 1970s, to their crisis in the late-1980s and early- 1990s. Formed in 1960, OPEC was the first international organization of the Global South. It was perceived as acting as the economic 'spearhead' of the Global South and acquired a role that went far beyond the realm of oil politics. Petrostates such as Venezuela, Nigeria, Algeria, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Iran were (and continue to be) key regional actors, and their enduring cooperation, defying wide political and cultural differences and even wars, speaks to the centrality of natural resources in the history of the twentieth century, and to the underlying conflict between producers and consumers of these natural resources.
Release

World energy assessment

energy and the challenge of sustainability

Author: José Goldemberg,United Nations. Dept. of Economic and Social Affairs,World Energy Council

Publisher: United Nations Pubns

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 508

View: 716

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The report discusses the linkages between energy and economic, social, environmental, and security issues, and analyses the contradictions between current patterns of use and objectives in these areas. The WEA also reviews energy resources and technology options from the point of view of sustainability including better end-use efficiency, greater reliance on renewable sources of energy, and next-generation nuclear and fossil-fuel technologies. Further, the report examines plausible scenarios for combining various options to achieve a sustainable and relatively prosperous future. The report concludes by examining policy options for producing and using energy in ways that are compatible with sustainable development.
Release

Planet Management

Author: Michael Williams

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195209457

Category: Environmental protection.

Page: 256

View: 8109

DOWNLOAD NOW »

At a time when concern for the environment is rapidly growing, there is also a need for informed analysis that cuts through the confusion and rhetoric surrounding discussions of environmental issues. This work does not simply focus on crises, but the management of the environment and the exploration of the issues from many angles. This work explores the connection between human activities and the environment, assessing environmental problems and how they can and are being addressed. It clearly relates the interaction of the natural world and human society. Following an introductory section, the work takes a regional approach. It examines key issues related to resources, pollution, land degradation, and ecosystems, as well as possible solutions to problems with prospects for research and international cooperation. With an informative and colorful assortment of over 270 photographs, maps, and diagrams, this reference will provide a clear understanding of how pollution and other environmental problems occur, as well as possible solutions.
Release