Probability and Forensic Evidence

Probability and Forensic Evidence

If the likelihood ratio is large, this provides evidence for the first hypothesis relative to the other. If it is small it provides ... 1.8 Forensic Science What is a suitable philosophical foundation of forensic science itself?

Author: Ronald Meester

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108692472

Category: Social Science


View: 913

This book addresses the role of statistics and probability in the evaluation of forensic evidence, including both theoretical issues and applications in legal contexts. It discusses what evidence is and how it can be quantified, how it should be understood, and how it is applied (and, sometimes, misapplied). After laying out their philosophical position, the authors begin with a detailed study of the likelihood ratio. Following this grounding, they discuss applications of the likelihood ratio to forensic questions, in the abstract and in concrete cases. The analysis of DNA evidence in particular is treated in great detail. Later chapters concern Bayesian networks, frequentist approaches to evidence, the use of belief functions, and the thorny subject of database searches and familial searching. Finally, the authors provide commentary on various recommendation reports for forensic science. Written to be accessible to a wide audience of applied mathematicians, forensic scientists, and scientifically-oriented legal scholars, this book is a must-read for all those interested in the mathematical and philosophical foundations of evidence and belief.
Categories: Social Science

Forensic Evidence Field Guide

Forensic Evidence Field Guide

The Centre of Forensic Sciences, Public Safety Division, Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services, Ontario, 2014. Handbook of Forensic Evidence for the Investigator. ...

Author: Peter Pfefferli

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780127999258

Category: Law

Page: 230

View: 204

Forensic Evidence Field Guide: A Collection of Best Practices highlights the essentials needed to collect evidence at a crime scene. The unique spiral bound design is perfect for use in the day-to-day tasks involved in collecting evidence in the field. The book covers a wide range of evidence collection and management, including characteristics of different types of crime scenes (arson, burglary, homicide, hit-and-run, forensic IT, sexual assault), how to recover the relevant evidence at the scene, and best practices for the search, gathering, and storing of evidence. It examines in detail the properties of biological/DNA evidence, bullet casings and gunshot residue, explosive and fire debris, fibers and hair, fingerprint, footprint, and tire impression evidence, and much more. This guide is a vital companion for forensic science technicians, crime scene investigators, evidence response teams, and police officers. Unique Pocket Guide design for field work Best practice for first evidence responders Highlights the essentials needed to collect evidence at a crime scene Focus on evidence handling from documentation to packaging
Categories: Law

Forensic Science in Healthcare

Forensic Science in Healthcare

Digital Evidence Forensic science has discovered new challenges as well as vast opportunities associated with the digital age. Computers, voice and video recorders, surveillance cameras, and many wireless devices used in homes, ...

Author: Connie Darnell

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439844915

Category: Law

Page: 373

View: 449

First responders confronted by forensic cases are forced to consider the competing concerns of administering proper medical treatment while at the same time safeguarding vital evidence. Forensic Science in Healthcare: Caring for Patients, Preserving the Evidence presents precise on-scene protocol designed to ensure that the actions of the response
Categories: Law

Interpol s Forensic Science Review

Interpol s Forensic Science Review

Initial work to collect, isolate and decontaminate forensic evidence has been described (322). Investigations conducted in specialized laboratories designed to isolate and protect the investigator as well as the public, will undoubtedly ...

Author: Niamh Nic Daeid

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439826591

Category: Law

Page: 798

View: 922

Every three years, worldwide forensics experts gather at the Interpol Forensic Science Symposium to exchange ideas and discuss scientific advances in the field of forensic science and criminal justice. Drawn from contributions made at the latest gathering in Lyon, France, Interpol's Forensic Science Review is a one-source reference providing a comp
Categories: Law

30 Second Forensic Science

30 Second Forensic Science

3-SECOND CLUE Forensic audio analysis is the investigation of recorded audio including voice recordings and ambient and ... 3-MINUTE EVIDENCE The increased digitization of the human world also increases the opportunity to record human ...

Author: Sue Black


ISBN: 9781782405511

Category: Criminal investigation

Page: 163

View: 759

Humanity's most appalling crimes are solved by experts presenting painstakingly gathered evidence to the court of law. Investigators rely on physical, chemical and digital clues gathered at the scene of an incident to reconstruct beyond all reasonable doubt the events that occurred in order to bring criminals to justice. Enter the forensic team, tasked with providing objective recognition and identification and evaluating physical evidence (the clues) to support known or suspected circumstances. Far from the super-sleuths of fiction, the real-life masters of deduction occupy a world of dogged detection, analysing fingerprints or gait, identifying traces of toxins, drugs or explosives, matching digital data, performing anatomical dissection, disease diagnosis, facial reconstruction and environmental profiling.
Categories: Criminal investigation

Opportunities in Forensic Science Careers

Opportunities in Forensic Science Careers

Forensic scientists may be involved in all aspects of a criminal case, and the results of their work may help either the prosecution or the defense. The point of forensic science is to use all the scientific information available to ...

Author: Blythe Camenson

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071392149

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 164

View: 638

Opportunities in Forensic Science Careers offers job seekers essential information about a variety of careers within the fascinating field of forensics. It includes training and education requirements, salary statistics, and professional and Internet resources.
Categories: Business & Economics

A Hands On Introduction to Forensic Science

A Hands On Introduction to Forensic Science

1.12 When implementing rectangular or triangular coordinates to describe the position of an evidence item, ... The Criminal Investigation Process and the Role of Forensic Evidence: A Review of Empirical Findings by F. Horvath and R.

Author: Mark Okuda

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781482234923

Category: Law

Page: 508

View: 457

One failing of many forensic science textbooks is the isolation of chapters into compartmentalized units. This format prevents students from understanding the connection between material learned in previous chapters with that of the current chapter. Using a unique format, A Hands-On Introduction to Forensic Science: Cracking the Case approaches the topic of forensic science from a real-life perspective in a way that these vital connections are encouraged and established. The book utilizes an ongoing fictional narrative throughout, entertaining students as it provides hands-on learning in order to "crack the case." As two investigators try to solve a missing persons case, each succeeding chapter reveals new characters, new information, and new physical evidence to be processed. A full range of topics are covered, including processing the crime scene, lifting prints, trace and blood evidence, DNA and mtDNA sequencing, ballistics, skeletal remains, and court testimony. Following the storyline, students are introduced to the appropriate science necessary to process the physical evidence, including math, physics, chemistry, and biology. The final element of each chapter includes a series of cost-effective, field-tested lab activities that train students in processing, analyzing, and documenting the physical evidence revealed in the narrative. Practical and realistic in its approach, this book enables students to understand how forensic science operates in the real world.
Categories: Law

Careers in Forensic Science

Careers in Forensic Science

It's noted when remarks by people on juries indicate that they have unrealistic expectations about forensic evidence and tests. They've watched the TV shows, and they think they know what needs to be done. It's gotten so bad in recent ...

Author: Adam Woog

Publisher: Cavendish Square Publishing, LLC

ISBN: 9781627124218

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 112

View: 945

Give your readers a comprehensive book that details the various of jobs and internships that readers can pursue in forensic science. Readers are provided with details regarding the education, training, and equipment that candidates would need for different roles. This book covers the history of forensic science, its role in the community, and the type of public service its officers provide. It also features stories from real cases and members of the forensic science team.
Categories: Juvenile Nonfiction

Forensic Science Advanced Investigations

Forensic Science  Advanced Investigations

O I > .u _| m :U Digging Deeper h— with Forensic Science e-Collection There are actually two types of DNA—nuclear DNA and mitochondrial DNA. Nuclear DNA is found in all nucleated cells and is used in evaluating evidence such as blood ...

Author: Rhonda Brown

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781133418368

Category: Science

Page: 528

View: 606

FORENSIC SCIENCE: ADVANCED INVESTIGATIONS is part of a comprehensive course offering as a second-level high school course in forensic science, a course area in which students have the opportunity to expand their knowledge of chemistry, biology, physics, earth science, math, and psychology, as well as associate this knowledge with real-life applications. This text builds on concepts introduced in FORENSIC SCIENCE: FUNDAMENTALS & INVESTIGATIONS, as well as introduces additional topics, such as arson and explosions. Following the same solid instructional design as the FUNDAMENTALS & INVESTIGATIONS text, the book balances extensive scientific concepts with hands-on classroom and lab activities, readings, intriguing case studies, and chapter-opening scenarios. The book's exclusive Gale Forensic Science eCollection database provides instant access to hundreds of articles and Internet resources that spark student interest and extend learning beyond the book. Comprehensive, time-saving teacher support and lab activities deliver exactly what you need to ensure that students receive a solid, complete science education that keeps readers at all learning levels enthused about science. This two-book series provides a solution that is engaging, contemporary, and specifically designed for high school students. Instructors can be confident that the program has been written by high school forensic science instructors with their unique needs in mind, including content tied to the national and state science standards they are accountable to teaching. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Categories: Science



Digital Forensics • It involves the extraction and analysis of digital evidence (such as those found in computers, hard disks, USB drives, etc). • It is mostly used in the investigation of cybercrimes. • Digital Forensics is also ...

Author: Manjugouda Patil

Publisher: Shashwat Publication

ISBN: 9789390761852

Category: Medical

Page: 186

View: 569

This work is dedicated to students at all levels of education, who are interested in the fascinating field of forensic science. The contents of this book provide the reader with information on the various fields of forensic science that may help them make a career choice or add to their present knowledge. Entry into this field offers a new and rewarding challenge to students who can apply the latest in laser and computer technology to help solve the forensic problems of today. This book is written to provide a clear and authoritative introduction to forensic science. It strives to describe and explain the principal features of forensic science as it is applied at all stages of the process, from the collection of physical evidence at the scene to the presentation of scientific findings in court.
Categories: Medical