Foams

Theory: Measurements: Applications

Author: Robert K. Prud'homme

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824793951

Category: Science

Page: 610

View: 9361

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This volume discusses the physics and physical processes of foam and foaming. It delineates various measurement techniques for characterizing foams and foam properties as well as the chemistry and application of foams. The use of foams in the textile industry, personal care products, enhanced oil recovery, firefighting and mineral floatation are highlighted, and the connection between the microstructure and physical properties of foam are detailed. Coverage includes nonaqueous foams and silicone antifoams, and more.
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Handbook of Detergents, Part E

Applications

Author: Uri Zoller

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1574447572

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 5544

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An Examination of Detergent Applications The fifth volume in a six volume project penned by detergent industry experts, this segment deals with the various applications of detergent formulations – surfactants, builders, sequestering/chelating agents – as well as other components. These applications are discussed with respect to the scope of their domestic, institutional, or industrial usages. Special focus is given to technological advancement, health and environmental concerns, and the rapid changes occurring in the field within the past several years. With each chapter providing the special access of a pioneering researcher, this text offers an insider’s look at the most current advances.
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Surface and Interfacial Tension

Measurement, Theory, and Applications

Author: Stanley Hartland

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0824751361

Category: Science

Page: 1500

View: 1224

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This edited volume offers complete coverage of the latest theoretical, experimental, and computer-based data as summarized by leading international researchers. It promotes full understanding of the physical phenomena and mechanisms at work in surface and interfacial tensions and gradients, their direct impact on interface shape and movement, and their significance to numerous applications. Assessing methods for the accurate measurement of surface tension, interfacial tension, and contact angles, Surface and Interfacial Tension presents modern simulations of complex interfacial motions, such as bubble motion in liquids, and authoritatively illuminates bubble nucleation and detachment.
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Handbook of Detergents - 6 Volume Set

Author: Uri Zoller

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439832951

Category: Science

Page: 4440

View: 6949

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With contributions from experts and pioneers, this set provides readers with the tools they need to answer the need for sustainable development faced by the industry. The six volumes constitute a shift from the traditional, mostly theoretical focus of most resources to the practical application of advances in research and development. With contributions from expert practitioners in various branches of the industry, the series offers unparalleled knowledge on raw materials, production, economics, properties, formulations, analysis and test methods, applications, marketing, environmental considerations and related research.
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Dispersions

Characterization, Testing, and Measurement

Author: Erik Kissa

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824719944

Category: Science

Page: 708

View: 2652

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Explaining principles essential for the interpretation of data and understanding the real meaning of the result, this work describes carious methods and techniques used to characterize dispersions and measure their physical and chemical properties. It describes a variety of dispersions containing particles ranging from submicron sizes to aggregates and from hard particles to polymer latices.
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The Science of Defoaming

Theory, Experiment and Applications

Author: Peter R. Garrett

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420060414

Category: Science

Page: 598

View: 8411

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In the 20 years since the publication of the author’s multi-contributor volume on defoaming, a vast amount of new work has been published and many new insights have been revealed. A cohesive, single-authored book, The Science of Defoaming: Theory, Experiment and Applications provides comprehensive coverage of the topic. It describes the mode of action of antifoams, presenting the relevant theory and the supporting experimental evidence. Beginning with an introductory chapter that discusses the intrinsic properties of foam, the book then describes experimental methods for measuring foam properties important for studying antifoam action and techniques used in establishing the mode of action of antifoams. Since most commercially effective antifoams are oil based, a chapter is devoted to the entry and spreading behavior of oils and the role of thin film forces in determining that behavior. The book reviews the mode of action of antifoams, including theories of antifoam mechanisms and the role of bridging foam films by particles and oil drops. It also addresses issues related to the effect of antifoam concentration on foam formation by air entrainment and the process of deactivation of mixed oil–particle antifoams during dispersal and foam generation. For applications where chemical antifoam use is unacceptable, the text examines mechanical means of defoaming, such as the use of rotary devices and ultrasound. The final chapters consider the application of defoaming in radically different contexts including waterborne latex paints and varnishes, machine washing of textiles, gas–oil separation in crude oil production, and cardiopulmonary bypass surgery. Focusing on the basic science of defoaming, this book presents a balanced view, which also addresses the challenges that may arise for these specific defoaming applications.
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Physical Review

Statistical physics, plasmas, fluids, and related interdisciplinary topics

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Statistical physics

Page: N.A

View: 3512

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Foams

Author: J.J. Bikerman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642867340

Category: Science

Page: 338

View: 9315

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The book Foams: Theory and Industrial Applications, written by the undersigned and three collaborators and published in 1953, is still the only monograph on liquid foam in the English language. Naturally the science of foams had advanced in the intervening years so that a practically new book had to be prepared to give justice to the present state of our know ledge. This monograph has only one author and does not deal with solid foams, fire-fighting foams, and flotation, on which information is available elsewhere. The other applications of foam and its fundamental properties are reviewed at length and, whenever possible, attempts are made to reach the truth through a maze of conflicting evidence. February 1973 J. J. BIKERMAN Contents page Preface . v 1. General. Foam Films (Sections 1-22) 1 Foam Films 5 References 30 2. Formation and Structure (Sections 23-42) 33 Dispersion Methods 33 Condensation Methods 51 Foam Structure 59 References 62 3. Measurement of Foaminess (Sections 43-62) 65 Films and Bubbles 66 Foams. 76 References 94 4. Results of Foaminess Measurements (Sections 63-84) . 98 Poorly Foaming Liquids . 98 Strongly Foaming Liquids 108 Other Systems 132 References 140 5. Three-phase Foams (Sections 85-90) 149 References 157 6. Foam Drainage (Sections 91-106) 159 Experimental Data . 173 References 181 7. Mechanical Properties of Foams (Sections 107-122) 184 References 211 8. Optical Properties of Foams (Sections 123 -127) . 214 References 222 vii viii Contents 9.
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