28th April 1870. Fanny and Stella, the flamboyantly dressed Miss Fanny Park and Miss Stella Boulton, are causing a stir in the Strand Theatre. All eyes are riveted upon their lascivious oglings of the gentlemen in the stalls.
Author: Neil McKenna
Publisher: Faber & Faber
28th April 1870. Fanny and Stella, the flamboyantly dressed Miss Fanny Park and Miss Stella Boulton, are causing a stir in the Strand Theatre. All eyes are riveted upon their lascivious oglings of the gentlemen in the stalls. Moments later they are led away by the police. What followed was a scandal that shocked and titillated Victorian England in equal measure. It turned out that the alluring Miss Fanny Park and Miss Stella Boulton were no ordinary young women. Far from it. In fact, 'Boulton and Park' were young men who liked to dress as women. When the Metropolitan Police launched a secret campaign to bring about their downfall, they were arrested and subjected to a sensational show trial in Westminster Hall. As the trial of 'the Young Men in Women's Clothes' unfolded, Fanny and Stella's extraordinary lives as wives and daughters, actresses and whores were revealed to an incredulous public. With a cast of peers, politicians and prostitutes, drag queens, doctors and detectives, Fanny and Stella is a Victorian peepshow, exposing the startling underbelly of nineteenth-century London. By turns tragic and comic, meticulously researched and dazzlingly written, Fanny and Stella is an enthralling tour-de-force.
The letter was addressed to Lord Arthur Pelham-Clinton, known as Lord Arthur Clinton, an impoverished nobleman who was the lover of Fanny's friend Stella, another infamous cross-dresser whose real name was Thomas Ernest Boulton (see p.
Author: Andrew Bolton
Publisher: Metropolitan Museum of Art
"Indeed, the essence of Camp is its love of the unnatural: of artifice and exaggeration." —Susan Sontag, 1964 Although an elusive concept, "camp" can be found in most forms of artistic expression, revealing itself to be a complex aesthetic that challenges the status quo. As an expression of the playful dynamics between high art and popular culture, fashion both embraces and flaunts such camp modes as irony, humor, parody, pastiche, artifice, theatricality, and exaggeration. Drawing from Susan Sontag’s seminal 1964 essay "Notes on 'Camp'," this multifaceted publication presents the sartorial manifestations of the camp sensibility while contributing new theoretical and conceptual insights to the camp canon through texts and images. Stunning new photography by Johnny Dufort highlights works by exceptional fashion designers including Thom Browne, John Galliano, Jean Paul Gaultier, Marc Jacobs, Karl Lagerfeld, Alessandro Michele, Franco Moschino, Yves Saint Laurent, Jeremy Scott, Anna Sui, Gianni Versace, and Vivienne Westwood.
Out of town , Fanny and Stella only appeared at the best places ; they aspired to being treated not as women but as Ladies . In town their sense of place , like their sense of dress , was impeccable .
Author: Jonathan Goldberg
Publisher: Psychology Press
Category: Social Science
A bold and important collection, surveying how the view of homosexual activities as socially dangerous has been perpetuated by the state, the church, the law and other institutions. A much- needed contribution to studies on sexuality.
Mr Digby Seymour, for the defence, is arguing that sodomy is shameful, furtive and ugly, and that therefore Fanny and Stella, whose public words and images were shameless, blatant and elegant, could not possibly be guilty of that crime.
Author: Neil Bartlett
Publisher: Profile Books
Category: Literary Criticism
Sitting up reading late at night, the author reflects on the links between the homosexual of the 1980s and his counterparts of a century ago, between gay lives today and those of Oscar Wilde, his friends, lovers and acquaintances. Many books have been written about Oscar Wilde. Who Was That Man? is unique - the acting out of a love-hate relationship between Wilde and a gay Londoner of today. Neil Bartlett has grabbed history by the collar and made bitter love to it. I can think of no other way to describe this fantastic personal meditation on Oscar Wilde and the last hundred years of English homosexuality. At the very moment gay existence is endangered by disease and a renewed puritanism, Bartlett has embraced what was alien and criminal or merely clinical and loved it into poignant life - Edmund White
First was the “Fanny and Stella” scandal. Frederick Park was the son of ajudge; Ernest Boulton was the son of a suburban clerk. The two often went out dressed as women, maintained female personas as “Fanny” (Park) and “Stella” (Boulton) ...
Author: Susie Steinbach
"The Victorian era was a time of dramatic change. During this period Britain ruled the largest empire on earth, witnessed the expansion of democracy, and developed universal education and mass print culture. Both its imperial might and the fact that it had industrialised and urbanised decades before any other nation allowed it to dominate world politics and culture in many ways for the better part of the nineteenth century. Understanding the Victorians paints a vivid portrait of the era, combines broad survey with close analysis, and introduces students to the critical debates taking place among historians today. It emphasises class, gender, and racial and imperial positioning as constitutive of human relations, including the social, economic, cultural, political, and legal. Starting with the Queen Caroline Affair in 1820 and coming right up to the start of World War I in 1914, Steinbach's thematic chapters take in, amongst other things, the economy, gender, religion, the history of science and ideas, material culture and sexuality. With a clear introduction outlining the key themes of the period, including the issue of periodization, and with chronologies and suggestions for further reading, this is the ideal companion for all students of the nineteenth century"--
Figure 12.1 Frederick William Park and Ernest Boulton, also known as Fanny and Stella, arrested at the Strand Theatre for incitement to commit an unnatural offence, by going around London at night in women's clothes.
Author: Susie L. Steinbach
Understanding the Victorians paints a vivid portrait of this era of dramatic change, combining broad survey with close analysis and introducing students to the critical debates taking place among historians today. Encompassing all of Great Britain and Ireland over the whole of the Victorian period, it gives prominence to social and cultural topics alongside politics and economics and emphasises class, gender, and racial and imperial positioning as constitutive of human relations. This second edition is fully updated throughout, containing a new chapter on leisure in the Victorian period, the most recent historiographical research in Victorian Studies, and enhanced coverage of imperialism and working-class life. Starting with the Queen Caroline Affair in 1820 and coming up to the start of World War I in 1914, Susie L. Steinbach uses thematic chapters to discuss and evaluate topics such as politics, imperialism, the economy, class, gender, the monarchy, arts and entertainment, religion, sexuality, religion, and science. There are also three chapters on space, consumption, and the law, topics rarely covered at this introductory level. With a clear introduction outlining the key themes of the period, a detailed timeline, and suggestions for further reading and relevant internet resources, this is the ideal companion for all students of the nineteenth century.
He succeeded in avoiding prosecution as party to the “conspiracy to commit the felony” of sodomy, but admitted at trial that he had assumed Fanny and Stella were not at all ladies in the proper sense, but female prostitutes.
Author: Pamela K. Gilbert
Publisher: SUNY Press
Imagined Londons explores the diverse ways that Britain's "global city" has been imagined and represented in literature, history, the arts, and popular culture, from the mid-nineteenth century to the present day. American and British contributors examine a variety of topics, ranging from poetry to architecture, from dance music to gay pornography, from "tube" maps to the role of Bangladeshi communities in shaping contemporary London politics. Broadly interdisciplinary and deeply attentive to London's historical diversity, the book is unified by its attention to a single question: How have the many imaginations and representations of London shaped -- and been shaped by -- history and culture? The answers provided within this volume offer the chance to view London in surprising new ways.
Photographs show a striking couple: “Stella” was slender and conventionally pretty, with masses of dark hair looped up in the height of fashion. She had the haughty gaze of a society beauty. “Fanny,” in contrast, had a more substantial ...
Author: Naomi Wolf
Publisher: Hachette UK
The bestselling author of The Beauty Myth, Vagina and The End of America chronicles the struggles and eventual triumph of John Addington Symonds, a Victorian-era poet, biographer, and critic who penned what became a foundational text on our modern understanding of human sexual orientation and LGBTQ+ legal rights. In Outrages, Naomi Wolf chronicles the struggles and eventual triumph of John Addington Symonds, a Victorian-era poet, biographer, and critic who penned what became a foundational text on our modern understanding of human sexual orientation and LGBTQ+ legal rights, despite writing at a time when anything interpreted as homoerotic could be used as evidence in trials leading to harsh sentences under British law. Wolf's book is extremely relevant today for what it has to say about the vital importance of freedom of speech and the courageous roles of publishers and booksellers in an era of growing calls for censorship and ever-escalating state violations of privacy. At a time when the American Library Association, the Guardian, and other observers document national and global efforts from censoring LGBTQ+ voices in libraries to using anti-trans and homophobic sentiments cynically to win elections, the story of how such hateful efforts evolved from the past, to reach down to us now, is more important than ever. Drawing on the work of a range of scholars of censorship and of LGBTQ+ legal history, Wolf depicts how state censorship, and state prosecution of same-sex sexuality, played out-decades before the infamous trial of Oscar Wilde-shadowing the lives of people who risked in ever-changing, targeted ways scrutiny by the criminal justice system. She shows how legal persecutions of writers, and of men who loved men affected Symonds and his contemporaries, all the while, Walt Whitman's Leaves of Grass was illicitly crossing the Atlantic and finding its way into the hands of readers who reveled in the American poet's celebration of freedom, democracy, and unfettered love. Inspired by Whitman, Symonds kept trying, stubbornly, to find a way to express his message-that love and sex between men were not 'morbid' and deviant, but natural and even ennobling. He wrote a strikingly honest secret memoir written in code to embed hidden messages-which he embargoed for a generation after his death - and wrote the essay A Problem in Modern Ethics that was secretly shared in his lifetime and is now rightfully understood as one of the first gay rights manifestos in the English language. Equal parts insightful historical critique and page-turning literary detective story, Wolf's Outrages is above all an uplifting testament to the triumph of romantic love.
on May 7 and 14 covers of the Illustrated Police News, depicting scenes from the night of Fanny and Stella's arrest (see figures 1 and 2), are remarkably similar to plates from the March issue of the Englishwoman's Domestic Magazine ...
Author: Abigail Joseph
Publisher: University of Virginia Press
Category: Literary Criticism
Exquisite Materials explores the connections between gay subjects, material objects, and the social and aesthetic landscapes in which they circulated. Each of the book's four chapters takes up as a case study a figure or set of figures whose life and work dramatize different aspects of the unique queer relationship to materiality and style. These diverse episodes converge around the contention that paying attention to the multitudinous objects of the Victorian world-and to the social practices surrounding them-reveals the boundaries and influences of queer forms of identity and aesthetic sensibility that emerged in the mid-nineteenth century and have remained recognizable up to our own moment. In the cases that author Abigail Joseph examines, objects become unexpected sites of queer community and desire.
(Kaplan 95) At issue was not whether Fanny and Stella posed as female prostitutes, but whether their impersonation was in earnest— that is, whether they had committed sodomy with the men they approached. The prosecuting attorney general ...
Author: Michael F. Davis
Category: Literary Criticism
Taking its cue from Baudelaire’s important essay "The Painter of Modern Life," in which Baudelaire imagines the modern artist as a "man of the world," this collection of essays presents Oscar Wilde as a "man of the world" who eschewed provincial concerns, cultural conventions, and narrow national interests in favor of the wider world and other worlds—both real and imaginary, geographical and historical, physical and intellectual—which provided alternative sites for exploration and experience, often including alternative gender expression or sexual alterity. Wilde had an unlimited curiosity and a cosmopolitan spirit of inquiry that traveled widely across borders, ranging freely over space and time. He entered easily and wholly into other countries, other cultures, other national literatures, other periods, other mythologies, other religions, other disciplines, and other modes of representation, and was able to fully inhabit and navigate them, quickly apprehending the conventions by which they operate. The fourteen essays in this volume offer fresh critical-theoretical and historical perspectives not just on key connections and aspects of Wilde’s oeuvre itself, but on the development of Wilde’s remarkable worldliness in dialogue with many other worlds: contemporary developments in art, science and culture, as well as with other national literatures and cultures. Perhaps as a direct result of this cosmopolitan spirit, Wilde and Wilde’s works have been taken up across the globe, as the essays on Wilde’s reception in India, Japan and Hollywood illustrate. Many of the essays gathered here are based on groundbreaking archival research, including some never-seen-before illustrations. Together, they have the potential to open up important new comparative, transnational, and historical perspectives on Wilde that can shape and sharpen our future understanding of his work and impact.
Why were Fanny and Stella and their friends not demonized , victimized , punished ? That is what we have been used to . Two explanations have been advanced . Jeffrey Weeks attributes it to ' concepts of homosexuality ' , as late as 1871 ...
Author: Alan Sinfield
Category: Social Science
Explores how the characters in Oscar Wilde's plays, though not specifically gay, epitomize today's image of the effeminate male, how they relate to British theatrical fops and other characters since early modern times, how the representation of same-sex passion was altered by Wilde's expose and trial as a homosexual, and how the stereotype of the gay man became established in the 20th century. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
Fanny alive. He left the building, and drove towards Steph's house, his heart heavy in his chest as he considered the ... Harry shook his head, thinking instead about Fanny—and Stella Spence, who'd been the cause of so much pain to ...
Author: Meredith Webber
The Surgeon's Second Chance by Meredith Webber released on Jan 21, 2017 is available now for purchase.
In 1870 and 1871, Thomas Ernest Boulton ('Stella', 1847–1904) and Frederick William Park ('Fanny', 1846–1881), both from middleclass families, stood trial for conspiring and inciting persons to commit an unnatural offence, ...
Author: Gill Rossini
Publisher: Pen and Sword
Family history is often seen as the stories of people who were part of a traditional family unit, married to someone of the opposite gender, had children and lived their lives as 'normally' as possible. But what of the relatives who could not accept that this was the life for them, and were attracted to same-sex partners? Was it possible for them to live their life as they wished to, with their chosen partner and without hindrance, ridicule or attack? Would they be breaking the law in doing so, and how would family and society react if they were found out?Some of those concerned married and had children, like the majority, and buried their feelings in the bustle of everyday life; others stayed single but abstained from relationships altogether, as a way of keeping safe. A number managed to live openly and proudly as themselves, challenging the prejudices and misconceptions of the day.This is the story of all those people, the brave, the discreet, the frightened, the loving and the loved, as well as love against all the odds; more than likely, it is a story that can be found in every family history.Told in an empathetic and clear-sighted way, this is the first history of same-sex relationships aimed specifically at family historians and offers valuable insights into the lives of those who were often seen as outcasts. It includes research guidance for genealogists researching this often-neglected aspect of family history, and offers invaluable insights into the families, society and culture they lived in.
'Fanny'), who worked for a firm of solicitors. Fanny and Stella specialized in melodramas and operettas. They played to full houses from Scarborough to Southend and received ecstatic reviews. No one who sees their photographs will be ...
Author: Graham Robb
Publisher: Pan Macmillan
In Strangers: Homosexual Love in the Nineteenth Century, award-winning author Graham Robb explores the story – and history – of male and female homosexuality in the UK and US, uncovering elements from legislature, literature, medicine and day-to-day life that point to a particularly self-aware and sophisticated culture of Victorian homosexuality. Drawing on famous cases such as the Wilde trials, as well as a wide variety of previously neglected sources, Robb recreates this era with great insight, humour and aplomb, exploding modern myths and restoring the real and vibrant truth of homosexual love to today’s readers: Strangers tells a tale that is in part familiar, and in part extremely surprising – a story of oppression and secrecy, but also of unexpected tolerance and familiarity.
Neil McKenna, Fanny and Stella: The Young Men Who Shocked Victorian England (London: Faber & Faber, 2013). 110. Anon., The Lives of Boulton and Park: Extraordinary Revelations (London: George Clarke, 1870), 2. 111.
Author: Nicola J. Smith
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Category: Political Science
Sexuality is often understood to be uniquely private and intimate--something that can and should be protected from capitalism's influence. This book argues, in contrast, that the histories of capitalism and sexuality are closely intertwined. Integral to this story has been the illusion that economic and sexual practices are tied to fundamentally different realms. Focusing on the history of sex work in Britain, the book shows that capitalism has long needed theconstruction of artificial boundaries around sex and work in order to extract profit from sexual labor, both paid and unpaid.
Take the dedication : This book is in loving memory of Jack Saul of Lisle Street , Private Flower , Fanny and Stella , La Princesse Salome and her sisters and lovers , Mr Gibbings , the eighteen - year - old - fisherman , the Euston ...
Author: Mark W. Turner
Publisher: Reaktion Books
Focusing upon gay street life in London and New York, Mark Turner presents this gay urban history of male street cruising.
Fanny and Stella were duly found not guilty. Fanny left Britain for New York, before dying at the tender age of thirty-four in 1881, almost certainly of complications from syphilis. Stella changed her name to Ernest Byne and continued ...
Author: Violet Fenn
Publisher: Pen and Sword History
Peek beneath the bedsheets of nineteenth-century Britain in this affectionate, informative and fascinating look at sex and sexuality during the reign of Queen Victoria. It examines the prevailing attitudes towards male and female sexual behavior, and the ways in which these attitudes were often determined by those in positions of power and authority. It also explores our ancestors’ ingenious, surprising, bizarre and often entertaining solutions to the challenges associated with maintaining a healthy sex life. Did the people in Victorian times live up to their stereotypes when it came to sexual behavior? This book will answer this question, as well as looking at fashion, food, science, art, medicine, magic, literature, love, politics, faith and superstition through a new lens, leaving the reader uplifted and with a new regard for the ingenuity and character of our great-great-grandparents.
As a juxtaposition of near-concurrent media images of their fashions and “The Fashions” suggests with astonishing visual impact, Fanny and Stella's ensembles were of the very latest in cut and color (fig. 1.3). Booked initially for the ...
Author: Katherine Joslin
Publisher: University of New Hampshire Press
Category: Literary Criticism
Crossings in Text and Textile explores the diverse range of transatlantic representations of clothing in nineteenth- and early twentieth-century literature. This collection of essays demonstrates that fashion history and literary history, when examined together, prompt fresh understandings of the complexities of race, class, and sexual identity. By bridging material culture and discourse, Crossings establishes the significance of fashionÑwhile neglecting none of its aesthetic appealÑto offer historicized readings on a variety of topics, from Jane AustenÕs nuanced display of social interactions through the economics of muslin to the 1871 Park and Boulton cross-dressing trial and Jessie FausetÕs selection of apparel to express racial power. The geographic span of textiles from different economic areas around the globe includes Asia, Africa, Europe, and North America. By making use of transatlantic texts to consider the political and social positioning of both workers and consumers, the collection further expands upon the emerging cross-disciplinary study of reading dress. A true Òstate of the fieldÓ work, Crossings in Text and Textiles charts new scholarly ground at the nexus between fashion, textiles, and literature, appealing to a broad interdisciplinary audience of scholars and students.
Ernest, who was the more charismatic and better-looking of the pair, was Stella, and Frederick called himself Fanny. They were quite brazen in their behaviour, flirting with men at theatres, soliciting in the Burlington Arcade and ...
Author: Karen Dolby
Publisher: Michael O'Mara Books
With each new generation we all tend to think of our predecessors as 'old-fashioned', 'conservative', 'prim', 'proper' - and downright dull. The sexual revolution happened in the 1960s, right? Wrong. History's Naughty Bits is full of incredible stories that would curl the hair of the most liberal-minded and sets the record straight with true stories of debauchery and titillation from Ancient history to the twentieth century. In it, you'll find a huge range of well-known figures, from the Borgias to various kings and queens, Popes and priests, Presidents and Prime Ministers, doctors, lawyers, saints and philosophers. Quite frankly, they were all 'at it' in one way or another, and have been since time immemorial.Fascinating, funny and mind-blowing in turn, this enlightening book will turn your preconceived view of history on its head . . . if that's your thing . . .
A male prostitute by the same name featured in the Cleveland Street male brothel scandal of 1889–90 , and Fanny and Stella , whom Solomon had met during their trial , also appear in the text . Pisanus Fraxi – the scatological alias of ...
Author: Matt Cook
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Category: Literary Criticism
"London and the Culture of Homosexuality explores the relationship between London and male homosexuality from the criminalisation of all 'acts of gross indecency' between men in 1885 to the outbreak of the First World War in 1914 - years marked by an intensification in concern about male-male relationships and also by the emergence of an embryonic homosexual rights movement. Taking his cue from literary and lesbian and gay scholars, urban historians and cultural geographers, Matt Cook combines discussion of London's homosexual subculture with a detailed examination of its representation in the press, in science and in literature. The conjunction of approaches used in this study provides fresh insights into the development of ideas about the modern homosexual and into the many different ways of comprehending and taking part in London's culture of homosexuality."--Jacket.